Phyla nodiflora

Family:VERBENACEAE
Species:Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
Common Name:Creeping Frogfruit; Turkey Tangle; Capeweed
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:PHNO2
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACW (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyVERBENACEAE - Verbena family
Genus Phyla
Species Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene - Creeping Frogfruit; Turkey Tangle; Capeweed

Citation

Citation PHYLA NODIFLORA (Linnaeus) Greene, Pittonia 4: 46. 1899.
Basionym: Verbena nodiflora Linnaeus 1753.
Type: Without data, Herb. Clifford 11, Verbena #3 (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by C. C. Townsend, in P. H. Davis, Fl. Turkey 7: 32. 1982.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Blairia nodiflora Blairia nodiflora (Linnaeus) Gaertner, Fruct. Sem. Pl. 1: 266. 1788.Verbena nodiflora Linnaeus 1753. 
Lippia aegyptiaca Lippia aegyptiaca Delchevalerie ex Carrière, Rev. Hort. 44: 316. 1872.  
Lippia canescens Lippia canescens Kunth, in Humboldt et al., Nov. Gen. Sp. 2: 263. 1818. PERU: Trujillo, and between Lima and Callao, s.d., Humboldt s.n. (lectotype: B-W 11117/1). Lectotypified by Méndez, in Greuter, Fl. Republ. Cuba, ser. A. 7: 73. 2003.
Lippia cuneifolia var. incisa Lippia cuneifolia Steudel, var. incisa (Small) Blankinship, Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 18: 186. 1907.Phyla incisa Small 1903. 
Lippia incisa Lippia incisa (Small) Tidestrom, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 48: 42. 1935.Phyla incisa Small 1903. 
Lippia nodiflora var. canescens Lippia nodiflora (Linnaeus) Michaux, var. canescens (Kunth) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(2): 253. 1898.Lippia canescens Kunth 1818.  
Lippia nodiflora var. normalis Lippia nodiflora (Linnaeus) Michaux, var. normalis Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 508. 1891, nom. inadmiss.Lippia nodiflora (Linnaeus) Michaux 1803; Verbena nodiflora Linnaeus 1753. 
Lippia nodiflora var. repens Lippia nodiflora (Linnaeus) Michaux, var. repens (Bertoloni) Schauer, in de Candolle, Prodr. 11: 586. 1847.Verbena repens Bertoloni 1806.  
Lippia nodiflora var. reptans Lippia nodiflora (Linnaeus) Michaux, var. reptans (Kunth) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 508. 1891.Lippia reptans Kunth 1818. 
Lippia nodiflora var. rosea Lippia nodiflora (Linnaeus) Michaux, var. rosea (D. Don) Munz, Aliso 4: 97. 1958.Zapania nodiflora (Linnaeus) Lamarck, var. rosea D. Don 1834. 
Lippia nodiflora var. sarmentosa Lippia nodiflora (Linnaeus) Michaux, var. sarmentosa (Willdenow) Schauer, in de Candolle, Prodr. 11: 585. 1847.Verbena sarmentosa Willdenow 1809. 
Lippia nodiflora var. vulgaris Lippia nodiflora (Linnaeus) Michaux, var. vulgaris Walpers, Repert. Bot. Syst. 4: 49. 1845, nom. inadmiss.Lippia nodiflora (Linnaeus) Michaux 1803; Verbena nodiflora Linnaeus 1753. 
Lippia repens Lippia repens (Bertoloni) Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 2: 752. 1825.Verbena repens Bertoloni 1806.  
Lippia reptans Lippia reptans Kunth, in Humboldt et al., Nov. Gen. Sp. 2: 263. 1818. VENEZUELA: Sucre: Cumaná, Jul-Nov 1799, Humboldt & Bonpland 76 (holotype: P; isotype: B-W).
Lippia sarmentosa Lippia sarmentosa (Willdenow) Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 2: 752. 1825.Verbena sarmentosa Willdenow 1809. 
Lippia nodiflora Lippia nodiflora (Linnaeus) Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 15. 1803.Verbena nodiflora Linnaeus 1753. 
Phyla canescens Phyla canescens (Kunth) Greene, Pittonia 4: 48. 1899.Lippia canescens Kunth 1818. 
Phyla chinensis Phyla chinensis Loureiro, Fl. Cochinch. 66. 1790.  
Phyla nodiflora var. antillana Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene, var. antillana Moldenke, Phytologia 40: 468. 1978. VIRGIN ISLANDS: St. Croix: Judiths Fancy, 17-25 Mar 1923, Britton et al. 83 (holotype: NY).
Phyla nodiflora var. canescens Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene, var. canescens (Kunth) Moldenke, Phytologia 1: 98. 1934.Lippia canescens Kunth 1818. 
Phyla nodiflora var. incisa Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene, var. incisa (Small) Moldenke, Phytologia 27: 69. 1973.Phyla incisa Small 1903. 
Phyla nodiflora var. longifolia Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene, var. longifolia Moldenke, Phytologia 2: 22. 1941. HONDURAS: Atlántida: Beach at Salado, vicinity of La Ceiba, 10 Jul 1938, Yuncker et al. 8327 (holotype: NY).
Phyla nodiflora var. reptans Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene, var.reptans (Kunth) Moldenke, Torreya 34: 9. 1934.Lippia reptans Kunth 1818. 
Phyla nodiflora var. rosea Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene, var. rosea (D. Don) Moldenke, Phytologia 2: 22. 1941.Zapania nodiflora (Linnaeus) Lamarck, var. rosea D. Don 1834. 
Phyla nodiflora var. texensis Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene, var. texensis Moldenke, Phytologia 27: 69. 1973. TEXAS: Bexar Co.: Without data, Jermy s.n. (holotype: NY).
Phyla reptans Phyla reptans (Kunth) Greene, Pittonia 4: 47. 1899.Lippia reptans Kunth 1818. 
Phyla incisa Phyla incisa Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 1012, 1337. 1903. TEXAS
Piarimula chinensis Piarimula chinensis (Loureiro) Rafinesque, Fl. Tellur. 2: 102. 1837 ("1836").Phyla chinensis Loureiro 1790. 
Piarimula chinensis Piarimula chinensis (Loureiro) Rafinesque, Fl. Tellur. 2: 102. 1837 ("1836").Phyla chinensis Loureiro 1790. 
Platonia nodiflora Platonia nodiflora (Linnaeus) Rafinesque, Med. Repos., ser. 2. 5: 352. 1808.Verbena nodiflora Linnaeus 1753. 
Verbena capitata Verbena capitata Forsskål, Fl. Aegypt.-Arab. 10. 1775.  
Verbena fruticosa Verbena fruticosa Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8. 1768. MEXICO: Without data, Houston s.n. (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Moldenke, in Woodson & Schery, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60: 62. 1973.
Verbena nodiflora Verbena nodiflora Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 20. 1753. Without data, Herb. Clifford 11, Verbena #3 (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by C. C. Townsend, in P. H. Davis, Fl. Turkey 7: 32. 1982.
Verbena repens Verbena repens Bertoloni, Rar. Lig. (Ital.) Pl. 2: 27. 1806.  
Verbena sarmentosa Verbena sarmentosa Willdenow, Enum. Pl. 632. 1809.  
Zapania nodiflora Zapania nodiflora (Linnaeus) Lamarck, Tabl. Encycl. 1: 59. 1791.Verbena nodiflora Linnaeus 1753. 
Zapania nodiflora var. rosea Zapania nodiflora (Linnaeus) Lamarck, var. rosea D. Don, in Sweet, Brit. Fl. Gard., ser. 2. 3: t. 225. 1834.  
Zapania repens Zapania repens (Bertoloni) Bertoloni, Rar. Lig. (Ital.) Pl. 3: 27. 1810. Verbena repens Bertoloni 1806.  
Zapania reptans Zapania reptans Sprengel, Pl. Min. Cogn. Pug. 2: 70. 1815.  

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Bullock, Cherokee, Choctaw, Conecuh, Covington, Dale, Geneva, Greene, Houston, Lowndes, Mobile, Monroe, Pike, Shelby, Sumter, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
USAM000015159 Greene 06 Jun 1977 Michael G. Lelong
9807
USAM
Lippia nodiflora (Linnaeus) Michaux
JSU136808 Mobile 03 Jun 1970 R. Kral
39636
JSU
Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
TROY000043915 Houston 18 Aug 2016 Alvin R. Diamond
27628
TROY
Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
TROY000009503 Monroe 20 Sep 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18222
TROY
Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
TROY000034919 Cherokee 17 Jul 2011 Daniel D. Spaulding
13359
TROY
Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
39526 Lowndes 13 JUL 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
882
AUA
PHYLA NODIFLORA (L.) GREENE
39525 Wilcox 23 JUN 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
840
AUA
PHYLA NODIFLORA (L.) GREENE
JSU136805 Baldwin 03 Jun 1972 R. Kral
47154
JSU
Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
TROY000043919 Dale 18 Aug 2016 Alvin R. Diamond
27634
TROY
Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
SAMF0005054 Mobile 21 Apr 2001 Janet F. White
31
SAMF
Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
UNA00039696 Wilcox 23 Jun 1982 S. C. Gunn
840
UNA
Lippia nodiflora (L.) Michx.
JSU136806 Baldwin 16 May 1964 Gene A. Bozarth
s.n.
JSU
Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
TROY000038230 Bullock 06 Aug 2013 Bailee Dykes
1665
TROY
Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
55975 Baldwin 3 SEP 1972 KRAL, ROBERT
47154
AUA
PHYLA NODIFLORA (L.) GREENE
JSU136810 Mobile 16 May 1974 R. David Whetstone
2609
JSU
Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
UNA00039709 Mobile 22 Apr 1950 Lloyd C. Crawford
953
UNA
Lippia nodiflora (L.) Michx.
1767 Baldwin 16 MAY 1964 CREEL, JOHN
AUA
PHYLA NODIFLORA (L.) GREENE
UNA00059077 Mobile 27 May 2002 D. D. Spaulding
11314
UNA
Phyla nodiflora (L.) Greene
12321 Baldwin 1 MAY 1965 KOELLING, ALFRED C.
2243
AUA
PHYLA NODIFLORA (L.) GREENE
4034 Baldwin 1 MAY 1953 SPEAKE, DAN W.
AUA
PHYLA NODIFLORA (L.) GREENE
JSU136811 Monroe 12 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18562
JSU
Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
UWAL0009905 Cherokee 17 Jul 2011 Dan Spaulding
13359
UWAL
Phyla nodiflora (L.) Greene
11703 Baldwin 29 APR 1967 BARRICK, WILLIAM E.
AUA
PHYLA NODIFLORA (L.) GREENE
TROY000009590 Mobile 27 May 2002 D.D. Spaulding
11314
TROY
Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
UNA00056328 Geneva 28 Nov 1998 John R. MacDonald
12458
UNA
Phyla nodiflora (L.) Greene
TROY000024414 Baldwin 12 Oct 2007 Brian R. Keener
3930
TROY
Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
56101 Mobile 15 AUG 1973 KRAL, ROBERT
51332
AUA
PHYLA NODIFLORA (L.) GREENE
JSU136812 Shelby 20 Jul 1993 R. D. Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
34994 Covington 12 MAY 1979 CRAWFORD, LLOYD C.
AUA
PHYLA NODIFLORA (L.) GREENE
58985 Pike 18 DEC 1998 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
11561
AUA
PHYLA NODIFLORA (L.) GREENE
UNA00039707 Mobile _ Sep 1896 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Lippia nodiflora (L.) Michx.
JSU136809 Mobile 16 May 1974 R. David Whetstone
2636
JSU
Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
UNA00039695 Lowndes 13 Jul 1982 S. C. Gunn
882
UNA
Lippia nodiflora (L.) Michx.
SAMF0005055 Mobile 23 Sep 1989 LeAnne Green
60
SAMF
Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
TROY000009591 Pike 18 Dec 1998 Alvin R. Diamond
11561
TROY
Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
UWAL0031184 Conecuh 23 May 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26374
UWAL
Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
62670 Mobile 12 APR 2003 FOSTER, RACHEL
50
AUA
PHYLA NODIFLORA (L.) GREENE
37872 Mobile 23 SEP 1981 HENDERSON, T.
622
AUA
PHYLA NODIFLORA (L.) GREENE
TROY000042472 Conecuh 23 May 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26374
TROY
Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
UWAL0004376 Sumter 10 Jul 1984 Benny Glasgow
s.n.
UWAL
Phyla nodiflora (L.) Greene
USAM000015158 Mobile 30 May 1968 Michael G. Lelong
4702
USAM
Lippia nodiflora (Linnaeus) Michaux
UWAL0004375 Monroe 20 Sep 2007 A.R. Diamond
18222
UWAL
Phyla nodiflora (L.) Greene
UWAL0015927 Bullock 06 Aug 2013 Bailee Dykes
1665
UWAL
Phyla nodiflora (L.) Greene
JSU136807 Choctaw 13 Sep 1997 J. W. Higginbotham
168
JSU
Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
73008 Mobile 26 AUG 2014 HORNE, HOWARD E.
2709
AUA
PHYLA NODIFLORA (L.) GREENE var. MINOR (GILLIES & HOOKER) N. O'LEARY & MULGURA
UNA00039700 Mobile 9 May 1964 Rebecca Deramus
D62
UNA
Lippia nodiflora (L.) Michx.
UWAL0019754 Houston 05 May 1987 R. Kral
73988
UWAL
Phyla nodiflora (L.) Greene
UWAL0004374 Baldwin 12 Oct 2007 Brian R. Keener
3930
UWAL
Phyla nodiflora (L.) Greene
4032 Baldwin 10 MAY 1953 ALLISON, RAY
AUA
PHYLA NODIFLORA (L.) GREENE
TROY000009589 Baldwin 11 May 2005 Curtis J. Hansen
1771
TROY
Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
TROY000038343 Bullock 02 Aug 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
24422
TROY
Phyla nodiflora (Linnaeus) Greene
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