Tiedemannia filiformis

Family:APIACEAE
Species:Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) Feist & S.R. Downie
Common Name:Water Cowbane; Leafless Cowbane; Water Dropwort
Habitat:Savannahs, bogs, margins of black water streams.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Water Cowbane is a native herbaceous perennial in the Carrot family (Apiaceae). It can be found in the southern fourth of Alabama. Water Cowbane grows in bogs, in depressions in pine flatwoods, along small streams, and in wet roadside ditches. It often grows in shallow standing water. Water Cowbane is a perennial with a tap root. Stems are erect, 3-5 feet in height, and with few branches. The stems are striate and often glaucous. The leaves are alternate, septate, and phyllodial (an expanded petiole resembling a leaf, but without a flattened blade). The leaves are greatly reduced in size upwards along the stem. Flowers are produced in compound umbels. The compound umbel is subtended by 4-10 lanceolate bracts. Each branch of the compound umbel has 12-22 white flowers subtended by 6-8 linear bractlets (bracteoles). The flowers are stalked, and have 5 white petals, 5 stamens with white or pinkish anthers, and a single pistil. The petals often curve inward over the center of the flower. The fruit is oval or elliptic in outline with flat lateral wings. Water Cowbane is a larval host for the Black Swallowtail Butterfly (Papilio polyxenes). Water Cowbane is not usually available from native plant nurseries, but it can be grown from seed. It requires a wet, organic rich soil in full sun. It can be grown in a bog garden or shallow pool.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACW+ (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyAPIACEAE - Carrot/Parsley family
Genus Tiedemannia
Species Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) Feist & S.R. Downie - Water Cowbane; Leafless Cowbane; Water Dropwort

Citation

Citation **
Basionym: Oenanthe filiformis Walter 1788.
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Berkeley Co.: Along E side of SC 41, 2.3 mi. N of intersection with S-899, 17 Sep 1981, Porcher s.n. (neotype: BM; isoneotypes: CITA, DOV). Neotypified by A. O. Tucker et al., Syst. Bot. 8: 300. 1983.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Oenanthe carolinensis Oenanthe carolinensis Persoon, Syn. Pl. 1: 318. 1805, nom. illegit.Oenanthe filiformis Walter 1788. 
Oenanthe filiformis Oenanthe filiformis Walter, Fl. Carol. 113. 1788. SOUTH CAROLINA: Berkeley Co.: Along E side of SC 41, 2.3 mi. N of intersection with S-899, 17 Sep 1981, Porcher s.n. (neotype: BM; isoneotypes: CITA, DOV). Neotypified by Tucker et al., Syst. Bot. 8: 300. 1983.
Oxypolis bakeri Oxypolis bakeri (H. Wolff ex Urban) Britton & P. Wilson ex Britton, in Brace, Torreya 29: 16. 1929.Tiedemannia bakeri H. Wolff ex Urban 1908. 
Oxypolis caroliniana Oxypolis caroliniana Rafinesque, Bull. Bot. (Seringe) 1: 218. 1830, nom. illegit.Oenanthe filiformis Walter 1788. 
Peucedanum teretifolium Peucedanum teretifolium A. W. Wood, Amer. Bot. Fl. 136. 1870, nom. illegit.Sium teretifolium Elliott 1817, nom. illegit.; Oenanthe filiformis Walter 1788. 
Sium teretifolium Sium teretifolium Elliott, Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 1: 354. 1817, nom. illegit.Oenanthe filiformis Walter 1788. 
Tiedemannia bakeri Tiedemannia bakeri H. Wolff ex Urban, Symb. Antill. 5: 452. 1908. CUBA: Habana: Near Batabano, Oct, Baker & Wilson 2215 (holotype: ?).
Tiedemannia teretifolia Tiedemannia teretifolia de Candolle, Coll. Mém. 5: 81, pl. 12. 1829.  
Oxypolis filiformis OXYPOLIS FILIFORMIS (Walter) Britton, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 5: 239. 1894.Oenanthe filiformis Walter 1788. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Escambia, Geneva, Houston, Mobile, Monroe, Washington

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AMAL, AUA, BRIT, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1951 - 1980

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU118072 Washington 13 Sep 1997 Whetstone, R. David
18729
JSU
Oxypolis filiformis (Walter) Britton
UNA00037606 Mobile _ Sep _ Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Oxypolis filiformis (Walt.) Britt.
TROY000020545 Escambia 19 Sep 2005 Kral, Robert
96870
TROY
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) Feist & S.R. Downie
UWAL0000192 Mobile 13 Aug 2005 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12329
UWAL
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) Feist & S.R. Downie ssp. filiformis
JSU118070 Covington 1 Sep 1970 Kral, Robert
40995
JSU
Oxypolis filiformis (Walter) Britton
UWAL0033264 Geneva 26 Jul 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26643
UWAL
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) Feist & S.R. Downie
BRIT72691 Covington 20 Aug 1981 Kral, Robert
67741
BRIT
Oxypolis filiformis (Walter) Britton
TROY000034297 Washington 05 Oct 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4946
TROY
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) Feist & S.R. Downie
AUA000028810 Geneva 25 Aug 1969 Moore, Harold D.
605-69
AUA
Tiedemannia Filiformis (Walt.) Feist & S.R. Downie Ssp. Filiformis
AUA000028176 Baldwin 24 Jul 2012 Barger, T. Wayne
674
AUA
Oxypolis Filiformis (Walt.) Britt.
BRIT72689 Covington 01 Sep 1970 Kral, Robert
40995
BRIT
Oxypolis filiformis (Walter) Britton
UWAL0052975 Covington 01 Sep 2020 Davenport, L.J.
6736
UWAL
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) Feist & S.R. Downie
TROY000038418 Covington 11 Sep 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24532A
TROY
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) Feist & S.R. Downie
BRIT67035 Mobile 27 Aug 1982 Carter, Richard
3467
BRIT
Oxypolis filiformis (Walter) Britton
TROY000014436 Covington 20 Aug 1981 Kral, Robert
67741
TROY
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) Feist & S.R. Downie
UNA00073921 Baldwin 8 Aug 2013 Keener, Brian R.
8119
UNA
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) M.A. Feist & S.R. Downie subsp. filiformis
JSU139555 Baldwin 11 Aug 1993 Spaulding, Daniel D.
4309
JSU
Oxypolis filiformis (Walter) Britton
UNA00037602 Washington 05 Aug 1980 Haynes, Robert R.
8154
UNA
Oxypolis filiformis (Walt.) Britt.
BRIT72696 Geneva 20 Aug 1981 Kral, Robert
67747
BRIT
Oxypolis filiformis (Walter) Britton
TROY000014437 Geneva 20 Aug 1981 Kral, Robert
67747
TROY
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) Feist & S.R. Downie
AUA000028812 Houston 30 Jul 1970 Moore, Harold D.
506
AUA
Oxypolis Filiformis (Walt.) Britt.
AUA000028809 Escambia 8 Aug 1987 Diamond, Alvin R.
3474
AUA
Tiedemannia Filiformis (Walt.) Feist & S.R. Downie Ssp. Filiformis
JSU118069 Baldwin 16 Oct 1982 Whetstone, R. David
12881
JSU
Oxypolis filiformis (Walter) Britton
TROY000038449 Geneva 25 Aug 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
224474
TROY
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) Feist & S.R. Downie
AMAL00013306 Mobile 13 Aug 2005 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12329
AMAL
Oxypolis filiformis (Walter) Britton
BRIT72704 Washington 09 Sep 1970 Moore, Harold D.
1007
BRIT
Oxypolis filiformis (Walter) Britton
TROY000014438 Mobile 13 Aug 2005 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12329
TROY
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) Feist & S.R. Downie
BRIT72686 Baldwin 19 Aug 1968 Kral, Robert
32625
BRIT
Oxypolis filiformis (Walter) Britton
BRIT72695 Escambia 20 Aug 1981 Kral, Robert
67776
BRIT
Oxypolis filiformis (Walter) Britton
TROY000014435 Baldwin 21 Aug 1981 Kral, Robert
67856
TROY
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) Feist & S.R. Downie
SAMF0005928 Mobile 06 Aug 2010 Davenport, Lawrence J.
4434
SAMF
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) Feist & S. R. Downie
AUA000028815 Washington 9 Sep 1970 Moore, Harold D.
1007
AUA
Tiedemannia Filiformis (Walt.) Feist & S.R. Downie Ssp. Filiformis
UWAL0016004 Geneva 25 Aug 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24474
UWAL
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) Feist & S.R. Downie
TROY000040631 Escambia 31 Jul 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25397
TROY
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) Feist & S.R. Downie
AUA000038665 Baldwin 26 Jul 1926 Wolf, Wolfgang
2618
AUA
Tiedemannia Filiformis (Walt.) Feist & S.R. Downie
AUA000028814 Mobile 5 Sep 1965 Kral, Robert
25889
AUA
Tiedemannia Filiformis (Walt.) Feist & S.R. Downie Ssp. Filiformis
BRIT72701 Mobile 02 Sep 1970 Rogers, Ken E.
4213
BRIT
Oxypolis filiformis (Walter) Britton
AMAL00014044 Geneva 20 Aug 1981 Kral, Robert
67747
AMAL
Oxypolis filiformis (Walter) Britton
BRIT72688 Covington 19 Aug 1998 Kral, Robert
87669
BRIT
Oxypolis filiformis (Walter) Britton
BRIT72685 Baldwin 21 Aug 1981 Kral, Robert
67856
BRIT
Oxypolis filiformis (Walter) Britton
AUA000028811 Geneva 18 Aug 1970 Moore, Harold D.
658
AUA
Tiedemannia Filiformis (Walt.) Feist & S.R. Downie Ssp. Filiformis
UWAL0030577 Covington 19 Aug 1998 Kral, Robert
87669
UWAL
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walt.) Feist & SR Downie ssp. filiformis
AUA000028805 Covington 15 Aug 2008 Hansen, Curtis J.
3530
AUA
Oxypolis Filiformis (Walt.) Britt.
UWAL0044522 Baldwin 15 Jul 1995 Larsen, Harry S.
120
UWAL
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) M. A. Feist & S. R. Downie
USAM000001236 Mobile 01 Sep 1970 LeLong, Michel G.
5560b
USAM
Oxypolis filiformis (Walt.) Britt.
UWAL0019039 Geneva 15 Aug 1987 Kral, Robert
74301
UWAL
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walt.) Feist & S.R.Downie ssp. filiformis
UWAL0044524 Baldwin 29 Jul 1993 Walker, M.M.
212
UWAL
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) M. A. Feist & S. R. Downie
AUA000038664 Baldwin 19 Aug 1926 Wolf, Wolfgang
2617
AUA
Tiedemannia Filiformis (Walt.) Feist & S.R. Downie
USAM000001232 Mobile 06 Sep 1978 LeLong, Michel G.
10498
USAM
Oxypolis filiformis (Walt.) Britt.
UWAL0000190 Covington 20 Aug 1981 Kral, Robert
67741
UWAL
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) Feist & S.R. Downie ssp. filiformis
AMAL00014043 Covington 20 Aug 1981 Kral, Robert
97741
AMAL
Oxypolis filiformis (Walter) Britton
BRIT72705 Washington 19 Sep 1975 Kral, Robert
56574
BRIT
Oxypolis filiformis (Walter) Britton
BRIT72684 Baldwin 21 Aug 1993 Kral, Robert
83242
BRIT
Oxypolis filiformis (Walter) Britton
UWAL0034806 Covington 16 Aug 1987 Kral, Robert
74326
UWAL
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) Feist & S.R. Downie ssp. filiformis
UNA00037601 Covington 26 Aug 1978 Davenport, Lawrence J.
786
UNA
Oxypolis filiformis (Walt.) Britt.
AUA000028804 Covington 15 Aug 2008 Hansen, Curtis J.
3530
AUA
Oxypolis Filiformis (Walt.) Britt.
UWAL0030647 Covington 19 Aug 1998 Kral, Robert
87669
UWAL
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walt) Feist & SR Downie ssp. filiformis
USAM000001234 Mobile 03 Aug 1974 LeLong, Michel G.
8088
USAM
Oxypolis filiformis (Walt.) Britt.
UWAL0018652 Baldwin 15 Aug 1992 Kral, Robert
81511
UWAL
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walt.) Feist & S.R. Downie ssp. filiformis
BRIT72697 Geneva 15 Aug 1987 Kral, Robert
74301
BRIT
Oxypolis filiformis (Walter) Britton
AUA000028807 Covington 1 Sep 1970 Kral, Robert
40995
AUA
Tiedemannia Filiformis (Walt.) Feist & S.R. Downie Ssp. Filiformis
BRIT72698 Geneva 25 Aug 1969 Moore, Harold D.
605
BRIT
Oxypolis filiformis (Walter) Britton
AUA000028802 Baldwin 13 Aug 2008 Barger, T. Wayne
PERD-459
AUA
Oxypolis Filiformis (Walt.) Britt.
AMAL00015493 Escambia 19 Sep 2005 Kral, Robert
96870
AMAL
Oxypolis filiformis (Walter) Britton
BRIT72687 Baldwin 19 Aug 1968 Kral, Robert
32672
BRIT
Oxypolis filiformis (Walter) Britton
BRIT72703 Monroe 21 Aug 1981 Kral, Robert
67826
BRIT
Oxypolis filiformis (Walter) Britton
AUA000028806 Covington 23 Jul 1980 Larsen, H.
S. N.
AUA
Tiedemannia Filiformis (Walt.) Feist & S.R. Downie Ssp. Filiformis
UWAL0015140 Conecuh 18 Sep 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24560
UWAL
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) Feist & S.R. Downie ssp. filiformis
AUA000028808 Crenshaw 22 Aug 1992 Diamond, Alvin R.
8408
AUA
Tiedemannia Filiformis (Walt.) Feist & S.R. Downie Ssp. Filiformis
UWAL0015127 Covington 11 Sep 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24532.1
UWAL
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) Feist & S.R. Downie
UWAL0018657 Baldwin 21 Aug 1993 Kral, Robert
83242
UWAL
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walt.) Feist & S.R. Downie ssp. filiformis
UWAL0036176 Baldwin 08 Aug 2013 Keener, Brian R.
8119
UWAL
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) Feist & S.R. Downie ssp. filiformis
JSU118071 Mobile 26 Jul 1998 Spaulding, Daniel D.
10383
JSU
Oxypolis filiformis (Walter) Britton
UWAL0000977 Washington 05 Oct 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4946
UWAL
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) Feist & S.R. Downie ssp. filiformis
USAM000001231 Mobile 30 Aug 1975 LeLong, Michel G.
8664
USAM
Oxypolis filiformis (Walt.) Britt.
UNA00037605 Mobile 02 Aug 1965 Deramus, Rebecca
D 623
UNA
Oxypolis filiformis (Walt.) Britt.
USAM000001237 Baldwin 14 Aug 1976 LeLong, Michel G.
9377
USAM
Oxypolis filiformis (Walt.) Britt.
AUA000028803 Baldwin 26 Jul 1968 Scarsbrook, Ellen
AUA
Tiedemannia Filiformis (Walt.) Feist & S.R. Downie Ssp. Filiformis
BRIT72690 Covington 20 Aug 1981 Kral, Robert
67741
BRIT
Oxypolis filiformis (Walter) Britton
BRIT72693 Covington 26 Jul 1968 Kral, Robert
32076
BRIT
Oxypolis filiformis (Walter) Britton
ALNHS00000009 Mobile 26 Jul 1998 Spaulding, Daniel D.
10383
ALNHS
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walt.) Fiest & S.R. Downie ssp. filiformis
AUA000035962 Covington 15 Aug 2011 Hansen, Curtis J.
5160
AUA
Tiedemannia Filiformis (Walt.) Feist & S.R. Downie
USAM000001235 Washington 03 Sep 1972 LeLong, Michel G.
6827
USAM
Oxypolis filiformis (Walt.) Britt.
UNA00037603 Mobile 28 Aug 1951 Chermock, Ralph L.
s.n.
UNA
Oxypolis filiformis (Walt.) Britt.
BRIT72692 Covington 16 Aug 1987 Kral, Robert
74326
BRIT
Oxypolis filiformis (Walter) Britton
USAM000001230 Mobile 08 Aug 1980 LeLong, Michel G.
11262
USAM
Oxypolis filiformis (Walt.) Britt.
UWAL0006231 Monroe 23 Sep 1982 Kral, Robert
69629
UWAL
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) Feist & S.R. Downie ssp. filiformis
USAM000001228 Mobile 08 Sep 1973 LeLong, Michel G.
7268
USAM
Oxypolis filiformis (Walt.) Britt.
UWAL0016744 Escambia 31 Jul 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25397
UWAL
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) Feist & S.R. Downie
AUA000028813 Mobile 14 Sep 1981 Henderson, T.
533
AUA
Tiedemannia Filiformis (Walt.) Feist & S.R. Downie Ssp. Filiformis
BRIT72694 Escambia 19 Sep 2005 Kral, Robert
96870
BRIT
Oxypolis filiformis (Walter) Britton
BRIT72702 Monroe 23 Sep 1982 Kral, Robert
69629
BRIT
Oxypolis filiformis (Walter) Britton
TROY000043361 Geneva 26 Jul 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26643
TROY
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) Feist & S. R. Downie
BRIT72700 Mobile 05 Sep 1965 Kral, Robert
25889
BRIT
Oxypolis filiformis (Walter) Britton
AUA000035917 Covington 15 Aug 2011 Hansen, Curtis J.
5160
AUA
Tiedemannia Filiformis (Walt.) Feist & S.R. Downie
BRIT72699 Houston 06 Sep 1993 MacDonald, John R.
6699
BRIT
Oxypolis filiformis (Walter) Britton
USAM000001233 Mobile 03 Sep 1972 LeLong, Michel G.
6802
USAM
Oxypolis filiformis (Walt.) Britt.
UWAL0000191 Escambia 19 Sep 2005 Kral, Robert
96870
UWAL
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) Feist & S.R. Downie ssp. filiformis
BRIT72683 Baldwin 15 Aug 1992 Kral, Robert
81511
BRIT
Oxypolis filiformis (Walter) Britton
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