Celtis occidentalis

Family:CANNABACEAE
Species:Celtis occidentalis Linnaeus
Common Name:Northern Hackberry; Common Hackberry
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Tree
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACU (NWI), G5 (Global Rank)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyCANNABACEAE - Hemp family
Genus Celtis
Species Celtis occidentalis Linnaeus - Northern Hackberry; Common Hackberry

Citation

Citation CELTIS OCCIDENTALIS Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1044. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: VIRGINIA: Without data, Kalm s.n. (lectotype: LINN 1209.4). Lectotypified by Fernald & B. G. Schubert, Rhodora 50: 158, pl. 1097. 1948.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Celtis canina Celtis canina Rafinesque, Amer. Monthly Mag. & Crit. Rev. 2: 43. 1817.  
Celtis crassifolia Celtis crassifolia Lamarck, Encycl. 4: 138. 1797.  
Celtis georgiana Celtis georgiana Small, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 24: 439. 1897. GEORGIA: Gwinnette Co.: Near McGuires Mill, 1893, Small s.n. (holotype: NY).
Celtis mississippiensis var. pumila Celtis mississippiensis Bosc ex Spach, var. pumila (Pursh) Mackenzie & Bush, Man. Fl. Jackson Co. Missouri 72. 1902.Celtis pumila Pursh 1814. 
Celtis obliqua Celtis obliqua Moench, Methodus 344. 1794, nom. illegit.Celtis occidentalis Linnaeus 1753. 
Celtis occidentalis subsp. georgiana Celtis occidentalis Linnaeus, subsp. georgiana (Small) E. Murray, Kalmia 12: 19. 1982.Celtis georgiana Small 1897. 
Celtis occidentalis subsp. tenuifolia Celtis occidentalis Linnaeus, subsp. tenuifolia (Nuttall) E. Murray, Kalmia 12: 19. 1982.Celtis tenuifolia Nuttall 1818. 
Celtis occidentalis var. crassifolia Celtis occidentalis Linnaeus, var. crassifolia (Lamarck) A. Gray, Manual, ed. 2. 397. 1856.Celtis crassifolia Lamarck 1797. 
Celtis occidentalis var. georgiana Celtis occidentalis Linnaeus, var. georgiana (Small) Ahles, J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc. 80: 172. 1964.Celtis georgiana Small 1897. 
Celtis occidentalis var. integrifolia Celtis occidentalis Linnaeus, var. integrifolia Nuttall, Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 1: 202. 1818.  
Celtis pumila Celtis pumila Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 1: 200. 1814.  
Celtis pumila var. georgiana Celtis pumila Pursh, var. georgiana (Small) Sargent, Bot. Gaz. 67: 227. 1919.Celtis georgiana Small 1897. 
Celtis tenuifolia Celtis tenuifolia Nuttall, Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 1: 202. 1818.  
Celtis tenuifolia var. georgiana Celtis tenuifolia Nuttall, var. georgiana (Small) Fernald & B. G. Schubert, Rhodora 50: 160. 1948.Celtis georgiana Small 1897. 
Celtis tenuifolia var. soperi Celtis tenuifolia Nuttall, var. soperi B. Boivin, Naturaliste Canad. 94: 623. 1967.  
Celtis occidentalis var. canina Celtis occidentalis Linnaeus, var. canina (Rafinesque) Sargent, Bot. Gaz. 67: 217. 1919.Celtis canina Rafinesque 1817. 
Celtis occidentalis var. pumila Celtis occidentalis Linnaeus, var. pumila (Pursh) A. Gray, Manual, ed. 2. 397. 1856.Celtis pumila Pursh 1814. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Bibb, Blount, Calhoun, Cherokee, Choctaw, Clay, Cleburne, Colbert, Cullman, Dallas, DeKalb, Escambia, Etowah, Fayette, Franklin, Greene, Hale, Jackson, Jefferson, Lee, Limestone, Lowndes, Macon, Marshall, Monroe, Montgomery, Randolph, Sumter, Talladega, Tallapoosa

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU128229 Calhoun 13 Jun 1969 Linda Millican
s.n.
JSU
Celtis occidentalis Linnaeus
AMAL00005041 Blount 03 Jul 1998 Brian R. Keener
1133
AMAL
Celtis occidentalis Linnaeus
JSU128250 Marshall 28 Jun 1969 Jessica Tudor
s.n.
JSU
Celtis occidentalis Linnaeus
AMAL00011575 Tallapoosa 27 Apr 2006 T. Wayne Barger
174
AMAL
Celtis occidentalis Linnaeus
JSU128252 Marshall 19 Jul 1982 Donna K. Minor
s.n.
JSU
Celtis occidentalis Linnaeus
JSU128247 Jackson 1 Jun 1993 R. D. Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Celtis occidentalis Linnaeus
JSU128254 Marshall 29 Jun 1969 Jessica Tudor
s.n.
JSU
Celtis occidentalis Linnaeus
JSU128248 Limestone 1 Mar 1997 T. L. Hofmann
00323
JSU
Celtis occidentalis Linnaeus
AUA_ACC013636 Montgomery 7 JUL 1967 DENT, D. M.
AUA
CELTIS OCCIDENTALIS L.
JSU128243 Etowah 23 Sep 1972 Gene Phifer
s.n.
JSU
Celtis occidentalis Linnaeus
UWAL0004306 Sumter 21 May 1993 Stanton, Lee
s.n.
UWAL
Celtis occidentalis L.
JSU128244 Franklin 6 Aug 1993 J. M. Ballard
3154
JSU
Celtis occidentalis Linnaeus
AMAL00020032 Dallas 07 Jul 2010 T. Wayne Barger
302
AMAL
Celtis occidentalis Linnaeus
AUA000032736 Escambia 25 Jun 2010 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4803
AUA
CELTIS OCCIDENTALIS
UNA00031019 Cullman 10 Jul 1969 R. Kral
35400
UNA
Celtis occidentalis L.
UNA00030991 Clay s.d. Baker
s.n.
UNA
Celtis occidentalis L.
JSU128233 Calhoun 27 Sep 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2981
JSU
Celtis occidentalis Linnaeus
JSU128240 Choctaw 1 Nov 1997 R. D. Whetstone
19174
JSU
Celtis occidentalis Linnaeus
JSU128235 Calhoun 17 Jun 1969 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Celtis occidentalis Linnaeus
TROY000024194 Tallapoosa 27 Apr 2006 Terry Wayne Barger
174
TROY
Celtis occidentalis Linnaeus
JSU128230 Calhoun 6 May 1986 C. L. Lawler
269
JSU
Celtis occidentalis Linnaeus
TROY000024193 Randolph 29 Apr 1988 C. F. Nixon
3783
TROY
Celtis occidentalis Linnaeus
JSU128242 Colbert 26 May 1996 R. D. Whetstone
17973
JSU
Celtis occidentalis Linnaeus
UNA00030984 Greene 2 Apr 1966 H. Naugle
G55
UNA
Celtis occidentalis L.
JSU128241 Cleburne 19 Jun 1995 S. E. Hruska
719
JSU
Celtis occidentalis Linnaeus
JSU128246 Jackson 26 May 1999 Kristin Brodeur
1873
JSU
Celtis occidentalis Linnaeus
AUA_ACC039464 Autauga 7 SEP 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
1168
AUA
CELTIS OCCIDENTALIS L.
UNA00032200 Hale 23 Apr 1966 Norris H. Williams
250
UNA
Celtis occidentalis L.
JSU128253 Marshall 19 Oct 1992 D. D. Spaulding
3276
JSU
Celtis occidentalis Linnaeus
JSU146181 Cleburne 06 Apr 1997 F. Hutchinson
2476
JSU
Celtis occidentalis Linnaeus
SAMF0002117 Jefferson 15 May 1959 McCullough, H. A.
s.n.
SAMF
Celtis occidentalis Linnaeus
JSU128232 Blount 29 Apr 1993 Adam Dasinger
75
JSU
Celtis occidentalis Linnaeus
JSU128255 Monroe 1 Nov 1997 R. D. Whetstone
19071
JSU
Celtis occidentalis Linnaeus
JSU128231 Bibb 1 Apr 1999 K. R. Brodeur
1641
JSU
Celtis occidentalis Linnaeus
UWAL0004307 Sumter 14 Aug 1993 Stanton, Lee E.
s.n.
UWAL
Celtis occidentalis L.
JSU128238 Calhoun 13 Sep 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2870
JSU
Celtis occidentalis Linnaeus
AUA_ACC015334 DeKalb 30 APR 1966 SEARCY, JAMES W.
AUA
CELTIS OCCIDENTALIS L.
JSU128234 Cherokee 27 Oct 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13836
JSU
Celtis occidentalis Linnaeus
UNA00030988 Lee _-_-1896 F. S. Earle
s.n.
UNA
Celtis occidentalis L.
JSU128249 Lowndes 6 Sep 1982 S. C. Gunn
1119
JSU
Celtis occidentalis Linnaeus
JSU128245 Jackson 2 Apr 1999 K. R. Brodeur
1671
JSU
Celtis occidentalis Linnaeus
AUA_ACC039463 Dallas 6 SEP 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
1149
AUA
CELTIS OCCIDENTALIS L.
UNA00065308 Fayette 22 Sep 1981 L. J. Davenport
2165
UNA
Celtis occidentalis L.
JSU128251 Marshall 19 Jul 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2329
JSU
Celtis occidentalis Linnaeus
AUA_ACC032933 Macon 18 MAY 1976 SESSLER, ANN H.
074
AUA
CELTIS OCCIDENTALIS L.
SAMF0002118 Fayette 22 Sep 1981 Davenport, L. J.
2165
SAMF
Celtis occidentalis Linnaeus
JSU128239 Choctaw 1 Nov 1997 R. D. Whetstone
19022
JSU
Celtis occidentalis Linnaeus
JSU128236 Calhoun 17 Jun 1969 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Celtis occidentalis Linnaeus
JSU128237 Calhoun 25 Apr 1967 W. E. Boone
s.n.
JSU
Celtis occidentalis Linnaeus
JSU128256 Talladega 12 Jun 1980 J. Carlisle
s.n.
JSU
Celtis occidentalis Linnaeus
JSU128261 Bibb 13 May 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13389
JSU
Celtis occidentalis Linnaeus
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