Dalea purpurea

Family:FABACEAE
Species:Dalea purpurea Ventenat
Common Name:Purple Prairie Clover; Violet Prairie Clover
Habitat:Prairies, glades, open woodlands.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Purple Prairie Clover is a native herbaceous perennial in the Bean family (Fabaceae). It is native to the Black Belt region of central Alabama and the Tennessee Valley region of north Alabama. Purple Prairie Clover occurs in prairies, in cedar glades, and in open woodlands underlain by limestone. It is a perennial with a tap root. Several erect or sprawling stems are produced from each rootstock. The stems are green in color, 4-angled, branched above the middle, and from 8-20 inches in height. The stems are inconspicuously pubescent with short, soft hairs. Leaves are alternate and odd-pinnate with 3-5 leaflets. The leaflets are linear to filiform in outline, involute or folded, and dark green in color. Flowers are produced in terminal conic to cylendric heads. Involucre bracts are absent, but interfloral bract tips are exserted and conspicuous in bud. The calyx has appressed or matted hairs covering its surface. The corolla has 5 red-purple petals. The fruit is an indehiscent legume that is enclosed in the persistent calyx. Purple Prairie Clover is available as seed or plants from some native nurseries. It prefers a well-draining basic or neutral soil in full sun. Plants are drought tolerant once established. It can be used along bed borders, in rock gardens, and in meadows or prairies. Purple Prairie Clover is similar to Gattinger's Prairie Clover (Dalea gattingeri (Heller) Barneby) and Cahaba Prairie Clover (Dalea cahaba J. Allison). Those species are more decumbent in growth form, branch below the middle, and more restricted in distribution.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyFABACEAE - Pea/Bean family
Genus Dalea
Species Dalea purpurea Ventenat - Purple Prairie Clover; Violet Prairie Clover

Citation

Citation DALEA PURPUREA Vent., Descr. Pl. Cels, Pl. 40. 1800.
Basionym: **
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Kuhnistera purpurea Kuhnistera purpurea (Vent.) MacMillan, Metasp. Minn. Vall. 329. 1892. Dalea purpurea Vent. 1800. 
Petalostemon purpureus Petalostemon purpureus (Vent.) Rydb., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 1: 238. 1900. Dalea purpurea Vent. 1800. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Cherokee, Colbert, Dallas, Franklin, Greene, Hale, Lawrence, Lowndes, Marengo, Morgan, Pickens, Sumter, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, BRIT, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000019200 Sumter 01 Jul 2002 Brian R. Keener
2237
TROY
Dalea purpurea Ventenat
BRIT54370 Colbert 13 Jun 1981 David H. Webb
4036
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
TROY000019201 Sumter 06 May 2006 Brian R. Keener
2856
TROY
Dalea purpurea Ventenat
BRIT54352 Marengo 06 Jun 1968 Robert Kral
31221
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
BRIT54356 Dallas 21 May 1993 Robert Kral
82395
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
BRIT54363 Franklin 04 Jul 1980 Sidney Daniels and Randy Haynes
24051
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
JSU138641 Cherokee 08 May 1975 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Dalea purpurea Ventenat
UNA00064935 Sumter 6 May 2006 Brian R. Keener
2856
UNA
Dalea purpurea Vent.
TROY000019198 Colbert 26 Jul 1981 Robert Kral
67596
TROY
Dalea purpurea Ventenat
UNA00008816 Wilcox 20 May 1982 S. C. Gunn
637
UNA
Dalea purpurea Vent.
UWAL0017359 Franklin 11 Jul 2009 J. Kevin England
2091
UWAL
Dalea purpurea Ventenat
UWAL0017242 Lawrence 15 Jul 2014 J. Kevin England
5096
UWAL
Dalea purpurea Ventenat
BRIT54368 Franklin 27 Jun 1981 David H. Webb
4061
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
TROY000033783 Marengo 30 May 2010 J. Kevin England
2418
TROY
Dalea purpurea Ventenat
UWAL0014424 Colbert 26 Jun 2014 J. Kevin England
4975
UWAL
Dalea purpurea Ventenat
BRIT54357 Dallas 08 Jun 1973 Robert Kral
50654
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
BRIT54372 Sumter 27 Jun 1970 Robert Kral
39761
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
BRIT54355 Colbert 04 Jul 1980 Sidney Mcdaniel and Randy Haynes
24045
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
SAMF0000724 Sumter 22 May 2012 L. J. Davenport
5201
SAMF
Dalea purpurea Ventenat
UNA00017844 Greene 15 May 1965 H. Naugle
G 10
UNA
Dalea purpurea Vent.
UWAL0006822 Greene 27 May 2008 Brian R. Keener
4523
UWAL
Dalea purpurea Vent.
UNA00017839 Colbert 20 Jun 1980 Sidney McDaniel
23961A
UNA
Dalea purpurea Vent.
UWAL0019427 Dallas 21 May 1993 R. Kral
82395
UWAL
Dalea purpurea Vent.
BRIT54364 Colbert 27 Jun 1981 David H. Webb
4101
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
UWAL0006823 Pickens 30 Jun 2007 Brian R. Keener
3736
UWAL
Dalea purpurea Vent.
AUA000011405 Sumter 2 JUN 1981 HENDERSON, T.
118
AUA
DALEA PURPUREA VENT. var. PURPUREA
BRIT54351 Dallas 10 Jun 1996 Robert Kral
86032
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
BRIT54358 Marengo 28 Jun 1970 Robert Kral
39831
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
TROY000019199 Pickens 30 Jun 2007 Brian R. Keener
3736
TROY
Dalea purpurea Ventenat
UWAL0006824 Sumter 6 May 2006 Brian R. Keener
2856
UWAL
Dalea purpurea Vent.
UNA00058132 Sumter 1 Jul 2002 Brian R. Keener
2237
UNA
Dalea purpurea Vent.
UNA00057767 Hale 19 Jul 1992 James R. Allison
6902
UNA
Dalea purpurea Vent.
UNA00017840 Colbert 4 Jul 1980 Sidney McDaniel
24045
UNA
Dalea purpurea Vent.
TROY000043020 Lawrence 15 Jul 2014 J. Kevin England
5096
TROY
Dalea purpurea Ventenat
BRIT54330 Lawrence 21 Jul 1984 David H. Webb
5015
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
TROY000019202 Sumter 10 Jul 2006 Brian R. Keener
3212
TROY
Dalea purpurea Ventenat
TROY000014722 Greene 27 May 2008 Brian R. Keener
4523
TROY
Dalea purpurea Ventenat
BRIT54353 Pickens 07 Jun 1996 Robert Kral
85965
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
BRIT54361 Colbert 26 Jul 1981 Robert Kral
67596
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
BRIT54329 Greene 13 Jun 1967 Sidney Mcdaniel
9244
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
TROY000032128 Wilcox 20 May 2010 Alvin R. Diamond
21326
TROY
Dalea purpurea Ventenat
UNA00017838 Autauga _ Jul 1872 Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Dalea purpurea Vent.
UWAL0001981 Wilcox 20 May 2010 A.R. Diamond
21326
UWAL
Dalea purpurea Vent.
UNA00017845 Colbert 20 Aug 1971 Sidney McDaniel
15469
UNA
Dalea purpurea Vent.
JSU138645 Sumter 03 Jun 1970 R. Kral
39648
JSU
Dalea purpurea Ventenat
BRIT54333 Marengo 18 spt 1968 Joab L. Thomas
1717
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
AUA000011406 Wilcox 20 MAY 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
637
AUA
DALEA PURPUREA VENT. var. PURPUREA
AUA000011403 Sumter 19 MAY 1978 MASON, HUGH
130
AUA
DALEA PURPUREA VENT. var. PURPUREA
BRIT54367 Pickens 13 Jul 1969 Robert Kral
35511
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
BRIT54365 Wilcox 20 May 1982 S. C. Gunn
637
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
UNA00068679 Greene 27 May 2008 Brian R. Keener
4523
UNA
Dalea purpurea Vent.
UNA00017837 Sumter 12 Sep 1967 Joab L. Thomas
1178
UNA
Dalea purpurea Vent.
UNA00008897 Sumter 5 Jun 1971 R. Kral
42983
UNA
Dalea purpurea Vent.
SAMF0002975 Dallas 13 May 2015 L. J. Davenport
5729
SAMF
Dalea purpurea Ventenat
UWAL0018554 Lowndes 10 Jun 1996 R. Kral
86032
UWAL
Dalea purpurea Vent.
BRIT54350 Sumter 11 Jun 1970 G. Consoulin
1369
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
AUA000011402 Autauga 14 JUN 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
685
AUA
DALEA PURPUREA VENT. var. PURPUREA
AUA000011404 Sumter 6 MAY 2006 KEENER, BRIAN R.
2856
AUA
DALEA PURPUREA VENT. var. PURPUREA
BRIT54332 Sumter 13 Jul 1969 Robert Kral
35506
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
BRIT54359 Autauga 14 Jun 1982 S. C. Gunn
685
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
UWAL0006825 Sumter 10 Jul 2006 Brian R. Keener
3212
UWAL
Dalea purpurea Vent. var. purpurea
UWAL0006826 Sumter 20 May 1998 James E. White
B-134
UWAL
Dalea purpurea Vent.
UNA00066934 Sumter 10 Jul 2006 Brian R. Keener
3212
UNA
Dalea purpurea Vent. var. purpurea
UNA00017836 Sumter 11 Jun 1969 Joab L. Thomas
2189
UNA
Dalea purpurea Vent.
UNA00017846 Marengo 28 Jun 1970 R. Kral
39831
UNA
Dalea purpurea Vent.
JSU138642 Morgan 27 Jun 1996 R. D. Whetstone
17880
JSU
Dalea purpurea Ventenat
JSU138643 Sumter 27 Jun 1970 R. Kral
39761
JSU
Dalea purpurea Ventenat
BRIT54369 Sumter 05 Jun 1970 Ken E. Rogers
3375
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
BRIT54366 Greene 05 Jun 1968 Robert Kral
31076
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
BRIT54362 Greene 18 May 1973 Robert Kral
50079
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
BRIT54360 Sumter 09 Jun 1968 Samuel B. Jones
15595
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
UNA00067085 Pickens 30 Jun 2007 Brian R. Keener
3736
UNA
Dalea purpurea Vent.
UNA00017841 Marengo 18 Jun 1968 Joab L. Thomas
1717
UNA
Dalea purpurea Vent.
UNA00017843 Greene 19 Jun 1954 Roland M. Harper
4300
UNA
Dalea purpurea Vent.
UWAL0002690 Marengo 30 May 2010 J. Kevin England
2418
UWAL
Dalea purpurea Ventenat
JSU138644 Sumter 09 Jun 1968 Samuel B. Jones
15595
JSU
Dalea purpurea Ventenat
BRIT54354 Colbert 06 Jun 1981 David H. Webb
3973
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
BRIT54335 Sumter 03 Jun 1970 Robert Kral
39648
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
BRIT54371 Sumter 05 Jun 1971 Robert Kral
42983
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
BRIT54331 Lawrence 20 Jul 1968 Robert Kral
31717
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
BRIT54334 Sumter 09 Jun 1968 Samuel B. Jones
15595
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
UNA00066755 Sumter 6 May 2006 Brian R. Keener
2856
UNA
Dalea purpurea Vent.
UNA00017842 Dallas 18 Jun 1969 Joab L. Thomas
2216
UNA
Dalea purpurea Vent.
UNA00008892 Autauga 14 Jun 1982 S. C. Gunn
685
UNA
Dalea purpurea Vent.
UWAL0006827 Sumter 25 Jun 1998 James E. White
B-139
UWAL
Dalea purpurea Vent.
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