Frangula caroliniana

Family:RHAMNACEAE
Species:Frangula caroliniana (Walter) A. Gray
Common Name:Carolina Buckthorn; Indian Cherry; Carolina False Buckthorn
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:Salt shrub
Growth Habit:Shrub
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACU (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyRHAMNACEAE - Buckthorn family
Genus Frangula
Species Frangula caroliniana (Walter) A. Gray - Carolina Buckthorn; Indian Cherry; Carolina False Buckthorn

Citation

Citation Frangula caroliniana (Walter) A. Gray, Gen. Amer. Bor. 2: 178. 1849.
Basionym: Rhamnus carolinianus Walter 1788.
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data, Fraser/Walter 91-F (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by D. B. Ward, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 1: 429. 2007.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Rhamnus caroliniana var. mollis Rhamnus caroliniana Walter, var. mollis Fernald, Rhodora 12: 79. 1910. ILLINOIS: Jackson Co.: Grand Tower, s.d., Vasey s.n. (holotype: GH).
Sarcomphalus carolinianus Sarcomphalus carolinianus (Walter) Rafinesque, Sylva Tellur. 29. 1838.Rhamnus caroliniana Walter 1788. 
Rhamnus caroliniana RHAMNUS CAROLINIANA Walter, Fl. Carol. 101. 1788. SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data, Fraser/Walter 91-F (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by D. B. Ward, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 1: 429. 2007.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Chilton, Choctaw, Clarke, Clay, Cleburne, Colbert, Conecuh, Coosa, Crenshaw, Cullman, Dallas, DeKalb, Etowah, Fayette, Franklin, Greene, Hale, Jackson, Jefferson, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Lowndes, Madison, Marengo, Marion, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Pickens, Pike, Shelby, St. Clair, Sumter, Talladega, Tallapoosa, Washington, Wilcox, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000023093 Hale 13 May 2003 Michael Woods
9731
TROY
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
UWAL0003712 Butler 30 Aug 2007 A.R. Diamond
17994
UWAL
Frangula caroliniana (Walt.) Gray
JSU129527 Cherokee 6 Jun 1968 Jerry A. Clonts
s.n.
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
TROY000037075 Bullock 31 Aug 2012 Bailee Dykes
1176
TROY
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) A. Gray
JSU129578 St. Clair 18 Sep 1983 Donna Beavers
s.n.
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
TROY000027726 Tallapoosa 27 Apr 2006 Terry Wayne Barger
165
TROY
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
JSU129546 Etowah 11 Nov 1993 Lesley M. Hodge
642
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
TROY000044617 Autauga 01 Sep 2016 Matthew R. Parker
23
TROY
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) A. Gray
TROY000032949 Dallas 12 May 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22083
TROY
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
40803 Jefferson 28 MAY 1984 BARBER, J. P.
630
AUA
FRANGULA CAROLINIANA (WALT.) GRAY
JSU129539 DeKalb 15 May 1996 R. D. Whetstone
17544
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
JSU129561 Limestone 26 May 1996 R. D. Whetstone
17787
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
USAM000013523 Mobile 05 Jun 1978 Michael G. LeLong
10247
USAM
Rhamnus carolinianus Walter
39341 Autauga 15 JUN 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
714
AUA
FRANGULA CAROLINIANA (WALT.) GRAY
JSU129543 Etowah 21 May 1976 T. A. Atkinson
1508
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
USAM000013527 Baldwin 22 Jun 1977 Michael G. LeLong
9892
USAM
Rhamnus carolinianus Walter
JSU129558 Lawrence 18 Sep 1994 D. D. Spaulding
6442
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
TROY000023092 Franklin 05 Oct 1940 M. Morgan
s.n.
TROY
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
USAM000013522 Mobile 27 May 1978 Michael G. LeLong
10200
USAM
Rhamnus carolinianus Walter
JSU129530 Choctaw 13 Sep 1997 J. W. Higginbotham
275
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
TROY000023095 Pickens 30 Jun 2007 Brian R. Keener
3734
TROY
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
JSU129579 St. Clair 22 Sep 1983 D. Dean Baldwin
18
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
TROY000022731 Lowndes 15 Aug 2005 Robert Kral
96718
TROY
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
JSU129540 Etowah 5 Jun 1994 L. M. Hodge
1811
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
JSU129531 Clarke 13 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18819
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
40049 Marion 16 JUN 1985 AVERY, TONY D.
S.N.
AUA
FRANGULA CAROLINIANA (WALT.) GRAY
JSU129572 Monroe 14 Oct 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12791
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
JSU129548 Jackson 23 May 1975 R. D. Whetstone
3983
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
USAM000013520 Mobile 05 Jun 1978 Michael G. LeLong
10247
USAM
Rhamnus carolinianus Walter
39434 Dallas 13 MAY 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
562
AUA
FRANGULA CAROLINIANA (WALT.) GRAY
JSU129545 Etowah 10 Aug 1974 T. A. Atkinson
585
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
TROY000022659 Marengo 04 Sep 2008 J. Kevin England
1002
TROY
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
JSU129574 Morgan 15 Sep 1996 D. D. Spaulding
9128
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
UWAL0003719 Sumter 11 May 1999 T. Stundon/J.E. White
B-167
UWAL
Frangula caroliniana (Walt.) Gray
47158 Jackson 23 JUL 1983 DODD, J. K.
91
AUA
FRANGULA CAROLINIANA (WALT.) GRAY
TROY000008221 Pike 05 May 1999 Brian H. Martin
99
TROY
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
USAM000013529 Monroe 27 Apr 1975 Michael G. LeLong
8385
USAM
Rhamnus carolinianus Walter
JSU129557 Jefferson 30 Jun 1984 J. P. Barber
724
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
TROY000008220 Marengo 17 Jun 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15477
TROY
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
JSU129567 Marshall 30 May 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1969
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
UWAL0019428 Dallas 21 May 1993 R. Kral
82397
UWAL
Frangula caroliniana (Walt.) Gray
JSU129522 Bibb 13 May 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13463
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
40789 Hale 4 MAY 1977 ATKINSON, T. A.
AUA
FRANGULA CAROLINIANA (WALT.) GRAY
JSU129573 Monroe 14 Oct 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12391
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
JSU129701 Talladega 18 Apr 1982 R. D. Whetstone
10910
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
USAM000013521 Mobile 03 Jun 1978 Michael G. LeLong
10256
USAM
Rhamnus carolinianus Walter
38148 Calhoun 22 AUG 1983 GRIFFIN, TINA
059
AUA
FRANGULA CAROLINIANA (WALT.) GRAY
JSU129562 Madison 22 Sep 1995 S. J. Threlkeld
94
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
TROY000022974 Winston 02 Jul 2008 J. Kevin England
842
TROY
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
JSU129570 Marshall 13 Sep 1991 D. D. Spaulding
921
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
UWAL0003715 Pickens 10 Sep 2008 J. Kevin England
1085
UWAL
Frangula caroliniana (Walt.) Gray
63099 Lowndes 9 JUL 2003 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14015
AUA
FRANGULA CAROLINIANA (WALT.) GRAY
JSU129575 Morgan 9 Jun 1975 R. D. Whetstone
4572
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
TROY000037791 Fayette 07 Jun 2009 Steve Younghance
194
TROY
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) A. Gray
UWAL0032585 Marion 28 May 2016 England, J. Kevin
6478
UWAL
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
JSU129544 Etowah 27 Jun 1967 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
UWAL0014875 Coosa 12 Jul 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
24366
UWAL
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) A. Gray
JSU129533 Clay 6 Oct 1994 J. M. Ballard
3348
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
SAMF0002111 Jackson 02 Jun 2006 L. J. Davenport
3443
SAMF
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) A. Gray
JSU129541 Etowah 17 Apr 1968 Martha Stuart
s.n.
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
SAMF0002110 Blount 17 Jul 2012 L. J. Davenport
5255
SAMF
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) A. Gray
64830 Marengo 17 JUN 2005 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
15477
AUA
FRANGULA CAROLINIANA (WALT.) GRAY
JSU129564 Madison 15 Oct 1975 R. D. Whetstone
7029
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
JSU129559 Limestone 26 May 1996 R. D. Whetstone
17999
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
TROY000023096 Sumter 10 Jul 2006 Brian R. Keener
3192
TROY
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
UWAL0003728 Lowndes 15 Aug 2005 R. Kral
96718
UWAL
Frangula caroliniana (Walt.) Gray
39451 Wilcox 20 MAY 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
676
AUA
FRANGULA CAROLINIANA (WALT.) GRAY
JSU129560 Limestone 12 Oct 1997 T. L. Hofmann
00844
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
48278 Monroe 8 NOV 1980 WEBB, A. L.
235
AUA
FRANGULA CAROLINIANA (WALT.) GRAY
TROY000023091 Chilton 18 May 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15365
TROY
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
65363 Bullock 28 AUG 2005 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
15700
AUA
FRANGULA CAROLINIANA (WALT.) GRAY
SAMF0002107 Jefferson 22 Jul 1958 H. A. McCullough
s.n.
SAMF
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) A. Gray
JSU129552 Jefferson 28 May 1984 J. P. Barber
630
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
33999 Bibb 10 MAY 1977 SESSLER, ANN H.
1264
AUA
FRANGULA CAROLINIANA (WALT.) GRAY
JSU129555 Jefferson 14 Sep 1985 J. P. Barber
1759
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
UWAL0003718 Sumter 29 Sep 2006 Brian R. Keener
3111
UWAL
Frangula caroliniana (Walt.) Gray
JSU129529 Choctaw 1 Nov 1997 R. D. Whetstone
19034
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
UWAL0003723 Winston 3 Oct 2008 J. Kevin England
1331
UWAL
Frangula caroliniana (Walt.) Gray
44860 Conecuh 18 AUG 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
1571
AUA
FRANGULA CAROLINIANA (WALT.) GRAY
JSU129563 Jackson 16 Aug 1975 R. D. Whetstone
6589
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
USAM000013528 Marengo 24 Oct 1970 Barbara Woolf
s.n.
USAM
Rhamnus carolinianus Walter
UWAL0016364 Montgomery 24 Jul 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25366
UWAL
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) A. Gray
37353 Clarke 14 MAY 1981 HENDERSON, T.
081
AUA
FRANGULA CAROLINIANA (WALT.) GRAY
JSU146261 Calhoun 24 Jun 1996 F. Hutchinson
2419
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
TROY000008217 Butler 20 Jul 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16722
TROY
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
JSU129525 Calhoun 27 May 1986 C. L. Lawler
600
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
TROY000039368 Conecuh 15 Jun 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25212
TROY
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) A. Gray
63858 Wilcox 6 AUG 2004 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14560
AUA
FRANGULA CAROLINIANA (WALT.) GRAY
TROY000023094 Hale 13 May 2003 Michael Woods
9732
TROY
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
UWAL0003713 Cullman 15 Aug 2008 Brian R. Keener
4774
UWAL
Frangula caroliniana (Walt.) Gray
JSU129526 Calhoun 10 Jul 1968 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
UWAL0003721 Sumter 6 Sep 1993 Lee Stanton
B-88
UWAL
Frangula caroliniana (Walt.) Gray
JSU129702 Winston 6 Aug 1993 J. M. Ballard
3148
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
SAMF0002108 Lawrence 02 Aug 2012 L. J. Davenport
5343
SAMF
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) A. Gray
JSU129535 Cleburne 28 Sep 1993 M. E. Belue
044
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
SAMF0003159 Jackson 08 Sep 2015 L. J. Davenport
5945
SAMF
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) A. Gray
72791 Jackson 16 APR 2009 BARGER, T. WAYNE
HC192
AUA
FRANGULA CAROLINIANA (WALT.) GRAY
JSU129538 DeKalb 15 May 1996 R. D. Whetstone
17561
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
JSU129536 Colbert 26 May 1996 R. D. Whetstone
17959
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
UWAL0003714 Marengo 4 Sep 2008 J. Kevin England
1002
UWAL
Frangula caroliniana (Walt.) Gray
39342 Dallas 17 JUN 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
819
AUA
FRANGULA CAROLINIANA (WALT.) GRAY
JSU129550 Jackson 27 May 1974 T. A. Atkinson
262
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
UWAL0019985 Morgan 22 Aug 2015 J. Kevin England
5650
UWAL
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) A.Gray
TROY000008223 Lee 17 Jun 1978 Robert Kral
62042
TROY
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
65868 Butler 20 JUL 2006 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
16722
AUA
FRANGULA CAROLINIANA (WALT.) GRAY
JSU129532 Clarke 31 Oct 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18973
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
SAMF0002113 Jefferson 24 Sep 2010 Kate LeCroy
14a
SAMF
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) A. Gray
JSU129556 Jefferson 28 May 1984 J. P. Barber
630
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
TROY000008218 Crenshaw 14 Oct 1999 Alvin R. Diamond
11633
TROY
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
UWAL0033509 Lawrence 09 Jul 2016 England, J. Kevin
6629
UWAL
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
UWAL0013293 Fayette 07 Jun 2009 Steve Younghance
194
UWAL
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
JSU129571 Marshall 13 Aug 1975 R. D. Whetstone
6398
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
UWAL0018862 Madison 27 Jun 1986 R. Kral
73541
UWAL
Frangula caroliniana (Walt.) Gray
48783 Pike 18 MAY 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4798
AUA
FRANGULA CAROLINIANA (WALT.) GRAY
JSU129566 Madison 17 Aug 1975 R. D. Whetstone
6623
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
USAM000013524 Madison 20 Jun 1976 David R. Shelton
s.n.
USAM
Rhamnus carolinianus Walter
UWAL0016431 Conecuh 15 Jun 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25212
UWAL
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) A.Gray
37607 Washington 5 OCT 1981 HENDERSON, T.
702
AUA
FRANGULA CAROLINIANA (WALT.) GRAY
TROY000008216 Bullock 28 Aug 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15700
TROY
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
JSU129577 St. Clair 22 Sep 1983 D. D. Beavers
s.n.
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
UWAL0003722 Winston 2 Jul 2008 J. Kevin England
842
UWAL
Frangula caroliniana (Walt.) Gray
46353 Lowndes 9 AUG 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3496
AUA
FRANGULA CAROLINIANA (WALT.) GRAY
JSU129576 Morgan 7 Aug 1975 R. D. Whetstone
6050
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
TROY000008219 Lowndes 09 Jul 2003 Alvin R. Diamond
14015
TROY
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
58907 Pike 1999 MARTIN, BRIAN
99
AUA
FRANGULA CAROLINIANA (WALT.) GRAY
JSU129580 St. Clair 22 Sep 1983 C. F. Nixon
424
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
TROY000022658 Butler 30 Aug 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17994
TROY
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
3390 Montgomery 5 NOV 1954 MOORE, WILLIAM H.
AUA
FRANGULA CAROLINIANA (WALT.) GRAY
JSU129542 Etowah 25 Oct 1984 C. F. Nixon
988
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
UWAL0005398 Dallas 12 May 2011 A.R. Diamond
22083
UWAL
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
JSU129520 Bibb 31 Jul 1998 R. D. Whetstone
19595
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
JSU129521 Bibb 30 May 1970 R. Kral
39398
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
USAM000013525 Monroe 16 May 1973 Michael G. LeLong
7068.1
USAM
Rhamnus carolinianus Walter
UWAL0033690 Greene 16 May 2016 Brian R. Keener
9599
UWAL
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
JSU129537 Dallas 9 Jun 1984 R. D. Whetstone
14079
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
TROY000040697 Montgomery 24 Jul 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25366
TROY
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) A. Gray
37097 Monroe 4 MAY 1981 O'HALLORAN, K.
117
AUA
FRANGULA CAROLINIANA (WALT.) GRAY
JSU153038 Bibb 22 Jul 1982 R. D. Whetstone
11754
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
USAM000013526 Monroe 16 May 1973 Michael G. LeLong
7068.2
USAM
Rhamnus carolinianus Walter
UWAL0033817 Dallas 17 May 2015 Brian R. Keener
8871
UWAL
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
JSU129551 Jackson 4 Jun 1975 R. D. Whetstone
4239
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
UWAL0014858 Bullock 31 Aug 2012 Bailee Dykes
1176
UWAL
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) A. Gray
UWAL0030271 Jackson 08 Sep 2015 Davenport, L.J.
5945
UWAL
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) A. Gray
JSU129569 Marshall 7 Aug 1975 R. D. Whetstone
6013
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
TROY000008222 Wilcox 06 Aug 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14560
TROY
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
60836 DeKalb 5 NOV 1966 MARCHINTON, R. L.
AUA
FRANGULA CAROLINIANA (WALT.) GRAY
JSU129523 Blount 13 Oct 1984 C. F. Nixon
964
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
SAMF0002109 Jefferson 17 Aug 1948 E. J. Pannell
s.n.
SAMF
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) A. Gray
JSU129554 Jefferson 23 May 1985 J. P. Barber
1573
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
JSU129547 Jackson 15 Jul 1998 K. R. Brodeur
1013
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
14255 Montgomery 3 AUG 1967 RANKIN, H. TAYLOR
AUA
FRANGULA CAROLINIANA (WALT.) GRAY
JSU129553 Jefferson 14 Sep 1985 J. P. Barber
1759
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
UWAL0003716 Pickens 30 Jun 2007 Brian R. Keener
3734
UWAL
Frangula caroliniana (Walt.) Gray
JSU129568 Marshall 1 Sep 1979 Pat Wolford
0024
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
UWAL0003720 Sumter 20 Jul 1995 Lee Stanton
B-89
UWAL
Frangula caroliniana (Walt.) Gray
53046 Chilton 17 SEP 1993 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8782
AUA
FRANGULA CAROLINIANA (WALT.) GRAY
JSU129565 Madison 15 Oct 1975 R. D. Whetstone
7029
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
TROY000027727 Blount 23 May 1998 Brian R. Keener
831
TROY
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
UWAL0003717 Sumter 10 Jul 2006 Brian R. Keener
3192
UWAL
Frangula caroliniana (Walt.) Gray
63612 Lowndes 8 JUL 2004 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
1548
AUA
FRANGULA CAROLINIANA (WALT.) GRAY
JSU129534 Clay 6 May 1967 W. E. Boone
s.n.
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
JSU139260 Shelby 12 Oct 1996 D. D. Spaulding
9326
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
JSU129524 Calhoun 27 May 1986 C. L. Lawler
600
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
TROY000037318 Coosa 12 Jul 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
24366
TROY
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) A. Gray
46798 Butler 30 AUG 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3568
AUA
FRANGULA CAROLINIANA (WALT.) GRAY
JSU129549 Jackson 5 Aug 1975 R. D. Whetstone
5788
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
12317 Calhoun 10 JUL 1968 LANDERS, KENNETH E.
AUA
FRANGULA CAROLINIANA (WALT.) GRAY
JSU129528 Cherokee 8 Aug 1987 C. C. Dickson
461
JSU
Frangula caroliniana (Walter) Gray
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  • Salt shrub – A shrubland community that forms the ecotone between salt marsh and upland vegetation. Salinity levels are generally lower here than in the salt marsh (soil pore salinity ranges 7 ppt to 27 ppt); and the elevation is higher. Salt shrub does not usually develop on deep peat. More often, it occurs on a thin (0-10 cm) layer of peat, and soils share characteristics of both estuarine and maritime terrestrial settings.

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