Salix eriocephala

Family:SALICACEAE
Species:Salix eriocephala Michaux
Common Name:Missouri Willow; Diamond Willow; Heartleaf Willow
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Tree
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:SAER
Plant Notes:Missouri Willow is a native perennial in the Willow family (Salicaceae). It can be found throughout Alabama. Missouri Willow grows in wet prairies, along streams, on seeps, and in wet roadside ditches. It is a multi-trunked large shrub reaching heights of 3-18 feet. It is often much branched near the base. The stems, like those of most willows, are brittle. The branches are yellow-green in color, often with some red-brown pigmentation, especially on plants in full sun. The branches are pubescent. Leaves are deciduous, alternate, lanceolate to oblong in outline, with serrated margins. Mature leaves are green above and glaucous below. Large persistent stipules occur at the base of the leaves. The stipules are oval to reniform in outline with serrated margins. Flowers are produced before the leaves in early spring. Missouri Willow is dioecious (having separate male and female plants). Flowers are produced in short upright catkins. Male catkins are yellowish-white in color and showy. They somewhat resemble the catkins of Pussy Willow. Female catkins are green and non-showy. The fruit is a capsule with many small seed. The wind dispersed seed have a white cottony tuff of hairs. Missouri Willow is rarely offered for sale by native plant nurseries. It is however easy to root from cuttings at almost any time of the year. Missouri Willow can be grown around ponds or along streams. It prefers full sun and wet clayey soil.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, OBL (DEP), FACW (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilySALICACEAE - Willow family
Genus Salix
Species Salix eriocephala Michaux - Missouri Willow; Diamond Willow; Heartleaf Willow

Citation

Citation SALIX ERIOCEPHALA Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 225. 1803.
Basionym: **
Type: ILLINOIS: "in regione Illinoensi", 1795, Michaux s.n. (lectotype: P; isotypes: P). Lectotypified by Argus, Brittonia 32: 170-177. 1980.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Salix acutidens Salix acutidens Rydberg, in Britton, Man. Fl. N. States 315. 1901. PENNSYLVANIA: Lancaster Co.: Dillerville Swamp, 10 Jul 1901, Heller 4917 (lectotype: NY). Lectotypified by Argus, Syst. Bot. Monogr. 9: 128. 1986.
Salix angustata Salix angustata Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 613. 1814.  
Salix cordata var. abrasa Salix cordata Muhlenberg, var. abrasa Fernald, Rhodora 48: 34. 1946. CANADA: QUEBEC: Gaspe Co.: R. Ste. Annes des Monts, 14-17 Jul 1906, Fernald & Collins 484 (holotype: GH; isotype: CAN).
Salix cordata var. angustata Salix cordata Muhlenberg, var. angustata (Pursh) Andersson, in de Candolle, Prodr. 16(2): 252. 1868.Salix angustata Pursh 1814. 
Salix cordata var. missouriensis Salix cordata Muhlenberg, var. missouriensis (Bebb) Mackenzie & Bush, Man. Fl. Jackson County 69. 1902.Salix missouriensis Bebb 1895; Salix cordata Muhlenberg, forma vestita Andersson 1867. 
Salix cordata var. rigida Salix cordata Muhlenberg, var. rigida (Muhlenberg) J. Carey, in A. Gray, Manual 427. 1848.Salix rigida Muhlenberg 1803. 
Salix discolor var. eriocephala Salix discolor Muhlenberg, var. eriocephala (Michaux) Andersson, Monogr. Salicum 85. 1867.Salix eriocephala Michaux 1803. 
Salix missouriensis Salix missouriensis Bebb, Garden & Forest 8: 373. 1895.Salix cordata Muhlenberg, forma vestita Andersson 1867. 
Salix myricoides var. angustata Salix myricoides Muhlenberg, var. angustata (Pursh) Dippel, Handb. Laubholzk. 2: 283. 1892.Salix angustata Pursh 1814. 
Salix myricoides var. cordata Salix myricoides Muhlenberg, var. cordata Dippel, Handb. Laubholzk. 2: 134. 1891.Salix cordata Muhlenberg 1803, non Michaux 1803. 
Salix myricoides var. rigida Salix myricoides Muhlenberg, var. rigida (Muhlenberg)Dippel, Handb. Laubholzk. 2: 282. 1892.Salix rigida Muhlenberg 1803. 
Salix torreyana Salix torreyana Barratt, Salices Amer., Sp. 29. 1840. CONNECTICUT: Middlesex Co.: Middletown, s.d., Barratt s.n. (lectotype: NY). Lectotypified by Dorn, Brittonia 47: 162. 1995.
Salix cordata Salix cordata Muhlenberg, Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin Neue Schriften 4: 236. 1803, non Michaux 1803. PENNSYLVANIA: Lancaster Co.: Lancaster, s.d., Muhlenberg 569 (holotype: PH).
Salix rigida Salix rigida Muhlenberg, Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin Neue Schriften 4: 237. 1803. PENNSYLVANIA: Lancaster Co.: Lancaster, s.d., Muhlenberg 570 (holotype: PH).
Salix rigida var. angustata Salix rigida Muhlenberg, var. angustata (Pursh) Fernald, Rhodora 48: 38. 1946.Salix angustata Pursh 1814. 
Salix rigida var. vestita Salix rigida Muhlenberg, var. vestita (Andersson) C. R. Ball, in Gleason, Ill. Fl. N.E. U.S. 2: 10. 1952, nom. illegit.Salix cordata Muhlenberg, var. missouriensis (Bebb) Mackenzie & Bush 1902; Salix missouriensis Bebb 1895; Salix cordata Muhlenberg, forma vestita Andersson 1867. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Barbour, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Cherokee, Chilton, Choctaw, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Elmore, Etowah, Geneva, Houston, Lee, Lowndes, Macon, Montgomery, Pike, Shelby, St. Clair, Talladega

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: JSU, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1980 - 2007

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UWAL0033251 Crenshaw 12 Mar 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26017
UWAL
Salix eriocephala Michaux
UNA00066668 Butler 24 Mar 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17337
UNA
Salix eriocephala Michx.
UNA00047426 Barbour 20 Jun 1997 John R. MacDonald
10733
UNA
Salix eriocephala Michx.
UNA00012041 Elmore 20 Mar 1987 Robert R. Haynes
8810
UNA
Salix eriocephala Michx.
UNA00058237 Macon 01 Apr 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13008
UNA
Salix eriocephala Michx.
TROY000008843 Conecuh 23 Feb 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
12923
TROY
Salix eriocephala Michaux
TROY000023522 Autauga 01 Mar 2002 Robert R. Haynes
10219
TROY
Salix eriocephala Michaux
TROY000023523 Chilton 18 May 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15374
TROY
Salix eriocephala Michaux
TROY000008845 Covington 03 Mar 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
12941
TROY
Salix eriocephala Michaux
UNA00058373 Lowndes 17 Mar 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
12967
UNA
Salix eriocephala Michx.
UNA00050178 Coffee 29 Apr 1998 John R. MacDonald
11075
UNA
Salix eriocephala Michx.
UWAL0038786 Blount 15 May 2018 Barger, T. Wayne
3822
UWAL
Salix eriocephala Michx.
TROY000008842 Coffee 22 Feb 2000 Brian H. Martin
432
TROY
Salix eriocephala Michaux
UNA00068997 Cherokee 26 Sep 2007 T. Wayne Barger
273
UNA
Salix eriocephala Michx.
UWAL0017586 Montgomery 19 Mar 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26027
UWAL
Salix eriocephala Michaux
TROY000008847 Dale 14 Apr 2000 Tiffany Pennington
997
TROY
Salix eriocephala Michaux
TROY000008846 Dale 21 Jun 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13383
TROY
Salix eriocephala Michaux
UNA00012043 Autauga 16 Apr 1980 L. J. Davenport
1800
UNA
Salix eriocephala Michx.
JSU132960 Chilton 4 Mar 2000 Robert R. Haynes
10057
JSU
Salix eriocephala Michaux
TROY000008849 Macon 01 Apr 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13008
TROY
Salix eriocephala Michaux
UNA00058390 Conecuh 23 Feb 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
12923
UNA
Salix eriocephala Michx.
TROY000008841 Butler 24 Mar 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17337
TROY
Salix eriocephala Michaux
TROY000032814 Covington 09 Mar 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
21766
TROY
Salix eriocephala Michaux
UWAL0002793 Covington 09 Mar 2011 Diamond, A.R.
21766
UWAL
Salix eriocephala Michx.
TROY000008848 Lowndes 17 Mar 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
12967
TROY
Salix eriocephala Michaux
UNA00012040 Choctaw _-_-1895 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Salix eriocephala Michx.
JSU132964 Talladega 18 Mar 1995 D. D. Spaulding
8890
JSU
Salix eriocephala Michaux
UWAL0004005 Butler 24 Mar 2007 Diamond, A.R.
17337
UWAL
Salix eriocephala Michx.
UNA00048864 Houston 16 Mar 1997 John R. MacDonald
10050
UNA
Salix eriocephala Michx.
TROY000042283 Montgomery 19 Mar 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26027
TROY
Salix eriocephala Michaux
JSU132961 Etowah 8 Apr 1998 D. D. Spaulding
10471
JSU
Salix eriocephala Michaux
JSU132963 Shelby 12 Oct 1996 D. D. Spaulding
9321
JSU
Salix eriocephala Michaux
TROY000037098 Bullock 21 Feb 2013 Bailee Dykes
1517
TROY
Salix eriocephala Michaux
UNA00047696 Geneva 24 Jun 1997 John R. MacDonald
10806
UNA
Salix eriocephala Michx.
UNA00053315 Chilton 04 Mar 2000 Robert R. Haynes
10057
UNA
Salix eriocephala Michx.
TROY000008850 Pike 20 May 1989 Peggy Lowe
47
TROY
Salix eriocephala Michaux
UWAL0014842 Bullock 21 Feb 2013 Dykes, Bailee
1517
UWAL
Salix eriocephala Michaux
TROY000030822 Lee 01 Sep 1957 G.S. Jones
s.n.
TROY
Salix eriocephala Michaux
TROY000008844 Covington 19 Jun 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13372
TROY
Salix eriocephala Michaux
UNA00045799 Houston 28 Nov 1993 John R. MacDonald
6933
UNA
Salix eriocephala Michx.
JSU132962 St. Clair 14 Jun 1997 J. M. Ballard
7223
JSU
Salix eriocephala Michaux
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