Croton monanthogynus

Family:EUPHORBIACEAE
Species:Croton monanthogynus Michaux
Common Name:Prairie Tea; One Seed Croton
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:**
Duration:**
Category:**
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Prairie Tea is a native herbaceous annual in the Spurge family (Euphorbiaceae). It is native to much of Alabama in areas with clay or chalk soils derived from limestone. Prairie Tea occurs in prairies, in cedar glades, on limestone outcrops, on roadside banks, and in disturbed woodlands. It is an annual with a tap root. Stems are 1-2 feet in height. The stems are dichotomously branched from near the base. The stems are pubescent with star-shaped hairs, often with a dark brown center. Leaves are alternate, petiolate, ovate to elliptic in outline, with entire margins. The lower surface of the leaf is whitish in color and pubescent with star-shaped hairs, some with dark brown centers. The upper surface of the leaf is dark or olive green and pubescent with star-shaped hairs without dark centers. The leaves have a spicy smell when crushed. Some people describe the odor as fetid. Flowers are produced in axillary or terminal racemes. Each raceme contains 3-10 staminate flowers and 1-3 pistillate flowers. Staminate flowers have 3-5 sepals that are pubescent with star-shaped hairs on the outer surface, 3-5 white petals that are pubescent along their margins, and 3-5 stamens. The pistillate flowers have 5 sepals that are pubescent on their outer surface with star-shaped hairs, some of which have dark centers. The female flowers lack petals and have 2 styles, each of which is divided to their base. The fruit is a pendulous capsule. Prairie Tea is a larval food for Goatweed Leafwing Butterflies (Anaea andria Scudder), and the seed are consumed by many bird species.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyEUPHORBIACEAE - Spurge family
Genus Croton
Species Croton monanthogynus Michaux - Prairie Tea; One Seed Croton

Citation

Citation **
Basionym: **
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

No synonyms exist for this species.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Clarke, Colbert, Dallas, Etowah, Hale, Jackson, Jefferson, Lamar, Lawrence, Lee, Lowndes, Macon, Madison, Marengo, Marshall, Mobile, Montgomery, Morgan, Perry, Russell, Shelby, St. Clair, Sumter, Tuscaloosa, Walker, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU122266 Lawrence 27 Jun 1996 R. D. Whetstone
17890
JSU
Croton monanthogynus Michaux
JSU122267 Madison 22 Sep 1995 S. J. Threlkeld
97
JSU
Croton monanthogynus Michaux
TROY000018819 Sumter 10 Jul 2006 Brian R. Keener
3209
TROY
Croton monanthogynus Michaux
46824 Montgomery 1 AUG 1981 EBLE, C. F.
86
AUA
CROTON MONANTHOGYNUS MICHAUX
TROY000018674 Perry 30 Oct 2007 Brian R. Keener
4005
TROY
Croton monanthogynus Michaux
JSU122019 Etowah 25 Sep 1993 D. D. Spaulding
4516
JSU
Croton monanthogynus Michaux
7413 Montgomery 1 OCT 1959 MCCABE, TOM
AUA
CROTON MONANTHOGYNUS MICHAUX
JSU122020 Jackson 15 Jul 1998 K. R. Brodeur
1032
JSU
Croton monanthogynus Michaux
UWAL0007575 Montgomery 7 Jun 2009 A.R. Diamond
20758
UWAL
Croton monanthogynus Michx.
UNA00058890 Blount 23 Oct 1999 R. Kral
88993
UNA
Croton monanthogynus Michx.
JSU122265 Lawrence 3 Aug 1996 R. D. Whetstone
18299
JSU
Croton monanthogynus Michaux
UWAL0001806 Montgomery 30 Jul 2010 A.R. Diamond
21509
UWAL
Croton monanthogynus Michx.
TROY000021585 Walker 20 Jul 2002 Brian R. Keener
2285
TROY
Croton monanthogynus Michaux
TROY000018818 St. Clair 19 Jun 2002 Daniel D. Spaulding
11413
TROY
Croton monanthogynus Michaux
UNA00066932 Sumter 10 Jul 2006 Brian R. Keener
3209
UNA
Croton monanthogynus Michx.
JSU122268 Marshall 30 Jul 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2443
JSU
Croton monanthogynus Michaux
19455 Lowndes 10 SEP 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
1150
AUA
CROTON MONANTHOGYNUS MICHAUX
JSU122261 Jackson 27 Jun 1998 K. R. Brodeur
892
JSU
Croton monanthogynus Michaux
UWAL0017248 Lawrence 15 Jul 2014 J. Kevin England
5108
UWAL
Croton monanthogynus Michaux
UNA00020994 Lowndes 28 Jun 1970 R. Kral
39815
UNA
Croton monanthogynus Michx.
JSU122015 Bibb 22 Jul 1982 R. D. Whetstone
11739
JSU
Croton monanthogynus Michaux
JSU122017 Colbert 8 Aug 1996 R. D. Whetstone
18356
JSU
Croton monanthogynus Michaux
63066 Bibb 5 AUG 2003 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14058
AUA
CROTON MONANTHOGYNUS MICHAUX
JSU136762 Shelby 12 Oct 1996 D. D. Spaulding
9415
JSU
Croton monanthogynus Michaux
JSU122271 Morgan 15 Sep 1996 D. D. Spaulding
9178
JSU
Croton monanthogynus Michaux
48045 Lee 4 NOV 1981 LOCKHART, DREW
127
AUA
CROTON MONANTHOGYNUS MICHAUX
JSU122262 Jefferson 13 Jul 1984 J. P. Barber
825
JSU
Croton monanthogynus Michaux
TROY000035162 Macon 17 Jun 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
23095
TROY
Croton monanthogynus Michaux
UNA00064173 Jackson 27 Jun 1998 K. R. Brodeur
892
UNA
Croton monanthogynus Michx.
JSU122263 Jefferson 17 Sep 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12472
JSU
Croton monanthogynus Michaux
UWAL0007571 Butler 6 Sep 2007 A.R. Diamond
18041
UWAL
Croton monanthogynus Michx.
38884 Wilcox 17 JUL 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
985
AUA
CROTON MONANTHOGYNUS MICHAUX
UNA00054521 Blount 6 Sep 1998 Brian R. Keener
1613
UNA
Croton monanthogynus Michx.
2659 Madison 20 JUN 1965 JOYNER, H. W.
AUA
CROTON MONANTHOGYNUS MICHAUX
TROY000031897 Montgomery 30 Jul 2010 Alvin R. Diamond
21509
TROY
Croton monanthogynus Michaux
UNA00020992 Hale 17 Jul 1965 Sherrie E. Maginness
54
UNA
Croton monanthogynus Michx.
TROY000018891 Butler 06 Sep 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18041
TROY
Croton monanthogynus Michaux
UWAL0030036 Morgan 22 Aug 2015 England, J. Kevin
5668
UWAL
Croton monanthogynus Michaux
UNA00022716 Marshall 12 Jul 1956 Joab L. Thomas
63
UNA
Croton monanthogynus Michx.
JSU122270 Marshall 20 Sep 1986 R. D. Whetstone
15696
JSU
Croton monanthogynus Michaux
JSU122014 Bibb 31 Jul 1998 R. D. Whetstone
19616
JSU
Croton monanthogynus Michaux
UWAL0007577 Sumter 10 Jul 2006 Brian R. Keener
3209
UWAL
Croton monanthogynus Michx.
JSU122269 Marshall 14 Sep 1992 D. D. Spaulding
3100
JSU
Croton monanthogynus Michaux
56412 Mobile 15 AUG 1973 KRAL, ROBERT
51368
AUA
CROTON MONANTHOGYNUS MICHAUX
TROY000004671 Lowndes 15 Aug 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15649
TROY
Croton monanthogynus Michaux
UNA00020995 Colbert 20 Aug 1971 Sidney McDaniel
15465
UNA
Croton monanthogynus Michx.
TROY000028081 Montgomery 07 Jun 2009 Alvin R. Diamond
20758
TROY
Croton monanthogynus Michaux
UWAL0031640 Lawrence 28 Jul 2009 England, J. Kevin
2138
UWAL
Croton monanthogynus Michaux
UNA00020991 Sumter 31 Jul 1968 Joab L. Thomas
1746
UNA
Croton monanthogynus Michx.
65252 Lowndes 15 AUG 2005 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
15649
AUA
CROTON MONANTHOGYNUS MICHAUX
TROY000004670 Bullock 28 Aug 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15706
TROY
Croton monanthogynus Michaux
39018 Autauga 14 JUL 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
911
AUA
CROTON MONANTHOGYNUS MICHAUX
UNA00058463 Hale 6 Jun 2002 Brian R. Keener
2242
UNA
Croton monanthogynus Michx.
UWAL0007574 Marengo 4 Sep 2008 J. Kevin England
1016
UWAL
Croton monanthogynus Michx.
JSU122016 Clarke 13 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18752
JSU
Croton monanthogynus Michaux
UNA00009487 Wilcox 17 Jul 1982 S. C. Gunn
985
UNA
Croton monanthogynus Michx.
TROY000018817 Bibb 05 Aug 2003 Alvin R. Diamond
14058
TROY
Croton monanthogynus Michaux
41601 Jackson 4 AUG 1973 SPENCER, S. K.
135
AUA
CROTON MONANTHOGYNUS MICHAUX
UNA00059348 St. Clair 19 Jun 2002 D. D. Spaulding
11413
UNA
Croton monanthogynus Michx.
47598 Russell 6 JUL 1981 RICKERL, D.
79
AUA
CROTON MONANTHOGYNUS MICHAUX
UWAL0012633 Bullock 07 Jun 2012 Bailee Dykes
840
UWAL
Croton monanthogynus Michaux
UWAL0007576 Perry 30 Oct 2007 Brian R. Keener
4005
UWAL
Croton monanthogynus Michx.
TROY000029079 Lamar 28 Jul 2002 Brian R. Keener
2305
TROY
Croton monanthogynus Michaux
UWAL0007572 Etowah 29 Jun 2008 Brian R. Keener
4666
UWAL
Croton monanthogynus Michx.
UNA00053916 Blount 26 Jul 1997 Brian R. Keener
288
UNA
Croton monanthogynus Michx.
UWAL0007578 Walker 20 Jul 2002 Brian R. Keener
2285
UWAL
Croton monanthogynus Michx.
UNA00020996 Tuscaloosa 18 Aug 1985 Charles N. Horn
747
UNA
Croton monanthogynus Michx.
TROY000018816 Bibb 14 Aug 2000 Robert Kral
90126
TROY
Croton monanthogynus Michaux
UNA00009488 Autauga 14 Jul 1982 S. C. Gunn
911
UNA
Croton monanthogynus Michx.
JSU122018 Etowah 19 Jun 1994 L. M. Hodge
2648
JSU
Croton monanthogynus Michaux
34172 Jefferson 31 AUG 1977 SESSLER, ANN H.
1863
AUA
CROTON MONANTHOGYNUS MICHAUX
UWAL0011040 Macon 17 Jun 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
23095
UWAL
Croton monanthogynus Michaux
UWAL0007573 Lamar 28 Jul 2002 Brian R. Keener
2305
UWAL
Croton monanthogynus Michx.
TROY000037125 Bullock 07 Jun 2012 Bailee Dykes
840
TROY
Croton monanthogynus Michaux
TROY000018892 Marengo 04 Sep 2008 J. Kevin England
1016
TROY
Croton monanthogynus Michaux
UNA00054365 Blount 11 Jul 1998 Brian R. Keener
1231
UNA
Croton monanthogynus Michx.
JSU139585 Etowah 28 Jul 1994 D. D. Spaulding
7039a
JSU
Croton monanthogynus Michaux
JSU142189 Dallas 24 May 2010 T. Wayne Barger
OC-208
JSU
Croton monanthogynus Michaux
JSU122013 Bibb 7 Jun 1999 K. R. Brodeur
1979
JSU
Croton monanthogynus Michaux
33759 Bibb 1 OCT 1977 SESSLER, ANN H.
1921
AUA
CROTON MONANTHOGYNUS MICHAUX
UNA00020993 Madison 23 Sep 1881 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Croton monanthogynus Michx.
JSU122264 Jefferson 13 Jul 1984 J. P. Barber
763
JSU
Croton monanthogynus Michaux
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