Dalea candida

Family:FABACEAE
Species:Dalea candida Michx. ex Willd.
Common Name:White Prairie Clover
Habitat:Prairies, glades, barrens, open woodlands.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:White Prairie Clover is a native herbaceous perennial in the Bean family (Fabaceae). It occurs in the Black Belt region of central Alabama, the Tennessee Valley in northwest Alabama, and in the Jackson Prairie/Lime Hills region of southwest Alabama. White Prairie Clover occurs in prairies, in cedar glades, and in open woodlands over limestone. It is a perennial with a stout taproot. There are usually multiple stems from each root crown. The stems are erect to ascending, green to reddish-brown in color, and glabrous. The stems are 2-3 feet in height. Leaves are alternate, odd pinnately compound with 5-9 leaflets. The leaflets are elliptic to oblanceolate in outline, entire, and glabrous. The leaflets are flat or slightly folded. Flowers are produced in dense terminal spikes. The spikes are conical to cylindrical in shape on long peduncles. The flowers have 5 white petals. The fruit is a l-seeded indehiscent legume that is partly or completely enclosed in the persistent calyx. White Prairie Clover is similar to White Tassels (Dalea albida (Torr. & A. Gray) D.B. Ward). It differs in having a calyx tube that is not incised on ventral side, and with the blade of the standard petal broad and cordate. In White Tassels the calyx tube is deeply incised on ventral surface, and the blade of standard petal is obovate to scoop shaped. White Tassels occurs only in the southern half of Alabama. White Prairie Clover is sometimes available, especially as seed. Plants prefer a well-draining soil in full sun. It tolerates heavy clay soils and is drought tolerant. It can be used in a perennial bed, in meadows, in prairies, and in rock gardens. White Prairie Clover is a larval food plant for Southern Dogface (Zerene cesonia) and Reakirt's Blue (Echinargus isola) Butterflies.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyFABACEAE - Pea/Bean family
Genus Dalea
Species Dalea candida Michx. ex Willd. - White Prairie Clover

Citation

Citation DALEA CANDIDA Michx. ex Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 1337. 1802.
Basionym: **
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Dalea candida Dalea candida (Michx. ex Willd.) Poir., Dict. Sci. Nat. 13: 462. 1818.Dalea candida Michx. ex Willd. 1802. 
Kuhnistera candida Kuhniastera candida (Michx.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 192. 1891.Dalea candida Michx. ex Willd. 1802. 
Petalostemon candidum Petalostemum candidum Michx. ex Willd., Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 49. 1803. Dalea candida Michx. ex Willd. 1802. 
Psoralea candida Psoralea candida (Michx. ex Willd.) Poir., in Lam. Encycl. Meth. 5: 694. 1804.Dalea candida Michx. ex Willd. 1802. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Colbert, Dallas, Franklin, Greene, Hale, Lawrence, Lowndes, Marengo, Perry, Pickens, Sumter, Washington, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, BRIT, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
SAMF0001735 Washington 21 Jun 2013 Davenport, L. J.
5483
SAMF
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
BRIT54403 Sumter 22 May 2012 Davenport, L. J.
5202
BRIT
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
BRIT54408 Lowndes 23 Jul 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3707
BRIT
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
BRIT54406 Sumter 27 Jul 1970 Kral, R.
39762
BRIT
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
BRIT54405 Hale 04 Jul 1971 McKitrick, S. R. L.
62
BRIT
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
BRIT54306 Colbert 27 Jun 1981 Webb, David H.
4096
BRIT
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
UWAL0014420 Colbert 26 Jun 2014 England, J. Kevin
4981
UWAL
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
UNA00017808 Marengo 28 Jun 1970 R. Kral
39834
UNA
Dalea candida Willd.
UWAL0017365 Franklin 11 Jul 2009 England, J. Kevin
2095
UWAL
Dalea candida Michx. ex Willd.
UNA00058406 Hale 6 Jun 2002 Brian R. Keener
2250
UNA
Dalea candida Willd.
USAM000006565 Greene 08 Jun 1979 Michel G. Lelong
10865
USAM
Petalostemum candidum Michx. ex Willd.
AUA000027161 Lawrence 15 JUL 2014 ENGLAND, J. KEVIN
5095
AUA
DALEA CANDIDA MICHX. EX WILLD.
BRIT54410 Dallas 23 Jul 2007 Keener, Brian R.
BRIT
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
BRIT54300 Lawrence 20 Jul 1968 Kral, R.
31716
BRIT
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
BRIT54302 Greene 13 Jun 1967 McDaniel, Sidney
9238
BRIT
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
BRIT54299 Colbert 27 Jun 1981 Webb, David H.
4080
BRIT
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
UWAL0002689 Marengo 30 May 2010 England, J. Kevin
2417
UWAL
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
UNA00017809 Sumter 27 Jun 1970 R. Kral
39762
UNA
Dalea candida Willd.
UWAL0006812 Colbert 27 Jul 1981 Kral, R.
67587
UWAL
Dalea candida Michx. ex Willd.
UNA00067149 Perry 4 Jun 2006 Brian R. Keener
2934
UNA
Dalea candida Willd.
JSU138573 Colbert 21 Jul 1996 R. D. Whetstone
18284
JSU
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
BRIT54297 Sumter 09 Jun 1968 Jones, Samuel B.
15588
BRIT
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
BRIT54310 Dallas 10 Jun 1996 Kral, R.
86021
BRIT
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
BRIT54308 Hale 29 May 1972 Kral, R.
46836
BRIT
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
BRIT54309 Lawrence 21 Jul 1984 Webb, David H.
5016a
BRIT
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
UWAL0006816 Perry 04 Jun 2006 Keener, Brian R.
2934
UWAL
Dalea candida Michx. ex Willd.
TROY000019189 Perry 04 Jun 2006 Brian R. Keener
2934
TROY
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
UWAL0006817 Pickens 30 Jun 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3732
UWAL
Dalea candida Michx. ex Willd.
USAM000006566 Sumter 27 Jun 1970 Robert Kral
39762
USAM
Petalostemum candidum Michx. ex Willd.
AUA000011379 Hale 4 JUL 1971 MCKITRICK, S. R. L.
062
AUA
DALEA CANDIDA MICHX. EX WILLD.
UNA00067079 Dallas 23 Jun 2007 Brian R. Keener
3727
UNA
Dalea candida Willd. var. candida
TROY000019185 Dallas 23 Jun 2007 Brian R. Keener
3727
TROY
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow var. candida
UWAL0006818 Sumter 10 Jul 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3170
UWAL
Dalea candida Michx. ex Willd. var. candida
SAMF0000725 Sumter 22 May 2012 Davenport, L. J.
5202
SAMF
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
BRIT54319 Wilcox 06 Aug 2004 Diamond, Alvin R.
14565
BRIT
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
BRIT54320 Sumter 04 Jun 1970 Kral, R.
39649
BRIT
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
BRIT54404 Franklin 27 Jul 1987 Kral, R.
67587
BRIT
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
BRIT54322 Sumter 05 Jun 1970 Roger, Ken E.
3374
BRIT
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
BRIT54305 Sumter 22 Jun 1963 Wemple, Don K.
461
BRIT
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
UWAL0035697 Hale 17 Jun 2016 Davenport, L.J.
6369
UWAL
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
UNA00017816 Pickens 5 Jun 1971 R. Kral
43013
UNA
Dalea candida Willd.
UWAL0017243 Lawrence 15 Jul 2014 England, J. Kevin
5095
UWAL
Dalea candida Michx. ex Willd.
UNA00017805 Sumter 11 Jun 1969 Joab L. Thomas
2183
UNA
Dalea candida Willd.
TROY000005020 Wilcox 06 Aug 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14565
TROY
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
UWAL0012190 Washington 21 Jun 2013 Keener, Brian R.
7953
UWAL
Dalea candida Michx. ex Willd.
UWAL0013994 Washington 21 Jun 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24262
UWAL
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
BRIT54304 Autauga 14 Jun 1982 Gunn, S.C.
686
BRIT
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
BRIT54315 Marengo 06 Jun 1968 Kral, R.
31222
BRIT
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
BRIT54317 Sumter 27 Jun 1970 Kral, R.
39762
BRIT
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
BRIT54316 Greene 28 Jul 1950 Shinners, Lloyd H.
12678
BRIT
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
TROY000043022 Lawrence 15 Jul 2014 J. Kevin England
5095
TROY
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
TROY000037254 Washington 21 Jun 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
24262
TROY
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
UNA00017812 Hale 6 Sep 1965 Sherrie E. Maginness
77
UNA
Dalea candida Willd.
UNA00066914 Sumter 10 Jul 2006 Brian R. Keener
3170
UNA
Dalea candida Willd. var. candida
UNA00017807 Hale 18 Jun 1969 Joab L. Thomas
2253
UNA
Dalea candida Willd.
UWAL0006815 Lowndes 23 Jun 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3707
UWAL
Dalea candida Michx. ex Willd. var. candida
UWAL0019425 Dallas 10 Jun 1996 Kral, R.
86031
UWAL
Dalea candida Muhl ex Willd.
BRIT54321 Wilcox 23 Jun 1982 Gunn, S.C.
847
BRIT
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
BRIT54313 Pickens 07 Jun 1996 Kral, R.
85966
BRIT
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
BRIT54298 Sumter 28 Jun 1970 Kral, R.
39834
BRIT
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
BRIT54303 Colbert 13 Jun 1981 Webb, David H.
4035
BRIT
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
TROY000034820 Hale 15 Jun 2008 Daniel D. Spaulding
12978
TROY
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
AUA000025229 Hale 15 JUN 2008 SPAULDING, DANIEL D.
12978
AUA
DALEA CANDIDA MICHX. EX WILLD.
UWAL0006814 Greene 27 May 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4522
UWAL
Dalea candida Michx. ex Willd.
UNA00017811 Colbert 20 Jun 1980 Sidney McDaniel
23962A
UNA
Dalea candida Willd.
UNA00067077 Lowndes 23 Jun 2007 Brian R. Keener
3707
UNA
Dalea candida Willd. var. candida
TROY000019187 Lowndes 23 Jun 2007 Brian R. Keener
3707
TROY
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow var. candida
UWAL0006813 Dallas 23 Jun 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3727
UWAL
Dalea candida Michx. ex Willd. var. candida
UWAL0002990 Dallas 12 Jul 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5509
UWAL
Dalea candida Michx. ex Willd.
TROY000033784 Marengo 30 May 2010 J. Kevin England
2417
TROY
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
BRIT54307 Lowndes 09 Jul 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
14014
BRIT
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
BRIT54314 Pickens 05 Jun 1971 Kral, R.
43013
BRIT
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
BRIT54296 Franklin 27 Jul 1993 Kral, R.
67587
BRIT
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
BRIT54312 Colbert 29 Jun 1941 Shaver, Jesse M.
3064
BRIT
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
BRIT54407 Colbert 21 Jul 1996 Whetstone, R. D.
18284
BRIT
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
UNA00017813 Greene 30 Jul 1935 Roland M. Harper
3426
UNA
Dalea candida Willd.
UWAL0017246 Lawrence 15 Jul 2014 England, J. Kevin
5113
UWAL
Dalea candida Michx. ex Willd.
UNA00060311 Lowndes 9 Jul 2003 Alvin R. Diamond
14014
UNA
Dalea candida Willd.
UNA00017806 Dallas 18 Jun 1969 Joab L. Thomas
2214
UNA
Dalea candida Willd.
TROY000005019 Lowndes 09 Jul 2003 Alvin R. Diamond
14014
TROY
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
AUA000011378 Lowndes 9 JUL 2003 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14014
AUA
DALEA CANDIDA MICHX. EX WILLD.
BRIT54409 Sumter 10 Jul 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3170
BRIT
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
BRIT54318 Sumter 13 Jul 1969 Kral, R.
25507
BRIT
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
BRIT54311 Sumter 30 May 1972 Kral, R.
46896
BRIT
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
BRIT54301 Franklin 27 Jun 1981 Webb, David H.
4060
BRIT
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
TROY000019186 Hale 06 Jun 2002 Brian R. Keener
2250
TROY
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
UWAL0034626 Pickens 07 Jun 1996 Kral, R.
85966
UWAL
Dalea candida Michx. ex Willd.
TROY000034186 Dallas 12 Jul 2009 Brian R. Keener
5509
TROY
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
JSU138572 Sumter 27 Jun 1970 R. Kral
39762
JSU
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
UNA00067082 Pickens 30 Jun 2007 Brian R. Keener
3732
UNA
Dalea candida Willd.
TROY000019188 Pickens 30 Jun 2007 Brian R. Keener
3737
TROY
Dalea candida Michaux ex Willdenow
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