Agalinis aphylla

Species:Agalinis aphylla (Nuttall) Rafinesque
Common Name:Scale Leaf False Foxglove; Leafless False Foxglove
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Scale Leaf False Foxglove is a native herbaceous annual in the Broomrape family (Orobanchaceae). It can be found in the southern-most counties of Alabama. Scale Leaf False Foxglove occurs in Pitcher plant bogs, in wet pine savannah’s, and in low pinelands. It is an annual with a tap root. Stems are erect, to 2 feet in height, glabrous, angled, green or purplish in color, and branched near the top with the branches ascending. Leaves are basal and cauline. The basal leaves are absent at flowering. Basal leaves are oval or ovate in outline and glabrous. The stem leaves are absent or reduced to stiff appressed scales less than 3 mm in length. Flowers are produced in racemes. These are often reduced to a single flower that appears to be axillary. Flower pedicles have 1-several bracts. The calyx lobes are mucronate, less than 0.3 mm in length. The corolla is 5-lobed, pink-purple in color, with 2 yellow lines and numerous purple spots in the throat. The fruit is a capsule. Scale Leaf False Foxglove is hemiparasitic. Seedlings must establish a connection to the roots of grass plants for continued growth. It is listed as an S2 species in Alabama (typically 6 to 20 occurrences, few remaining individuals, or factors demonstrably making it very vulnerable in the state), and globally as a G3G4 species (imperiled globally because of rarity (6 - 20 occurrences) or very vulnerable to extinction throughout its range because of other factors).—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACW (NWI), S2 (State Rank), G3G4 (Global Rank)
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.


FamilyOROBANCHACEAE - Broomrape family
Genus Agalinis
Species Agalinis aphylla (Nuttall) Rafinesque - Scale Leaf False Foxglove; Leafless False Foxglove


Citation AGALINIS APHYLLA (Nuttall) Rafinesque, New Fl. 2: 65. 1837 ("1836").
Basionym: Gerardia aphylla Nuttall 1818.
Type: FLORIDA: Without data, Baldwin s.n. (holotype: PH).

** Not applicable or data not available.


SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Agalinis microphylla Agalinis microphylla Rafinesque, New Fl. 2: 65. 1837 ("1836"). FLORIDA
Gerardia aphylla Gerardia aphylla Nuttall, Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 2: 47. 1818. LORIDA: Without data, Baldwin s.n. (holotype: PH).

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Covington, Escambia, Geneva, Mobile, Washington

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AUA, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
AUA_ACC_59892 Washington 1 Nov 1995 Sorrie, Bruce A.
Agalinis Aphylla (Nutt.) Raf.
TROY000008939 Geneva 04 Oct 1999 MacDonald, John R.
Agalinis aphylla (Nuttall) Rafinesque
TROY000033150 Covington 10 Oct 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
Agalinis aphylla (Nuttall) Rafinesque
UWAL0002876 Covington 10 Oct 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
Agalinis aphylla (Nuttall) Rafinesque
ALNHS00007084 Baldwin 07 Oct 2020 Barger, T. Wayne
Agalinis aphylla (Nutt.) Raf.
UWAL0002838 Escambia 10 Oct 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
Agalinis aphylla (Nuttall) Rafinesque
UNA00059220 Mobile _ Oct _ Mohr, Charles
Agalinis aphylla (Nutt.) Raf.
ALNHS00005424 Escambia 02 NOV 2017 Taylor, Chris T.
Agalinis aphylla (Nutt.) Raf.
TROY000032043 Escambia 10 Oct 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
Agalinis aphylla (Nuttall) Rafinesque
USAM000014317 Baldwin 16 Oct 1976 LeLong, Michel G.
Agalinis aphylla (Nuttall) Rafinesque
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