Amphicarpaea bracteata var. bracteata

Family:FABACEAE
Species:Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald var. bracteata
Common Name:American Hog Peanut
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:American Hog Peanut is a native annual in the Bean family (Fabaceae). It occurs throughout most of Alabama, but is uncommon in the sandy pine woods of the southernmost counties. American Hog Peanut grows in moist deciduous forests, along streams, on roadside banks, and in ravines. It is a twining annual with stems 6-8 feet in length. The vines often form dense inter-twined mats on the ground or on adjacent vegetation. Stems are slender, green or purple-brown in color, and pubescent. Leaves are alternate, trifoliate, and pubescent. The terminal leaflet is usually larger than the lateral leaflets, and had a longer petiolule. The stipules at the base of the leaf are persistent. Flowers are chasmogamous and cleistogamous. Chasmogamous flowers are produced in axillary racemes of 2-15 flowers. The flowers are papilionaceous and vary in color from white, through light pink or lavender, to purple. Cleistogamous flowers are produced on long filiform runners from the base of the plant. The fruit is a legume. Fruit of chasmogamous flowers contain 1-2 small seed. Fruit of cleistogamous flowers are below the soil or leaf litter surface and contain a single large seed. The underground seed are edible and were a minor food source for Native Americans. American Hog Peanut is occasionally promoted and sold as a permaculture crop. Two varieties of American Hog Peanut have been reported from Alabama. Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald var. bracteata is widespread in the state. Lowland Hog Peanut (Amphicarpaea bracteata var. comosa (Linnaeus) Fernald) has only been reported from a single county. Lowland Hog Peanut differs from the typical variety in that the stem hairs are spreading rather than appressed, the leaflets are larger, and the flowers are darker in color.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyFABACEAE - Pea/Bean family
Genus Amphicarpaea
Species Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald var. bracteata - American Hog Peanut

Citation

Citation Amphicarpaea bracteata (L.) Fernald, Rhodora 35(416): 276. 1933.
Basionym: Glycine bracteata L. 1753.
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Falcata pitcheri Falcata pitcheri (Torr. & A. Gray) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. PL 1 : 182. 1891.  
Glycine bracteata Glycine bracteata L., Sp. Pl. 2: 754. 1753.  

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Choctaw, Clay, Cleburne, Coosa, Crenshaw, Dale, DeKalb, Etowah, Jackson, Lawrence, Lowndes, Marengo, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Pike, Randolph, Shelby, St. Clair, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Wilcox, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
AUA000010436 Dale 30 AUG 1992 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8441
AUA
AMPHICARPAEA BRACTEATA (L.) FERN.
TROY000018927 Crenshaw 07 Sep 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19940
TROY
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald
JSU127113 Clay 23 Aug 1992 J. M. Ballard
527
JSU
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald
UWAL0019966 Morgan 20 Sep 2015 England, J. Kevin
5744
UWAL
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald var. bracteata
UWAL0006757 Wilcox 13 Sep 2009 Diamond, A.R.
20928
UWAL
Amphicarpaea bracteata (L.) Fern.
JSU126032 Jackson 18 Sep 1998 K. R. Brodeur
1430
JSU
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald
UNA00024047 Lawrence 26 Jun 1989 Dennis Harding
s.n.
UNA
Amphicarpaea bracteata (L.) Fern.
UWAL0001669 Marengo 19 Sep 2010 Keener, Brian R.
6156
UWAL
Amphicarpaea bracteata (L.) Fern.
TROY000018926 Butler 06 Sep 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18048
TROY
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald
TROY000029332 Wilcox 13 Sep 2009 Alvin R. Diamond
20928
TROY
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald
TROY000019298 Cherokee 26 Sep 2007 Terry Wayne Barger
306
TROY
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald
TROY000019066 Cleburne 01 Sep 2002 Daniel D. Spaulding
11535
TROY
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald
AUA000010432 Cleburne 12 SEP 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
1820
AUA
AMPHICARPAEA BRACTEATA (L.) FERN.
TROY000021208 Monroe 14 Sep 2008 Brian R. Keener
4828
TROY
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald
UNA00059461 Cleburne 1 Sep 2002 D. D. Spaulding
11535
UNA
Amphicarpaea bracteata (L.) Fern. var. bracteata
UWAL0006758 Wilcox 14 Sep 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4865
UWAL
Amphicarpaea bracteata (L.) Fern.
TROY000030198 Jackson 26 Aug 2009 Terry Wayne Barger
315
TROY
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald
JSU126037 Marshall 13 Sep 1991 D. D. Spaulding
898
JSU
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald
JSU126029 Choctaw 13 Sep 1997 J. W. Higginbotham
174
JSU
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald
JSU127781 St. Clair 3 Sep 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12073b
JSU
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald
JSU126038 Monroe 12 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18514
JSU
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald
AUA000010435 Coosa 10 SEP 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
1345
AUA
AMPHICARPAEA BRACTEATA (L.) FERN.
UWAL0030708 Montgomery 06 Sep 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26789A
UWAL
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald
UNA00016088 DeKalb 8 Sep 1898 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Amphicarpaea bracteata (L.) Fern.
JSU127118 Cleburne 19 Sep 1982 Melanie G. Bussey
376a
JSU
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald
AUA000010429 Blount 29 AUG 1884 SMITH, JOHN D.
AUA
AMPHICARPAEA BRACTEATA (L.) FERN.
AUA000010427 Autauga 7 SEP 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
1210
AUA
AMPHICARPAEA BRACTEATA (L.) FERN.
JSU127120 Cleburne 6 Sep 1994 S. E. Hruska
333
JSU
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald
JSU126033 Jackson 30 Aug 1997 J. M. Ballard
7460
JSU
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald
JSU126035 DeKalb 11 Sep 1994 D. D. Spaulding
6205
JSU
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald
TROY000019067 Randolph 11 Oct 1985 C. F. Nixon
1385
TROY
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald
JSU127115 Clay 23 Sep 1982 Melanie G. Bussey
452
JSU
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald
UWAL0006756 Pike 2 Nov 2009 Diamond, A.R.
21102
UWAL
Amphicarpaea bracteata (L.) Fern.
UNA00066254 Butler 21 Oct 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
17094
UNA
Amphicarpaea bracteata (L.) Fern.
JSU126030 Etowah 16 Jul 1994 L. M. Hodge
2770
JSU
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald
TROY000004862 Crenshaw 11 Oct 1998 Alvin R. Diamond
11464
TROY
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald
JSU126028 DeKalb 1 Sep 1982 Randall Black
s.n.
JSU
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald
TROY000043196 Montgomery 06 Sep 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26789A
TROY
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald
JSU127111 Calhoun 3 Sep 1991 F. Hutchinson
66
JSU
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald
TROY000005148 Butler 21 Oct 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
17094
TROY
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald
JSU127117 Clay 5 Sep 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12138
JSU
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald
AUA000010434 Cleburne 11 SEP 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
1607
AUA
AMPHICARPAEA BRACTEATA (L.) FERN.
JSU126039 Randolph 11 Oct 1985 C. F. Nixon
1392
JSU
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald
UWAL0013904 Bullock 28 Sep 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1307
UWAL
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald
UWAL0012741 Winston 09 Sep 2012 Spaulding, Dan
13566
UWAL
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald var. bracteata
AUA000010438 Tallapoosa 4 SEP 1974 HUTTO, T. A.
500
AUA
AMPHICARPAEA BRACTEATA (L.) FERN.
JSU127782 Shelby 17 Sep 1986 S. J. Boehm
132
JSU
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald
TROY000004865 Monroe 24 Oct 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
17167
TROY
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald
TROY000036237 Bullock 28 Sep 2012 Bailee Dykes
1307
TROY
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald
JSU126027 DeKalb 10 Aug 1992 F. W. Clearman, Jr.
211
JSU
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald
TROY000031976 Marengo 19 Sep 2010 Brian R. Keener
6156
TROY
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald var. bracteata
AUA000010428 Cleburne 12 SEP 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
1714
AUA
AMPHICARPAEA BRACTEATA (L.) FERN.
JSU127112 Calhoun 20 Sep 1986 C. L. Lawler
1214
JSU
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald
TROY000018928 Monroe 27 Sep 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18474
TROY
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald
USAM000006168 Mobile 23 Sep 1968 Michel G. Lelong
4739
USAM
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald
UNA00016938 Tuscaloosa 11 Sep 1985 Charles N. Horn
879
UNA
Amphicarpaea bracteata (L.) Fern.
UWAL0006755 Monroe 14 Sep 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4828
UWAL
Amphicarpaea bracteata (L.) Fern.
JSU126024 Cleburne 6 Sep 1974 T. A. Atkinson
806
JSU
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald
JSU127114 Clay 5 Sep 1992 J. M. Ballard
624
JSU
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald
JSU126034 Jackson 11 Sep 1994 D. D. Spaulding
6276
JSU
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald
UWAL0031487 Morgan 09 Sep 2012 England, J. Kevin
3920
UWAL
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald var. bracteata
JSU126025 Cleburne 6 Sep 1982 Melanie G. Bussey
268
JSU
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald
TROY000004863 Dale 06 Oct 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13702
TROY
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald
UWAL0034671 Lowndes 04 Oct 1994 Kral, R.
84275
UWAL
Amphicarpaea bracteata (L.) Fern.
UNA00016090 Mobile _ Sep 1878 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Amphicarpaea bracteata (L.) Fern.
JSU126031 Etowah 20 Aug 1994 L. M. Hodge
3078
JSU
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald
TROY000004864 Monroe 13 Sep 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18079
TROY
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald
JSU126026 DeKalb 9 Sep 1975 S. D. Durham
308
JSU
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald
TROY000029647 Pike 25 Oct 2009 Alvin R. Diamond
21102
TROY
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald
UNA00008701 Autauga 7 Sep 1982 S. C. Gunn
1210
UNA
Amphicarpaea bracteata (L.) Fern.
JSU126036 Marshall 28 Aug 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2741
JSU
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald
JSU127116 Clay 5 Sep 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12138
JSU
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald
TROY000033225 Barbour 17 Sep 2011 Bailee Dykes
114
TROY
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald
AUA000010433 Cleburne 11 SEP 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
1543
AUA
AMPHICARPAEA BRACTEATA (L.) FERN.
JSU126040 Randolph 11 Oct 1985 C. F. Nixon
1385
JSU
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald
SAMF0001664 Marengo 19 Sep 2010 Brian R. Keener
6156
SAMF
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald
AUA000030359 Morgan 20 Sep 2015 ENGLAND, J. KEVIN
5744
AUA
AUA000010431 Baldwin 19 OCT 1996 TUCKER, JR., J. W.
AUA
AMPHICARPAEA BRACTEATA (L.) FERN.
AUA000010437 Jackson 31 AUG 1981 HENDERSON, T.
496
AUA
AMPHICARPAEA BRACTEATA (L.) FERN.
JSU127119 Cleburne 7 Aug 1994 S. E. Hruska
293
JSU
Amphicarpaea bracteata (Linnaeus) Fernald
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