Eupatorium compositifolium

Family:ASTERACEAE
Species:Eupatorium compositifolium Walter
Common Name:Coastal Dog Fennel; Yankee Weed
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:**
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Coastal Dog Fennel is a native herbaceous short-lived perennial in the Sunflower family (Asteraceae). It is native to the southern half of Alabama. Coastal Dog Fennel occurs on dunes, in dry to moist pine woodlands, in clear cuts, in pastures, in fallow fields, and on roadsides. It is a perennial from a short rhizome or crown. Stems are solitary or more often several in a clump. The stems are 3-6 feet in height, green or reddish-brown in color, and pubescent. The stems are branched above the middle. Leaves are opposite, sessile, pinnately lobed or dissected, with the leaf segments linear. There are often short branches or fascicles of smaller leaves in the axils of the main stem leaves. The leaf segments are pubescent and gland dotted. Flowers are produced in heads. The heads are arranged in drooping panicles. The heads contain 5 white disc flowers and no ray flowers. The flowers are fragrant, and all parts of the plant have a fennel-like odor when crushed. The fruit is an achene with a crown of 20-30 bristles. Coastal Dog Fennel is avoided by livestock and most wildlife. It is considered a weed in pastures and fields. It is often abundant following disturbance and frequently grows with Common Dog Fennel (Eupatorium capillifolium (Lamarck) Small), which is similar but has much finer dissected foliage. The crushed foliage of Coastal Dog Fennel has been used to repel biting insects such as mosquitoes and deer flies. Coastal Dog Fennel is sometimes available from native plant nurseries, and at least one cultivar (“Dusty Roads”) exists. It can also be grown from seed or cuttings, and large clumps can be divided. It prefers a sandy soil in full sun.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FAC- (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyASTERACEAE - Aster family
Genus Eupatorium
Species Eupatorium compositifolium Walter - Coastal Dog Fennel; Yankee Weed

Citation

Citation EUPATORIUM COMPOSITIFOLIUM Walter, Fl. Carol. 199. 1788.
Basionym: **
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data, Fraser/Walter 46-B (neotype: BM). Neotypified by D. B. Ward, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 1: 428. 2007.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Chrysocoma coronopifolia Chrysocoma coronopifolia Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 102. 1803. SOUTH CAROLINA:
Eupatorium coronopifolium Eupatorium coronopifolium (Michaux) Willdenow, Sp. Pl. 3: 1750. 1803.Chrysocoma coronopifolia Michaux 1803.  
Traganthes compositifolia Traganthes compositifolia (Walter) Greene, Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 13. 1903.Eupatorium compositifolium Walter 1788.  

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Barbour, Bullock, Butler, Choctaw, Clarke, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Escambia, Geneva, Henry, Houston, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Pike, Washington

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UWAL0002963 Covington 18 Oct 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5660
UWAL
Eupatorium compositifolium Walt.
AMAL00008738 Pike 30 Oct 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
14247
AMAL
Eupatorium compositifolium Walt.
TROY000015762 Covington 09 Nov 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
20425
TROY
Eupatorium compositifolium Walter
UNA00062197 Crenshaw 2 Nov 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
14254
UNA
Eupatorium compositifolium Walt.
TROY000001944 Dale 09 Sep 1997 Rundell, Hannelore
332
TROY
Eupatorium compositifolium Walter
AUA000024707 Covington 28 Oct 2008 Hansen, Curtis J.
3555
AUA
Eupatorium Compositifolium Walt.
TROY000001939 Coffee 22 Oct 1999 Martin, Brian H.
336
TROY
Eupatorium compositifolium Walter
UNA00056300 Henry 25 Oct 1998 MacDonald, John R.
12387
UNA
Eupatorium compositifolium Walt.
UWAL0000611 Covington 30 Oct 2008 Diamond, A.R.
20387
UWAL
Eupatorium compositifolium Walt.
TROY000001942 Covington 13 Oct 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
15938
TROY
Eupatorium compositifolium Walter
AUA000003606 Covington 13 Oct 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
15938
AUA
Eupatorium Compositifolium Walt.
TROY000001948 Pike 30 Oct 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
14247
TROY
Eupatorium compositifolium Walter
UWAL0013897 Bullock 28 Sep 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1325
UWAL
Eupatorium compositifolium Walter
AMAL00016883 Escambia 28 Oct 2008 Hansen, Curtis J.
3602
AMAL
Eupatorium compositifolium Walt.
TROY000027657 Houston 25 Sep 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
20212A
TROY
Eupatorium compositifolium Walter
AUA000003610 Pike 5 Oct 1994 Diamond, Alvin R.
9406
AUA
Eupatorium Compositifolium Walt.
TROY000001947 Montgomery 15 Oct 2000 Diamond, Alvin R.
12213
TROY
Eupatorium compositifolium Walter
AUA000041298 Covington 18 Oct 2012 Hansen, Curtis J.
5763
AUA
Eupatorium Compositifolium Walt.
UWAL0015357 Clarke 24 Oct 2010 Keener, Brian R.
6254
UWAL
Eupatorium compositifolium Walt.
UNA00056890 Geneva 4 Oct 1998 MacDonald, John R.
12219
UNA
Eupatorium compositifolium Walt.
USAM000002194 Mobile 12 Oct 1966 LeLong, Michel G.
4051
USAM
Eupatorium compositifolium Walter
AUA000003605 Covington 13 Oct 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
15937
AUA
Eupatorium Compositifolium Walt.
UWAL0033011 Houston 24 Nov 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
27085
UWAL
Eupatorium compositifolium Walter
AUA000003604 Coffee 6 Oct 1989 Diamond, Alvin R.
6465
AUA
Eupatorium Compositifolium Walt.
TROY000001938 Bullock 20 Oct 2001 Diamond, Alvin R.
12803
TROY
Eupatorium compositifolium Walter
TROY000001946 Monroe 08 Oct 2000 Kral, Robert
90564
TROY
Eupatorium compositifolium Walter
AUA000024729 Covington 28 Oct 2008 Hansen, Curtis J.
3582
AUA
Eupatorium Compositifolium Walt.
UWAL0043093 Baldwin 13 Oct 2003 Larsen, H.S.
1281
UWAL
Eupatorium compositifolium Walter
TROY000001949 Pike 01 Apr 1999 Martin, Brian H.
34
TROY
Eupatorium compositifolium Walter
UWAL0033950 Choctaw 09 Oct 2016 Keener, Brian R.
9833
UWAL
Eupatorium compositifolium Walter
TROY000028770 Washington 05 Oct 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4932
TROY
Eupatorium compositifolium Walter
AUA000003607 Crenshaw 15 Oct 1995 Diamond, Alvin R.
10047
AUA
Eupatorium Compositifolium Walt.
TROY000015759 Covington 30 Oct 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
20387
TROY
Eupatorium compositifolium Walter
AMAL00016878 Covington 28 Oct 2008 Hansen, Curtis J.
3582
AMAL
Eupatorium compositifolium Walt.
JSU110639 Clarke 31 Oct 1997 Whetstone, R. David
18985
JSU
Eupatorium compositifolium Walter
AUA000003611 Pike 4 Oct 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
5575
AUA
Eupatorium Compositifolium Walt.
TROY000001940 Crenshaw 02 Nov 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
14254
TROY
Eupatorium compositifolium Walter
AUA000003608 Dale 26 Oct 1991 Diamond, Alvin R.
7792
AUA
Eupatorium Compositifolium Walt.
UWAL0015346 Clarke 24 Oct 2010 Keener, Brian R.
6253
UWAL
Eupatorium compositifolium Walt.
UNA00069724 Escambia 28 Oct 2008 Hansen, Curtis J.
3602
UNA
Eupatorium compositifolium Walt.
TROY000043814 Houston 24 Nov 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
27085
TROY
Eupatorium compositifolium Walter
UWAL0000836 Montgomery 11 Oct 2009 Diamond, A.R.
21057
UWAL
Eupatorium compositifolium Walt.
AUA_ACC_58879 Pike 1999 Martin, Brian
34
AUA
Eupatorium Compositifolium Walt.
TROY000001943 Dale 21 Sep 1999 Pennington, Tiffany
177
TROY
Eupatorium compositifolium Walter
TROY000015302 Covington 12 Nov 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
18639
TROY
Eupatorium compositifolium Walter
UNA00059548 Dale 6 Oct 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13694
UNA
Eupatorium compositifolium Walt.
TROY000049195 Clarke 24 Oct 2010 Keener, Brian R.
6254
TROY
Eupatorium compositifolium Walter
UWAL0038803 Clarke 11 Oct 2015 Keener, Brian R.
9312
UWAL
Eupatorium compositifolium Walter
AUA000003603 Conecuh 3 Oct 1987 Diamond, Alvin R.
3709
AUA
Eupatorium Compositifolium Walt.
SAMF0005363 Covington 18 Oct 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5660
SAMF
Eupatorium compositifolium Walter
AMAL00002943 Dale 06 Oct 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13694
AMAL
Eupatorium compositifolium Walt.
AUA000003609 Monroe 13 Oct 1981 Henderson, T.
740
AUA
Eupatorium Compositifolium Walt.
TROY000015844 Butler 04 Oct 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
20252
TROY
Eupatorium compositifolium Walter
AMAL00010458 Monroe 05 Oct 2011 Barger, T. Wayne
RH-432
AMAL
Eupatorium compositifolium Walt.
TROY000015784 Henry 07 Nov 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
20402
TROY
Eupatorium compositifolium Walter
TROY000049787 Geneva 20 Oct 2016 Byrd, Cameron
367
TROY
Eupatorium compositifolium Walter
UNA00062187 Butler 5 Oct 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
14217
UNA
Eupatorium compositifolium Walt.
TROY000034270 Covington 18 Oct 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5660
TROY
Eupatorium compositifolium Walter
TROY000033651 Barbour 08 Oct 2011 Morrison, Derek
148
TROY
Eupatorium compositifolium Walter
AUA000024734 Escambia 28 Oct 2008 Hansen, Curtis J.
3602
AUA
Eupatorium Compositifolium Walt.
UWAL0000612 Escambia 28 Oct 2008 Hansen, C.J.
3602
UWAL
Eupatorium compositifolium Walt.
AMAL00008701 Butler 05 Oct 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
14217
AMAL
Eupatorium compositifolium Walt.
TROY000001950 Pike 01 May 1997 Holmes, Jeanese
314
TROY
Eupatorium compositifolium Walter
TROY000001936 Butler 05 Oct 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
14217
TROY
Eupatorium compositifolium Walter
TROY000051405 Clarke 11 Oct 2015 Keener, Brian R.
9312
TROY
Eupatorium compositifolium Walter
UNA00047061 Mobile _ Oct _ Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Eupatorium compositifolium Walt.
ALNHS00000684 Monroe 05 Oct 2011 Barger, T. Wayne
RH-432
ALNHS
Eupatorium compositifolium Walt.
TROY000001941 Covington 13 Oct 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
15937
TROY
Eupatorium compositifolium Walter
TROY000033988 Conecuh 13 Oct 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22629
TROY
Eupatorium compositifolium Walter
UWAL0000614 Washington 05 Oct 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4932
UWAL
Eupatorium compositifolium Walt.
AUA000003602 Butler 4 Oct 1985 Diamond, Alvin R.
1845
AUA
Eupatorium Compositifolium Walt.
TROY000015303 Montgomery 01 Nov 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
18569
TROY
Eupatorium compositifolium Walter
AMAL00017524 Covington 13 Oct 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
15938
AMAL
Eupatorium compositifolium Walt.
UNA00069727 Covington 28 Oct 2008 Hansen, Curtis J.
3582
UNA
Eupatorium compositifolium Walt.
TROY000001945 Dale 06 Oct 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13694
TROY
Eupatorium compositifolium Walter
UWAL0000613 Henry 07 Nov 2008 Diamond, A.R.
20402
UWAL
Eupatorium compositifolium Walt.
AMAL00017407 Baldwin 11 Oct 2007 Barger, T. Wayne
Perd-261
AMAL
Eupatorium compositifolium Walt.
UWAL0049300 Bullock 02 Jun 2017 Horne, Howard E.
3938
UWAL
Eupatorium compositifolium Walter
JSU110640 Washington 1 Nov 1997 Higginbotham, Jerri W.
363
JSU
Eupatorium compositifolium Walter
UNA00062204 Pike 30 Oct 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
14247
UNA
Eupatorium compositifolium Walt.
TROY000036114 Bullock 28 Sep 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1325
TROY
Eupatorium compositifolium Walter
TROY000001937 Coffee 23 Jun 1999 Martin, Brian H.
56
TROY
Eupatorium compositifolium Walter
AUA000024728 Covington 28 Oct 2008 Hansen, Curtis J.
3582
AUA
Eupatorium Compositifolium Walt.
UWAL0000610 Covington 28 Oct 2008 Hansen, C.J.
3582
UWAL
Eupatorium compositifolium Walt.
AMAL00008745 Crenshaw 02 Nov 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
14254
AMAL
Eupatorium compositifolium Walt.
USAM000002195 Mobile 19 Oct 1969 LeLong, Michel G.
5310
USAM
Eupatorium compositifolium Walter
TROY000030100 Escambia 28 Oct 2008 Hansen, Curtis J.
3602
TROY
Eupatorium compositifolium Walter
AUA000003601 Bullock 16 Oct 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
5606
AUA
Eupatorium Compositifolium Walt.
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