Croton capitatus

Family:EUPHORBIACEAE
Species:Croton capitatus Michaux
Common Name:Hogwort; Woolly Croton
Habitat:Fields, pastures, disturbed areas.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Doveweed is a native annual member of the Spurge family (Euphorbiaceae). It can be found throughout Alabama. Doveweed occurs on glades, in prairies, in pine forests, on sandhills, and on disturbed sites such as over grazed pastures, roadsides, and in clear cuts. It is an annual with a tap root. Stems grow from 6 inches to over 3 feet in height. The stems and all other parts of the plant are pubescent with rusty or whitish stellate (star shaped) hairs. The stems are often freely branched above mid-stem. The leaves are alternate, petiolate, lanceolate in outline, and entire. The leaves are densely pubescent with stellate hairs. Flowers are produced in a short condensed raceme at the apex of the stems. Female flowers are produced below the male flowers. Female flowers have 6-9 calyx lobes and no petals. Male flowers have 5 very small white petals and 10-15 anthers. The fruit is an erect three-locular capsule with three seed. Doveweed seed are consumed by many bird species such as Northern Bobwhite Quail and Mourning Dove. It is toxic if consumed by cattle, but they generally avoid it if other food is available. Doveweed is the larval food for the Goatweed Leafwing Butterfly (Anaea andria).--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyEUPHORBIACEAE - Spurge family
Genus Croton
Species Croton capitatus Michaux - Hogwort; Woolly Croton

Citation

Citation CROTON CAPITATUS Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 214. 1803.
Basionym: **
Type: ILLINOIS:

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Croton capitatus var. genuinus Croton capitatus Michaux, var. genuinus Müller Argoviensis, in de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 687. 1866, nom. inadmiss.Croton capitatus Michaux 1803. 
Heptallon capitatus Heptallon capitatus (Michaux) Rafinesque, Sylva Tellur. 65. 1838.Croton capitatus Michaux 1803. 
Oxydectes capitata Oxydectes capitata (Michaux) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 611. 1891.Croton capitatus Michaux 1803. 
Pilinophytum capitatum Pilinophytum capitatum (Michaux) Klotzsch, Arch. Naturgesch. 7(1): 255. 1841.Croton capitatus Michaux 1803. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Chilton, Choctaw, Clarke, Coffee, Colbert, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Cullman, Dale, Dallas, Elmore, Escambia, Etowah, Franklin, Hale, Houston, Jefferson, Lamar, Lawrence, Lee, Lowndes, Marengo, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Perry, Pickens, Pike, Randolph, Russell, Shelby, Talladega, Tuscaloosa, Washington, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1874 - 1994

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU122273 Franklin 6 Aug 1993 Ballard, J. Mark
3157
JSU
Croton capitatus Michaux
AUA_ACC_61931 Russell 30 Oct 2001 Gil, Glenda
2001-50
AUA
Croton Capitatus Michx.
AUA_ACC_19973 Hale 8 Sep 1970 Moore, Harold D.
881
AUA
Croton Capitatus Michx.
UWAL0014792 Bullock 28 Sep 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1314
UWAL
Croton capitatus Michaux
JSU121988 Marshall 12 Jul 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
2312
JSU
Croton capitatus Michaux
AUA_ACC_53548 Pike 2 Sep 1994 Diamond, Alvin R.
9341
AUA
Croton Capitatus Michx.
UWAL0036451 Tuscaloosa 30 Sep 2017 England, J. Kevin
8527
UWAL
Croton capitatus Michaux
SAMF0002459 Tuscaloosa 19 Oct 2010 Davenport, Lawrence J.
4595
SAMF
Croton capitatus Michaux
TROY000033515 Barbour 17 Sep 2011 Ryan, Lauren
89
TROY
Croton capitatus Michaux
UWAL0007559 Lamar 28 Jul 2002 Keener, Brian R.
2303
UWAL
Croton capitatus Michx.
TROY000004631 Butler 17 Aug 2004 Diamond, Alvin R.
14615
TROY
Croton capitatus Michaux
UWAL0048190 Baldwin 04 Oct 2019 Soehren, Eric C.
639
UWAL
Croton capitatus Michx.
JSU121984 Jefferson 17 Sep 1983 Whetstone, R. David
12422
JSU
Croton capitatus Michaux
AUA_ACC_17671 Lee 13 Aug 1969 Rebois, R.V.
184
AUA
Croton Capitatus Michx.
UNA00020928 Morgan 20 Jun 1891 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Croton capitatus Michx.
JSU121989 Marshall 9 Sep 1991 Spaulding, Daniel D.
850
JSU
Croton capitatus Michaux
UWAL0036768 Lamar 13 Jul 2017 England, J. Kevin
8144
UWAL
Croton capitatus Michaux
AUA_ACC_23066 Lee 14 Oct 1971 Boone, Allison
165
AUA
Croton Capitatus Michx.
UNA00023533 Choctaw 20 Sep 1994 Haynes, Robert R.
9516
UNA
Croton capitatus Michx.
TROY000021779 Baldwin 06 Aug 2007 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12729
TROY
Croton capitatus Michaux
UNA00020932 Pickens 24 Sep 1985 Horn, Charles N.
1002
UNA
Croton capitatus Michx.
TROY000018797 Autauga 26 Sep 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
15860
TROY
Croton capitatus Michaux
AUA_ACC_20689 Pike 31 Jul 1970 Moore, Harold D.
552
AUA
Croton Capitatus Michx.
UWAL0018405 Baldwin 03 Aug 1996 Kral, Robert
86380
UWAL
Croton capitatus Michx.
SAMF0002456 Bibb 29 Jul 2011 Davenport, Lawrence J.
4737
SAMF
Croton capitatus Michaux
JSU121981 Escambia 26 Sep 1985 Whetstone, R. David
15236
JSU
Croton capitatus Michaux
AUA_ACC_44740 Jefferson 4 Oct 1975 Maddox, William K.
123
AUA
Croton Capitatus Michx.
UNA00020943 Pickens 12 Jul 1969 Kral, Robert
35443
UNA
Croton capitatus Michx.
JSU121977 Coffee 18 Oct 1977 Kral, Robert
61160
JSU
Croton capitatus Michaux
AUA_ACC_17673 Baldwin 26 Jul 1969 Ellis, H.C.
84
AUA
Croton Capitatus Michx.
UNA00020940 Lamar 22 Sep 1981 Davenport, Lawrence J.
2187
UNA
Croton capitatus Michx.
AUA_ACC_50525 Dale 15 Sep 1991 Diamond, Alvin R.
7732
AUA
Croton Capitatus Michx.
UNA00020929 Bibb 11 Sep 1985 Horn, Charles N.
841
UNA
Croton capitatus Michx.
TROY000041837 Covington 26 Sep 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25565
TROY
Croton capitatus Michaux
UWAL0017989 Covington 26 Sep 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25565
UWAL
Croton capitatus Michaux
UNA00020941 Tuscaloosa 07 Sep 1966 Thomas, Joab L.
859
UNA
Croton capitatus Michx.
AUA_ACC_38005 Monroe 13 Oct 1981 Henderson, T.
752
AUA
Croton Capitatus Michx.
UWAL0033452 Franklin 13 Aug 2016 England, J. Kevin
6775
UWAL
Croton capitatus Michaux
AUA000042278 Colbert 23 Sep 2014 Barger, T. Wayne
FH570
AUA
Croton Capitatus Michx.
SAMF0003134 Butler 21 Aug 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
19817
SAMF
Croton capitatus Michaux
AUA_ACC_62150 Barbour 10 Jul 2002 Gil, Glenda
(2001-300)
AUA
Croton Capitatus Michx.
AUA_ACC_19699 Perry 7 Sep 1970 Moore, Harold D.
868
AUA
Croton Capitatus Michx.
UNA00054172 Blount 12 Oct 1998 Keener, Brian R.
1740
UNA
Croton capitatus Michx.
USAM000005937 Baldwin 11 Oct 1980 LeLong, Michel G.
11652
USAM
Croton capitatus Michaux
TROY000034798 Winston 02 Oct 2010 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13281
TROY
Croton capitatus Michaux
UWAL0050753 Jefferson 23 Sep 1984 Bussey, Melanie G.
997
UWAL
Croton capitatus Michaux
TROY000004638 Russell 04 Aug 2001 Kral, Robert
91759
TROY
Croton capitatus Michaux
AUA_ACC_42568 Marengo 23 Jul 1972 Street, J.J.
177
AUA
Croton Capitatus Michx.
JSU121976 Clarke 14 Sep 1997 Whetstone, R. David
18912
JSU
Croton capitatus Michaux
UWAL0010015 Winston 02 Oct 2010 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13281
UWAL
Croton capitatus Michx.
JSU121987 Jefferson 17 Sep 1983 Whetstone, R. David
12500
JSU
Croton capitatus Michaux
AUA_ACC_64008 Pike 23 Sep 2004 Hansen, Curtis J.
1668
AUA
Croton Capitatus Michx.
UNA00063597 Butler 17 Aug 2004 Diamond, Alvin R.
14615
UNA
Croton capitatus Michx.
JSU121986 Jefferson 7 Sep 1984 Barber, J. Patrick
1097
JSU
Croton capitatus Michaux
UWAL0007556 Butler 21 Aug 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
19817
UWAL
Croton capitatus Michx.
TROY000004633 Coffee 08 Aug 2000 Martin, Brian H.
851
TROY
Croton capitatus Michaux
JSU121991 Randolph 1 Oct 1988 Nixon, Christopher F.
4374
JSU
Croton capitatus Michaux
AUA_ACC_25724 Escambia 7 Oct 1963 Kral, Robert
33889
AUA
Croton Capitatus Michx. Var. Capitatus
AUA_ACC_42062 Butler 10 Aug 1986 Diamond, Alvin R.
2668
AUA
Croton Capitatus Michx.
USAM000005935 Baldwin 11 Oct 1980 LeLong, Michel G.
11652
USAM
Croton capitatus Michaux
TROY000004632 Butler 05 Oct 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
14209
TROY
Croton capitatus Michaux
AUA000042621 Cullman Wolf, Wolfgang
AUA
Croton Capitatus Michx.
AUA_ACC_61188 Choctaw 26 Jul 1994 Crouch, Virginia E.
1107
AUA
Croton Capitatus Michx.
AUA_ACC_19056 Elmore 7 Sep 1970 Moore, Harold D.
799
AUA
Croton Capitatus Michx.
UNA00020921 Mobile 28 Aug 1951 Chermock, Ralph L.
s.n.
UNA
Croton capitatus Michx.
JSU121972 Bibb 22 Jul 1982 Whetstone, R. David
11654
JSU
Croton capitatus Michaux
AUA_ACC_65033 Tuscaloosa 12 Aug 2004 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12129
AUA
Croton Capitatus Michx.
JSU121979 Colbert 28 Aug 1965 Landers, Kenneth E.
s.n.
JSU
Croton capitatus Michaux
UWAL0007560 Lawrence 04 Oct 2008 England, J. Kevin
1339
UWAL
Croton capitatus Michx.
AUA_ACC_50057 Covington 26 Aug 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
5410
AUA
Croton Capitatus Michx.
UWAL0030549 Covington 26 Jul 1990 Kral, Robert
78095
UWAL
Croton capitatus Michx.
SAMF0002458 Shelby 12 Oct 2010 Davenport, Lawrence J.
4572
SAMF
Croton capitatus Michaux
AUA_ACC_5455 Lee 9 Aug 1968 Scarsbrook, Ellen
AUA
Croton Capitatus Michx.
UWAL0031154 Conecuh 12 Sep 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26813
UWAL
Croton capitatus Michaux
TROY000029353 Etowah 12 Oct 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4968
TROY
Croton capitatus Michaux
UWAL0006257 Bibb 22 Sep 1982 Kral, Robert
69545
UWAL
Croton capitatus Michx.
SAMF0002460 Bibb 27 Sep 2009 Davenport, Lawrence J.
4072
SAMF
Croton capitatus Michaux
UWAL0007557 Etowah 12 Oct 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4968
UWAL
Croton capitatus Michx.
JSU121971 Baldwin 2 Sep 1970 Kral, Robert
41030
JSU
Croton capitatus Michaux
AUA_ACC_19001 Montgomery 17 Aug 1970 Moore, Harold D.
608
AUA
Croton Capitatus Michx.
AUA_ACC_19725 Choctaw 8 Sep 1970 Moore, Harold D.
977
AUA
Croton Capitatus Michx.
JSU121990 Morgan 15 Sep 1996 Spaulding, Daniel D.
9221
JSU
Croton capitatus Michaux
AUA_ACC_63151 Perry 21 Aug 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
14091
AUA
Croton Capitatus Michx.
UNA00020939 Mobile 02 Aug 1965 Deramus, Rebecca
D631
UNA
Croton capitatus Michx.
JSU121970 Baldwin 27 Jul 1968 Johnson, Stephen C.
x-49-86
JSU
Croton capitatus Michaux
TROY000045695 Autauga 29 Sep 2016 Parker, Matthew R.
163
TROY
Croton capitatus Michaux
UWAL0031018 Pike 04 Sep 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26782.1
UWAL
Croton capitatus Michaux
TROY000049228 Marengo 10 Aug 2013 England, J. Kevin
4459
TROY
Croton capitatus Michaux
ALNHS00000714 Monroe 24 Aug 2011 Barger, T. Wayne
RH-368
ALNHS
Croton capitatus Michx.
TROY000043220 Conecuh 12 Sep 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26813
TROY
Croton capitatus Michaux
AUA_ACC_11216 Lee 19 Jun 1963 Rogers, Ken R.
AUA
Croton Capitatus Michx.
UNA00020927 Mobile 01 Oct 1886 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Croton capitatus Michx.
TROY000004637 Perry 21 Aug 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
14091
TROY
Croton capitatus Michaux
UWAL0036385 Marshall 12 Aug 2017 England, J. Kevin
8359
UWAL
Croton capitatus Michaux
AUA_ACC_40704 Baldwin 2 Sep 1970 Kral, Robert
41030
AUA
Croton Capitatus Michx.
UWAL0033150 Houston 29 Oct 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
27014
UWAL
Croton capitatus Michaux
USAM000005936 Baldwin 11 Oct 1980 LeLong, Michel G.
11652
USAM
Croton capitatus Michaux
TROY000028732 Lawrence 04 Oct 2008 England, J. Kevin
1339
TROY
Croton capitatus Michaux
AUA000042638 Cullman 19 Sep 1909 Wolf, Wolfgang
929
AUA
Croton Capitatus Michx.
AUA_ACC_60498 Crenshaw 12 Sep 1996 Diamond, Alvin R.
10521
AUA
Croton Capitatus Michx.
AUA_ACC_3246 Davis, Donald E.
AUA
Croton Capitatus Michx.
AUA_ACC_19828 Dallas 7 Sep 1970 Moore, Harold D.
853
AUA
Croton Capitatus Michx.
UNA00073709 Marengo 10 Aug 2013 England, J. Kevin
4459
UNA
Croton capitatus Michx.
JSU121975 Chilton 22 Jul 1982 Whetstone, R. David
11725
JSU
Croton capitatus Michaux
AUA_ACC_67357 Baldwin 6 Aug 2007 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12729
AUA
Croton Capitatus Michx. Var. Capitatus
JSU121980 Colbert 28 Aug 1965 Landers, Kenneth E.
s.n.
JSU
Croton capitatus Michaux
UWAL0007558 Lamar 03 Oct 2008 England, J. Kevin
1304
UWAL
Croton capitatus Michx.
JSU121982 Etowah 6 Aug 1994 Hodge, Lesley M.
2972
JSU
Croton capitatus Michaux
AUA_ACC_59323 Elmore 19 Sep 2000 Hansen, Curtis J.
2000-89
AUA
Croton Capitatus Michx.
UNA00065776 Lowndes 11 Aug 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16768
UNA
Croton capitatus Michx.
SAMF0002457 Jefferson 22 Jul 2004 Davenport, Lawrence J.
2905
SAMF
Croton capitatus Michaux
UWAL0017557 Marengo 10 Aug 2013 England, J. Kevin
4459
UWAL
Croton capitatus Michaux
TROY000018887 Baldwin 13 Oct 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3958
TROY
Croton capitatus Michaux
UWAL0032862 Colbert 28 Sep 2016 England, J. Kevin
6875
UWAL
Croton capitatus Michaux
TROY000047073 Lee 26 Jul 1996 Miller, James H.
s.n.
TROY
Croton capitatus Michaux
AUA_ACC_18982 Bullock 31 Jul 1970 Moore, Harold D.
589
AUA
Croton Capitatus Michx.
UWAL0007554 Baldwin 06 Aug 2007 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12729
UWAL
Croton capitatus Michx. var. capitatus
AUA_ACC_44295 Conecuh 1 Sep 1986 Diamond, Alvin R.
2778
AUA
Croton Capitatus Michx.
USAM000005934 Baldwin 11 Oct 1980 LeLong, Michel G.
11652
USAM
Croton capitatus Michaux
TROY000043120 Pike 04 Sep 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26782A
TROY
Croton capitatus Michaux
AUA_ACC_46929 Covington 21 Oct 1982 Wilburn, John C.
94
AUA
Croton Capitatus Michx.
UNA00020926 Talladega 31 Aug 1874 Smith, Eugene A.
s.n.
UNA
Croton capitatus Michx.
JSU121978 Colbert 21 Jul 1996 Whetstone, R. David
18268
JSU
Croton capitatus Michaux
AUA_ACC_42569 Covington 6 Aug 1972 Nelson, John
164
AUA
Croton Capitatus Michx.
UNA00020931 Shelby _ _ 1894 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Croton capitatus Michx.
JSU121985 Jefferson 5 Oct 1984 Barber, J. Patrick
1207
JSU
Croton capitatus Michaux
AUA_ACC_63899 Butler 17 Aug 2004 Diamond, Alvin R.
14615
AUA
Croton Capitatus Michx.
UNA00065098 Tuscaloosa 21 Aug 2004 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12129
UNA
Croton capitatus Michx.
TROY000043270 Houston 29 Oct 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
27014
TROY
Croton capitatus Michaux
UWAL0034305 Mobile 18 Aug 1987 Kral, Robert
74392
UWAL
Croton capitatus Michx.
UNA00020944 Tuscaloosa 07 Sep 1966 Thomas, Joab L.
859
UNA
Croton capitatus Michx.
AUA_ACC_23067 Clarke 9 Sep 1971 Henley, Nancy S.
20
AUA
Croton Capitatus Michx.
UWAL0042973 Baldwin 08 Sep 2006 Larsen, Harry S.
1546
UWAL
Croton capitatus Michx.
TROY000004634 Lowndes 11 Aug 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16768
TROY
Croton capitatus Michaux
AUA_ACC_19076 Butler 20 Aug 1970 Moore, Harold D.
769
AUA
Croton Capitatus Michx.
AUA_ACC_5457 Baldwin 27 Jul 1968 Willis, Robert L.
AUA
Croton Capitatus Michx.
JSU121992 Washington 13 Sep 1997 Whetstone, R. David
18636
JSU
Croton capitatus Michaux
UWAL0007555 Baldwin 13 Oct 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3958
UWAL
Croton capitatus Michx.
JSU121983 Franklin 18 Sep 1994 Spaulding, Daniel D.
6461
JSU
Croton capitatus Michaux
AUA_ACC_12758 Colbert 24 Aug 1965 Landers, Ken
AUA
Croton Capitatus Michx.
UNA00020924 Tuscaloosa 24 Jul 1962 Deramus, Rebecca
223
UNA
Croton capitatus Michx.
JSU121973 Blount 12 Oct 1998 Keener, Brian R.
1740
JSU
Croton capitatus Michaux
AUA_ACC_46826 Montgomery 25 Jul 1981 Eble, C.F.
59
AUA
Croton Capitatus Michx.
UWAL0046901 Autauga 29 Sep 2016 Parker, Matthew R.
163
UWAL
Croton capitatus Michaux
TROY000018798 Tuscaloosa 21 Aug 2004 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12129
TROY
Croton capitatus Michaux var. capitatus
UNA00020942 Tuscaloosa 20 Jul 1974 Hoener, Fred K.
1084
UNA
Croton capitatus Michx.
TROY000004635 Monroe 27 Sep 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
18346
TROY
Croton capitatus Michaux
AUA000043855 Lee 11 Aug 2018 Taylor, Chris T.
CSP-575
AUA
Croton Capitatus Michx.
UNA00020930 Mobile 01 Oct 1886 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Croton capitatus Michx.
TROY000036083 Bullock 28 Sep 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1314
TROY
Croton capitatus Michaux
UWAL0033504 Lawrence 16 Jul 2016 England, J. Kevin
6653
UWAL
Croton capitatus Michaux
JSU121974 Calhoun 3 Aug 1982 Gay, C.
s.n.
JSU
Croton capitatus Michaux
AUA_ACC_32271 Baldwin 26 Jul 1969 Kral, Robert
35790
AUA
Croton Capitatus Michx.
TROY000004636 Montgomery 15 Oct 2000 Diamond, Alvin R.
12206
TROY
Croton capitatus Michaux
AUA_ACC_46528 Covington 21 Oct 1982 Kuhns, Michael R.
76
AUA
Croton Capitatus Michx.
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