Croton alabamensis var. alabamensis

Family:EUPHORBIACEAE
Species:Croton alabamensis E.A. Smith ex Chapman var. alabamensis
Common Name:Alabama Croton
Habitat:Calcareous woods.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Shrub
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Alabama Croton is a native semi-evergreen to deciduous shrub in the Spurge family (Euphorbiaceae). It is endemic to Bibb and Tuscaloosa counties in Alabama. Alabama Croton occurs in calcareous woods, in hardwood forest understories, and around rock outcrops and glades. It is a shrub growing from 2-10 feet in height. There is usually a single trunk that is well branched. The bark is smooth and gray in color. Leaves are alternate, petiolate, elliptic to oblong in outline, and entire. Leaves are often clustered at the ends of the twigs. The lower surface of the leaf is silvery in color and covered in lepidote trichomes (shield-like scales). The upper surface of the leaf is dark or olive green with scattered lepidote trichomes. The leaves often turn bright red or orange before falling. Crushed leaves have a fruity fragrance. Flowers are produced in racemes. The racemes may be bisexual or unisexual. Flowers have 5 sepals and 5 greenish-yellow petals. The fruit is a 3-angled capsule. A second variety (Croton alabamensis E. A. Smith ex Chapman var. texensis Ginzbarg) occurs in Bell, Coryell, and Travis counties of Texas. That variety differs by having the lower surface of the leaves coppery in color and by having fewer flowers and fruits. Alabama Croton is listed as a S3 species in Alabama (typically 21 to 100 occurrences, limited acreage, or miles of stream in the state), and globally as a G3 species (imperiled globally because of rarity -6 - 20 occurrences, or few remaining acres- or very vulnerable to extinction throughout its range because of other factors). Alabama Croton is available from some nurseries. It prefers a well-draining soil high in lime.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:The only other variety of Croton alabamensis, var. texensis Ginzbarg is a narrow endemic in Texas.
Status:Native, Endemic, S3 (State Rank), G3T3 (Global Rank)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyEUPHORBIACEAE - Spurge family
Genus Croton
Species Croton alabamensis E.A. Smith ex Chapman var. alabamensis - Alabama Croton

Citation

Citation Croton alabamensis E.A. Smith ex Chapman, var. alabamensis, Fl. South. U.S. (ed. 2) 648. 1883.
Basionym: **
Type: ALABAMA: E.A. Smith s.n., US-935923, ex John Donnell Smith herbarium (lectotype: US)--Lectotypified by K.J. Wurdack, Sida 22: 469-483. 2006.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

No synonyms exist for this species.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Bibb, Tuscaloosa

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, US, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UNA00020891 Bibb 11 Mar 1962 Joe A. Farmer
s.n.
UNA
Croton alabamensis E.A. Sm. ex Chapman var. alabamensis
UNA00020903 Bibb 16 Apr 1985 Robert Burckhalter
326
UNA
Croton alabamensis E.A. Sm. ex Chapman
JSU121969 Bibb 14 Apr 1970 R. Kral
38500
JSU
Croton alabamensis E. A. Smith
AUA_ACC032952 Bibb 8 JUL 1976 SESSLER, ANN H.
173
AUA
CROTON ALABAMENSIS E.A. SMITH
JSU121968 Bibb 8 Jul 1976 Ann H. Sessler
173
JSU
Croton alabamensis E. A. Smith
UWAL0037534 Bibb 10 Sep 1989 Allison, James R.
4132
UWAL
Croton alabamensis E.A. Smith ex Chapman var alabamensis
UNA00057760 Bibb 3 Jul 1992 James R. Allison
6777
UNA
Croton alabamensis E.A. Sm. ex Chapman
SAMF0002461 Tuscaloosa 10 May 1965 Wall, Ben
W-73
SAMF
Croton alabamensis E. A. Smith
UWAL0008519 Bibb 29 Oct 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6819
UWAL
Croton alabamensis E.A. Sm. ex Chapman
UNA00020892 Bibb 11 Mar 1962 Joe A. Farmer
s.n.
UNA
Croton alabamensis E.A. Sm. ex Chapman var. alabamensis
UNA00020886 Bibb 16 Apr 1985 Robert R. Haynes
8761
UNA
Croton alabamensis E.A. Sm. ex Chapman var. alabamensis
JSU121965 Bibb 13 May 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13398
JSU
Croton alabamensis E. A. Smith
AUA_ACC057087 Bibb 12 JUL 1977 SHORT, JOHN W.
919
AUA
CROTON ALABAMENSIS E.A. SMITH
JSU121962 Bibb 13 May 1983 C. F. Nixon
340
JSU
Croton alabamensis E. A. Smith
US01284794 Bibb 26 Jul 1877 Smith, E.A.
s.n.
US
Croton alabamensis E.A. Smith ex Chapm.
UNA00020884 Bibb 27 Feb 1968 Joab L. Thomas
1615
UNA
Croton alabamensis E.A. Sm. ex Chapman var. alabamensis
UNA00020911 Tuscaloosa 10 Mar 1962 Joe A. Farmer
s.n.
UNA
Croton alabamensis E.A. Sm. ex Chapman var. alabamensis
UNA00020885 Bibb 14 Apr 1970 R. Kral
38500
UNA
Croton alabamensis E.A. Sm. ex Chapman var. alabamensis
TROY000018795 Bibb 27 Apr 1996 John R. MacDonald
9343
TROY
Croton alabamensis E. A. Smith
UWAL0030439 Bibb 14 Apr 1970 Kral, R.
38500
UWAL
Croton alabamensis E.A.Smith
UWAL0030445 Bibb 19 Jul 1979 Kral, R.
64006
UWAL
Croton alabamensis E.A.Smith
UNA00020909 Bibb 15 Feb 1906 Roland M. Harper
s.n.
UNA
Croton alabamensis E.A. Sm. ex Chapman
AUA_ACC040556 Bibb 14 APR 1970 KRAL, ROBERT
38500
AUA
CROTON ALABAMENSIS E.A. SMITH
UNA00020897 Bibb 11 Sep 1985 Charles N. Horn
876
UNA
Croton alabamensis E.A. Sm. ex Chapman var. alabamensis
UNA00020900 Bibb 27 Feb 1968 Joab L. Thomas
1616
UNA
Croton alabamensis E.A. Sm. ex Chapman var. alabamensis
JSU121961 Bibb 14 Apr 1970 R. Kral
38500
JSU
Croton alabamensis E. A. Smith
UNA00020890 Bibb 11 Mar 1962 Joe A. Farmer
s.n.
UNA
Croton alabamensis E.A. Sm. ex Chapman var. alabamensis
UNA00020898 Bibb 24 Apr 1953 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Croton alabamensis E.A. Sm. ex Chapman var. alabamensis
SAMF0002462 Bibb 27 Apr 1989 Davenport, L. J.
2640
SAMF
Croton alabamensis E. A. Smith
AUA_ACC033570 Bibb 12 APR 1977 SESSLER, ANN H.
915
AUA
CROTON ALABAMENSIS E.A. SMITH
SAMF0002463 Tuscaloosa 28 Mar 1962 Deramus, Rebecca
s.n.
SAMF
Croton alabamensis E. A. Smith
TROY000018796 Tuscaloosa 21 Mar 2003 Brian R. Keener
2472
TROY
Croton alabamensis E. A. Smith
UNA00020896 Tuscaloosa 30 Mar 1964 James D. Williams
s.n.
UNA
Croton alabamensis E.A. Sm. ex Chapman var. alabamensis
UWAL0007584 Bibb 03 Apr 2008 Davenport, L.J.
3791
UWAL
Croton alabamensis E.A. Smith
UNA00020912 Tuscaloosa 10 Mar 1962 Joe A. Farmer
s.n.
UNA
Croton alabamensis E.A. Sm. ex Chapman var. alabamensis
UNA00020905 Bibb 2 Jan 1953 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Croton alabamensis E.A. Sm. ex Chapman var. alabamensis
UWAL0007585 Bibb 25 Jun 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4649
UWAL
Croton alabamensis E.A. Sm. ex Chapman var. alabamensis
JSU121540 Bibb 31 Jul 1998 R. D. Whetstone
19624
JSU
Croton alabamensis E. A. Smith
UWAL0030444 Bibb 16 Apr 1973 Kral, R.
49667
UWAL
Croton alabamensis E.A.Sm.
AUA_ACC040897 Bibb 13 MAY 1983 WHETSTONE, R. DAVID
13556
AUA
CROTON ALABAMENSIS E.A. SMITH
UNA00020908 Tuscaloosa 5 Dec 1905 Roland M. Harper
21
UNA
Croton alabamensis E.A. Sm. ex Chapman var. alabamensis
SAMF0002466 Bibb 03 Apr 2008 Davenport, L. J.
3791
SAMF
Croton alabamensis E. A. Smith
UNA00020883 Bibb 23 Jul 1985 Charles N. Horn
691
UNA
Croton alabamensis E.A. Sm. ex Chapman var. alabamensis
UNA00020887 Bibb 27 Feb 1968 Joab L. Thomas
1617
UNA
Croton alabamensis E.A. Sm. ex Chapman var. alabamensis
UNA00020902 Tuscaloosa 10 Mar 1962 Joe A. Farmer
s.n.
UNA
Croton alabamensis E.A. Sm. ex Chapman var. alabamensis
UNA00020907 Tuscaloosa s.d. Nelda Kathleen Williamson
s.n.
UNA
Croton alabamensis E.A. Sm. ex Chapman var. alabamensis
JSU121539 Bibb 1 Sep 1996 D. D. Spaulding
9109
JSU
Croton alabamensis E. A. Smith
UWAL0015545 Bibb 15 May 2014 Keener, Brian R.
8391
UWAL
Croton alabamensis E.A. Sm. ex Chapman
JSU121964 Bibb 13 May 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13556
JSU
Croton alabamensis E. A. Smith
SAMF0006737 Bibb 25 Mar 2017 Davenport, L.J.
6493
SAMF
Croton alabamensis E. A. Smith ex Chapman
TROY000018794 Bibb 09 Apr 1982 R. David Whetstone
10872
TROY
Croton alabamensis E. A. Smith
US00730774 s.d. Smith, E.A.
s.n.
US
Croton alabamensis E.A. Smith ex Chapm.
UNA00020888 Bibb 27 Feb 1968 Joab L. Thomas
1616
UNA
Croton alabamensis E.A. Sm. ex Chapman var. alabamensis
UNA00020889 Bibb 11 Mar 1962 Joe A. Farmer
s.n.
UNA
Croton alabamensis E.A. Sm. ex Chapman var. alabamensis
UNA00020893 Bibb 24 Apr 1953 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Croton alabamensis E.A. Sm. ex Chapman var. alabamensis
UWAL0033930 Tuscaloosa 02 Apr 2016 Keener, Brian R.
9470
UWAL
Croton alabamensis E.A. Sm. ex Chapman var. alabamensis
JSU121966 Bibb 9 Apr 1982 R. D. Whetstone
10872
JSU
Croton alabamensis E. A. Smith
UWAL0039239 Bibb 12 Mar 2019 Diamond, Alvin R.
28782
UWAL
Croton alabamensis E.A. Smith ex Chapman var. alabamensis
AUA_ACC064147 Bibb 31 JUL 1998 WHETSTONE, R. DAVID
19624 & 1131
AUA
CROTON ALABAMENSIS E.A. SMITH
UNA00020894 Tuscaloosa 15 Apr 1899 Unknown
s.n.
UNA
Croton alabamensis E.A. Sm. ex Chapman var. alabamensis
USAM000005929 Bibb 14 Apr 1970 Robert Kral
38500
USAM
Croton alabamensis E. A. Smith ex Chapman
UNA00020901 Tuscaloosa 9 Mar 1959 Jackie Edwards
44
UNA
Croton alabamensis E.A. Sm. ex Chapman var. alabamensis
JSU121967 Bibb 22 Jul 1982 R. D. Whetstone
1174
JSU
Croton alabamensis E. A. Smith
UWAL0015526 Bibb 15 May 2014 Keener, Brian R.
8401
UWAL
Croton alabamensis E.A. Sm. ex Chapman
UNA00020910 Tuscaloosa 10 Mar 1962 Joe A. Farmer
s.n.
UNA
Croton alabamensis E.A. Sm. ex Chapman var. alabamensis
UNA00020904 Tuscaloosa 24 Apr 1963 Norris H. Williams
85
UNA
Croton alabamensis E.A. Sm. ex Chapman var. alabamensis
JSU121963 Bibb 13 May 1983 Dennis Wilborn
63
JSU
Croton alabamensis E. A. Smith
UWAL0030438 Bibb 01 Apr 1972 Kral, R.
45443
UWAL
Croton alabamensis E.A.Smith
UWAL0018648 Bibb 17 May 1980 Kral, R.
65115
UWAL
Croton alabamensis F.A. Smith
AUA_ACC062714 Tuscaloosa 21 MAR 2003 KEENER, BRIAN R.
2472
AUA
CROTON ALABAMENSIS E.A. SMITH
UNA00058457 Tuscaloosa 21 Mar 2003 Brian R. Keener
2472
UNA
Croton alabamensis E.A. Sm. ex Chapman
UNA00020899 Bibb 27 Feb 1968 Joab L. Thomas
1616
UNA
Croton alabamensis E.A. Sm. ex Chapman var. alabamensis
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