Tiedemannia filiformis

Family:APIACEAE
Species:Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) Feist & S.R. Downie
Common Name:Water Cowbane; Leafless Cowbane; Water Dropwort
Habitat:Savannahs, bogs, margins of black water streams.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Water Cowbane is a native herbaceous perennial in the Carrot family (Apiaceae). It can be found in the southern fourth of Alabama. Water Cowbane grows in bogs, in depressions in pine flatwoods, along small streams, and in wet roadside ditches. It often grows in shallow standing water. Water Cowbane is a perennial with a tap root. Stems are erect, 3-5 feet in height, and with few branches. The stems are striate and often glaucous. The leaves are alternate, septate, and phyllodial (an expanded petiole resembling a leaf, but without a flattened blade). The leaves are greatly reduced in size upwards along the stem. Flowers are produced in compound umbels. The compound umbel is subtended by 4-10 lanceolate bracts. Each branch of the compound umbel has 12-22 white flowers subtended by 6-8 linear bractlets (bracteoles). The flowers are stalked, and have 5 white petals, 5 stamens with white or pinkish anthers, and a single pistil. The petals often curve inward over the center of the flower. The fruit is oval or elliptic in outline with flat lateral wings. Water Cowbane is a larval host for the Black Swallowtail Butterfly (Papilio polyxenes). Water Cowbane is not usually available from native plant nurseries, but it can be grown from seed. It requires a wet, organic rich soil in full sun. It can be grown in a bog garden or shallow pool.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACW+ (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyAPIACEAE - Carrot/Parsley family
Genus Tiedemannia
Species Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) Feist & S.R. Downie - Water Cowbane; Leafless Cowbane; Water Dropwort

Citation

Citation **
Basionym: Oenanthe filiformis Walter 1788.
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Berkeley Co.: Along E side of SC 41, 2.3 mi. N of intersection with S-899, 17 Sep 1981, Porcher s.n. (neotype: BM; isoneotypes: CITA, DOV). Neotypified by A. O. Tucker et al., Syst. Bot. 8: 300. 1983.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Oenanthe carolinensis Oenanthe carolinensis Persoon, Syn. Pl. 1: 318. 1805, nom. illegit.Oenanthe filiformis Walter 1788. 
Oenanthe filiformis Oenanthe filiformis Walter, Fl. Carol. 113. 1788. SOUTH CAROLINA: Berkeley Co.: Along E side of SC 41, 2.3 mi. N of intersection with S-899, 17 Sep 1981, Porcher s.n. (neotype: BM; isoneotypes: CITA, DOV). Neotypified by Tucker et al., Syst. Bot. 8: 300. 1983.
Oxypolis bakeri Oxypolis bakeri (H. Wolff ex Urban) Britton & P. Wilson ex Britton, in Brace, Torreya 29: 16. 1929.Tiedemannia bakeri H. Wolff ex Urban 1908. 
Oxypolis caroliniana Oxypolis caroliniana Rafinesque, Bull. Bot. (Seringe) 1: 218. 1830, nom. illegit.Oenanthe filiformis Walter 1788. 
Peucedanum teretifolium Peucedanum teretifolium A. W. Wood, Amer. Bot. Fl. 136. 1870, nom. illegit.Sium teretifolium Elliott 1817, nom. illegit.; Oenanthe filiformis Walter 1788. 
Sium teretifolium Sium teretifolium Elliott, Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 1: 354. 1817, nom. illegit.Oenanthe filiformis Walter 1788. 
Tiedemannia bakeri Tiedemannia bakeri H. Wolff ex Urban, Symb. Antill. 5: 452. 1908. CUBA: Habana: Near Batabano, Oct, Baker & Wilson 2215 (holotype: ?).
Tiedemannia teretifolia Tiedemannia teretifolia de Candolle, Coll. Mém. 5: 81, pl. 12. 1829.  
Oxypolis filiformis OXYPOLIS FILIFORMIS (Walter) Britton, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 5: 239. 1894.Oenanthe filiformis Walter 1788. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Escambia, Geneva, Houston, Mobile, Monroe, Washington

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, BRIT, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UWAL0016004 Geneva 25 Aug 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24474
UWAL
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) Feist & S.R. Downie
AUA000028805 Covington 15 AUG 2008 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
3530
AUA
OXYPOLIS FILIFORMIS (WALT.) BRITT.
USAM000001235 Washington 03 Sep 1972 Michel G. Lelong
6827
USAM
Oxypolis filiformis (Walt.) Britt.
AUA000028809 Escambia 8 AUG 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3474
AUA
TIEDEMANNIA FILIFORMIS (WALT.) FEIST & S.R. DOWNIE ssp. FILIFORMIS
USAM000001236 Mobile 01 Sep 1970 Michel G. Lelong
5560b
USAM
Oxypolis filiformis (Walt.) Britt.
TROY000014436 Covington 20 Aug 1981 Robert Kral
67741
TROY
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) Feist & S.R. Downie
UNA00037603 Mobile 28 Aug 1951 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Oxypolis filiformis (Walt.) Britt.
UWAL0019039 Geneva 15 Aug 1987 Kral, R.
74301
UWAL
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walt.) Feist & S.R.Downie ssp. filiformis
TROY000014438 Mobile 13 Aug 2005 Daniel D. Spaulding
12329
TROY
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) Feist & S.R. Downie
UWAL0033264 Geneva 26 Jul 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26643
UWAL
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) Feist & S.R. Downie
UWAL0036176 Baldwin 08 Aug 2013 Keener, Brian R.
8119
UWAL
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) Feist & S.R. Downie ssp. filiformis
USAM000001228 Mobile 08 Sep 1973 Michel G. Lelong
7268
USAM
Oxypolis filiformis (Walt.) Britt.
UWAL0015140 Conecuh 18 Sep 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24560
UWAL
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) Feist & S.R. Downie ssp. filiformis
AUA000028802 Baldwin 13 AUG 2008 BARGER, T. WAYNE
PERD-459
AUA
OXYPOLIS FILIFORMIS (WALT.) BRITT.
TROY000038449 Geneva 25 Aug 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
224474
TROY
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) Feist & S.R. Downie
AUA000028803 Baldwin 26 JUL 1968 SCARSBROOK, ELLEN
AUA
TIEDEMANNIA FILIFORMIS (WALT.) FEIST & S.R. DOWNIE ssp. FILIFORMIS
UWAL0044522 Baldwin 15 Jul 1995 Larsen, H.S.
120
UWAL
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) M. A. Feist & S. R. Downie
UWAL0016744 Escambia 31 Jul 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25397
UWAL
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) Feist & S.R. Downie
AUA000028804 Covington 15 AUG 2008 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
3530
AUA
OXYPOLIS FILIFORMIS (WALT.) BRITT.
JSU118071 Mobile 26 Jul 1998 D. D. Spaulding
10383
JSU
Oxypolis filiformis (Walter) Britton
USAM000001232 Mobile 06 Sep 1978 Michel G. Lelong
10498
USAM
Oxypolis filiformis (Walt.) Britt.
USAM000001234 Mobile 03 Aug 1974 Michel G. Lelong
8088
USAM
Oxypolis filiformis (Walt.) Britt.
TROY000014437 Geneva 20 Aug 1981 Robert Kral
67747
TROY
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) Feist & S.R. Downie
UNA00037605 Mobile 2 Aug 1965 Rebecca Deramus
D 623
UNA
Oxypolis filiformis (Walt.) Britt.
UWAL0018652 Baldwin 15 Aug 1992 Kral, R.
81511
UWAL
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walt.) Feist & S.R. Downie ssp. filiformis
UNA00037606 Mobile _ Sep _ Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Oxypolis filiformis (Walt.) Britt.
AMAL00013306 Mobile 13 Aug 2005 Daniel D. Spaulding
12329
AMAL
Oxypolis filiformis (Walter) Britton
AUA000028808 Crenshaw 22 AUG 1992 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8408
AUA
TIEDEMANNIA FILIFORMIS (WALT.) FEIST & S.R. DOWNIE ssp. FILIFORMIS
UWAL0000191 Escambia 19 Sep 2005 Kral, R.
96870
UWAL
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) Feist & S.R. Downie ssp. filiformis
SAMF0005928 Mobile 06 Aug 2010 Davenport, L. J.
4434
SAMF
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) Feist & S. R. Downie
USAM000001237 Baldwin 14 Aug 1976 Michel G. Lelong
9377
USAM
Oxypolis filiformis (Walt.) Britt.
AUA000028813 Mobile 14 SEP 1981 HENDERSON, T.
533
AUA
TIEDEMANNIA FILIFORMIS (WALT.) FEIST & S.R. DOWNIE ssp. FILIFORMIS
TROY000040631 Escambia 31 Jul 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25397
TROY
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) Feist & S.R. Downie
AUA000028814 Mobile 5 SEP 1965 KRAL, ROBERT
25889
AUA
TIEDEMANNIA FILIFORMIS (WALT.) FEIST & S.R. DOWNIE ssp. FILIFORMIS
UWAL0034806 Covington 16 Aug 1987 Kral, R.
74326
UWAL
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) Feist & S.R. Downie ssp. filiformis
UWAL0000192 Mobile 13 Aug 2005 Spaulding, D.D.
12329
UWAL
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) Feist & S.R. Downie ssp. filiformis
TROY000034297 Washington 05 Oct 2008 Brian R. Keener
4946
TROY
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) Feist & S.R. Downie
USAM000001230 Mobile 08 Aug 1980 Michel G. Lelong
11262
USAM
Oxypolis filiformis (Walt.) Britt.
USAM000001233 Mobile 03 Sep 1972 Michel G. Lelong
6802
USAM
Oxypolis filiformis (Walt.) Britt.
TROY000014435 Baldwin 21 Aug 1981 Robert Kral
67856
TROY
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) Feist & S.R. Downie
UWAL0044524 Baldwin 29 Jul 1993 Walker, M.M.
212
UWAL
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) M. A. Feist & S. R. Downie
UWAL0018657 Baldwin 21 Aug 1993 Kral, R.
83242
UWAL
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walt.) Feist & S.R. Downie ssp. filiformis
TROY000038418 Covington 11 Sep 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
24532A
TROY
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) Feist & S.R. Downie
AUA000028815 Washington 9 SEP 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
1007
AUA
TIEDEMANNIA FILIFORMIS (WALT.) FEIST & S.R. DOWNIE ssp. FILIFORMIS
AMAL00014043 Covington 20 Aug 1981 R. Kral
97741
AMAL
Oxypolis filiformis (Walter) Britton
JSU118069 Baldwin 16 Oct 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12881
JSU
Oxypolis filiformis (Walter) Britton
UNA00037602 Washington 5 Aug 1980 Robert R. Haynes
8154
UNA
Oxypolis filiformis (Walt.) Britt.
UWAL0030647 Covington 19 Aug 1998 Kral, R.
87669
UWAL
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walt) Feist & SR Downie ssp. filiformis
UNA00037601 Covington 26 Aug 1978 L. J. Davenport
786
UNA
Oxypolis filiformis (Walt.) Britt.
USAM000001231 Mobile 30 Aug 1975 Michel G. Lelong
8664
USAM
Oxypolis filiformis (Walt.) Britt.
AUA000028811 Geneva 18 AUG 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
658
AUA
TIEDEMANNIA FILIFORMIS (WALT.) FEIST & S.R. DOWNIE ssp. FILIFORMIS
AMAL00014044 Geneva 20 Aug 1981 R. Kral
67747
AMAL
Oxypolis filiformis (Walter) Britton
AUA000028810 Geneva 25 AUG 1969 MOORE, HAROLD D.
605-69
AUA
TIEDEMANNIA FILIFORMIS (WALT.) FEIST & S.R. DOWNIE ssp. FILIFORMIS
JSU118072 Washington 13 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18729
JSU
Oxypolis filiformis (Walter) Britton
UWAL0006231 Monroe 23 Sep 1982 Kral, R.
69629
UWAL
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) Feist & S.R. Downie ssp. filiformis
UWAL0030577 Covington 19 Aug 1998 Kral, R.
87669
UWAL
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walt.) Feist & SR Downie ssp. filiformis
UWAL0015127 Covington 11 Sep 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24532.1
UWAL
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) Feist & S.R. Downie
JSU118070 Covington 1 Sep 1970 R. Kral
40995
JSU
Oxypolis filiformis (Walter) Britton
AUA000035962 Covington 15 Aug 2011 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
5160
AUA
TIEDEMANNIA FILIFORMIS (WALT.) FEIST & S.R. DOWNIE
BRIT67035 Mobile 30190 Carter, Richard
3467
BRIT
Oxypolis filiformis (Walter) Britton
AMAL00015493 Escambia 19 Sep 2005 R. Kral
96870
AMAL
Oxypolis filiformis (Walter) Britton
AUA000028812 Houston 30 JUL 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
506
AUA
OXYPOLIS FILIFORMIS (WALT.) BRITT.
UWAL0000190 Covington 20 Aug 1981 Kral, R.
67741
UWAL
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) Feist & S.R. Downie ssp. filiformis
AUA000028176 Baldwin 24 JUL 2012 BARGER, T. WAYNE
674
AUA
OXYPOLIS FILIFORMIS (WALT.) BRITT.
UWAL0000977 Washington 05 Oct 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4946
UWAL
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) Feist & S.R. Downie ssp. filiformis
AUA000028807 Covington 1 SEP 1970 KRAL, ROBERT
40995
AUA
TIEDEMANNIA FILIFORMIS (WALT.) FEIST & S.R. DOWNIE ssp. FILIFORMIS
JSU139555 Baldwin 11 Aug 1993 D. D. Spaulding
4309
JSU
Oxypolis filiformis (Walter) Britton
TROY000020545 Escambia 19 Sep 2005 Robert Kral
96870
TROY
Tiedemannia filiformis (Walter) Feist & S.R. Downie
AUA000028806 Covington 23 JUL 1980 LARSEN, H. E.
S. N.
AUA
TIEDEMANNIA FILIFORMIS (WALT.) FEIST & S.R. DOWNIE ssp. FILIFORMIS
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