Verbesina alternifolia

Family:ASTERACEAE
Species:Verbesina alternifolia (Linnaeus) Britton ex Kearney
Common Name:Common Wingstem; Yellow Ironweed
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:VEAL
Plant Notes:Common Wingstem is a native herbaceous perennial in the Sunflower family (Asteraceae). It is found throughout most of Alabama. Common Wingstem prefers moist sunny sites such as along streams, the edge of mesic woodlands, and roadside ditches. It is a perennial from a short rhizome, often giving rise to clusters of stems. Stems grow from 3-8 feet in height. They are unbranched below the inflorescence, and the internodes are winged. Leaves are alternate, lanceolate to lance-elliptic in outline, with toothed margins. The leaves are minutely pubescent on both surfaces with stiff hairs. This gives the leaf a rough texture to the touch. Flowers are produced in heads. The heads are arranged in terminal panicles or corymbs. Individual heads have 5-12 yellow ray flowers and 10-30 yellow disc flowers. The ray flowers tend to droop downwards. The fruit is an achene with a winged margin and two horn-like awns at its apex. Common Wingstem is the host plant for Silvery Checkerspot Butterflies (Chlosyne nycteis). Common Wingstem is sometimes available from wildflower nurseries. It is also easily grown from seed, and older clumps can be separated after flowering. Common Wingstem prefers full to partial sun and moist soil. It does well along streams and ponds, in low spots in meadows, and at the edge of woodlands. It is not browsed by deer, making it a useful plant where deer are a problem.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FAC (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyASTERACEAE - Aster family
Genus Verbesina
Species Verbesina alternifolia (Linnaeus) Britton ex Kearney - Common Wingstem; Yellow Ironweed

Citation

Citation VERBESINA ALTERNIFOLIA (Linnaeus) Britton ex Kearney, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 20: 485. 1893.
Basionym: Coreopsis alternifolia Linnaeus 1753.
Type: Without data (lectotype: LINN 1026.11). Lectotypified by Reveal, in C. E. Jarvis & Turland, Taxon 47: 359. 1998.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Actinomeris alternifolia Actinomeris alternifolia (Linnaeus) de Candolle, Prodr. 5: 575. 1836.Coreopsis alternifolia Linnaeus 1753. 
Actinomeris oppositifolia Actinomeris oppositifolia Fresenius, Index Sem. Hort. Francf. 1836.  
Actinomeris squarrosa Actinomeris squarrosa Nuttall, Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 2: 181. 1818, nom. illegit.Coreopsis alternifolia Linnaeus 1753. 
Actinomeris squarrosa var. alternifolia Actinomeris squarrosa Nuttall, var. alternifolia (Linnaeus) Torrey & A. Gray, Fl. N. Amer. 2: 335. 1842.Coreopsis alternifolia Linnaeus 1753. 
Actinomeris squarrosa var. oppositifolia Actinomeris squarrosa Nuttall, var. oppositifolia (Fresenius) Torrey & A. Gray, Fl. N. Amer. 2: 335. 1842.Actinomeris oppositifolia Fresenius 1836.  
Actinomeris squarrosa var. procera Actinomeris squarrosa Nuttall, var. procera (Aiton) Rafinesque, New Fl. 1: 61. 1836.Coreopsis procera Aiton 1789. 
Coreopsis acuta Coreopsis acuta Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 569. 1814. GEORGIA
Coreopsis alternifolia Coreopsis alternifolia Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 909. 1753. Without data (lectotype: LINN 1026.11). Lectotypified by Reveal, in C. E. Jarvis & Turland, Taxon 47: 359. 1998.
Coreopsis procera Coreopsis procera Aiton, Hort. Kew. 3: 253. 1789.  
Ridan alternifolia var. oppositifolia Ridan alternifolia (Linnaeus) Kuntze, var. oppositifolia (Fresenius) Farwell, Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 2: 43. 1923.Actinomeris oppositifolius Fresenius 1836. 
Ridan alternifolia Ridan alternifolia (Linnaeus) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 360. 1891.Coreopsis alternifolia Linnaeus 1753. 
Verbesina coreopsis Verbesina coreopsis Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 134. 1803, nom. illegit.Coreopsis alternifolia Linnaeus 1753. 
Verbesina coreopsis var. lutea Verbesina coreopsis Michaux, var. lutea Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 134. 1803, nom. inadmiss.Verbesina coreopsis Michaux 1803, nom. illegit.; Coreopsis alternifolia Linnaeus 1753. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Blount, Bullock, Butler, Choctaw, Clarke, Clay, Cleburne, Coffee, Conecuh, Cullman, Dale, Dallas, Etowah, Henry, Jackson, Jefferson, Lawrence, Madison, Marengo, Montgomery, Morgan, Pike, Randolph, Shelby, St. Clair, Sumter, Talladega, Tuscaloosa

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000016291 Dale 11 Sep 2004 Robert Kral
95643b
TROY
Verbesina alternifolia (Linnaeus) Britton ex Kearney
AUA000008520 Shelby 25 SEP 1977 SESSLER, ANN H.
1877
AUA
VERBESINA ALTERNIFOLIA (L.) BRITT. EX KEARNEY
UWAL0009465 Blount 29 Aug 1998 Brian R. Keener
1559
UWAL
Verbesina alternifolia (L.) Britt. ex Kearney
UNA00060861 Bullock 18 Sep 2003 Alvin R. Diamond
14159
UNA
Verbesina alternifolia (L.) Britt. ex Kearney
JSU124428 Jefferson 31 Jul 1985 J. P. Barber
1627
JSU
Verbesina alternifolia (Linnaeus) Britton ex Kearney
AUA000008513 Clarke 23 SEP 1973 BEDWELL, C. R.
101
AUA
VERBESINA ALTERNIFOLIA (L.) BRITT. EX KEARNEY
JSU124360 Etowah 4 Sep 1994 L. M. Hodge
3501
JSU
Verbesina alternifolia (Linnaeus) Britton ex Kearney
UWAL0009466 Sumter 27 Sep 2009 Brian R. Keener
5466
UWAL
Verbesina alternifolia (L.) Britt. ex Kearney
JSU124434 Randolph 1 Oct 1988 C. F. Nixon
4332
JSU
Verbesina alternifolia (Linnaeus) Britton ex Kearney
UWAL0032209 Sumter 23 Sep 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4905
UWAL
Verbesina alternifolia (Linnaeus) Britton ex Kearney
JSU124422 Jackson 11 Sep 1994 D. D. Spaulding
6266
JSU
Verbesina alternifolia (Linnaeus) Britton ex Kearney
JSU124424 Jackson 31 Oct 1998 K. R. Brodeur
1539
JSU
Verbesina alternifolia (Linnaeus) Britton ex Kearney
UNA00049703 Blount 25 Jun 1883 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Verbesina alternifolia (L.) Britt. ex Kearney
AUA000008517 Dale 20 SEP 1992 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8456
AUA
VERBESINA ALTERNIFOLIA (L.) BRITT. EX KEARNEY
UWAL0009468 Montgomery 29 Sep 2009 A.R. Diamond
20952
UWAL
Verbesina alternifolia (L.) Britt. ex Kearney
JSU124427 Jackson 28 Jul 1975 R. D. Whetstone
5426
JSU
Verbesina alternifolia (Linnaeus) Britton ex Kearney
TROY000003002 Bullock 18 Sep 2003 Alvin R. Diamond
14159
TROY
Verbesina alternifolia (Linnaeus) Britton ex Kearney
JSU124437 Talladega 15 Oct 1994 J. M. Ballard
5247
JSU
Verbesina alternifolia (Linnaeus) Britton ex Kearney
UWAL0032216 St. Clair 28 Sep 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4917
UWAL
Verbesina alternifolia (Linnaeus) Britton ex Kearney
JSU139282 Shelby 11 Oct 1997 D. D. Spaulding
10135
JSU
Verbesina alternifolia (Linnaeus) Britton ex Kearney
TROY000038693 Marengo 19 Jul 2012 J. Kevin England
3712
TROY
Verbesina alternifolia (Linnaeus) Britton ex Kearney
UWAL0015800 Pike 22 Sep 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
24580
UWAL
Verbesina alternifolia (Linnaeus) Britton ex Kearney
AUA000008515 Conecuh 24 OCT 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3732
AUA
VERBESINA ALTERNIFOLIA (L.) BRITT. EX KEARNEY
AUA000008519 Dallas 7 SEP 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
861
AUA
VERBESINA ALTERNIFOLIA (L.) BRITT. EX KEARNEY
TROY000038946 Pike 22 Sep 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
24580
TROY
Verbesina alternifolia (Linnaeus) Britton ex Kearney
UWAL0007803 Butler 01 Sep 2011 A.R. Diamond
22478
UWAL
Verbesina alternifolia (Linnaeus) Britton ex Kearney
JSU124433 Randolph 1 Oct 1988 C. F. Nixon
4332
JSU
Verbesina alternifolia (Linnaeus) Britton ex Kearney
AUA000008514 Cleburne 12 SEP 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
1837
AUA
VERBESINA ALTERNIFOLIA (L.) BRITT. EX KEARNEY
UWAL0031203 Etowah 12 Sep 2015 Keener, Brian R.
9206
UWAL
Verbesina alternifolia (L.) Britt. ex Kearney
JSU124426 Jackson 18 Sep 1998 K. R. Brodeur
1412
JSU
Verbesina alternifolia (Linnaeus) Britton ex Kearney
UNA00015284 Tuscaloosa 13 Oct 1898 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Verbesina alternifolia (L.) Britt. ex Kearney
AUA000008512 Bullock 18 SEP 2003 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14159
AUA
VERBESINA ALTERNIFOLIA (L.) BRITT. EX KEARNEY
TROY000038192 Bullock 26 Jul 2012 Bailee Dykes
1086
TROY
Verbesina alternifolia (Linnaeus) Britton ex Kearney
JSU124431 Jefferson 17 Oct 1975 R. D. Whetstone
7286
JSU
Verbesina alternifolia (Linnaeus) Britton ex Kearney
TROY000034361 Sumter 27 Sep 2009 Brian R. Keener
5466
TROY
Verbesina alternifolia (Linnaeus) Britton ex Kearney
TROY000003003 Coffee 01 Oct 1999 Brian H. Martin
268
TROY
Verbesina alternifolia (Linnaeus) Britton ex Kearney
JSU124359 Clay 19 Oct 1996 J. M. Ballard
7022
JSU
Verbesina alternifolia (Linnaeus) Britton ex Kearney
AUA000008521 Shelby 16 SEP 1976 SESSLER, ANN H.
655
AUA
VERBESINA ALTERNIFOLIA (L.) BRITT. EX KEARNEY
UNA00056939 Pike 10 Sep 2000 Alvin R. Diamond
12137
UNA
Verbesina alternifolia (L.) Britt. ex Kearney
UWAL0031117 Cullman 13 Sep 2014 Spaulding, Dan
14120
UWAL
Verbesina alternifolia (L.) Britt. ex Kearney
JSU124421 Etowah 26 Oct 1994 L. M. Hodge
4033
JSU
Verbesina alternifolia (Linnaeus) Britton ex Kearney
UNA00053668 Tuscaloosa 21 Sep 1987 Frederick C. Gabrielson
s.n.
UNA
Verbesina alternifolia (L.) Britt. ex Kearney
TROY000003004 Pike 10 Sep 2000 Alvin R. Diamond
12137
TROY
Verbesina alternifolia (Linnaeus) Britton ex Kearney
UWAL0009467 Montgomery 02 Oct 2008 A.R. Diamond
20245
UWAL
Verbesina alternifolia (L.) Britt. ex Kearney
UWAL0010543 Marengo 19 Jul 2012 J. Kevin England
3712
UWAL
Verbesina alternifolia (Linnaeus) Britton ex Kearney
UWAL0030014 Morgan 06 Sep 2015 England, J. Kevin
5682
UWAL
Verbesina alternifolia (Linnaeus) Britton ex Kearney
JSU124425 Jackson 18 Sep 1998 K. R. Brodeur
1412
JSU
Verbesina alternifolia (Linnaeus) Britton ex Kearney
UNA00049689 Tuscaloosa _ Oct _ Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Verbesina alternifolia (L.) Britt. ex Kearney
TROY000016567 Jefferson 29 Sep 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15839
TROY
Verbesina alternifolia (Linnaeus) Britton ex Kearney
UWAL0014627 Marengo 17 Aug 2012 J. Kevin England
3913
UWAL
Verbesina alternifolia (Linnaeus) Britton ex Kearney
JSU124430 Jefferson 17 Oct 1975 R. D. Whetstone
7265
JSU
Verbesina alternifolia (Linnaeus) Britton ex Kearney
TROY000014676 Montgomery 14 Sep 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
20016
TROY
Verbesina alternifolia (Linnaeus) Britton ex Kearney
UWAL0019940 Morgan 20 Sep 2015 J. Kevin England
5762
UWAL
Verbesina alternifolia (Linnaeus) Britton ex Kearney
UWAL0014300 Blount 17 Oct 2010 Brian R. Keener
6229
UWAL
Verbesina alternifolia (Linnaeus) Britton ex Kearney
JSU124423 Jackson 13 Aug 1998 K. R. Brodeur
1206
JSU
Verbesina alternifolia (Linnaeus) Britton ex Kearney
UNA00068715 Blount 29 Aug 1998 Brian R. Keener
1559
UNA
Verbesina alternifolia (L.) Britt. ex Kearney
TROY000029416 Montgomery 29 Sep 2009 Alvin R. Diamond
20952
TROY
Verbesina alternifolia (Linnaeus) Britton ex Kearney
JSU124429 Jefferson 17 Oct 1975 R. D. Whetstone
7191
JSU
Verbesina alternifolia (Linnaeus) Britton ex Kearney
UNA00058922 Blount 23 Oct 1999 R. Kral
88981
UNA
Verbesina alternifolia (L.) Britt. ex Kearney
JSU124435 St. Clair 3 Sep 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12115
JSU
Verbesina alternifolia (Linnaeus) Britton ex Kearney
UWAL0017288 Lawrence 15 Sep 2013 J. Kevin England
4533
UWAL
Verbesina alternifolia (Linnaeus) Britton ex Kearney
TROY000033847 Butler 01 Sep 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22478
TROY
Verbesina alternifolia (Linnaeus) Britton ex Kearney
JSU124358 Choctaw 13 Sep 1997 J. W. Higginbotham
305
JSU
Verbesina alternifolia (Linnaeus) Britton ex Kearney
AUA000008518 Dale 15 SEP 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7743
AUA
VERBESINA ALTERNIFOLIA (L.) BRITT. EX KEARNEY
JSU124432 Madison 13 Aug 1975 R. D. Whetstone
6319
JSU
Verbesina alternifolia (Linnaeus) Britton ex Kearney
UNA00056719 Henry 28 Aug 1998 John R. MacDonald
11870
UNA
Verbesina alternifolia (L.) Britt. ex Kearney
JSU124436 St. Clair 3 Sep 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12115
JSU
Verbesina alternifolia (Linnaeus) Britton ex Kearney
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