Cyrilla racemiflora

Family:CYRILLACEAE
Species:Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
Common Name:Swamp Titi; Southern Leatherwood
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Shrub
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACW (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyCYRILLACEAE - Titi family
Genus Cyrilla
Species Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus - Swamp Titi; Southern Leatherwood

Citation

Citation CYRILLA RACEMIFLORA Linnaeus, Mant. Pl. 50. 1767.
Basionym: **
Type: "in Carolinae pinetis humentibus", without data, Garden s.n. (lectotype: LINN 272.1). Lectotypified by C. Nelson, Taxon 39: 665. 1990.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Andromeda plumata Andromeda plumata Marshall, Arbust. Amer. 9. 1785. "Carolina and Florida",
Cyrilla racemiflora subsp. parvifolia Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus, subsp. parvifolia (Rafinesque) E. Murray, Kalmia 13: 5. 1983.Cyrilla parvifolia Rafinesque 1840. 
Cyrilla antillana Cyrilla antillana Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 158. 1803.  
Cyrilla arida Cyrilla arida Small, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 51: 383. 1924. FLORIDA: Highlands Co.: Between Avon Park and Sebring, 13 Dec 1920, Small et al. 11486 (holotype: NY; isotype: GH, MICH, MO, TEX).
Cyrilla brevifolia Cyrilla brevifolia N. Brown, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 6: 22. 1901. GUYANA
Cyrilla caroliniana Cyrilla caroliniana Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 158. 1803, nom. illegit.Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus 1767. 
Cyrilla cubensis Cyrilla cubensis P. Wilson, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 16: 77. 1902. CUBA
Cyrilla cubensis subsp. nipensis Cyrilla cubensis P. Wilson, subsp. nipensis (Urban) Borhidi, Bot. Közlem. 58: 176. 1971.Cyrilla nipensis P. Wilson 1971. 
Cyrilla fuscata Cyrilla ruscata Rafinesque, Autik. Bot. 8. 1840. "Alabama and Georgia",
Cyrilla nipensis Cyrilla nipensis Urban, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 22: 365. 1926. CUBA
Cyrilla nitidissima Cyrilla nitidissima Urban, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 22: 366. 1926. CUBA
Cyrilla parvifolia Cyrilla parvifolia Shuttleworth ex Nash, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 23: 101. 1896, non Rafinesque 1840. FLORIDA: Wakulla Co.:
Cyrilla parvifolia Cyrilla parvifolia Rafinesque, Autik. Bot. 8. 1840. "Florida and Alabama",
Cyrilla perrottetii Cyrilla perrottetii Briquet, Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Gèneve 4: 232. 1900. GUADELOUPE: Without data, Perrottet s.n. (holotype: G).
Cyrilla polystachia Cyrilla polystachia Rafinesque, Autik. Bot. 8. 1840. "Louisiana and Florida",
Cyrilla racemiflora var. brevifolia Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus, var. brevifolia (N. Brown) Maguire & Wurdack ex Steyermark, Acta Bot. Venez. 2: 234. 1967.Cyrilla brevifolia N. Brown 1901. 
Cyrilla racemiflora var. subglobosa Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus, var. subglobosa Fernald, Rhodora 46: 46, pl. 813(1-2). 1944. VIRGINIA: Greensville Co.: Along Mill Creek ca. 1 mi. N of Skippers, 14 Oct 1938, Fernald & Long 9600 (holotype: GH; isotype: PH).
Cyrilla racemiflora var. parvifolia Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus, var. parvifolia (Rafinesque) E. Murray, Kalmia 13: 5. 1983, non Sargent 1921.Cyrilla parvifolia Rafinesque 1840. 
Cyrilla racemiflora var. parvifolia Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus, var. parvifolia Sargent, J. Arnold Arbor. 2: 166. 1921.Cyrilla parvifolia Shuttleworth ex Nash 1896, non Rafinesque 1840. 
Itea caroliniana Itea caroliniana Lamarck, Encycl. 3: 315. 1789, nom. illegit.Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus 1767. 
Itea cyrilla Itea cyrilla Swartz, Prodr. 50. 1788, nom. illegit.Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus 1767. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bullock, Butler, Chilton, Choctaw, Clarke, Coffee, Conecuh, Coosa, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Elmore, Escambia, Geneva, Henry, Houston, Lee, Macon, Mobile, Monroe, Perry, Pike, Russell, Shelby, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Washington

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, JSU, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000004217 Crenshaw 1 Nov 1998 A. R. Diamond
11526
TROY
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
TROY000004215 Covington 17 Jun 2002 A. R. Diamond
13342
TROY
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
TROY000004211 Butler 17 Jun 2007 A. R. Diamond
17705
TROY
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
TROY000004219 Dale 21 Jun 2002 A. R. Diamond
13386
TROY
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
TROY000004218 Crenshaw 24 May 2006 A. R. Diamond
16436
TROY
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
TROY000004212 Butler 29 Jul 2001 A. R. Diamond
12573
TROY
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
TROY000004222 Escambia 5 Jul 2004 A. R. Diamond
14470
TROY
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
TROY000004216 Covington 8 Jul 2001 A. R. Diamond
12516
TROY
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
TROY000004210 Barbour 16 Oct 2005 A.R. Diamond
15972
TROY
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
TROY000028350 Covington 17 Jun 2009 Alvin Diamond
20765
TROY
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
TROY000004213 Coffee 25 Aug 1999 Brian H. Martin
110
TROY
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
TROY000004224 Washington 14 Aug 2006 Brian R. Keener
3035
TROY
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
TROY000018333 Choctaw 23 Jun 2008 Brian R. Keener
4631
TROY
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
TROY000004221 Escambia 20 May 1995 Cynthia L. Brittain
189
TROY
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
TROY000004214 Covington 15 Jun 1999 John R. MacDonald
13037
TROY
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
TROY000004223 Mobile 11 May 2000 R. Kral
89696
TROY
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
TROY000004220 Dale 29 May 2000 Tiffany Pennington
711
TROY
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
UNA00013080 Conecuh 6 Sep 1949 A. M. Harvill, Jr.
5736
UNA
Cyrilla racemiflora L.
UNA00067220 Butler 17 Jun 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17705
UNA
Cyrilla racemiflora L.
UNA00062997 Covington 5 Jul 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14470
UNA
Cyrilla racemiflora L.
UNA00013059 Lee 19 Jun 1894 Baker
s.n.
UNA
Cyrilla racemiflora L.
UNA00064821 Washington 14 Aug 2006 Brian R. Keener
3035
UNA
Cyrilla racemiflora L.
UNA00069334 Choctaw 23 Jun 2008 Brian R. Keener
4631
UNA
Cyrilla racemiflora L.
UNA00064915 Baldwin 26 May 2006 Brian R. Keener
2908
UNA
Cyrilla racemiflora L.
UNA00013014 Mobile 23 Jul 1949 C. B. Segars
189
UNA
Cyrilla racemiflora L.
UNA00013079 Washington _ Jul 1895 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Cyrilla racemiflora L.
UNA00013078 Mobile 10 Jun _ Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Cyrilla racemiflora L.
UNA00023307 Washington 24 Sep 1992 Chris G. Haynes
25
UNA
Cyrilla racemiflora L.
UNA00013087 Escambia 23 Sep 1977 Denise Harvey
274
UNA
Cyrilla racemiflora L.
UNA00013061 Tuscaloosa s.d. Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Cyrilla racemiflora L.
UNA00047471 Henry 10 Jun 1998 John R. MacDonald
11438
UNA
Cyrilla racemiflora L.
UNA00047408 Houston 16 Jun 1997 John R. MacDonald
10724
UNA
Cyrilla racemiflora L.
UNA00056227 Geneva 19 Sep 1998 John R. MacDonald
12050
UNA
Cyrilla racemiflora L.
UNA00056340 Dale 26 Dec 1998 John R. MacDonald
12475
UNA
Cyrilla racemiflora L.
UNA00013085 Covington 13 Jul 1978 L. J. Davenport
580
UNA
Cyrilla racemiflora L.
UNA00013075 Houston 13 Jun 1979 L. J. Davenport
1162
UNA
Cyrilla racemiflora L.
UNA00013074 Coffee 15 Jun 1979 L. J. Davenport
1189
UNA
Cyrilla racemiflora L.
UNA00013084 Russell 21 Jun 1980 L. J. Davenport
1950
UNA
Cyrilla racemiflora L.
UNA00013088 Tallapoosa 21 Jun 1980 L. J. Davenport
1979
UNA
Cyrilla racemiflora L.
UNA00013086 Shelby 24 Sep 1978 L. J. Davenport
911
UNA
Cyrilla racemiflora L.
UNA00013026 Choctaw 26 Jul 1978 L. J. Davenport
652
UNA
Cyrilla racemiflora L.
UNA00013027 Escambia 7 Aug 1979 L. J. Davenport
1476
UNA
Cyrilla racemiflora L.
UNA00013066 Autauga 7 Jun 1978 L. J. Davenport
376
UNA
Cyrilla racemiflora L.
UNA00013023 Baldwin 9 Oct 1977 L. J. Davenport
249
UNA
Cyrilla racemiflora L.
UNA00050968 Perry 27 Aug 1994 Michelle Birk
154
UNA
Cyrilla racemiflora L.
UNA00064068 Escambia 26 Sep 1985 R. D. Whetstone
15228
UNA
Cyrilla racemiflora L.
UNA00022003 Dale 23 Jun 1974 R. Kral
53310
UNA
Cyrilla racemiflora L.
UNA00013010 Pike 29 Jun 1970 R. Kral
39861
UNA
Cyrilla parvifolia Raf.
UNA00013017 Conecuh 7 Jun 1968 R. Kral
31249
UNA
Cyrilla racemiflora L.
UNA00013029 Mobile 30 May 1964 Rebecca Deramus
D103
UNA
Cyrilla racemiflora L.
UNA00013068 Conecuh 4 Jun 1963 Rebecca Deramus
377
UNA
Cyrilla racemiflora L.
UNA00034288 Butler 9 Jul 1988 Robert Burckhalter
1438
UNA
Cyrilla racemiflora L.
UNA00013070 Choctaw 10 Jul 1979 Robert R. Haynes
7454
UNA
Cyrilla racemiflora L.
UNA00013013 Houston 12 Jul 1978 Robert R. Haynes
6684
UNA
Cyrilla racemiflora L.
UNA00013071 Houston 15 Jun 1979 Robert R. Haynes
7267
UNA
Cyrilla racemiflora L.
UNA00013069 Pike 15 Jun 1979 Robert R. Haynes
7304
UNA
Cyrilla racemiflora L.
UNA00013072 Mobile 18 Nov 1978 Robert R. Haynes
6989
UNA
Cyrilla racemiflora L.
UNA00013055 Lee 21 Jun 1980 Robert R. Haynes
7852
UNA
Cyrilla racemiflora L.
UNA00013083 Coosa 22 Jun 1980 Robert R. Haynes
7906
UNA
Cyrilla racemiflora L.
UNA00013028 Washington 5 Aug 1980 Robert R. Haynes
8150
UNA
Cyrilla racemiflora L.
UNA00013073 Autauga 15 Sep 1979 Russell A. Meigs
279
UNA
Cyrilla racemiflora L. var. subglobosa Fern.
UNA00013024 Elmore 29 Jun 1980 Sidney McDaniel
24019
UNA
Cyrilla racemiflora L.
UNA00059613 Baldwin 10 Nov 2002 Tad M. Zebryk
8004
UNA
Cyrilla racemiflora L.
TROY000033930 Houston 31 Oct 2011 Whitney Senn
110
TROY
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
TROY000035152 Bullock 12 Jun 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
23085
TROY
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
JSU120913 Mobile 30 Jul 1985 C. F. Nixon
1326
JSU
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
JSU120903 Baldwin 28 Sep 1985 C. L. Lawler
080
JSU
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
JSU120902 Baldwin 10 Aug 1993 D. D. Spaulding
4263
JSU
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
JSU120912 Macon 21 Jun 1973 H. G. Hanlin
086
JSU
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
JSU120915 Perry 16 Aug 1993 J. M. Ballard
3174
JSU
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
JSU120919 Washington 1 Nov 1997 J. W. Higginbotham
364
JSU
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
JSU120901 Baldwin 1 Sep 1997 K. R. Brodeur
082
JSU
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
JSU120910 Lee 21 Jun 1973 Kenneth G. Johnson
051
JSU
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
JSU120914 Monroe 12 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18598
JSU
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
JSU120916 Pike 22 Jun 1984 R. D. Whetstone
14165
JSU
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
JSU120917 Pike 22 Jun 1984 R. D. Whetstone
14165
JSU
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
JSU120908 Houston 22 Jun 1984 R. D. Whetstone
14227
JSU
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
JSU120920 Washington 24 Jun 1984 R. D. Whetstone
14301
JSU
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
JSU120907 Escambia 26 Sep 1985 R. D. Whetstone
15228
JSU
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
JSU120918 Russell 27 Jun 1978 R. Kral
62172
JSU
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
JSU120906 Elmore 29 Aug 1970 R. Kral
40806
JSU
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
JSU120909 Lee 29 Jun 1978 R. Kral
62209
JSU
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
JSU120911 Macon 30 Jul 1978 R. Kral
62342
JSU
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
JSU120905 Clarke 4 Sep 1970 R. Kral
41076
JSU
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
JSU120904 Chilton 6 Jun 1972 R. Kral
47308
JSU
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
JSU120900 Baldwin 26 Jul 1968 S. C. Johnson
X-49-78
JSU
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
UWAL0002915 Baldwin 2 Sep 2010 A. R. Diamond
21550
UWAL
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
UWAL0007398 Covington 17 Jun 2009 A.R. Diamond
20765
UWAL
Cyrilla racemiflora L.
UWAL0007400 Washington 14 Aug 2006 Brian R. Keener
3035
UWAL
Cyrilla racemiflora L.
UWAL0007397 Choctaw 23 Jun 2008 Brian R. Keener
4631
UWAL
Cyrilla racemiflora L.
UWAL0007396 Baldwin 26 May 2006 Brian R. Keener
2908
UWAL
Cyrilla racemiflora L.
UWAL0007399 Lee 10 Jul 1966 R. Daly, Jr.
s.n.
UWAL
Cyrilla racemiflora L.
UWAL0011036 Bullock 12 Jun 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
23085
UWAL
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
UWAL0012704 Bullock 18 Jul 2012 Bailee Dykes
1015
UWAL
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
UWAL0012031 Baldwin 31 Oct 1998 Brian R. Keener
1830
UWAL
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
AMAL00009111 Escambia 05 Jul 2004 A. R. Diamond
14470
AMAL
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
AMAL00017557 Barbour 16 Oct 2005 A. R. Diamond
15972
AMAL
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
AMAL00018614 Butler 17 Jun 2007 A. R. Diamond
17705
AMAL
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
AMAL00016983 Covington 17 Jun 2009 A. R. Diamond
20765
AMAL
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
AMAL00001953 Crenshaw 24 May 2006 A. R. Diamond
16436
AMAL
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
AMAL00006581 Butler 29 Jul 2001 A. R. Diamond
12573
AMAL
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
AMAL00012958 Washington 14 Aug 2006 Brian R. Keener
3035
AMAL
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
AMAL00018481 Choctaw 23 Jun 2008 Brian R. Keener
4631
AMAL
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
AMAL00012919 Baldwin 26 May 2006 Brian R. Keener
2908
AMAL
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
AMAL00017633 Baldwin 28 Sep 1985 C.M. Moore
034
AMAL
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
AMAL00006580 Covington 15 Jun 1999 John R. MacDonald
13037
AMAL
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
AMAL00006582 Mobile 11 May 2000 R. Kral
89696
AMAL
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
AMAL00014800 Tallapoosa 15 Jun 2007 T. Wayne Barger
504
AMAL
Cyrilla racemiflora Linnaeus
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