Ilex decidua

Family:AQUIFOLIACEAE
Species:Ilex decidua Walter
Common Name:Deciduous Holly; Possum Haw
Habitat:Upland and alluvial forests, fence rows, and thickets.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Shrub
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:ILDE
Plant Notes: Possum Haw is a native deciduous shrub in the Holly family (Aquifoliaceae). It is found throughout Alabama. Possum Haw occurs in alluvial forests, in prairies, on fence rows, and in disturbed woodlands. It is often a multi-trunked shrub from seven to fifteen feet in height. Like most members of the genus Possum Haw is mostly dioecious (separate male and female plants). The obovate leaves are alternate and have a crenate (rounded teeth) margin. The leaves turn yellow in the autumn before falling. Both male and female plants produce inconspicuous white flowers in the spring. The fruit is a bright red drupe (a fleshy indehiscent fruit with the seed enclosed in a hard stony endocarp). The fruit are consumed by a variety of wildlife, including many song birds. Only the female plants produce fruit, and at least one male plant is needed for pollination. Possum Haw grows in a wide variety of soil types. Best growth is in full or partial sun. Plants can withstand flooding for short periods of time. Many cultivars are available including ones with yellow fruit, weeping forms, ones with perfect flowers (has both stamens and carpels), and dwarf forms. Some popular cultivars include Pendula , Council Fire , Warren's Red , Pocahontas.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACW (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyAQUIFOLIACEAE - Holly family
Genus Ilex
Species Ilex decidua Walter - Deciduous Holly; Possum Haw

Citation

Citation ILEX DECIDUA Walter, Fl. Carol. 241. 1788.
Basionym: **
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Berkeley Co.: 3 mi. NE of Pineville, 17 Jul 1939, Godfrey & Tryon 652 (neotype: GH; isoneotypes: BH, CA, CAS, DUKE, F, MO, NY, PH, US). Neotypified by D. B. Ward, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 2: 478. 2008.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Ilex aestivalis Ilex aestivalis Lamarck, Encuycl. 3: 147. 1792.  
Ilex curtissii Ilex curtissii (Fernald) Small, Man. S.E. Fl. 815. 1933.Ilex decidua Walter, var. curtissii Fernald 1902. 
Ilex cuthbertii Ilex cuthbertii Small, Man. S.E. Fl. 815. 1933. "Fla., and Ga."
Ilex decidua var. curtissii Ilex decidua Walter, var. curtissii Fernald, Bot. Gaz. 33: 155. 1902. FLORIDA: Suwannee Co.: Along the Suwannee River near Branford, 24 Oct 1900, Curtiss 6736 (holotype: GH; isotype: NY).
Ilex prinoides Ilex prinoides Aiton, Hort. Kew. 1: 169. 1789. SOUTH CAROLINA
Ilex tenuifolia Ilex tenuifolia Salisbury, Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 70. 1796, nom. illegit.Ilex prinoides Aiton 1789. 
Prinos deciduus Prinos deciduus (Walter) de Candolle, Prodr. 2: 16. 1825.Ilex decidua Walter 1788. 
Prinos deciduus var. aestivalis Prinos deciduus (Walter) de Candolle, var. aestivalis (Lamarck) de Candolle, Prodr. 2: 16. 1825.Ilex aestivalis Lamarck 1792. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Barbour, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Chilton, Choctaw, Clarke, Coffee, Colbert, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Dallas, DeKalb, Elmore, Escambia, Etowah, Fayette, Geneva, Greene, Hale, Jackson, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Lowndes, Madison, Marengo, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Perry, Pickens, Pike, Randolph, Russell, Shelby, St. Clair, Sumter, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, JSU, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UNA00068485 Escambia 19 Jun 2008 C. J. Hansen
3278
UNA
Ilex decidua Walt.
UNA00020602 Blount 13 May 1898 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Ilex decidua Walt.
UNA00020664 Blount 13 May 1898 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Ilex decidua Walt.
UNA00020613 Morgan 15 Jun 1891 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Ilex decidua Walt.
UNA00020614 Hale 23 May 1893 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Ilex decidua Walt.
UNA00022783 Hale 2 Oct 1993 Chris G. Haynes
s.n.
UNA
Ilex decidua Walt.
UNA00022817 Marengo 7 Oct 1993 Chris G. Haynes
s.n.
UNA
Ilex decidua Walt.
UNA00009397 Pickens 26 Apr 1987 Frank D. Bowers
13438
UNA
Ilex decidua Walt.
UNA00020609 Greene 6 Jun 1967 H. Naugle
G 354
UNA
Ilex decidua Walt.
UNA00020610 Greene 5 Oct 1968 Joab L. Thomas
1855
UNA
Ilex decidua Walt. var. decidua
UNA00045797 Dale 10 Apr 1998 John R. MacDonald
11039
UNA
Ilex decidua Walt.
UNA00048919 Barbour 10 May 1997 John R. MacDonald
10496
UNA
Ilex decidua Walt.
UNA00064023 Jackson 3 Jul 1998 K. R. Brodeur
984
UNA
Ilex decidua Walt.
UNA00069346 Marengo 4 Sep 2008 Kevin England
1013
UNA
Ilex decidua Walt.
UNA00020619 Monroe 14 Jun 1978 L. J. Davenport
412
UNA
Ilex decidua Walt.
UNA00056662 Hale 18 Aug 1994 Michelle Birk
118
UNA
Ilex decidua Walt.
UNA00020611 Hale 11 Dec 1965 Norris H. Williams
163
UNA
Ilex decidua Walt.
UNA00020607 Hale 23 Apr 1966 Norris H. Williams
240
UNA
Ilex decidua Walt.
UNA00066852 Marengo 15 Oct 2006 R. Brock Reynolds
29
UNA
Ilex decidua Walt.
UNA00058931 Blount 10 May 1999 R. Kral
88300
UNA
Ilex decidua Walt.
UNA00020608 Morgan 9 Jul 1969 R. Kral
35305
UNA
Ilex decidua Walt.
UNA00020601 Dallas 23 May 1987 Robert Burckhalter
1030
UNA
Ilex decidua Walt.
UNA00009394 Butler 25 Nov 1987 Robert Burckhalter
1291
UNA
Ilex decidua Walt.
UNA00020606 Clarke 15 Apr 1980 Robert R. Haynes
7714
UNA
Ilex decidua Walt.
UNA00020618 Lee 21 Jun 1980 Robert R. Haynes
7864
UNA
Ilex decidua Walt.
UNA00020622 Madison 4 Jul 1980 Robert R. Haynes
7955
UNA
Ilex decidua Walt.
UNA00020620 Morgan 4 Jul 1980 Russell A. Meigs
939
UNA
Ilex decidua Walt. var. decidua
UNA00009396 Wilcox 9 Sep 1982 S. C. Gunn
1271
UNA
Ilex decidua Walt. var. decidua
UNA00020612 Geneva 25 Mar 1967 Sidney McDaniel
8654
UNA
Ilex decidua Walt.
UNA00069774 Jackson 18 Mar 2009 T. Wayne Barger
HC-26
UNA
Ilex decidua Walt.
TROY000014389 Butler 1 Sep 2007 A R Diamond
17996
TROY
Ilex decidua Walt.
TROY000014391 Monroe 27 Sep 2007 A R Diamond
18471
TROY
Ilex decidua Walt.
TROY000014390 Monroe 13 Sep 2007 A. R. Diamond
18083
TROY
Ilex decidua Walter
TROY000001135 Barbour 26 Jul 2000 A. R. Diamond
11909
TROY
Ilex decidua Walt.
TROY000014392 Conecuh 29 Jul 2007 A. R. Diamond
17832
TROY
Ilex decidua Walt.
TROY000001117 Barbour 3 Sep 2000 A. R. Diamond
12072
TROY
Ilex decidua Walter
TROY000014393 Butler 9 Jun 2007 A. R. Diamond
17691
TROY
Ilex decidua Walt.
TROY000001138 Crenshaw 2 Jun 2006 A.R. Diamond
16455
TROY
Ilex decidua Walt.
TROY000028304 Butler 10 Aug 2008 Alvin Diamond
19743
TROY
Ilex decidua Walt.
TROY000014385 Montgomery 25 May 2007 Alvin Diamond
17625
TROY
Ilex decidua Walter
TROY000015782 Wilcox 26 Oct 2008 Alvin Diamond
20357
TROY
Ilex decidua Walt.
TROY000014245 Chilton 3 May 2005 Alvin Diamond
15269
TROY
Ilex decidua Walt.
TROY000016694 Marengo 7 Aug 2008 Alvin Diamond
19718
TROY
Ilex decidua Walt.
TROY000032576 Dallas 12 May 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22085
TROY
Ilex decidua Walter
TROY000001136 Coffee 8 Dec 1999 Brian H. Martin
393
TROY
Ilex decidua Walt.
TROY000015807 Lowndes 14 Sep 2008 Brian R. Keener
4843
TROY
Ilex decidua Walt.
TROY000014388 Dallas 18 Apr 2008 Brian R. Keener
4238
TROY
Ilex decidua Walt.
TROY000017372 St. Clair 6 May 2008 Brian R. Keener
4393
TROY
Ilex decidua Walt.
TROY000014714 Sumter 9 Oct 2006 Brian R. Keener
3144
TROY
Ilex decidua Walt.
TROY000001139 Crenshaw 1 Nov 2000 Daryl Richburg
4
TROY
Ilex decidua Walt.
TROY000015969 Marengo 4 Sep 2008 J. Kevin England
1013
TROY
Ilex decidua Walt.
TROY000030747 Montgomery 7 May 1977 Michael W. Folsom
TROY
Ilex decidua Walt.
TROY000001140 Russell 19 Jun 1978 R. Kral
62080
TROY
Ilex decidua Walt.
TROY000014244 St. Clair 3 Jul 1980 R. Kral
65955
TROY
Ilex decidua Walt.
TROY000014246 Colbert 6 Nov 1980 R. Kral
66566
TROY
Ilex decidua Walt.
TROY000020583 Lowndes 15 Aug 2005 Robert Kral
96723
TROY
Ilex decidua Walt.
TROY000033760 Covington 17 Nov 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22703
TROY
Ilex decidua Walter
TROY000035176 Pike 15 Aug 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
23232
TROY
Ilex decidua Walter
JSU119215 Randolph 1 Mar 1986 C. F. Nixon
2083
JSU
Ilex decidua Walter
JSU119011 Cherokee 11 May 1983 C. F. Nixon
130
JSU
Ilex decidua Walter
JSU119217 St. Clair 22 Sep 1983 C. F. Nixon
421
JSU
Ilex decidua Walter
JSU119004 Calhoun 11 Jul 1986 C. L. Lawler
730
JSU
Ilex decidua Walter
JSU119006 Calhoun 5 Oct 1986 C. L. Lawler
1362
JSU
Ilex decidua Walter
JSU119218 Shelby 11 Oct 1997 D. D. Spaulding
10210
JSU
Ilex decidua Walter
JSU119009 Cherokee 19 Apr 2000 D. D. Spaulding
10740
JSU
Ilex decidua Walter
JSU119008 Cherokee 19 Apr 2000 D. D. Spaulding
10750
JSU
Ilex decidua Walter
JSU119003 Blount 17 Aug 1997 J. M. Ballard
7365
JSU
Ilex decidua Walter
JSU119211 Madison 25 Jun 1993 J. M. Ballard
2688
JSU
Ilex decidua Walter
JSU119014 Choctaw 13 Sep 1997 J. W. Higginbotham
262
JSU
Ilex decidua Walter
JSU119207 Jackson 15 Jul 1998 K. R. Brodeur
1025
JSU
Ilex decidua Walter
JSU119206 Jackson 23 Apr 1999 K. R. Brodeur
1755
JSU
Ilex decidua Walter
JSU119205 Jackson 26 May 1999 K. R. Brodeur
1900
JSU
Ilex decidua Walter
JSU119208 Jackson 3 Jul 1998 K. R. Brodeur
984
JSU
Ilex decidua Walter
JSU119201 Etowah 27 Jul 1995 L. Hodge-Spaulding
4293
JSU
Ilex decidua Walter
JSU119203 Etowah 23 Jun 1994 L. M. Hodge
2698
JSU
Ilex decidua Walter
JSU119202 Etowah 31 Jul 1994 L. M. Hodge
2928
JSU
Ilex decidua Walter
JSU119209 Lauderdale 13 Apr 1967 Larry Hayes
s.n.
JSU
Ilex decidua Walter
JSU119204 Hale 18 Aug 1994 Michelle Birk
118
JSU
Ilex decidua Walter
JSU119212 Monroe 1 Nov 1997 R. D. Whetstone
19100
JSU
Ilex decidua Walter
JSU119012 Cherokee 1 Oct 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12680
JSU
Ilex decidua Walter
JSU119214 Morgan 10 Jun 1976 R. D. Whetstone
8350
JSU
Ilex decidua Walter
JSU119213 Morgan 11 Aug 1975 R. D. Whetstone
6169
JSU
Ilex decidua Walter
JSU119018 DeKalb 11 May 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13118
JSU
Ilex decidua Walter
JSU119020 DeKalb 11 May 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13118
JSU
Ilex decidua Walter
JSU119019 DeKalb 11 May 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13118
JSU
Ilex decidua Walter
JSU119002 Bibb 13 May 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13559
JSU
Ilex decidua Walter
JSU119013 Chilton 18 May 1984 R. D. Whetstone
13906
JSU
Ilex decidua Walter
JSU119017 Dallas 18 May 1984 R. D. Whetstone
13969
JSU
Ilex decidua Walter
JSU119016 Colbert 26 May 1996 R. D. Whetstone
17855
JSU
Ilex decidua Walter
JSU119007 Calhoun 27 May 1982 R. D. Whetstone
11180
JSU
Ilex decidua Walter
JSU119010 Cherokee 3 Nov 1996 R. D. Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Ilex decidua Walter
JSU119005 Calhoun 30 Sep 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12627
JSU
Ilex decidua Walter
JSU119015 Clarke 31 Oct 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18968
JSU
Ilex decidua Walter
JSU119210 Limestone 12 Oct 1998 T. L. Hofmann
01822
JSU
Ilex decidua Walter
JSU119216 St. Clair 22 Sep 1983 Vickie Lamb
76
JSU
Ilex decidua Walter
UWAL0000274 Butler 10 Aug 2008 A. R. Diamond
19743
UWAL
Ilex decidua Walt.
UWAL0000275 Crenshaw 21 May 2008 A. R. Diamond
19300
UWAL
Ilex decidua Walt.
UWAL0000288 Wilcox 26 Oct 2008 A. R. Diamond
20375
UWAL
Ilex decidua Walt.
UWAL0000283 Monroe 27 Sep 2007 A. R. Diamond
18471
UWAL
Ilex decidua Walt.
UWAL0001733 Butler 6 Nov 2010 A. R. Diamond
21692
UWAL
Ilex decidua Walt.
UWAL0001001 Dallas 1 May 2010 Brian R. Keener
5920
UWAL
Ilex decidua Walt.
UWAL0000280 Lowndes 14 Sep 2008 Brian R. Keener
4843
UWAL
Ilex decidua Walt.
UWAL0000276 Dallas 18 Apr 2008 Brian R. Keener
4238
UWAL
Ilex decidua Walt.
UWAL0000277 Greene 27 May 2008 Brian R. Keener
4511
UWAL
Ilex decidua Walt.
UWAL0000286 St. Clair 6 May 2008 Brian R. Keener
4393
UWAL
Ilex decidua Walt.
UWAL0000287 Sumter 9 Oct 2006 Brian R. Keener
3144
UWAL
Ilex decidua Walt.
UWAL0000285 Pickens 10 Sep 2008 J. Kevin England
1081
UWAL
Ilex decidua Walt.
UWAL0000278 Lawrence 25 Oct 2008 J. Kevin England
1461
UWAL
Ilex decidua Walt.
UWAL0000281 Marengo 4 Sep 2008 J. Kevin England
1013
UWAL
Ilex decidua Walt.
UWAL0000284 Perry 7 Nov 2008 J. Kevin England
1485
UWAL
Ilex decidua Walt.
UWAL0000290 Sumter 2 Oct 1993 Lee Stanton
B-11
UWAL
Ilex decidua Walt.
UWAL0000282 Marengo 15 Oct 2006 R. Brock Reynolds
029
UWAL
Ilex decidua Walt.
UWAL0000279 Lowndes 15 Aug 2005 R. Kral
96723
UWAL
Ilex decidua Walt.
UWAL0000289 Sumter 11 May 1999 T. Stundon
B-165
UWAL
Ilex decidua Walt.
UWAL0005400 Dallas 12 May 2011 A.R. Diamond
22085
UWAL
Ilex decidua Walter
UWAL0009886 Limestone 28 Mar 2012 Brian R. Keener
7060
UWAL
Ilex decidua Walt.
UWAL0005428 St. Clair 13 Jul 1972 R. Kral
47684
UWAL
Ilex decidua Walt.
UWAL0007940 Fayette 04 Oct 2008 S.L. Younghance
159
UWAL
Ilex decidua Walter
UWAL0010787 Barbour 1 May 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
23004
UWAL
Ilex decidua Walter
UWAL0011390 Montgomery 10 Oct 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
23504
UWAL
Ilex decidua Walter
UWAL0011107 Pike 15 Aug 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
23232
UWAL
Ilex decidua Walter
UWAL0010605 Covington 17 Nov 211 Alvin R. Diamond
22703
UWAL
Ilex decidua Walter
UWAL0011097 Bullock 26 Apr 2012 Bailee Dykes
579
UWAL
Ilex decidua Walter
UWAL0011665 Pickens 27 Jun 2013 Brian R. Keener
7972
UWAL
Ilex decidua Walter
UWAL0011151 Marengo 12 Jul 2012 J. Kevin England
3662
UWAL
Ilex decidua Walter
AMAL00000393 Crenshaw 02 Jun 2006 A. R. Diamond
16455
AMAL
Ilex decidua Walt.
AMAL00019734 Chilton 03 May 2005 A. R. Diamond
15269
AMAL
Ilex decidua Walt.
AMAL00014234 Butler 09 Jun 2007 A. R. Diamond
17691
AMAL
Ilex decidua Walt.
AMAL00014260 Monroe 27 Sep 2007 A. R. Diamond
18471
AMAL
Ilex decidua Walt.
AMAL00014512 Conecuh 29 Jul 2007 A. R. Diamond
17832
AMAL
Ilex decidua Walt.
AMAL00015626 St. Clair 06 May 2008 Brian R. Keener
4393
AMAL
Ilex decidua Walt.
AMAL00015636 Sumter 09 Oct 2006 Brian R. Keener
3144
AMAL
Ilex decidua Walter
AMAL00018303 Lowndes 14 Sep 2008 Brian R. Keener
4843
AMAL
Ilex decidua Walt.
AMAL00019727 Marengo 04 Sep 2008 J. Kevin England
1013
AMAL
Ilex decidua Walt.
AMAL00018210 St. Clair 03 Jul 1980 R. Kral
65955
AMAL
Ilex decidua Walt.
AMAL00005803 Pike 06 Jun 1972 R. Kral
47328
AMAL
Ilex decidua Walt.
AMAL00012414 Colbert 06 Nov 1980 R. Kral
66566
AMAL
Ilex decidua Walt.
AMAL00018077 Lowndes 15 Aug 2005 R. Kral
96723
AMAL
Ilex decidua Walter
AMAL00007646 Russell 19 Jun 1978 R. Kral
62080
AMAL
Ilex decidua Walt.
AMAL00005802 Madison 13 Jul 1996 S. J. Threlkeld
711
AMAL
Ilex decidua Walt.
AMAL00005807 Madison 13 Jul 1996 S. J. Threlkeld
711
AMAL
Ilex decidua Walt.
AMAL00000742 Fayette 04 Oct 2008 S.L. Younghance
159
AMAL
Ilex decidua Walter
TROY000037937 Covington 11 May 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
24016
TROY
Ilex decidua Walter
TROY000037553 Marengo 12 Jul 2012 J. Kevin England
3662
TROY
Ilex decidua Walter
TROY000039343 Elmore 05 Jan 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
24718
TROY
Ilex decidua Walter
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