Verbesina occidentalis

Family:ASTERACEAE
Species:Verbesina occidentalis (Linnaeus) Walter
Common Name:Southern Crownbeard; Yellow Crownbeard
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:VEOC
Plant Notes:Southern Crownbeard is a native herbaceous perennial in the Sunflower family (Asteraceae). It can be found throughout Alabama. Southern Crownbeard occurs on creek and river banks, on sand bars, on shell mounds, along roadsides, and in open woods. It is a perennial from a hardened base. The stems are erect, 5-6 feet in height, branched near the top, green in color, and winged. Leaves are opposite, petiolate, ovate to deltoid or lanceolate in outline, coarsely toothed, and scabrellous. Flowers are produced in heads. The heads are arranged in corymbs or panicles. The involucres are bell-shaped with phyllaries in 2 series. Each head has 0-5 yellow ray flowers and 10-20 yellow disc flowers. The fruit is a black achene with two apical awns. Southern Crownbeard is sometimes available from native eplant nurseries. It prefers a site in full sun. The flowers of Southern Crownbeard are attractive to many native bees and butterflies.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACU (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyASTERACEAE - Aster family
Genus Verbesina
Species Verbesina occidentalis (Linnaeus) Walter - Southern Crownbeard; Yellow Crownbeard

Citation

Citation VERBESINA OCCIDENTALIS (Linnaeus) Walter, Fl. Carol. 213. 1788.
Basionym: Sigesbeckia occidentalis Linnaeus 1753.
Type: VIRGINIA: Without data, Clayton 511 (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Reveal et al., Huntia 7: 218. 1987.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Actinomeris alata Actinomeris alata (Pursh) Nuttall, Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 2: 181. 1818.Coreopsis alata Pursh 1814. 
Coreopsis alata Coreopsis alata Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 567. 1814. VIRGINIA
Phaethusa americana Phaethusa americana Gaertner, Fruct. Sem. Pl. 2: 425. 1791, nom. illegit.Sigesbeckia occidentalis Linnaeus 1753. 
Phaethusa borealis Phaethusa borealis Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 3: 591. 1826, nom. illegit.Sigesbeckia occidentalis Linnaeus 1753. 
Phaethusa occidentalis Phaethusa occidentalis (Linnaeus) Britton, in Britton & A. Brown, Ill. Fl. N. U.S., ed. 2. 3: 488. 1913.Sigesbeckia occidentalis Linnaeus 1753. 
Sigesbeckia occidentalis Sigesbeckia occidentalis Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 900. 1753. VIRGINIA: Without data, Clayton 511 (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Reveal et al., Huntia 7: 218. 1987.
Verbesina phaethusa Verbesina phaethusa Cassini, in Cuvier, Dict. Sci. Nat. 59: 143. 1829, nom. illegit.Sigesbeckia occidentalis Linnaeus 1753. 
Verbesina sigesbeckia Verbesina sigesbeckia Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 134. 1803, nom. illegit.Sigesbeckia occidentalis Linnaeus 1753. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Bibb, Blount, Butler, Cherokee, Clarke, Clay, Cleburne, Coosa, Dale, Elmore, Escambia, Etowah, Henry, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lawrence, Marshall, Mobile, Morgan, Randolph, Russell, Shelby, St. Clair, Sumter, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU124448 Jackson 31 Oct 1998 K. R. Brodeur
1535
JSU
Verbesina occidentalis (Linnaeus) Walter
UWAL0035946 Blount 25 Aug 2013 Anderson, Kelly
467.1
UWAL
Verbesina occidentalis (L.) Walt.
UWAL0030138 Winston 18 Sep 2010 England, J. Kevin
2614
UWAL
Verbesina occidentalis (Linnaeus) Walter
UNA00049690 Tuscaloosa 14 Sep 1985 Charles N. Horn
896
UNA
Verbesina occidentalis (L.) Walt.
TROY000045814 Blount 17 Oct 2010 Brian R. Keener
6228
TROY
Verbesina occidentalis (Linnaeus) Walter
UNA00049687 Tuscaloosa 7 Sep 1966 Joab L. Thomas
881
UNA
Verbesina occidentalis (L.) Walt.
JSU124456 Morgan 5 Aug 1974 R. D. Whetstone
3380
JSU
Verbesina occidentalis (Linnaeus) Walter
AUA000008542 Randolph 21 SEP 1986 NIXON, C. F.
3030
AUA
VERBESINA OCCIDENTALIS (L.) WALT.
TROY000003020 Dale 06 Aug 1999 Tiffany Pennington
24
TROY
Verbesina occidentalis (Linnaeus) Walter
TROY000045482 Russell 17 Sep 2017 Alvin R. Diamond
27924
TROY
Verbesina occidentalis (Linnaeus) Walter
UWAL0012441 Butler 25 Jun 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23139
UWAL
Verbesina occidentalis (Linnaeus) Walter
UNA00049691 Tuscaloosa 14 Sep 1985 Charles N. Horn
896
UNA
Verbesina occidentalis (L.) Walt.
UWAL0009472 St. Clair 23 Sep 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3869
UWAL
Verbesina occidentalis (L.) Walt.
JSU124452 Marshall 9 Sep 1991 D. D. Spaulding
857
JSU
Verbesina occidentalis (Linnaeus) Walter
JSU124455 Morgan 5 Aug 1974 R. D. Whetstone
3380
JSU
Verbesina occidentalis (Linnaeus) Walter
AUA000008544 Randolph 21 SEP 1986 NIXON, C. F.
3030
AUA
VERBESINA OCCIDENTALIS (L.) WALT.
TROY000034054 Sumter 27 Sep 2009 Brian R. Keener
5473
TROY
Verbesina occidentalis (Linnaeus) Walter
UWAL0034482 Escambia 03 Oct 1994 Kral, R.
84243
UWAL
Verbesina occidentalis (L.) Walter
UNA00050315 Randolph 11 Oct 1985 C. F. Nixon
1388
UNA
Verbesina occidentalis (L.) Walt.
SAMF0005758 Blount 02 Oct 2003 Davenport, L. J.
2981
SAMF
Verbesina occidentalis (Linnaeus) Walter
TROY000016565 Cherokee 24 Sep 1987 C. C. Dickson
s.n.
TROY
Verbesina occidentalis (Linnaeus) Walter
JSU124461 Winston 18 Sep 1994 D. D. Spaulding
6424
JSU
Verbesina occidentalis (Linnaeus) Walter
UWAL0002956 Sumter 27 Sep 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5473
UWAL
Verbesina occidentalis (L.) Walt.
SAMF0005759 Jefferson 25 Sep 2005 Davenport, L. J.
3351
SAMF
Verbesina occidentalis (Linnaeus) Walter
JSU124443 Bibb 25 Sep 1982 R. D. Whetstone
13531
JSU
Verbesina occidentalis (Linnaeus) Walter
AUA000008556 Shelby 25 SEP 1977 SESSLER, ANN H.
1876
AUA
VERBESINA OCCIDENTALIS (L.) WALT.
AUA000008541 Jefferson 29 SEP 2005 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
15839
AUA
VERBESINA OCCIDENTALIS (L.) WALT.
AUA000008551 Clarke 9 SEP 1973 BEDWELL, C. R.
063
AUA
VERBESINA OCCIDENTALIS (L.) WALT.
AUA000008552 Cleburne 12 SEP 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
1808
AUA
VERBESINA OCCIDENTALIS (L.) WALT.
TROY000016568 St. Clair 23 Sep 2007 Brian R. Keener
3869
TROY
Verbesina occidentalis (Linnaeus) Walter
JSU124460 Shelby 10 Sep 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12630
JSU
Verbesina occidentalis (Linnaeus) Walter
UWAL0009470 Butler 12 Oct 2007 Diamond, A.R.
18534
UWAL
Verbesina occidentalis (L.) Walt.
JSU124451 Marshall 22 Sep 1991 D. D. Spaulding
975
JSU
Verbesina occidentalis (Linnaeus) Walter
AUA000008555 Henry 26 OCT 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6557
AUA
VERBESINA OCCIDENTALIS (L.) WALT.
JSU124459 St. Clair 3 Sep 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12113
JSU
Verbesina occidentalis (Linnaeus) Walter
TROY000016566 Jackson 24 Sep 1980 Robert Kral
66393
TROY
Verbesina occidentalis (Linnaeus) Walter
UWAL0014301 Blount 17 Oct 2010 Keener, Brian R.
6228
UWAL
Verbesina occidentalis (Linnaeus) Walter
TROY000015794 Houston 25 Sep 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
20109
TROY
Verbesina occidentalis (Linnaeus) Walter
UNA00067137 St. Clair 23 Sep 2007 Brian R. Keener
3869
UNA
Verbesina occidentalis (L.) Walt.
AUA000028665 Sumter 27 SEP 2009 KEENER, BRIAN R.
5473
AUA
VERBESINA OCCIDENTALIS (L.) WALT.
JSU124450 Marshall 11 Oct 1991 D. D. Spaulding
1072
JSU
Verbesina occidentalis (Linnaeus) Walter
UWAL0015724 Winston 22 Sep 2013 England, J. Kevin
4610
UWAL
Verbesina occidentalis (Linnaeus) Walter
UNA00053970 Lawrence 18 Oct 1980 Robert R. Haynes
8215
UNA
Verbesina occidentalis (L.) Walt.
UWAL0009471 Houston 25 Sep 2008 Diamond, A.R.
20109
UWAL
Verbesina occidentalis (L.) Walt.
AUA000008538 Bibb 2 SEP 1976 SESSLER, ANN H.
490
AUA
VERBESINA OCCIDENTALIS (L.) WALT.
JSU124458 Randolph 11 Oct 1985 C. F. Nixon
1388
JSU
Verbesina occidentalis (Linnaeus) Walter
JSU124445 Clay 5 Sep 1992 J. M. Ballard
616
JSU
Verbesina occidentalis (Linnaeus) Walter
UNA00053957 Blount 6 Sep 1997 Brian R. Keener
349
UNA
Verbesina occidentalis (L.) Walt.
TROY000003019 Baldwin 27 Sep 2003 Joseph McCarty
5
TROY
Verbesina occidentalis (Linnaeus) Walter
AUA000008554 Coosa 5 OCT 1980 WEBB, A. L.
031
AUA
VERBESINA OCCIDENTALIS (L.) WALT.
JSU124453 Morgan 15 Sep 1996 D. D. Spaulding
9132
JSU
Verbesina occidentalis (Linnaeus) Walter
UWAL0015629 Lawrence 22 Sep 2013 England, J. Kevin
4611
UWAL
Verbesina occidentalis (Linnaeus) Walter
UNA00053971 Lawrence 18 Oct 1980 Robert R. Haynes
8215
UNA
Verbesina occidentalis (L.) Walt.
UWAL0031125 Coosa 05 Oct 2014 Spaulding, Dan
14202
UWAL
Verbesina occidentalis (L.) Walt.
AUA000008540 Bibb 20 SEP 1976 SESSLER, ANN H.
793
AUA
VERBESINA OCCIDENTALIS (L.) WALT.
UWAL0043867 Baldwin 05 Oct 2000 Larsen, H.S.
491
UWAL
Verbesina occidentalis (L.) Walter
JSU124449 Jefferson 28 Sep 1984 J. P. Barber
1149
JSU
Verbesina occidentalis (Linnaeus) Walter
TROY000039523 Elmore 07 Jul 2011 Robert Pullen
22
TROY
Verbesina occidentalis (Linnaeus) Walter
AUA000008545 Tallapoosa 12 AUG 1974 HUTTO, T. A.
485
AUA
VERBESINA OCCIDENTALIS (L.) WALT.
AUA000008537 Bibb 1 OCT 1993 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8853
AUA
VERBESINA OCCIDENTALIS (L.) WALT.
UNA00049688 Mobile 24 Sep 1966 Rebecca Deramus
D1004
UNA
Verbesina occidentalis (L.) Walt.
TROY000016296 Butler 12 Oct 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18534
TROY
Verbesina occidentalis (Linnaeus) Walter
AUA000008539 Bibb 16 SEP 1976 SESSLER, ANN H.
704
AUA
VERBESINA OCCIDENTALIS (L.) WALT.
JSU124457 Randolph 11 Oct 1985 C. F. Nixon
1388
JSU
Verbesina occidentalis (Linnaeus) Walter
JSU124444 Clay 5 Sep 1992 J. M. Ballard
616
JSU
Verbesina occidentalis (Linnaeus) Walter
JSU124447 Etowah 27 Aug 1994 L. M. Hodge
3258
JSU
Verbesina occidentalis (Linnaeus) Walter
UWAL0035945 Blount 25 Aug 2013 Anderson, Kelly
467.2
UWAL
Verbesina occidentalis (L.) Walt.
SAMF0005755 Tuscaloosa 07 Sep 1966 Thomas, [Joab]
881
SAMF
Verbesina occidentalis (Linnaeus) Walter
SAMF0005757 Shelby 20 Sep 1988 Davenport, L. J.
2598
SAMF
Verbesina occidentalis (Linnaeus) Walter
JSU124454 Morgan 5 Aug 1974 T. A. Atkinson
507
JSU
Verbesina occidentalis (Linnaeus) Walter
AUA000008543 Randolph 21 SEP 1986 NIXON, C. F.
3030
AUA
VERBESINA OCCIDENTALIS (L.) WALT.
SAMF0005756 Sumter 27 Sep 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5473
SAMF
Verbesina occidentalis (Linnaeus) Walter
JSU124446 Clay 2 Sep 1994 J. M. Ballard
4838
JSU
Verbesina occidentalis (Linnaeus) Walter
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