Chelone glabra

Family:PLANTAGINACEAE
Species:Chelone glabra Linnaeus
Common Name:White Turtlehead; Snakehead
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:**
Duration:**
Category:**
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:White Turtlehead is a native herbaceous perennial in the Plantain family (Plantaginaceae). It is native primarily to the northern half of Alabama, but also occurs in the Red Hills region of the Coastal Plain. White Turtlehead grows along streams and spring runs, in seeps, on floodplains, and in marshes. It is a perennial from a taproot. Each crown produces 1-4 stems that are 2-3 feet in height. The stems are green in color, glabrous, and 4-angled. The stems are often unbranched unless damaged. Leaves are opposite, short petioled or sessile, elliptic to lanceolate in outline, with serrate margins. The leaves are glabrous or pubescent along the veins. Flowers are produced in terminal and sometimes axillary racemes. The flowers are closely arranged and subtended by large bracts. The corolla is bilabiate and white in color. The mouth of the corolla is flattened and mostly closed. The interior of the corolla is pubescent. The fruit is a capsule with flat, winged seed. White Turtlehead is available from some wildflower nurseries. It prefers a consistently wet soil in partial shade. Plants can also be grown from cuttings or by layering.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPLANTAGINACEAE - Plantain family
Genus Chelone
Species Chelone glabra Linnaeus - White Turtlehead; Snakehead

Citation

Citation **
Basionym: **
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Chelone chlorantha    
Chelone glabra var. dilatata    
Chelone glabra var. elatior    
Chelone glabra var. elongata    
Chelone glabra var. ochroleuca    
Chelone montana    
Chelone montana var. elatior    

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Barbour, Bibb, Blount, Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Chilton, Clay, Cleburne, Coosa, Covington, Crenshaw, DeKalb, Etowah, Jackson, Jefferson, Lawrence, Lee, Marion, Marshall, Montgomery, Pike, Randolph, Shelby, St. Clair, Talladega, Tuscaloosa

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1969 - 1978

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000033353 Barbour 01 Oct 2011 Derek Morrison
128
TROY
Chelone glabra Linnaeus
JSU141298 Jackson 21 Sep 1997 Spaulding, Daniel D.
10026
JSU
Chelone glabra Linnaeus
TROY000009041 Crenshaw 14 Oct 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
17086
TROY
Chelone glabra Linnaeus
SAMF0004652 Marion 04 Oct 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7573
SAMF
Chelone glabra Linnaeus
UNA00025823 Jackson 07 Oct 1969 Kral, Robert
37556
UNA
Chelone glabra L.
AUA_ACC055641 Pike 27 SEP 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6426
AUA
CHELONE GLABRA L.
SAMF0004653 Clay 07 Oct 2004 Davenport, Lawrence J.
3143
SAMF
Chelone glabra Linnaeus
AUA_ACC060799 Bibb 20 SEP 1976 SESSLER, ANN H.
742
AUA
CHELONE GLABRA L.
UNA00066786 Crenshaw 14 Oct 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
17086
UNA
Chelone glabra L.
UWAL0038146 Chilton 07 Oct 2017 Spaulding, Daniel D.
15092
UWAL
Chelone glabra L.
AUA_ACC032128 Clay 9 OCT 1977 OWSLEY, M.
319
AUA
CHELONE GLABRA L.
SAMF0004651 Bibb 09 Oct 2003 Davenport, Lawrence J.
3010
SAMF
Chelone glabra Linnaeus
AUA_ACC053416 Jackson 20 SEP 1991 GUNN, SCOTT C.
2097
AUA
CHELONE GLABRA L.
JSU141303 Randolph 12 Oct 1986 Nixon, Christopher F.
3222
JSU
Chelone glabra Linnaeus
UWAL0004095 St. Clair 22 Oct 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3243
UWAL
Chelone glabra L.
AUA_ACC033778 Bibb 30 OCT 1977 SESSLER, ANN H.
1939
AUA
CHELONE GLABRA L.
AUA_ACC037391 Lee 3 NOV 1981 HENDERSON, T.
763
AUA
CHELONE GLABRA L.
JSU141291 Calhoun 03 Oct 1972 Whetstone, R. David
RDW-1271
JSU
Chelone glabra Linnaeus
AUA_ACC046535 Lee 10 OCT 1982 KUHNS, MICHAEL R.
53
AUA
CHELONE GLABRA L.
UNA00025812 Clay 12 Oct 1978 Davenport, Lawrence J.
915
UNA
Chelone glabra L.
AUA_ACC026674 Lee 30 OCT 1973 FREEMAN, JOHN D.
AUA
CHELONE GLABRA L.
UNA00066949 St. Clair 22 Oct 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3243
UNA
Chelone glabra L.
UWAL0011927 Marion 04 Oct 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7573
UWAL
Chelone glabra Linnaeus
UWAL0014952 Butler 23 Sep 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23436
UWAL
Chelone glabra Linnaeus
JSU141297 Etowah 14 Sep 1994 Hodge, Lesley M.
3836
JSU
Chelone glabra Linnaeus
UWAL0039246 Montgomery 02 Nov 2018 Diamond, Alvin R.
28611
UWAL
Chelone glabra Linnaeus
UNA00025815 Jackson 07 Oct 1969 Kral, Robert
37556
UNA
Chelone glabra L.
JSU141305 Talladega 11 Oct 1994 Ballard, J. Mark
5222
JSU
Chelone glabra Linnaeus
JSU141295 Cleburne 27 Sep 1980 Whetstone, R. David
10370
JSU
Chelone glabra Linnaeus
UWAL0011993 Lawrence 07 Oct 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7632
UWAL
Chelone glabra Linnaeus
UWAL0008517 Bibb 29 Oct 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6816
UWAL
Chelone glabra L.
JSU141292 Cherokee 03 Nov 1996 Whetstone, R. David
s.n.
JSU
Chelone glabra Linnaeus
UWAL0030631 Covington 15 Oct 1996 Kral, R.
86918
UWAL
Chelone glabra L.
UWAL0004094 Crenshaw 14 Oct 2006 Diamond, A.R.
17086
UWAL
Chelone glabra L.
UNA00025817 Talladega s.d. Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Chelone glabra L.
JSU156445 Shelby 12 Oct 1996 Spaulding, Daniel D.
9393
JSU
Chelone glabra Linnaeus
TROY000028220 Cherokee 26 Sep 2007 Terry Wayne Barger
252
TROY
Chelone glabra Linnaeus
UNA00025813 Tuscaloosa 28 Sep 1977 Davenport, Lawrence J.
192
UNA
Chelone glabra L.
UNA00056174 Barbour 3 Oct 1998 MacDonald, John R.
12150
UNA
Chelone glabra L.
JSU141300 Marshall 25 Sep 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
3165
JSU
Chelone glabra Linnaeus
TROY000023778 Randolph 01 Oct 1988 C. F. Nixon
4341
TROY
Chelone glabra Linnaeus
JSU141302 Randolph 12 Oct 1986 Nixon, Christopher F.
3222
JSU
Chelone glabra Linnaeus
TROY000030840 Lee 11 Oct 1954 William H. Moore
s.n.
TROY
Chelone glabra Linnaeus
UNA00025814 Coosa 26 Sep 1976 Haynes, Robert R.
6060
UNA
Chelone glabra L.
TROY000040896 Marion 04 Oct 2012 Brian R. Keener
7573
TROY
Chelone glabra Linnaeus
JSU141299 Lawrence 17 Sep 1994 Spaulding, Daniel D.
6406
JSU
Chelone glabra Linnaeus
UNA00068672 Blount 5 Oct 1998 Keener, Brian R.
1697
UNA
Chelone glabra L.
JSU141294 Cleburne 26 Oct 1994 Hruska, Susan E.
530
JSU
Chelone glabra Linnaeus
JSU141301 Marshall 30 Sep 1995 Spaulding, Daniel D.
7382
JSU
Chelone glabra Linnaeus
UWAL0031150 Clay 21 Sep 2014 Spaulding, Dan
14157
UWAL
Chelone glabra L.
JSU141304 St. Clair 13 Oct 1984 Nixon, Christopher F.
976
JSU
Chelone glabra Linnaeus
UWAL0004093 Blount 05 Oct 1998 Keener, Brian R.
1697
UWAL
Chelone glabra L.
SAMF0004650 Jefferson 04 Oct 2005 Davenport, Lawrence J.
3367
SAMF
Chelone glabra Linnaeus
UNA00056430 Bibb 2 Oct 1995 Birk, Michelle
553
UNA
Chelone glabra L.
AUA_ACC037986 Jackson 7 OCT 1969 KRAL, ROBERT
37556
AUA
CHELONE GLABRA L.
JSU141296 DeKalb 07 Sep 1986 Whetstone, R. David
15612
JSU
Chelone glabra Linnaeus
AUA_ACC004222 Lee 11 OCT 1954 MOORE, WILLIAM H.
AUA
CHELONE GLABRA L.
UNA00059871 Cherokee 23 Oct 2002 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11646
UNA
Chelone glabra L.
AUA_ACC013770 Lee 26 SEP 1967 GOSLIN, W. E.
AUA
CHELONE GLABRA L.
JSU141293 Clay 22 Oct 1992 Ballard, J. Mark
863
JSU
Chelone glabra Linnaeus
TROY000035656 Butler 23 Sep 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
23436
TROY
Chelone glabra Linnaeus
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