Brassica juncea

Family:BRASSICACEAE
Species:Brassica juncea (Linnaeus) Cosson
Common Name:Chinese Mustard; Indian Mustard; Mustard Greens
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyBRASSICACEAE - Mustard family
Genus Brassica
Species Brassica juncea (Linnaeus) Cosson - Chinese Mustard; Indian Mustard; Mustard Greens

Citation

Citation BRASSICA JUNCEA (Linnaeus) Czernajew, Consp. Pl. Charc. 8. 1859; (Linnaeus) Cosson, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 6: 609. 1859.
Basionym: Sinapis juncea Linnaeus 1753.
Type: "Asia", without data (lectotype: LINN 845.11). See Al-Shehbaz, in R. A. Howard, Fl. Less. Antill., Dicot. 1: 278. 1988.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Brassica arvensis var. juncea Brassica arvensis (Linnaeus) Rabenhorst, var. juncea (Linnaeus) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 19. 1891.Sinapis juncea Linnaeus 1753. 
Brassica besseriana Brassica besseriana Andrzejowski ex Trautvetter, Bull. Soc, Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 33(1): 134. 1860.  
Brassica cernua Brassica cernua (Thunberg) F. B. Forbes & Hemsley, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 23: 47. 1886.Sinapis cernua Thunberg 1784. 
Brassica integrifolia Brassica integrifolia (West) O. E. Schulz, in Urban, Symb. Antill. 3: 509. 1903.Sinapis integrifolia West 1793. 
Brassica juncea var. celerifolia Brassica juncea (Linnaeus) Czernajew, var. celerifolia Tsen & Lee, Hort. Sin. 2: 27. 1942.  
Brassica juncea var. crispifolia Brassica juncea (Linnaeus) Czernajew, var. crispifolia L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 1: 91. 1922.  
Brassica juncea var. gracilis Brassica juncea (Linnaeus) Czernajew, var. gracilis Tsen & Lee, Hort. Sin. 2: 26. 1942.  
Brassica juncea var. integrifolia Brassica juncea (Linnaeus) Czernajew, var. integrifolia (West) Sinskaya, Trudy Prikl. Bot. 19: 339. 1928.Sinapis integrifolia West 1793. 
Brassica juncea var. japonica Brassica juncea (Linnaeus) Czernajew, var. japonica (Thunberg) L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 1: 93. 1922.Sinapis japonica Thunberg 1784. 
Brassica juncea var. longipes Brassica juncea (Linnaeus) Czernajew, var. longipes Tsen & Lee, Hort. Sin. 2: 25. 1942.  
Brassica juncea var. megarhiza Brassica juncea (Linnaeus) Czernajew, var. megarhiza Tsen & Lee, Hort. Sin. 2: 21. 1942.  
Brassica juncea var. multiceps Brassica juncea (Linnaeus) Czernajew, var. multiceps Tsen & Lee, Hort. Sin. 2: 20. 1942.  
Brassica juncea var. multisecta Brassica juncea (Linnaeus) Czernajew, var. multisecta L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 1: 93. 1922.  
Brassica juncea var. sabellica Brassica juncea (Linnaeus) Czernajew, var. sabellica (Plenck) Kitamura, Mem. Coll. Sci. Kyoto Imp. Univ., Ser. B, Biol. 19(3): 2. 1950.Brassica oleracea Linnaeus, var. sabellica Plenck 1794. 
Brassica juncea var. strumata Brassica juncea (Linnaeus) Czernajew, var. strumata Tsen & Lee, Hort. Sin. 2: 25. 1942.  
Brassica juncea var. tumida Brassica juncea (Linnaeus) Czernajew, var. tumida Tsen & Lee, Hort. Sin. 2: 23. 1942.  
Brassica juncea var. typica Brassica juncea (Linnaeus) Czernjaew, var. typica Prain, Agric. Ledger 1: 47. 1898.Sinapis rugosa Roxburgh 1832. 
Brassica juncea var. urophylla Brassica juncea (Linnaeus) Czernajew, var. urophylla Tsen & Lee, Hort. Sin. 2: 28. 1942.  
Brassica juncea subsp. eujuncea Brassica juncea (Linnaeus) Czernajew, subsp. eujuncea Thellung, Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 50: 152. 1908, nom. inadmiss.Brassica juncea (Linnaeus) Czernajew 1859; Sinapis juncea Linnaeus 1753. 
Brassica juncea subsp. integrifolia Brassica juncea (Linnaeus) Czernajew, subsp. integrifolia (West) Thellung, Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 50: 157. 1908.Sinapis integrifolia West 1793. 
Brassica juncea subsp. rugosa Brassica juncea (Linnaeus) Czernajew, subsp. rugosa (Roxburgh) Prain, Agric. Ledger 1: 47. 1898.Sinapis rugosa Roxburgh 1832. 
Brassica lanceolata Brassica lanceolata Lange, Haandb. Danske Fl., ed. 2. 447. 1856.  
Brassica nigra var. japonica Brassica nigra (Linnaeus) W. D. J. Koch, var. japonica (Thunberg) O. E. Schulz, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 70): 79. 1919.Sinapis japonica Thunberg 1784. 
Brassica oleracea var. sabellica Brassica oleracea Linnaeus, var. sabellica Plenck, Icon. Pl. Med. 6: 28, pl. 532. 1794.  
Brassica rugosa Brassica rugosa (Roxburgh) L. H. Bailey, Bull. Cornell Agric. Exp. Sta. 67: 191. 1894.Sinapis rugosa Roxburgh 1832. 
Brassica taquetii Brassica taquetii H. Léveillé, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 349. 1912. KOREA
Brassica timoreana Brassica timoreana de Candolle, Syst. Nat. 2: 616. 1821.  
Brassica urbaniana Brassica urbaniana O. E. Schulz, in Urban, Symb. Antill. 3: 511. 1903.  
Caulis junceus Caulis junceus (Linnaeus) E. H. L. Krause, Bot. Centralbl. 81: 207. 1900.Sinapis juncea Linnaeus 1753. 
Crucifera juncea Crucifera juncea (Linnaeus) E. H. L. Krause, in Sturm, Fl. Deutschl., ed. 2. 6: 133. 1902.Sinapis juncea Linnaeus 1753. 
Raphanus junceus Raphanus junceus (Linnaeus) Crantz, Cl. Crucif. Emend. 110. 1769.Sinapis juncea Linnaeus 1753. 
Sinapis cernua Sinapis cernua Thunberg, Fl. Jap. 261. 1784. JAPAN
Sinapis cuneifolia Sinapis cuneifolia Roxburgh, Fl. Ind. ed. 1832. 3: 121. 1832.  
Sinapis integrifolia Sinapis integrifolia West, Bidr. Beskr. St. Croix 296. 1793. VIRGIN ISLANDS: St. Croix:
Sinapis japonica Sinapis japonica Thunberg, Fl. Jap. 262. 1784. JAPAN
Sinapis juncea Sinapis juncea Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 668. 1753. "Asia", without data (lectotype: LINN 845.11). See Al-Shehbaz, in Howard, Fl. Less. Antill., Dicot. 1: 278. 1988.
Sinapis patens Sinapis patens Roxburgh, Fl. Ind., ed. 1832. 3: 124. 1832.  
Sinapis ramosa Sinapis ramosa Roxburgh, Fl. Ind., ed. 1832. 3: 119. 1832.  
Sinapis rugosa Sinapis rugosa Roxburgh, Fl. Ind., ed. 1832. 3: 122. 1832.  
Brassica japonica Brassica japonica (Thunberg) Siebold ex Miquel, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno- Batavi 2: 74. 1866.Sinapis japonica Thunberg 1784. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Cherokee, Clay, Elmore, Etowah, Jackson, Jefferson, Lawrence, Marengo, Marshall, Pike, Randolph

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
SAMF0003435 Jefferson 19 May 2005 L. J. Davenport
3181
SAMF
Brassica juncea (Linnaeus) Cosson
JSU114706 Marshall 4 Jun 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1915
JSU
Brassica juncea (Linnaeus) Cosson
USAM000003131 Baldwin 09 May 1980 Bob Lott
51
USAM
Brassica juncea (L.) Cosson
JSU114703 Jackson 26 May 1999 Kristin Brodeur
1877
JSU
Brassica juncea (Linnaeus) Cosson
JSU114701 Clay 20 Mar 1993 J. M. Ballard
1411
JSU
Brassica juncea (Linnaeus) Cosson
AMAL00019783 Baldwin 29 Mar 2013 Howard E. Horne
2047
AMAL
Brassica juncea (Linnaeus) Cosson
JSU114707 Marshall 24 May 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1841
JSU
Brassica juncea (Linnaeus) Cosson
JSU114704 Marshall 28 Apr 1998 D. D. Spaulding
10509
JSU
Brassica juncea (Linnaeus) Cosson
TROY000003249 Pike 09 May 1995 Buffy Ashton
1
TROY
Brassica juncea (Linnaeus) Cosson
41385 Etowah 31 MAR 1973 GUYSE, KEITH D.
10
AUA
BRASSICA JUNCEA (L.) CZERN.
UWAL0032886 Lawrence 31 Dec 2015 England, J. Kevin
5810
UWAL
Brassica juncea (Linnaeus) Cosson
AMAL00010007 Randolph 15 May 1988 C. F. Nixon
3843
AMAL
Brassica juncea (Linnaeus) Cosson
TROY000033053 Marengo 31 Mar 2009 J. Kevin England
1796
TROY
Brassica juncea (Linnaeus) Cosson
AMAL00010023 Randolph 15 May 1988 C. F. Nixon
3843
AMAL
Brassica juncea (Linnaeus) Cosson
JSU114702 Elmore 12 Apr 1975 R. Kral
54979
JSU
Brassica juncea (Linnaeus) Cosson
AMAL00022769 Cherokee 05 May 2016 T. Wayne Barger
DLR-125
AMAL
Brassica juncea (L.) Czern.
JSU114705 Marshall 28 Apr 1998 D. D. Spaulding
10509
JSU
Brassica juncea (Linnaeus) Cosson
USAM000003130 Baldwin 01 Apr 1980 Bob Lott
9
USAM
Brassica juncea (L.) Cosson
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