Ulmus alata

Family:ULMACEAE
Species:Ulmus alata Michaux
Common Name:Winged Elm
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Tree
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:ULAL
Plant Notes:Winged Elm is a native deciduous tree in the Elm family (Ulmaceae). It can be found throughout Alabama. Winged Elm occurs in dry woodlands, in rocky woods, on rock outcrops, along fence rows, and in hardwood or mixed hardwood/pine forests. It is a small to medium sized tree growing to 60 feet in height. The bark is gray-brown with flat ridges separated by shallow fissures. The leaves are alternate, lanceolate to elliptic, and doubly serrate. The leaves are the smallest of the native Elms in Alabama, averaging only 1 ½ to 3 inches in length. The base of the leaf is inequilateral with the blade on one side of the petiole extending further down than on the other side. The leaves turn yellow then brown before leaf drop. The twigs and small limbs of Winged Elm often have corky ridges extending down either side. Flowers are produced in the late winter in drooping clusters. The flowers lack petals and are wind pollinated. The fruit is a flat disk-like samara. The samaras are reddish brown and pubescent, especially along the margins. Winged Elm wood is hard but flexible and resists splitting. It is used in flooring, for boxes and pallets, and furniture (especially curved forms such as rocking chairs), and for hockey sticks. Winged Elm is occasionally planted as a shade or street tree. It prefers full to partial sun and is tolerant of poor soils and drought. Dutch Elm Disease (an introduced fungal pathogen) grows and reproduces in the xylem of elm trees leading to their death. Winged Elm is affected by this pathogen but appears more resistant than American Elm (Ulmus americana Linnaeus).--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACU+ (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyULMACEAE - Elm family
Genus Ulmus
Species Ulmus alata Michaux - Winged Elm

Citation

Citation ULMUS ALATA Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 173. 1803.
Basionym: **
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Ulmus americana var. alata Ulmus americana Linnaeus, var. alata (Michaux) Spach, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., ser. 2. 15: 364. 1841.Ulmus alata Michaux 1803. 
Ulmus longifolia Ulmus longifolia Rafinesque, New Fl. 3: 38. 1838 ("1836"). "Alabama and Tennessee",

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Chambers, Cherokee, Choctaw, Clay, Cleburne, Coffee, Colbert, Conecuh, Crenshaw, Cullman, Dale, Dallas, DeKalb, Elmore, Etowah, Fayette, Franklin, Geneva, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lauderdale, Lee, Lowndes, Macon, Marengo, Marshall, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Perry, Pike, Randolph, Shelby, St. Clair, Sumter, Talladega, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU135940 DeKalb 20 Apr 1968 Charles Payton
s.n.
JSU
Ulmus alata Michaux
UWAL0016045 Macon 02 Feb 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
24770
UWAL
Ulmus alata Michaux
JSU135933 Cherokee 26 Sep 1987 C. C. Dickson
643
JSU
Ulmus alata Michaux
TROY000033673 Dallas 26 Feb 2011 Brian R. Keener
6292
TROY
Ulmus alata Michaux
70824 Sumter 2 MAR 2011 KEENER, BRIAN R.
6307
AUA
ULMUS ALATA MICHAUX
JSU136066 Jackson 2 Apr 1999 K. R. Brodeur
1672
JSU
Ulmus alata Michaux
UWAL0004313 Franklin 25 Jun 2008 J. Kevin England
825
UWAL
Ulmus alata Michx.
UWAL0003049 Sumter 2 Mar 2011 Brian R. Keener
6307
UWAL
Ulmus alata Michx.
JSU136082 Talladega 6 Jun 1980 J. Carlisle
s.n.
JSU
Ulmus alata Michaux
UWAL0012419 Bullock 31 Jan 2013 Bailee Dykes
1481
UWAL
Ulmus alata Michaux
UWAL0008701 Marengo 12 Mar 2011 J. Kevin England
2651
UWAL
Ulmus alata Michaux
JSU136065 Houston 22 Jun 1984 R. D. Whetstone
14173
JSU
Ulmus alata Michaux
TROY000034633 Butler 04 Mar 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
22819
TROY
Ulmus alata Michaux
50339 Geneva 17 FEB 1993 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8530
AUA
ULMUS ALATA MICHAUX
TROY000042046 Houston 23 Apr 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26183
TROY
Ulmus alata Michaux
61074 Choctaw 20 OCT 1994 CROUCH, VIRGINIA E.
1222
AUA
ULMUS ALATA MICHAUX
JSU135921 Calhoun s.d. D. D. Spaulding
2826
JSU
Ulmus alata Michaux
JSU136070 Marshall 13 Mar 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1162
JSU
Ulmus alata Michaux
58342 Bibb 10 JUL 1999 SMITH, S. T.
AUA
ULMUS ALATA MICHAUX
JSU136075 Randolph 13 Mar 1984 C. F. Nixon
590
JSU
Ulmus alata Michaux
TROY000033675 Perry 26 Feb 2011 Brian R. Keener
6297
TROY
Ulmus alata Michaux
70872 Dallas 26 FEB 2011 KEENER, BRIAN R.
6292
AUA
ULMUS ALATA MICHAUX
TROY000009453 Pike 16 Oct 2000 Clint Green
3
TROY
Ulmus alata Michaux
UWAL0002902 Lowndes 20 Feb 2011 A.R. Diamond
21749
UWAL
Ulmus alata Michaux
57550 Houston 22 JUL 1992 MACDONALD, JOHN R.
5099
AUA
ULMUS ALATA MICHAUX
JSU135928 Calhoun 27 Sep 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2958
JSU
Ulmus alata Michaux
JSU135936 Cleburne 28 Sep 1992 J. M. Ballard
651
JSU
Ulmus alata Michaux
44139 Conecuh 29 AUG 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2750
AUA
ULMUS ALATA MICHAUX
JSU136080 Randolph 26 Feb 1983 R. D. Whetstone
12924
JSU
Ulmus alata Michaux
TROY000031852 Montgomery 07 Feb 2010 Alvin R. Diamond
21139A
TROY
Ulmus alata Michaux
44212 Wilcox 26 APR 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2394
AUA
ULMUS ALATA MICHAUX
TROY000033746 Sumter 02 Mar 2011 Brian R. Keener
6307
TROY
Ulmus alata Michaux
61936 Choctaw 4 MAR 1995 CROUCH, VIRGINIA E.
1326
AUA
ULMUS ALATA MICHAUX
JSU144246 Cherokee 31 May 1968 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Ulmus alata Michaux
TROY000009452 Lowndes 17 Mar 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
12965
TROY
Ulmus alata Michaux
UWAL0010924 Houston 05 Apr 2007 R. Kral
97849
UWAL
Ulmus alata Michaux
JSU136077 Randolph 29 Mar 1984 C. F. Nixon
626
JSU
Ulmus alata Michaux
TROY000024211 Franklin 25 Jun 2008 J. Kevin England
825
TROY
Ulmus alata Michaux
JSU135926 Jefferson 11 Mar 1985 J. P. Barber
1312
JSU
Ulmus alata Michaux
JSU136067 Jefferson 11 Mar 1985 J. P. Barber
1312
JSU
Ulmus alata Michaux
TROY000032806 Lowndes 20 Feb 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
21749
TROY
Ulmus alata Michaux
UWAL0033648 St. Clair 17 Mar 2016 Brian R. Keener
9364
UWAL
Ulmus alata Michaux
JSU136063 Etowah 19 Sep 1982 F. E. Pugh
s.n.
JSU
Ulmus alata Michaux
USAM000015062 Baldwin 15 Nov 1980 Michael G. Lelong
11894
USAM
Ulmus alata Michaux
JSU135925 Calhoun 16 Jul 1991 Rhonda Naugher
247
JSU
Ulmus alata Michaux
TROY000009448 Dale 12 Apr 2000 Tiffany Pennington
532
TROY
Ulmus alata Michaux
SAMF0002146 Shelby 28 Feb 1996 Jimmy Stiles
3
SAMF
Ulmus alata Michaux
JSU145990 Cleburne 15 Oct 1993 F. Hutchinson
2131
JSU
Ulmus alata Michaux
TROY000037399 Elmore 12 Mar 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
23784
TROY
Ulmus alata Michaux
JSU135939 Cullman 22 Apr 1967 Norman Harris
s.n.
JSU
Ulmus alata Michaux
UWAL0004312 Fayette 1 Mar 2003 Robert R. Haynes
10329
UWAL
Ulmus alata Michx.
JSU135919 Calhoun 20 Sep 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2918
JSU
Ulmus alata Michaux
JSU136076 Randolph 6 Oct 1983 C. F. Nixon
481
JSU
Ulmus alata Michaux
UWAL0003084 Perry 26 Feb 2011 Brian R. Keener
6297
UWAL
Ulmus alata Michx.
TROY000024213 Tuscaloosa 10 Feb 1994 Carroll J. Mann
6
TROY
Ulmus alata Michaux
64551 Chambers 3 MAR 2005 JOHNSON, C. N.
4
AUA
ULMUS ALATA MICHAUX
JSU135938 Colbert 24 Aug 1965 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Ulmus alata Michaux
UWAL0004315 Marengo 15 Oct 2006 R. Brock Reynolds
18
UWAL
Ulmus alata Michx.
SAMF0002145 Sumter 02 Mar 2011 Brian R. Keener
6307
SAMF
Ulmus alata Michaux
JSU136064 Etowah 14 Sep 1972 Gene Phifer
s.n.
JSU
Ulmus alata Michaux
USAM000015075 Monroe 16 May 1973 Michael G. Lelong
7088
USAM
Ulmus alata Michaux
SAMF0002919 Jefferson 17 Mar 2013 L. J. Davenport
5425
SAMF
Ulmus alata Michaux
JSU136074 Morgan 18 Mar 1994 R. D. Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Ulmus alata Michaux
TROY000024210 Fayette 01 Mar 2003 Robert R. Haynes
10329
TROY
Ulmus alata Michaux
UWAL0001998 Montgomery 7 Feb 2010 A.R. Diamond
21139A
UWAL
Ulmus alata Michx.
JSU144245 Calhoun 27 Jun 1969 Jan Cofield
s.n.
JSU
Ulmus alata Michaux
TROY000009449 Dale 06 Jun 2000 Michael Woods
8133
TROY
Ulmus alata Michaux
35946 Bibb 18 SEP 1979 BECKETT, SCOTT W.
277
AUA
ULMUS ALATA MICHAUX
JSU135922 Calhoun s.d. D. D. Spaulding
2864
JSU
Ulmus alata Michaux
JSU135930 Calhoun 13 Sep 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2833
JSU
Ulmus alata Michaux
58220 Tallapoosa 1 MAY 1997 TYLER, PATRICIA J.
TYLER51
AUA
ULMUS ALATA MICHAUX
JSU136079 Randolph 17 Mar 1983 C. F. Nixon
46
JSU
Ulmus alata Michaux
UWAL0004317 Sumter 25 Jun 1998 James E. White
B-151
UWAL
Ulmus alata Michx.
72202 Dallas 26 FEB 2011 KEENER, BRIAN R.
6292
AUA
ULMUS ALATA MICHAUX
TROY000009451 Dale 01 Oct 1997 Hannelore Rundell
533
TROY
Ulmus alata Michaux
UWAL0010824 Butler 04 Mar 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
22819
UWAL
Ulmus alata Michaux
15090 Tallapoosa 9 JUL 1966 SCHMITTON, H. R.
AUA
ULMUS ALATA MICHAUX
JSU135929 Calhoun 27 Sep 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2977
JSU
Ulmus alata Michaux
TROY000024209 Etowah 20 Sep 1987 Erick Alford
144
TROY
Ulmus alata Michaux
JSU135931 Calhoun 16 Jul 1991 Rhonda Naugher
247
JSU
Ulmus alata Michaux
55382 Pike 4 JUL 1995 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9616
AUA
ULMUS ALATA MICHAUX
JSU135937 Colbert 26 May 1996 R. D. Whetstone
17950
JSU
Ulmus alata Michaux
SAMF0002150 Perry 26 Feb 2011 Brian R. Keener
6297
SAMF
Ulmus alata Michaux
44140 Butler 26 AUG 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2706
AUA
ULMUS ALATA MICHAUX
TROY000028307 Perry 03 Mar 2007 Brian R. Keener
3321
TROY
Ulmus alata Michaux
UWAL0031470 Morgan 12 Mar 2016 England, J. Kevin
5924
UWAL
Ulmus alata Michaux
TROY000009447 Crenshaw 12 Jul 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16693A
TROY
Ulmus alata Michaux
UWAL0003089 Dallas 26 Feb 2011 Brian R. Keener
6292
UWAL
Ulmus alata Michaux
55585 Lauderdale 27 MAR 1972 KRAL, ROBERT
45150
AUA
ULMUS ALATA MICHAUX
TROY000009446 Coffee 10 Mar 2000 Brian H. Martin
482
TROY
Ulmus alata Michaux
JSU135923 Calhoun 1 Mar 1992 J. M. Ballard
39
JSU
Ulmus alata Michaux
JSU135934 Clay 6 Oct 1993 J. M. Ballard
3349
JSU
Ulmus alata Michaux
TROY000038910 Macon 02 Feb 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
24770
TROY
Ulmus alata Michaux
UWAL0017676 Houston 23 Apr 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26183
UWAL
Ulmus alata Michaux
JSU136081 St. Clair 19 Mar 1984 Donna Beavers
s.n.
JSU
Ulmus alata Michaux
TROY000028660 Marengo 27 Feb 2009 J. Kevin England
1644
TROY
Ulmus alata Michaux
55636 Choctaw 9 JUN 1985 SHERMAN, SUE
61
AUA
ULMUS ALATA MICHAUX
JSU140079 Dallas 15 Apr 2010 T. Wayne Barger
OC-116
JSU
Ulmus alata Michaux
52540 Dale 5 APR 1992 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8065A
AUA
ULMUS ALATA MICHAUX
TROY000009454 Pike 30 Apr 1995 Steve Doty
1
TROY
Ulmus alata Michaux
SAMF0002147 Jefferson 13 Jul 1948 H. A. McCullough
s.n.
SAMF
Ulmus alata Michaux
JSU135917 Blount 29 Apr 1993 Adam Dasinger
63
JSU
Ulmus alata Michaux
JSU136069 Jefferson 1 Mar 1985 M. G. Bussey
s.n.
JSU
Ulmus alata Michaux
USAM000015065 Baldwin 07 Jul 1970 Michael G. Lelong
5451
USAM
Ulmus alata Michaux
JSU135918 Calhoun 20 Sep 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2882
JSU
Ulmus alata Michaux
JSU136062 Etowah 22 Mar 1984 C. F. Nixon
596
JSU
Ulmus alata Michaux
UWAL0004314 Marengo 27 Feb 2009 J. Kevin England
1644
UWAL
Ulmus alata Michx.
70819 Perry 26 FEB 2011 KEENER, BRIAN R.
6297
AUA
ULMUS ALATA MICHAUX
JSU136071 Marshall 2 May 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1528
JSU
Ulmus alata Michaux
2036 Lee 15 MAY 1953 WALSH, C. S.
AUA
ULMUS ALATA MICHAUX
TROY000009450 Dale 21 Jun 1997 Hannelore Rundell
256
TROY
Ulmus alata Michaux
UWAL0012375 Lowndes 07 Mar 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
23767
UWAL
Ulmus alata Michaux
67648 Montgomery 5 APR 2007 SHEPHERD, J. J.
1-1
AUA
ULMUS ALATA MICHAUX
JSU136072 Marshall 3 Apr 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1275
JSU
Ulmus alata Michaux
TROY000035693 Barbour 25 May 2012 Eric W. Minton
21
TROY
Ulmus alata Michaux
JSU135935 Cleburne 27 Jul 1995 S. E. Hruska
850
JSU
Ulmus alata Michaux
48588 Bullock 4 MAR 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4143
AUA
ULMUS ALATA MICHAUX
JSU135932 Calhoun 31 Aug 1972 R. D. Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Ulmus alata Michaux
SAMF0002142 Jefferson 01 May 1953 C. Kennedy
s.n.
SAMF
Ulmus alata Michaux
52630 Dale 26 FEB 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5702
AUA
ULMUS ALATA MICHAUX
JSU136068 Jefferson 1 Mar 1985 M. G. Bussey
s.n.
JSU
Ulmus alata Michaux
SAMF0002144 Shelby 05 May 1965 Martha Crystal Myers
s.n.
SAMF
Ulmus alata Michaux
JSU135924 Calhoun 18 Oct 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2999
JSU
Ulmus alata Michaux
TROY000024208 Cherokee 26 Sep 1987 C. C. Dickson
693
TROY
Ulmus alata Michaux
62732 Fayette 1 MAR 2003 HAYNES, ROBERT R.
10329
AUA
ULMUS ALATA MICHAUX
JSU136078 Randolph 29 Mar 1984 C. F. Nixon
626
JSU
Ulmus alata Michaux
UWAL0004316 Perry 3 Mar 2007 Brian R. Keener
3321
UWAL
Ulmus alata Michx.
JSU136073 Marshall 28 Jun 1969 Jessica Tudor
s.n.
JSU
Ulmus alata Michaux
UWAL0004318 Sumter 2 Oct 1993 Lee Stanton
B-104
UWAL
Ulmus alata Michx.
JSU136061 DeKalb 23 Aug 1992 F. W. Clearman Jr.
252
JSU
Ulmus alata Michaux
USAM000015061 Monroe 16 May 1973 Michael G. Lelong
7088
USAM
Ulmus alata Michaux
TROY000009445 Bullock 03 Feb 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
12895
TROY
Ulmus alata Michaux
SAMF0002148 Shelby 15 Feb 2009 L. J. Davenport
3913
SAMF
Ulmus alata Michaux
TROY000024212 Tallapoosa 30 Apr 2004 Robert Kral
95070
TROY
Ulmus alata Michaux
SAMF0002149 Jackson 02 Apr 2010 L. J. Davenport
4168
SAMF
Ulmus alata Michaux
JSU146035 Calhoun 21 May 1993 F. Hutchinson
1512
JSU
Ulmus alata Michaux
TROY000009455 Pike 02 Apr 1997 Jeanese Holmes
262
TROY
Ulmus alata Michaux
UWAL0013098 Elmore 12 Mar 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
23784
UWAL
Ulmus alata Michaux
JSU135927 Calhoun 27 Sep 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2989
JSU
Ulmus alata Michaux
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