Centella asiatica

Family:APIACEAE
Species:Centella asiatica (Linnaeus) Urban in C. F. P. von Martius et al.
Common Name:Stiff Spadeleaf; Coinleaf; Erect Spadeleaf
Habitat:Wet ditches, margins of ponds, low grassy areas such as lawns and roadsides.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Stiff Spadeleaf is a native herbaceous perennial in the Carrot family (Apiaceae). It is native to the southeastern United States, Central America, the Indian subcontinent, and portions of Southeast Asia. In Alabama it can be found in the southern third of the state. Stiff Spadeleaf occurs in bogs, in wet ditches, around the margins of ponds, and in wet lawns. It is a perennial with a long creeping stolon, rooting at the nodes. Leaves are clustered at the nodes, petiolate, reniform in outline, glabrous or pubescent, with dentate margins. The leaves are held stiffly erect. Flowers are produced in umbels of 2-6 flowers. Individual flowers lack sepals, but are partly enclosed in 2 bracts. Each flower has 5-6 triangular greenish white petals. The fruit is schizocarp consisting of 2 mericarps. The mericarps are flattened with 7-9 ribs. Stiff Spadeleaf is used in herbal medicine under the name Gota Kola. It is also eaten in many Asian counties either raw or cooked. Stiff Spadeleaf is a somewhat weedy species and is not usually available from native plant nurseries. Some nurseries that sell herbal plants occasionally carry it. It prefers a loamy or sandy soil that is moist or wet, and full sunlight. Any rooted section of the plant can be used for propagation.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACW (DEP), FACW (NWI), T (WAP)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyAPIACEAE - Carrot/Parsley family
Genus Centella
Species Centella asiatica (Linnaeus) Urban in C. F. P. von Martius et al. - Stiff Spadeleaf; Coinleaf; Erect Spadeleaf

Citation

Citation **
Basionym: **
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Centella asiatica var. floridana Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 7: 30. 1900.Hydrocotyle asiatica Linnaeus, var. floridana J. M. Coulter & Rose 1888. 
Centella erecta Centella erecta (Linnaeus f.) Fernald, Rhodora 42: 295. 1940.Hydrocotyle erecta Linnaeus f. 1782 
Centella repanda Centella repanda (Persoon) Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 859, 1336. 1903.Hydrocotyle repanda Persoon 1805; Hydrocotyle ficaroides Michaux 1803, non Lamarck 1789. 
Hydrcotyle erecta    

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Bullock, Butler, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Escambia, Geneva, Houston, Mobile, Pike, Washington

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, UNAF, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UNA00037073 Mobile 2 Jun 1978 Robert R. Haynes
6542
UNA
Centella asiatica (L.) Urban
AUA000028063 Baldwin 27 JUL 1968 SCARSBROOK, ELLEN
AUA
CENTELLA ASIATICA (L.) URBAN
TROY000014441 Bullock 17 Jun 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19431
TROY
Centella erecta (Linnaeus f.) Fernald
UWAL0037426 Bullock 17 Jun 2016 Soehren, Eric C.
318
UWAL
Centella asiaica (L.) Urb.
UNA00037064 Geneva 12 Jul 1978 L. J. Davenport
560
UNA
Centella asiatica (L.) Urban
UNAF0000303 Baldwin 12 Jul 1977 Bentley, Gerald
s.n.
UNAF
Centella asiatica (Linnaeus) Urban
AMAL00013536 Baldwin 07 Jun 2006 Daniel D. Spaulding
12468
AMAL
Centella erecta (L.F.) Fern.
UWAL0000121 Butler 6 Oct 2007 Diamond, A.R.
18482
UWAL
Centella erecta (L. f.) Fern.
AUA000028070 Escambia 17 JUL 1964 BOYD, C. E.
AUA
CENTELLA ERECTA (L. F.) FERN.
UNA00037088 Covington 7 Aug 1979 L. J. Davenport
1499
UNA
Centella asiatica (L.) Urban
TROY000032387 Conecuh 09 Jul 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22324
TROY
Centella erecta (Linnaeus f.) Fernald
AMAL00015368 Baldwin 19 Jul 2007 Daniel D. Spaulding
127716
AMAL
Centella erecta (L.F.) Fern.
UWAL0035601 Mobile 24 May 2014 Horne, Howard E.
2556
UWAL
Centella asiatica (Linnaeus) Urban
UWAL0034422 Conecuh 18 Sep 1993 Kral, R.
83323
UWAL
Centella asiatica (L.) Urb.
AUA000028065 Covington 3 OCT 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3695
AUA
CENTELLA ASIATICA (L.) URBAN
JSU139559 Mobile 28 Mar 1993 D. D. Spaulding
3419
JSU
Centella erecta (Linnaeus f.) Fernald
AMAL00013829 Covington 20 Aug 1981 R. Kral
67704
AMAL
Centella erecta (L.F.) Fern.
TROY000029855 Butler 06 Oct 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18482
TROY
Centella erecta (Linnaeus f.) Fernald
AMAL00009753 Washington 09 Jun 2008 Daniel D. Spaulding
12928
AMAL
Centella erecta (L.F.) Fern.
UWAL0002368 Washington 9 Jun 2008 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12928
UWAL
Centella erecta (L. f.) Fern.
TROY000044213 Houston 21 Jul 2016 Alvin R. Diamond
27568
TROY
Centella asiatica (Linnaeus) Urban
TROY000042835 Houston 30 Jul 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26670
TROY
Centella asiatica (Linnaeus) Urban in C. F. P. von Martius et al.
UNA00037084 Mobile 23 Apr 1950 Lloyd C. Crawford
1002
UNA
Centella asiatica (L.) Urban
JSU117356 Houston 22 Jun 1984 R. D. Whetstone
14210
JSU
Centella erecta (Linnaeus f.) Fernald
TROY000020871 Baldwin 13 Sep 2008 J. Kevin England
1126
TROY
Centella erecta (Linnaeus f.) Fernald
AUA000028064 Butler 26 JUN 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3399
AUA
CENTELLA ASIATICA (L.) URBAN
AUA000028067 Escambia 8 AUG 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3470
AUA
CENTELLA ASIATICA (L.) URBAN
AUA000028069 Covington 20 JUN 2008 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
3365
AUA
CENTELLA ERECTA (L. F.) FERN.
UWAL0015375 Baldwin 06 Jun 2014 England, J. Kevin
4914
UWAL
Centella asiatica (Linnaeus) Urban in C. F. P. von Martius et al.
TROY000000924 Covington 09 Jun 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13270
TROY
Centella erecta (Linnaeus f.) Fernald
TROY000034812 Washington 09 Jun 2008 Daniel D. Spaulding
12928
TROY
Centella erecta (Linnaeus f.) Fernald
UNA00037068 Houston 11 Jul 1978 Robert R. Haynes
6666
UNA
Centella asiatica (L.) Urban
USAM000001101 Mobile 21 May 1968 Michel G. Lelong
4604
USAM
Centella asiatica (Linnaeus) Urban in C. F. P. von Martius et al.
UWAL0008083 Conecuh 09 Jul 2011 Diamond, A.R.
22324
UWAL
Centella erecta (Linnaeus) Fernald
UNA00050748 Geneva 6 Jun 1998 John R. MacDonald
11376
UNA
Centella asiatica (L.) Urban
UWAL0017088 Baldwin 18 May 2014 Keener, Brian R.
8425
UWAL
Centella asiatica (L.) Urban
AUA000028068 Pike 27 SEP 1995 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9990
AUA
CENTELLA ASIATICA (L.) URBAN
JSU117355 Houston 22 Jun 1984 R. D. Whetstone
14232
JSU
Centella erecta (Linnaeus f.) Fernald
AUA000028066 Crenshaw 8 AUG 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6236
AUA
CENTELLA ASIATICA (L.) URBAN
UNAF0000304 Baldwin 31 Jul 1964 Tyler, Anne
s.n.
UNAF
Centella asiatica (Linnaeus) Urban
UNA00037083 Mobile _ Jun 1878 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Centella asiatica (L.) Urban
USAM000001104 Mobile 08 Jun 1967 Michel G. Lelong
3247
USAM
Centella asiatica (Linnaeus) Urban in C. F. P. von Martius et al.
UNA00037069 Mobile 1 May 1965 Rebecca Deramus
D431
UNA
Centella asiatica (L.) Urban
USAM000001103 Mobile 14 May 1979 Michel G. Lelong
10803
USAM
Centella asiatica (Linnaeus) Urban in C. F. P. von Martius et al.
TROY000000925 Dale 15 Sep 2000 Michael Woods
8226
TROY
Centella erecta (Linnaeus f.) Fernald
USAM000001102 Mobile 30 Apr 1968 D. L. Scott and B. E. Wofford
145
USAM
Centella asiatica (Linnaeus) Urban in C. F. P. von Martius et al.
UWAL0000120 Baldwin 13 Sep 2008 England, J. Kevin
1126
UWAL
Centella erecta (L. f.) Fern.
UNA00037078 Mobile s.d. Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Centella asiatica (L.) Urban
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