Dalea purpurea

Family:FABACEAE
Species:Dalea purpurea Ventenat
Common Name:Purple Prairie Clover; Violet Prairie Clover
Habitat:Prairies, glades, open woodlands.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Purple Prairie Clover is a native herbaceous perennial in the Bean family (Fabaceae). It is native to the Black Belt region of central Alabama and the Tennessee Valley region of north Alabama. Purple Prairie Clover occurs in prairies, in cedar glades, and in open woodlands underlain by limestone. It is a perennial with a tap root. Several erect or sprawling stems are produced from each rootstock. The stems are green in color, 4-angled, branched above the middle, and from 8-20 inches in height. The stems are inconspicuously pubescent with short, soft hairs. Leaves are alternate and odd-pinnate with 3-5 leaflets. The leaflets are linear to filiform in outline, involute or folded, and dark green in color. Flowers are produced in terminal conic to cylendric heads. Involucre bracts are absent, but interfloral bract tips are exserted and conspicuous in bud. The calyx has appressed or matted hairs covering its surface. The corolla has 5 red-purple petals. The fruit is an indehiscent legume that is enclosed in the persistent calyx. Purple Prairie Clover is available as seed or plants from some native nurseries. It prefers a well-draining basic or neutral soil in full sun. Plants are drought tolerant once established. It can be used along bed borders, in rock gardens, and in meadows or prairies. Purple Prairie Clover is similar to Gattinger's Prairie Clover (Dalea gattingeri (Heller) Barneby) and Cahaba Prairie Clover (Dalea cahaba J. Allison). Those species are more decumbent in growth form, branch below the middle, and more restricted in distribution.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyFABACEAE - Pea/Bean family
Genus Dalea
Species Dalea purpurea Ventenat - Purple Prairie Clover; Violet Prairie Clover

Citation

Citation DALEA PURPUREA Vent., Descr. Pl. Cels, Pl. 40. 1800.
Basionym: **
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Kuhnistera purpurea Kuhnistera purpurea (Vent.) MacMillan, Metasp. Minn. Vall. 329. 1892. Dalea purpurea Vent. 1800. 
Petalostemon purpureus Petalostemon purpureus (Vent.) Rydb., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 1: 238. 1900. Dalea purpurea Vent. 1800. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Cherokee, Colbert, Dallas, Franklin, Greene, Hale, Lawrence, Lowndes, Marengo, Morgan, Pickens, Sumter, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AUA, BRIT, JSU, NY, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1954 - 2015

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
NY01277534 Wilcox Jul 1840 Samuel B. Buckley
s.n.
NY
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
AUA000011402 Autauga 14 Jun 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
685
AUA
Dalea Purpurea Vent. Var. Purpurea
BRIT54354 Colbert 06 Jun 1981 Webb, David H.
3973
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
UNA00017836 Sumter 11 Jun 1969 Thomas, Joab L.
2189
UNA
Dalea purpurea Vent. var. purpurea
BRIT54353 Pickens 07 Jun 1996 Kral, Robert
85965
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
UWAL0006826 Sumter 20 May 1998 White, James E.
B-134
UWAL
Dalea purpurea Vent.
BRIT54367 Pickens 13 Jul 1969 Kral, Robert
35511
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
UNA00017845 Colbert 20 Aug 1971 McDaniel, Sidney
15469
UNA
Dalea purpurea Vent. var. purpurea
TROY000043020 Lawrence 15 Jul 2014 England, J. Kevin
5096
TROY
Dalea purpurea Ventenat
BRIT54359 Autauga 14 Jun 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
685
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
UNA00008816 Wilcox 20 May 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
637
UNA
Dalea purpurea Vent. var. purpurea
AUA000011406 Wilcox 20 May 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
637
AUA
Dalea Purpurea Vent. Var. Purpurea
UWAL0018554 Lowndes 10 Jun 1996 Kral, Robert
86032
UWAL
Dalea purpurea Vent.
BRIT54330 Lawrence 21 Jul 1984 Webb, David H.
5015
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
JSU138641 Cherokee 08 May 1975 Landers, Kenneth E.
s.n.
JSU
Dalea purpurea Ventenat
UNA00017842 Dallas 18 Jun 1969 Thomas, Joab L.
2216
UNA
Dalea purpurea Vent. var. purpurea
ALNHS00002605 Colbert 23 Jun 2014 Barger, T. Wayne
FH-398
ALNHS
Dalea purpurea Vent. var. purpurea
SAMF0002975 Dallas 13 May 2015 Davenport, Lawrence J.
5729
SAMF
Dalea purpurea Ventenat
UWAL0037617 Dallas 22 May 1996 Sorrie, Bruce A.
8828
UWAL
Dalea purpurea Ventenat
UNA00017839 Colbert 20 Jun 1980 McDaniel, Sidney
23961A
UNA
Dalea purpurea Vent. var. purpurea
TROY000019198 Colbert 26 Jul 1981 Kral, Robert
67596
TROY
Dalea purpurea Ventenat
BRIT54360 Sumter 09 Jun 1968 Jones, Samuel B.
15595
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
UNA00017838 Autauga _ Jul 1872 Smith, Eugene A.
s.n.
UNA
Dalea purpurea Vent. var. purpurea
UWAL0034627 Pickens 07 Jun 1996 Kral, Robert
85965
UWAL
Dalea purpurea Vent.
UWAL0019427 Dallas 21 May 1993 Kral, Robert
82395
UWAL
Dalea purpurea Vent.
BRIT54368 Franklin 27 Jun 1981 Webb, David H.
4061
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
JSU138642 Morgan 27 Jun 1996 Whetstone, R. David
17880
JSU
Dalea purpurea Ventenat
UNA00017837 Sumter 12 Sep 1967 Thomas, Joab L.
1178
UNA
Dalea purpurea Vent. var. purpurea
ALNHS00001918 Dallas 23 May 2013 Barger, T. Wayne
OC-671
ALNHS
Dalea purpurea Vent. var. purpurea
JSU138644 Sumter 09 Jun 1968 Jones, Samuel B., Jr.
15595
JSU
Dalea purpurea Ventenat
UNA00068679 Greene 27 May 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4523
UNA
Dalea purpurea Vent. var. purpurea
TROY000046565 Autauga 08 Jun 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
913
TROY
Dalea purpurea Ventenat
BRIT54362 Greene 18 May 1973 Kral, Robert
50079
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
AUA000011404 Sumter 6 May 2006 Keener, Brian R.
2856
AUA
Dalea Purpurea Vent. Var. Purpurea
BRIT54334 Sumter 09 Jun 1968 Jones, Samuel B.
15595
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
BRIT54358 Marengo 28 Jun 1970 Kral, Robert
39831
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
UWAL0046951 Autauga 08 Jun 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
913
UWAL
Dalea purpurea Ventenat
UWAL0014424 Colbert 26 Jun 2014 England, J. Kevin
4975
UWAL
Dalea purpurea Ventenat
BRIT54335 Sumter 03 Jun 1970 Kral, Robert
39648
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
UNA00017846 Marengo 28 Jun 1970 Kral, Robert
39831
UNA
Dalea purpurea Vent. var. purpurea
BRIT54364 Colbert 27 Jun 1981 Webb, David H.
4101
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
JSU138645 Sumter 03 Jun 1970 Kral, Robert
39648
JSU
Dalea purpurea Ventenat
UNA00067085 Pickens 30 Jun 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3736
UNA
Dalea purpurea Vent. var. purpurea
AUA000011405 Sumter 2 Jun 1981 Henderson, T.
118
AUA
Dalea Purpurea Vent. Var. Purpurea
BRIT54331 Lawrence 20 Jul 1968 Kral, Robert
31717
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
UWAL0049639 Lawrence 26 Jun 2004 Webb, David H.
6455
UWAL
Dalea purpurea Vent.
ALNHS00003289 Greene 14 Jul 2015 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#1804
ALNHS
Dalea purpurea Vent. var. purpurea
SAMF0000724 Sumter 22 May 2012 Davenport, Lawrence J.
5201
SAMF
Dalea purpurea Ventenat
BRIT54355 Colbert 04 Jul 1980 McDaniel, Sidney
24045
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
UWAL0047143 Autauga 26 May 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
880
UWAL
Dalea purpurea Ventenat
TROY000019202 Sumter 10 Jul 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3212
TROY
Dalea purpurea Ventenat
BRIT54369 Sumter 05 Jun 1970 Rogers, Ken E.
3375
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
UWAL0006823 Pickens 30 Jun 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3736
UWAL
Dalea purpurea Vent.
BRIT54371 Sumter 05 Jun 1971 Kral, Robert
42983
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
TROY000014722 Greene 27 May 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4523
TROY
Dalea purpurea Ventenat
BRIT54351 Dallas 10 Jun 1996 Kral, Robert
86032
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
UWAL0002690 Marengo 30 May 2010 England, J. Kevin
2418
UWAL
Dalea purpurea Ventenat
BRIT54361 Colbert 26 Jul 1981 Kral, Robert
67596
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
UNA00070159 Wilcox 20 Jul 2009 Schotz, Alfred
2142
UNA
Dalea purpurea Vent.
AUA000011403 Sumter 19 May 1978 Mason, Hugh
130
AUA
Dalea Purpurea Vent. Var. Purpurea
BRIT54329 Greene 13 Jun 1967 McDaniel, Sidney
9244
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
TROY000019201 Sumter 06 May 2006 Keener, Brian R.
2856
TROY
Dalea purpurea Ventenat
UNA00066755 Sumter 06 May 2006 Keener, Brian R.
2856
UNA
Dalea purpurea Vent. var. purpurea
UWAL0006824 Sumter 06 May 2006 Keener, Brian R.
2856
UWAL
Dalea purpurea Vent.
BRIT54370 Colbert 13 Jun 1981 Webb, David H.
4036
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
JSU138643 Sumter 27 Jun 1970 Kral, Robert
39761
JSU
Dalea purpurea Ventenat
UNA00017841 Marengo 18 Jun 1968 Thomas, Joab L.
1717
UNA
Dalea purpurea Vent. var. purpurea
BRIT54357 Dallas 08 Jun 1973 Kral, Robert
50654
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
UWAL0006827 Sumter 25 Jun 1998 White, James E.
B-139
UWAL
Dalea purpurea Vent.
UNA00017840 Colbert 04 Jul 1980 McDaniel, Sidney
24045
UNA
Dalea purpurea Vent. var. purpurea
TROY000019199 Pickens 30 Jun 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3736
TROY
Dalea purpurea Ventenat
BRIT54365 Wilcox 20 May 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
637
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
UNA00066934 Sumter 10 Jul 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3212
UNA
Dalea purpurea Vent. var. purpurea
UWAL0017242 Lawrence 15 Jul 2014 England, J. Kevin
5096
UWAL
Dalea purpurea Ventenat
UNA00057767 Hale 19 Jul 1992 Allison, James R.
6902
UNA
Dalea purpurea Vent. var. purpurea
AUA000042290 Colbert 23 Jun 2014 Barger, T. Wayne
FH398
AUA
Dalea Purpurea Vent. Var. Purpurea
BRIT54333 Marengo 18 spt 1968 Thomas, Joab L.
1717
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
UNA00017843 Greene 19 Jun 1954 Harper, Roland M.
4300
UNA
Dalea purpurea Vent. var. purpurea
BRIT54352 Marengo 06 Jun 1968 Kral, Robert
31221
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
UWAL0017359 Franklin 11 Jul 2009 England, J. Kevin
2091
UWAL
Dalea purpurea Ventenat
BRIT54332 Sumter 13 Jul 1969 Kral, Robert
35506
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
UNA00008892 Autauga 14 Jun 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
685
UNA
Dalea purpurea Vent. var. purpurea
BRIT54372 Sumter 27 Jun 1970 Kral, Robert
39761
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
BRIT54350 Sumter 11 Jun 1970 Gonsoulin, G.
1369
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
UWAL0006825 Sumter 10 Jul 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3212
UWAL
Dalea purpurea Vent. var. purpurea
TROY000046500 Autauga 26 May 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
880
TROY
Dalea purpurea Ventenat
UNA00064935 Sumter 06 May 2006 Keener, Brian R.
2856
UNA
Dalea purpurea Vent.
UWAL0006822 Greene 27 May 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4523
UWAL
Dalea purpurea Vent.
BRIT54366 Greene 05 Jun 1968 Kral, Robert
31076
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
UNA00008897 Sumter 05 Jun 1971 Kral, Robert
42983
UNA
Dalea purpurea Vent. var. purpurea
TROY000032128 Wilcox 20 May 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21326
TROY
Dalea purpurea Ventenat
UNA00017844 Greene 15 May 1965 Naugle, Helen E.
G 10
UNA
Dalea purpurea Vent. var. purpurea
UWAL0001981 Wilcox 20 May 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21326
UWAL
Dalea purpurea Vent.
BRIT54356 Dallas 21 May 1993 Kral, Robert
82395
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
UWAL0049685 Lawrence 21 Jul 1984 Webb, David H.
5015
UWAL
Dalea purpurea Ventenat
TROY000033783 Marengo 30 May 2010 England, J. Kevin
2418
TROY
Dalea purpurea Ventenat
BRIT54363 Franklin 04 Jul 1980 McDaniel, Sidney
24051
BRIT
Dalea purpurea Ventenat var. purpurea
TROY000019200 Sumter 01 Jul 2002 Keener, Brian R.
2237
TROY
Dalea purpurea Ventenat
UNA00058132 Sumter 01 Jul 2002 Keener, Brian R.
2237
UNA
Dalea purpurea Vent. var. purpurea
First Page Previous Page Next Page Last Page
Records per Page: