Carya illinoinensis

Family:JUGLANDACEAE
Species:Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
Common Name:Pecan
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Tree
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes: Pecan is a large deciduous tree in the Walnut family (JUGLANDACEAE). It occurs throughout Alabama. Pecan trees can be found around old home sites, along fence rows, in disturbed woodlands, and in floodplain forest. It is one of eleven species of Hickory found in Alabama. There is some debate as to whether Pecan is native to Alabama or introduced. The main range of the species is along the Mississippi River and its major tributaries. Many botanists believe that Pecan is native in portions of the Black Belt region of Alabama, but a recent introduction in most of the rest of the state. Charles Mohr in his account of Pecan in the 1901 Plant Life of Alabama states “Hale County, Gallion. Dallas County, Uniontown. Marengo County, Demopolis. Undoubtedly indigenous”. Early explores of the Southeastern United States found Pecan growing around Native American settlements. Perhaps the Native Americans brought this species from further west and it escaped in the Black Belt area in pre-colonial times. There is evidence that Chickasaw Plum (Prunus angustifolia Marshall) was introduced by Native Americans from areas to our west, and some populations of Yaupon Holly (Ilex vomitoria Aiton) outside of the Coastal Plain seem to have been cultivated by Native Americans. We may never know for certain. Even the correct pronunciation for this species is hotly debated. There are more than fourteen widely utilized pronunciations depending on what region of the country you hail from. Among them are pee-can’; pee-con’; puh-con'; puh-coon'; pic-con’; pee’-can; and pic’-cun. Although native Pecans were collected and eaten by Native Americans and early settlers, the commercial growing of Pecans did not start until the 1880’s. It is now a major crop in portions of the Southeast. --A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FAC+ (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyJUGLANDACEAE - Walnut family
Genus Carya
Species Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch - Pecan

Citation

Citation CARYA ILLINOINENSIS (Wangenheim) K. Koch, Dendrologie 1: 593. 1869.
Basionym: Juglans illinoinensis Wangenheim 1787.
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Carya angustifolia Carya angustifolia (Aiton) Sweet, Hort. Brit. 97. 1827.Juglans angustifolia Aiton 1789. 
Carya pecan Carya pecan (Marshall) Engler & Graebner, in Engler, Berlin K. Bot. Gart. Mus. Notizbl. App. 9: 19. 1902, non Nuttall 1842.Juglans pecan Marshall 1785. 
Carya tetraptera Carya tetraptera Liebmann, Vidensk. Meddel. Dansk Naturhist. Foren. Kjoebenhavn 1850: 86. 1850.  
Juglans angustifolia Juglans angustifolia Aiton, Hort. Kew. 3: 361. 1789.  
Juglans cylindrica Juglans cylindrica Lamarck, Encycl. 4: 505. 1798. SOUTH CAROLINA
Juglans illinoinensis Juglans illinoinensis Wangenheim, Beytr. Teutsch. Holzger. Forstwiss. Nordam. Holz. 54, pl. 18(43 excl. fr.). 1787.  
Juglans pecan Juglans pecan Marshall, Arbust. Amer. 69. 1785.  
Juglans rubra Juglans rubra Gaertner, Fruct. Sem. 2: 51, pl. 89(k). 1790.  
Juglans olivaeformis Juglans olivaeformis Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 192. 1803. ILLINOIS
Hicoria pecan Hicoria pecan (Marshall) Britton, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 15: 282. 1888.Juglans pecan Marshall 1785. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Clay, Coffee, Colbert, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Cullman, Dale, Dallas, DeKalb, Escambia, Fayette, Geneva, Hale, Henry, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Lowndes, Marengo, Marshall, Mobile, Montgomery, Pike, Randolph, Russell, Shelby, St. Clair, Sumter, Talladega, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1952 - 2007

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU127626 Calhoun 22 Jun 1982 R. D. Whetstone
11351
JSU
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
AUA000038256 Limestone 02 Jun 2017 ENGLAND, J. KEVIN
7892
AUA
CARYA ILLINOINENSIS (WANGENH.) K. KOCH
UNA00045724 Geneva 10 May 1998 John R. MacDonald
11174
UNA
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenh.) K. Koch
JSU127624 Calhoun 14 Jun 1985 Jean Johnson
002
JSU
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
TROY000006358 Butler 22 Apr 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17425
TROY
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
UNA00031904 Mobile _ May _ Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenh.) K. Koch
JSU127633 Cherokee 27 Oct 1983 Celeste Misko
51
JSU
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
USAM000007489 Mobile 25 May 1969 Larry Touchstone
s.n.
USAM
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
AUA_ACC014661 Lee 19 APR 1969 ROBERSON, B. J.
92
AUA
CARYA ILLINOINENSIS (WANGENH.) K. KOCH
JSU127644 Lee 27 Apr 1970 Larry Rush
116
JSU
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
TROY000006365 Dale 09 Nov 1999 Tiffany Pennington
312
TROY
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
AUA_ACC045690 Russell 16 MAY 1971 CARROLL, III, A. B.
92
AUA
CARYA ILLINOINENSIS (WANGENH.) K. KOCH
AUA_ACC057173 Crenshaw 12 MAY 1996 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
10233
AUA
CARYA ILLINOINENSIS (WANGENH.) K. KOCH
JSU127639 Jefferson 15 Oct 1972 J. McCool
s.n.
JSU
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
TROY000032467 Montgomery 01 Jul 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22298
TROY
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
UWAL0046160 Autauga 16 Sep 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
1233
UWAL
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
UNA00066838 Butler 22 Apr 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17425
UNA
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenh.) K. Koch
SAMF0002302 Hale 09 May 1966 Maginness, Sherrie
248
SAMF
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
UNA00031930 Calhoun 07 May 1966 John C. Hall
35
UNA
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenh.) K. Koch
AUA_ACC007393 Lee 21 MAY 1958 LOGAN, HERSCHELL J.
AUA
CARYA ILLINOINENSIS (WANGENH.) K. KOCH
JSU127635 Clay 15 Oct 1994 J. M. Ballard
5290
JSU
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
AUA000031023 Escambia 25 Jun 2010 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4804
AUA
CARYA ILLINOINENSIS
AUA_ACC012449 Lee 24 MAY 1964 GLASS, M. R.
AUA
CARYA ILLINOINENSIS (WANGENH.) K. KOCH
JSU127643 Lee 8 Aug 1968 S. C. Johnson
X-49-127
JSU
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
TROY000030542 Coffee 10 Apr 1991 Tammy Turner
1
TROY
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
UWAL0035057 Lawrence 02 Oct 2016 England, J. Kevin
6890
UWAL
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
JSU127641 Lee 30 Apr 1973 James B. Hollis
102
JSU
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
TROY000030603 Pike 29 Apr 1991 Don E. McGee
14
TROY
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
UNA00055494 Conecuh 14 Jul 2001 Alvin R. Diamond
12608
UNA
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenh.) K. Koch
AUA_ACC001990 Lee 15 APR 1953 WALSH, C. S.
AUA
CARYA ILLINOINENSIS (WANGENH.) K. KOCH
UNA00047119 Randolph Spring 1985 C. F. Nixon
1196
UNA
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenh.) K. Koch
JSU127650 Randolph 1 Apr 1985 C. F. Nixon
1196
JSU
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
AUA_ACC042421 Barbour 25 JUL 1972 LUCKETT, LARRY
144
AUA
CARYA ILLINOINENSIS (WANGENH.) K. KOCH
TROY000035534 Bullock 10 May 2012 Bailee Dykes
646
TROY
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
TROY000006364 Covington K. E. Childree
8
TROY
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
AUA_ACC014656 Calhoun 11 APR 1969 GREGORY, J. M.
80
AUA
CARYA ILLINOINENSIS (WANGENH.) K. KOCH
AUA_ACC071179 Dallas 20 OCT 2010 BARGER, T. WAYNE
OC503
AUA
CARYA ILLINOINENSIS (WANGENH.) K. KOCH
JSU140384 Calhoun 03 May 1967 Gary Collier
s.n.
JSU
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
UWAL0038675 Winston 07 Oct 2018 England, J. Kevin
9589
UWAL
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
UNA00031935 Mobile 30 Apr 1966 Rebecca Deramus
D884
UNA
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenh.) K. Koch
JSU127640 Lauderdale 6 May 1969 Jim Henson
s.n.
JSU
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
UWAL0006387 Marengo 19 Sep 2008 England, J. Kevin
1156
UWAL
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenh.) K. Koch
JSU127634 Cherokee 27 Oct 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13842
JSU
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
UNA00031924 Hale _-_-1895 Dr. Duggan
s.n.
UNA
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenh.) K. Koch
JSU127622 Calhoun 13 Sep 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2839
JSU
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
UWAL0006388 Sumter 23 May 1984 Jones
0035
UWAL
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenh.) K. Koch
JSU127636 Colbert 1 Jun 1969 Donny Sizemore
s.n.
JSU
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
TROY000006359 Coffee 04 Sep 2006 Carla Roberts
40
TROY
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
JSU127628 Calhoun 10 May 1967 Martha Jennings
8167
JSU
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
JSU127630 Calhoun 30 Apr 1969 Sandra Morello
s.n.
JSU
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
UWAL0008603 Montgomery 01 Jul 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22298
UWAL
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
TROY000006366 Escambia 07 May 1995 Cynthia L. Brittain
176
TROY
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
UWAL0014177 Pike 22 Apr 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
23931
UWAL
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
UNA00031944 Lee 15 Jul 1970 Kermit Morris
163
UNA
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenh.) K. Koch
JSU127625 Calhoun 14 Jun 1985 Jean Johnson
002
JSU
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
UWAL0011425 Bullock 10 May 2012 Dykes, Bailee
0646
UWAL
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
JSU127645 Limestone 26 May 1996 R. D. Whetstone
17797
JSU
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
UWAL0046868 Autauga 02 May 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
725
UWAL
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
UNA00031934 Tuscaloosa 06 Sep 1980 David L. Lentz
125
UNA
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenh.) K. Koch
JSU127652 Shelby 18 Sep 1983 D. D. Beavers
s.n.
JSU
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
UWAL0010923 Houston 05 Apr 2007 Kral, R.
97847
UWAL
Carya illinoinensis (Wang.) K. Koch
JSU127646 Marshall 19 Jul 1982 Donna K. Minor
s.n.
JSU
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
TROY000006361 Coffee 20 Oct 2000 Brian H. Martin
998
TROY
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
JSU127637 DeKalb 5 Jun 1969 Linda Millican
s.n.
JSU
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
UWAL0010131 Conecuh 18 Jun 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
22256.1
UWAL
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
AUA_ACC046198 Tallapoosa 20 APR 1974 CLAYBROOK, CHARLES R.
102
AUA
CARYA ILLINOINENSIS (WANGENH.) K. KOCH
TROY000006362 Conecuh 11 Aug 2001 Alvin R. Diamond
12608
TROY
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
UWAL0042901 Baldwin 30 Sep 2001 Larsen, H.S.
917
UWAL
Carya illinoiennsis (Wangenh.) K. Koch
UNA00031949 Mobile 02 Aug 1965 Rebecca Deramus
D670
UNA
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenh.) K. Koch
JSU127638 Jackson 26 May 1999 Kristin Brodeur
1871
JSU
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
UWAL0047202 Autauga 16 Aug 2019 Parker, Matthew R.
1876
UWAL
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
UNA00031920 Fayette 22 Apr 1972 Jana Webster
75
UNA
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenh.) K. Koch
TROY000032886 Conecuh 16 Apr 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
21904
TROY
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
JSU127653 Talladega 6 Jun 1980 J. Carlisle
s.n.
JSU
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
UWAL0006386 Henry 24 Jul 2008 Diamond, A.R.
19615
UWAL
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenh.) K. Koch
AUA000032684 Covington 14 Sep 2010 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4900
AUA
CARYA ILLINOINENSIS
AUA_ACC041969 Montgomery 17 JUL 1981 EBLE, C. F.
48
AUA
CARYA ILLINOINENSIS (WANGENH.) K. KOCH
JSU127629 Calhoun 9 Oct 1972 R. L'Eplattenier
s.n.
JSU
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
JSU127621 Blount 29 Apr 1993 Adam Dasinger
s.n.
JSU
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
UWAL0035141 Limestone 02 Jun 2017 England, J. Kevin
7892
UWAL
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
JSU127623 Calhoun 14 Jun 1985 Jean Johnson
002
JSU
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
SAMF0002301 Cullman 15 Oct 1988 Ridgeway, Blanche
69
SAMF
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
JSU143868 Talladega 20 May 1971 Fay Edmondson
s.n.
JSU
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
USAM000007481 Mobile 21 Apr 1968 Michael G. LeLong
4374
USAM
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
UNA00025943 Lowndes 16 Apr 1994 Carroll J. Mann
119
UNA
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenh.) K. Koch
JSU127627 Calhoun 5 Oct 1986 C. L. Lawler
1321
JSU
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
AUA_ACC017486 Lee 30 JUL 1969 MCVAY, D. A.
127
AUA
CARYA ILLINOINENSIS (WANGENH.) K. KOCH
AUA_ACC055933 Pike 23 AUG 1995 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9871
AUA
CARYA ILLINOINENSIS (WANGENH.) K. KOCH
JSU143869 Jefferson 20 May 1973 L. L. Heptinstall
s.n.
JSU
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
TROY000006360 Coffee 16 Nov 2003 M. Maher
4
TROY
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
TROY000045380 Autauga 16 Sep 2017 Matthew Parker
1233
TROY
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
AUA_ACC001988 Lee 26 APR 1949 BYRD, NATHAN A.
AUA
CARYA ILLINOINENSIS (WANGENH.) K. KOCH
AUA_ACC043382 Conecuh 1 SEP 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
1660
AUA
CARYA ILLINOINENSIS (WANGENH.) K. KOCH
UNA00031939 Mobile 02 Aug 1965 Rebecca Deramus
D622
UNA
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenh.) K. Koch
JSU127651 St. Clair 12 Jul 1969 Kenneth E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
TROY000046513 Autauga 02 May 2017 Matthew R. Parker
725
TROY
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
JSU127631 Cherokee 27 Oct 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13842
JSU
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
UNA00031919 21 Jul 1952 Jack C. Yates
s.n.
UNA
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenh.) K. Koch
JSU127649 Marshall 19 Oct 1994 D. D. Spaulding
6807
JSU
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
JSU127642 Lee 29 Apr 1964 Gene A. Bozarth
s.n.
JSU
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
USAM000007488 Mobile 29 Mar 1972 Michael G. LeLong
6479
USAM
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
AUA_ACC038535 Cherokee 5 MAY 1972 HALE, A. R.
130
AUA
CARYA ILLINOINENSIS (WANGENH.) K. KOCH
JSU127654 Tallapoosa 28 Jun 1969 Sarah Ballard
s.n.
JSU
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
TROY000020525 Marengo 19 Sep 2008 J. Kevin England
1156
TROY
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
JSU127632 Cherokee 3 Nov 1996 R. D. Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
TROY000006363 Covington 07 Nov 2006 J. C. Till
12
TROY
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
TROY000020526 Henry 24 Jul 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19615
TROY
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
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