Croton capitatus

Family:EUPHORBIACEAE
Species:Croton capitatus Michaux
Common Name:Hogwort; Woolly Croton
Habitat:Fields, pastures, disturbed areas.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Doveweed is a native annual member of the Spurge family (Euphorbiaceae). It can be found throughout Alabama. Doveweed occurs on glades, in prairies, in pine forests, on sandhills, and on disturbed sites such as over grazed pastures, roadsides, and in clear cuts. It is an annual with a tap root. Stems grow from 6 inches to over 3 feet in height. The stems and all other parts of the plant are pubescent with rusty or whitish stellate (star shaped) hairs. The stems are often freely branched above mid-stem. The leaves are alternate, petiolate, lanceolate in outline, and entire. The leaves are densely pubescent with stellate hairs. Flowers are produced in a short condensed raceme at the apex of the stems. Female flowers are produced below the male flowers. Female flowers have 6-9 calyx lobes and no petals. Male flowers have 5 very small white petals and 10-15 anthers. The fruit is an erect three-locular capsule with three seed. Doveweed seed are consumed by many bird species such as Northern Bobwhite Quail and Mourning Dove. It is toxic if consumed by cattle, but they generally avoid it if other food is available. Doveweed is the larval food for the Goatweed Leafwing Butterfly (Anaea andria).--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyEUPHORBIACEAE - Spurge family
Genus Croton
Species Croton capitatus Michaux - Hogwort; Woolly Croton

Citation

Citation CROTON CAPITATUS Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 214. 1803.
Basionym: **
Type: ILLINOIS:

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Croton capitatus var. genuinus Croton capitatus Michaux, var. genuinus Müller Argoviensis, in de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 687. 1866, nom. inadmiss.Croton capitatus Michaux 1803. 
Heptallon capitatus Heptallon capitatus (Michaux) Rafinesque, Sylva Tellur. 65. 1838.Croton capitatus Michaux 1803. 
Oxydectes capitata Oxydectes capitata (Michaux) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 611. 1891.Croton capitatus Michaux 1803. 
Pilinophytum capitatum Pilinophytum capitatum (Michaux) Klotzsch, Arch. Naturgesch. 7(1): 255. 1841.Croton capitatus Michaux 1803. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Chilton, Choctaw, Clarke, Coffee, Colbert, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Dallas, Elmore, Escambia, Etowah, Franklin, Hale, Houston, Jefferson, Lamar, Lawrence, Lee, Lowndes, Marengo, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Perry, Pickens, Pike, Randolph, Russell, Shelby, Talladega, Tuscaloosa, Washington, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000004634 Lowndes 11 Aug 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16768
TROY
Croton capitatus Michaux
TROY000018887 Baldwin 13 Oct 2007 Brian R. Keener
3958
TROY
Croton capitatus Michaux
TROY000021779 Baldwin 06 Aug 2007 Daniel D. Spaulding
12729
TROY
Croton capitatus Michaux
44295 Conecuh 1 SEP 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2778
AUA
CROTON CAPITATUS MICHAUX
JSU121991 Randolph 1 Oct 1988 C. F. Nixon
4374
JSU
Croton capitatus Michaux
JSU121978 Colbert 21 Jul 1996 R. D. Whetstone
18268
JSU
Croton capitatus Michaux
UWAL0007555 Baldwin 13 Oct 2007 Brian R. Keener
3958
UWAL
Croton capitatus Michx.
UNA00020930 Mobile 1 Oct 1886 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Croton capitatus Michx.
40704 Baldwin 2 SEP 1970 KRAL, ROBERT
41030
AUA
CROTON CAPITATUS MICHAUX
UWAL0031154 Conecuh 12 Sep 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26813
UWAL
Croton capitatus Michaux
UNA00020943 Pickens 12 Jul 1969 R. Kral
35443
UNA
Croton capitatus Michx.
TROY000028732 Lawrence 04 Oct 2008 J. Kevin England
1339
TROY
Croton capitatus Michaux
19056 Elmore 7 SEP 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
799
AUA
CROTON CAPITATUS MICHAUX
UWAL0033504 Lawrence 16 Jul 2016 England, J. Kevin
6653
UWAL
Croton capitatus Michaux
SAMF0002459 Tuscaloosa 19 Oct 2010 L. J. Davenport
4595
SAMF
Croton capitatus Michaux
46929 Covington 21 OCT 1982 WILBURN, JOHN C.
94
AUA
CROTON CAPITATUS MICHAUX
23066 Lee 14 OCT 1971 BOONE, ALLISON
165
AUA
CROTON CAPITATUS MICHAUX
JSU121982 Etowah 6 Aug 1994 L. M. Hodge
2972
JSU
Croton capitatus Michaux
UWAL0018405 Baldwin 03 Aug 1996 R. Kral
86380
UWAL
Croton capitatus Michx.
SAMF0003134 Butler 21 Aug 2008 A. R. Diamond
19817
SAMF
Croton capitatus Michaux
50525 Dale 15 SEP 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7732
AUA
CROTON CAPITATUS MICHAUX
UWAL0007557 Etowah 12 Oct 2008 Brian R. Keener
4968
UWAL
Croton capitatus Michx.
JSU121981 Escambia 26 Sep 1985 R. D. Whetstone
15236
JSU
Croton capitatus Michaux
62150 Barbour 10 JUL 2002 GIL, GLENDA
(2001-300)
AUA
CROTON CAPITATUS MICHAUX
UNA00065776 Lowndes 11 Aug 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16768
UNA
Croton capitatus Michx.
TROY000043270 Houston 29 Oct 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
27014
TROY
Croton capitatus Michaux
46528 Covington 21 OCT 1982 KUHNS, MICHAEL R.
76
AUA
CROTON CAPITATUS MICHAUX
UNA00020932 Pickens 24 Sep 1985 Charles N. Horn
1002
UNA
Croton capitatus Michx.
UNA00020924 Tuscaloosa 24 Jul 1962 Rebecca Deramus
223
UNA
Croton capitatus Michx.
UWAL0007558 Lamar 3 Oct 2008 J. Kevin England
1304
UWAL
Croton capitatus Michx.
19973 Hale 8 SEP 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
881
AUA
CROTON CAPITATUS MICHAUX
UWAL0017557 Marengo 10 Aug 2013 J. Kevin England
4459
UWAL
Croton capitatus Michaux
JSU121970 Baldwin 27 Jul 1968 S. C. Johnson
x-49-86
JSU
Croton capitatus Michaux
SAMF0002456 Bibb 29 Jul 2011 L. J. Davenport
4737
SAMF
Croton capitatus Michaux
3246 DAVIS, DONALD E.
AUA
CROTON CAPITATUS MICHAUX
JSU121973 Blount 12 Oct 1998 Brian R. Keener
1740
JSU
Croton capitatus Michaux
46826 Montgomery 25 JUL 1981 EBLE, C. F.
59
AUA
CROTON CAPITATUS MICHAUX
JSU121984 Jefferson 17 Sep 1983 R. D. Whetstone
12422
JSU
Croton capitatus Michaux
TROY000004633 Coffee 08 Aug 2000 Brian H. Martin
851
TROY
Croton capitatus Michaux
UWAL0031018 Pike 04 Sep 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26782A
UWAL
Croton capitatus Michaux
UNA00020940 Lamar 22 Sep 1981 L. J. Davenport
2187
UNA
Croton capitatus Michx.
TROY000018798 Tuscaloosa 21 Aug 2004 Daniel D. Spaulding
12129
TROY
Croton capitatus Michaux var. capitatus
18982 Bullock 31 JUL 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
589
AUA
CROTON CAPITATUS MICHAUX
11216 Lee 19 JUN 1963 ROGERS, KENNETH E.
AUA
CROTON CAPITATUS MICHAUX
UNA00020927 Mobile 1 Oct 1886 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Croton capitatus Michx.
23067 Clarke 9 SEP 1971 HENLEY, NANCY S.
20
AUA
CROTON CAPITATUS MICHAUX
19076 Butler 20 AUG 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
769
AUA
CROTON CAPITATUS MICHAUX
JSU121980 Colbert 28 Aug 1965 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Croton capitatus Michaux
42568 Marengo 23 JUL 1972 STREET, JIMMY J.
177
AUA
CROTON CAPITATUS MICHAUX
TROY000004636 Montgomery 15 Oct 2000 Alvin R. Diamond
12206
TROY
Croton capitatus Michaux
TROY000004631 Butler 17 Aug 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14615
TROY
Croton capitatus Michaux
TROY000036083 Bullock 28 Sep 2012 Bailee Dykes
1314
TROY
Croton capitatus Michaux
42062 Butler 10 AUG 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2668
AUA
CROTON CAPITATUS MICHAUX
JSU121974 Calhoun 3 Aug 1982 C. Gay
s.n.
JSU
Croton capitatus Michaux
JSU121972 Bibb 22 Jul 1982 R. D. Whetstone
11654
JSU
Croton capitatus Michaux
UWAL0007559 Lamar 28 Jul 2002 Brian R. Keener
2303
UWAL
Croton capitatus Michx.
JSU121989 Marshall 9 Sep 1991 D. D. Spaulding
850
JSU
Croton capitatus Michaux
32271 Baldwin 26 JUL 1969 KRAL, ROBERT
35790
AUA
CROTON CAPITATUS MICHAUX
UWAL0033150 Houston 29 Oct 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
27014
UWAL
Croton capitatus Michaux
UNA00020928 Morgan 20 Jun 1891 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Croton capitatus Michx.
UNA00020921 Mobile 28 Aug 1951 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Croton capitatus Michx.
TROY000033515 Barbour 17 Sep 2011 Lauren Ryan
89
TROY
Croton capitatus Michaux
19828 Dallas 7 SEP 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
853
AUA
CROTON CAPITATUS MICHAUX
UWAL0032862 Colbert 28 Sep 2016 England, J. Kevin
6875
UWAL
Croton capitatus Michaux
SAMF0002457 Jefferson 22 Jul 2004 L. J. Davenport
2905
SAMF
Croton capitatus Michaux
5457 Baldwin 27 JUL 1968 WILLIS, ROBERT L.
AUA
CROTON CAPITATUS MICHAUX
UNA00023533 Choctaw 20 Sep 1994 Robert R. Haynes
9516
UNA
Croton capitatus Michx.
UWAL0007554 Baldwin 6 Aug 2007 Daniel D. Spaulding
12729
UWAL
Croton capitatus Michx. var. capitatus
TROY000004637 Perry 21 Aug 2003 Alvin R. Diamond
14091
TROY
Croton capitatus Michaux
TROY000034798 Winston 02 Oct 2010 Daniel D. Spaulding
13281
TROY
Croton capitatus Michaux
60498 Crenshaw 12 SEP 1996 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
10521
AUA
CROTON CAPITATUS MICHAUX
TROY000043220 Conecuh 12 Sep 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26813
TROY
Croton capitatus Michaux
TROY000043120 Pike 04 Sep 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26782A
TROY
Croton capitatus Michaux|
25724 Escambia 7 OCT 1963 KRAL, ROBERT
33889
AUA
CROTON CAPITATUS MICHAUX var. CAPITATUS
JSU121975 Chilton 22 Jul 1982 R. D. Whetstone
11725
JSU
Croton capitatus Michaux
17673 Baldwin 26 JUL 1969 ELLIS, H. C.
84
AUA
CROTON CAPITATUS MICHAUX
UNA00020929 Bibb 11 Sep 1985 Charles N. Horn
841
UNA
Croton capitatus Michx.
UNA00020939 Mobile 2 Aug 1965 Rebecca Deramus
D631
UNA
Croton capitatus Michx.
TROY000004638 Russell 04 Aug 2001 Robert Kral
91759
TROY
Croton capitatus Michaux
19699 Perry 7 SEP 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
868
AUA
CROTON CAPITATUS MICHAUX
TROY000004632 Butler 05 Oct 2003 Alvin R. Diamond
14209
TROY
Croton capitatus Michaux
UWAL0033452 Franklin 13 Aug 2016 England, J. Kevin
6775
UWAL
Croton capitatus Michaux
JSU121977 Coffee 18 Oct 1977 R. Kral
61160
JSU
Croton capitatus Michaux
JSU121976 Clarke 14 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18912
JSU
Croton capitatus Michaux
UWAL0007556 Butler 21 Aug 2008 A.R. Diamond
19817
UWAL
Croton capitatus Michx.
53548 Pike 2 SEP 1994 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9341
AUA
CROTON CAPITATUS MICHAUX
UWAL0014792 Bullock 28 Sep 2012 Bailee Dykes
1314
UWAL
Croton capitatus Michaux
UNA00054172 Blount 12 Oct 1998 Brian R. Keener
1740
UNA
Croton capitatus Michx.
UWAL0006257 Bibb 22 Sep 1982 R. Kral
69545
UWAL
Croton capitatus Michx.
44740 Jefferson 4 OCT 1975 MADDOX, WILLIAM K.
123
AUA
CROTON CAPITATUS MICHAUX
TROY000041837 Covington 26 Sep 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25565
TROY
Croton capitatus Michaux
59323 Elmore 19 SEP 2000 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
2000-89
AUA
CROTON CAPITATUS MICHAUX
UNA00020926 Talladega 31 Aug 1874 Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Croton capitatus Michx.
JSU121990 Morgan 15 Sep 1996 D. D. Spaulding
9221
JSU
Croton capitatus Michaux
UWAL0017989 Covington 26 Sep 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25565
UWAL
Croton capitatus Michaux
42569 Covington 6 AUG 1972 NELSON, JOHN
164
AUA
CROTON CAPITATUS MICHAUX
JSU121986 Jefferson 7 Sep 1984 J. P. Barber
1097
JSU
Croton capitatus Michaux
65033 Tuscaloosa 12 AUG 2004 SPAULDING, DANIEL D.
12129
AUA
CROTON CAPITATUS MICHAUX
JSU121992 Washington 13 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18636
JSU
Croton capitatus Michaux
UWAL0030549 Covington 26 Jul 1990 Kral, R.
78095
UWAL
Croton capitatus Michx.
TROY000004635 Monroe 27 Sep 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18346
TROY
Croton capitatus Michaux
63899 Butler 17 AUG 2004 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14615
AUA
CROTON CAPITATUS MICHAUX
UWAL0010015 Winston 02 Oct 2010 Dan Spaulding
13281
UWAL
Croton capitatus Michx.
TROY000018797 Autauga 26 Sep 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15860
TROY
Croton capitatus Michaux
61931 Russell 30 OCT 2001 GIL, GLENDA
2001-50
AUA
CROTON CAPITATUS MICHAUX
UNA00063597 Butler 17 Aug 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14615
UNA
Croton capitatus Michx.
SAMF0002458 Shelby 12 Oct 2010 L. J. Davenport
4572
SAMF
Croton capitatus Michaux
12758 Colbert 24 AUG 1965 LANDERS, KENNETH E.
AUA
CROTON CAPITATUS MICHAUX
UNA00065098 Tuscaloosa 21 Aug 2004 D. D. Spaulding
12129
UNA
Croton capitatus Michx.
JSU121988 Marshall 12 Jul 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2312
JSU
Croton capitatus Michaux
UWAL0007560 Lawrence 4 Oct 2008 J. Kevin England
1339
UWAL
Croton capitatus Michx.
19725 Choctaw 8 SEP 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
977
AUA
CROTON CAPITATUS MICHAUX
JSU121985 Jefferson 5 Oct 1984 J. P. Barber
1207
JSU
Croton capitatus Michaux
5455 Lee 9 AUG 1968 SCARSBROOK, ELLEN
AUA
CROTON CAPITATUS MICHAUX
SAMF0002460 Bibb 27 Sep 2009 L. J. Davenport
4072
SAMF
Croton capitatus Michaux
JSU121971 Baldwin 2 Sep 1970 R. Kral
41030
JSU
Croton capitatus Michaux
61188 Choctaw 26 JUL 1994 CROUCH, VIRGINIA E.
1107
AUA
CROTON CAPITATUS MICHAUX
63151 Perry 21 AUG 2003 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14091
AUA
CROTON CAPITATUS MICHAUX
50057 Covington 26 AUG 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5410
AUA
CROTON CAPITATUS MICHAUX
JSU121987 Jefferson 17 Sep 1983 R. D. Whetstone
12500
JSU
Croton capitatus Michaux
TROY000029353 Etowah 12 Oct 2008 Brian R. Keener
4968
TROY
Croton capitatus Michaux
64008 Pike 23 SEP 2004 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
1668
AUA
CROTON CAPITATUS MICHAUX
UNA00020942 Tuscaloosa 20 Jul 1974 Fred K. Hoener
1084
UNA
Croton capitatus Michx.
JSU121983 Franklin 18 Sep 1994 D. D. Spaulding
6461
JSU
Croton capitatus Michaux
20689 Pike 31 JUL 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
552
AUA
CROTON CAPITATUS MICHAUX
17671 Lee 13 AUG 1969 REBOIS, R. V.
184
AUA
CROTON CAPITATUS MICHAUX
UNA00020931 Shelby _-_-1894 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Croton capitatus Michx.
38005 Monroe 13 OCT 1981 HENDERSON, T.
752
AUA
CROTON CAPITATUS MICHAUX
19001 Montgomery 17 AUG 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
608
AUA
CROTON CAPITATUS MICHAUX
JSU121979 Colbert 28 Aug 1965 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Croton capitatus Michaux
67357 Baldwin 6 AUG 2007 SPAULDING, DANIEL D.
12729
AUA
CROTON CAPITATUS MICHAUX var. CAPITATUS
First Page Previous Page Next Page Last Page
Records per Page: