Prunus alabamensis

Family:ROSACEAE
Species:Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
Common Name:Alabama Black Cherry
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:**
Duration:**
Category:**
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Alabama Black Cherry is a native deciduous tree in the Rose family (Rosaceae). It occurs in scattered locations across the state. Alabama Black Cherry grows in dry sandy or rocky woodlands, often associated with Longleaf Pine (Pinus palustris Miller). It is a small to medium sized tree reaching heights of 20-40 feet. The bark is gray and smooth on young limbs. On older limbs and the trunk is its rough and broken into plate-like sections and dark gray to almost black in color. Young shoots are green in color and pubescent. The leaves are deciduous, alternate, petiolate, ovate to elliptic in outline, with serrate margins. The leaves are dark green above and lighter green below. The leaves are uniformly pubescent below and lack tuffs of hairs in the axils of the veins. The leaves of Alabama Black Cherry turn red or orange in the autumn and persist on the tree longer than those of Common Black Cherry (Prunus serotina Ehrhart). Flowers are produced in elongate racemes from the axils of the leaves. The flowers have 5 white petals, and the rachis, peduncles, and calyx are pubescent. Alabama Black Cherry usually flowers about 2 weeks after Common Black Cherry has finished flowering. The fruit is a dark purple, globose drupe. Alabama Black Cherry is listed as a S1 species in Alabama (typically 5 or fewer occurrences, very few remaining individuals, acres, or miles of stream, or some factor of its biology making it especially vulnerable in the state) and globally as a G4 species (imperiled globally because of rarity (6 - 20 occurrences, or few remaining acres, or miles of stream) or very vulnerable to extinction throughout its range because of other factors).--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, S1 (State Rank), G4 (Global Rank)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyROSACEAE - Rose family
Genus Prunus
Species Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr - Alabama Black Cherry

Citation

Citation **
Basionym: **
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Padus alabamensis    
Padus australis    
Padus cuthbertii    
Prunus serotina var. alabamensis    

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Blount, Calhoun, Cherokee, Chilton, Clarke, Clay, Cleburne, Coosa, Crenshaw, Dale, Etowah, Hale, Jefferson, Monroe, Pike, Shelby, St. Clair, Talladega

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1893 - 2008

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU130942 Calhoun 30 Sep 1972 R. L'Eplattenier
s.n.
JSU
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
UNA00068703 Coosa 28 Apr 2008 Brian R. Keener
4358
UNA
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
JSU130960 Etowah 17 Jul 1994 L. M. Hodge
2881
JSU
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
AUA000023516 Chilton 3 MAY 2005 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
15270
AUA
PRUNUS ALABAMENSIS C. MOHR
JSU130964 Jefferson 23 May 1985 J. P. Barber
1539
JSU
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
AUA000023519 Pike 1999 MARTIN, BRIAN
6
AUA
PRUNUS ALABAMENSIS C. MOHR
UWAL0033790 Clay 26 Apr 2015 Keener, Brian R.
8809
UWAL
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
UWAL0035024 Jefferson 07 May 1965 Myers, Martha Crystal
337
UWAL
Prunus alabamensis Mohr
JSU130967 Shelby 12 Oct 1996 D. D. Spaulding
9449
JSU
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
TROY000023059 Coosa 28 Apr 2008 Brian R. Keener
4358
TROY
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
JSU130955 Cleburne 7 May 1981 R. D. Whetstone
10705
JSU
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
TROY000023058 Hale 13 May 2003 Alvin R. Diamond
9729
TROY
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
AUA000023520 Pike 22 APR 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6831
AUA
PRUNUS ALABAMENSIS C. MOHR
JSU130962 Jefferson 17 May 1985 J. P. Barber
1487
JSU
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
JSU146026 Calhoun 21 May 1993 F. Hutchinson
1494
JSU
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
TROY000008360 Pike 28 Oct 1999 Melinda Mims
6-99
TROY
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
TROY000008361 Pike 05 May 1999 Brian H. Martin
6
TROY
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
JSU130953 Cleburne 24 Jun 1969 Donny Sizemore
s.n.
JSU
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
JSU130965 St. Clair 12 May 1983 C. F. Nixon
167
JSU
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
UWAL0034948 Clay 03 Jun 2012 Webb, Wayne K.
014
UWAL
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
JSU130956 Cleburne 7 May 1983 Melanie G. Bussey
636
JSU
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
JSU130945 Calhoun 6 Jun 1968 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
JSU130951 Cleburne 15 Oct 1996 S. E. Hruska
1483
JSU
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
AUA000027877 Hale 13 MAY 2003 WOODS, MICHAEL
9729
AUA
PRUNUS ALABAMENSIS C. MOHR
JSU130968 Shelby 20 Jul 1993 R. D. Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
UNA00015593 22 Sep 1893 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
JSU130957 Cleburne 23 Sep 1982 Melanie G. Bussey
422
JSU
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
AUA000023522 Pike 9 MAY 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4727
AUA
PRUNUS ALABAMENSIS C. MOHR
JSU130970 Talladega 24 Jun 1969 jessica Tudor
s.n.
JSU
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
JSU130947 Calhoun 18 Jul 1991 Rhonda Naugher
251
JSU
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
TROY000022828 Cherokee 25 Apr 2007 Terry Wayne Barger
23
TROY
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
JSU130969 Talladega 1 Jul 1992 R. D. Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
TROY000023056 Chilton 10 May 1999 Robert Kral
88271
TROY
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
JSU130939 Blount 29 Apr 1993 Adam Dasinger
55
JSU
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
UWAL0003809 Coosa 28 Apr 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4358
UWAL
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
JSU130952 Cleburne 6 Sep 1982 Melanie G. Bussey
258
JSU
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
UNA00064074 St. Clair 12 May 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13168
UNA
Prunus serotina Ehrh. var. alabamensis (C. Mohr) Little
JSU130943 Calhoun 4 Nov 1968 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
JSU130948 Calhoun 18 Jul 1991 Rhonda Naugher
254
JSU
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
UWAL0017959 Clarke 10 Jun 1996 Kral, R.
86034
UWAL
Prunus alabamensis Mohr.
JSU130971 Talladega 2 Sep 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13650
JSU
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
AUA000023517 Coosa 7 MAY 2000 SCHOTZ, ALFRED
1781
AUA
PRUNUS ALABAMENSIS C. MOHR
TROY000008358 Monroe 27 Sep 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18352
TROY
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
JSU130959 Cleburne 23 Sep 1982 Melanie G. Bussey
422
JSU
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
AUA000023521 Pike 9 MAY 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4727
AUA
PRUNUS ALABAMENSIS C. MOHR
JSU130949 Cherokee 31 May 1968 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
JSU130944 Calhoun 18 Jul 1991 Rhonda Naugher
254
JSU
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
UWAL0016907 Jefferson 16 Sep 2014 Davenport, L.J.
5660
UWAL
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
JSU130966 St. Clair 12 May 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13168
JSU
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
UWAL0031665 Shelby 03 Oct 1992 Kral, R.
81697
UWAL
Prunus alabamensis Mohr.
JSU130958 Cleburne 6 May 1967 R. Richardson
s.n.
JSU
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
UNA00061378 Jefferson 11 May 1898 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
JSU130950 Cleburne 15 Jun 1983 Melanie G. Bussey
710
JSU
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
AUA000023518 Crenshaw 5 JUL 1996 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
10375
AUA
PRUNUS ALABAMENSIS C. MOHR
JSU130963 Jefferson 30 Jun 1984 J. P. Barber
727
JSU
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
JSU130946 Calhoun 18 Jul 1991 Rhonda Naugher
251
JSU
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
UWAL0034841 Dale 16 Aug 1987 Kral, R.
74356
UWAL
Prunus alabamensis Mohr
TROY000023057 St. Clair 03 May 1980 Robert Kral
64904
TROY
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
JSU130940 Calhoun 27 Apr 1986 C. L. Lawler
181
JSU
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
JSU130954 Clay 17 May 1994 J. M. Ballard
3991
JSU
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
TROY000023055 Chilton 03 May 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15270
TROY
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
SAMF0002912 Jefferson 16 Sep 2014 L. J. Davenport
5660
SAMF
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
JSU130961 Jefferson 17 May 1985 J. P. Barber
1473
JSU
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
SAMF0002070 Jefferson 07 May 1965 Martha Crystal Myers
s.n.
SAMF
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
JSU130941 Calhoun 2 May 1967 Sandy Horton
s.n.
JSU
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
TROY000008359 Pike 01 Apr 1999 Brian H. Martin
1042
TROY
Prunus alabamensis C. Mohr
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