Trillium decipiens

Family:MELANTHIACEAE
Species:Trillium decipiens J.D. Freeman
Common Name:Deceiving Trillium; Deceptive Trillium; Chattahoochee River Wakerobin
Habitat:Rich hardwood forests, along streams, in ravines, and on the margins of prairie woods.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:TRDE2
Plant Notes:Deceiving Trillium is a native perennial in the Bunchflower family (Melanthiaceae). It is native to the southern half of Alabama. Deceiving Trillium occurs in rich hardwood forests, along streams, in ravines, and on the margins of prairie woods. It is a perennial from a stout rhizome. Each rhizome produces one (occasionally two) stem topped by three leaf-like bracts. The stems are from 7-17 inches in height. The bracts are ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate in outline, entire, and glabrous. The bracts are mottled with three shades of green and usually have a silver-green stripe down the middle. The tips of the bracts are pointed. Plants produce a single sessile flower. There are three rather large sepals that are erect and green in color, and three large obovate to oblanceolate erect petals. Petals vary in color from greenish-yellow through yellow, tan, brown, and purple-brown. Flower color can be highly variable even within a single population. The fruit is a mealy capsule. The seed are tan in color with a white elaiosome. Deceiving Trillium is listed as an S2S3 species in Alabama (typically 6 to 100 occurrences, few remaining individuals, or factors demonstrably making it very vulnerable in the state) and globally as a G3 species (imperiled globally because of rarity, or very vulnerable to extinction throughout its range because of other factors). Deceiving Trillium gets its common name from the fact that it was frequently confused with Underwood's Trillium (Trillium underwoodii Small), which grows in the same area of the state. Deceiving Trillium tends to prefer sites with richer soils. Although it is not uncommon to find more than one species of Trillium at a site, these two species have never been documented to grow together naturally.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, S2S3 (State Rank), G3 (Global Rank)
References:Freeman, J.D. 1975. Revision of Trillium Subgenus Phyllantherum (Liliaceae). Brittonia 27: 1-62.
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyMELANTHIACEAE - Bunchflower Family family
Genus Trillium
Species Trillium decipiens J.D. Freeman - Deceiving Trillium; Deceptive Trillium; Chattahoochee River Wakerobin

Citation

Citation TRILLIUM DECIPIENS J.D. Freeman, Brittonia 27: 17. 1975.
Basionym: **
Type: GEORGIA: Early Co.: W facing bluff of Chattahoochee River, just below Tenneco Oil Depot and S of GA 62, 2.2 mi. W of Hilton, 28 Mar 1968, Freeman et al. 615 (holotype: GH; isotypes: ALU, ASTC, AUA, BKL, BM, CAS, CM, DAV, DUKE, F, FLAS, FSU, GA, ILL, K, M

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

No synonyms exist for this species.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Barbour, Bullock, Butler, Choctaw, Clarke, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Dallas, Henry, Houston, Lowndes, Montgomery, Pike, Randolph, Russell, Tallapoosa, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AMAL, AUA, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1993 - 1993

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
AUA000000166 Butler 31 Mar 1991 Diamond, Alvin R.
7321
AUA
Trillium Decipiens J. D. Freeman
AUA000000167 Butler 19 Mar 1986 Diamond, Alvin R.
2145
AUA
Trillium Decipiens J. D. Freeman
AUA000000183 Henry 10 Apr 1966 Knowles, Ronald
AUA
Trillium Decipiens J. D. Freeman
UWAL0011082 Bullock 12 Mar 2012 Dykes, Bailee
0337
UWAL
Trillium decipiens J.D. Freeman
AUA000000193 Montgomery 13 Mar 1992 Diamond, Alvin R.
7970
AUA
Trillium Decipiens J. D. Freeman
AMAL00012767 Choctaw 16 Mar 2003 Kral, Robert
93642
AMAL
Trillium decipiens J. D. Freeman
AUA000000204 Russell 5 Mar 1975 Folsom, James P.
354
AUA
Trillium Decipiens J. D. Freeman
AUA000000187 Lowndes 8 Apr 1972 Freeman, John D.
754
AUA
Trillium Decipiens J. D. Freeman
UWAL0017915 Randolph 12 Apr 1976 Kral, R.
57663
UWAL
Trillium decipiens Freem.
TROY000032668 Montgomery 20 Mar 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
21789
TROY
Trillium decipiens J.D. Freemen
AUA000000211 Wilcox 3 Apr 1966 Samejima, J.
1050
AUA
Trillium Decipiens J. D. Freeman
TROY000026042 Wilcox 31 Mar 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4152
TROY
Trillium decipiens J. D. Freeman
UNA00056509 Crenshaw 2 Mar 1991 Diamond, Alvin R.
7230
UNA
Trillium decipiens J.D. Freeman
UWAL0010382 Clarke 02 Mar 2012 Keener, Brian R.
6872
UWAL
Trillium decipiens J.D. Freeman
AUA000000175 Crenshaw 2 Mar 1991 Diamond, Alvin R.
7232
AUA
Trillium Decipiens J. D. Freeman
TROY000011276 Henry 17 Mar 2000 MacDonald, John R.
13747
TROY
Trillium decipiens J. D. Freeman
AUA000000178 Crenshaw 16 Mar 1990 Diamond, Alvin R.
6721
AUA
Trillium Decipiens J. D. Freeman
UWAL0002447 Wilcox 31 Mar 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4152
UWAL
Trillium decipiens J.D. Freeman
AUA000000185 Houston 6 Feb 1991 Diamond, Alvin R.
7215
AUA
Trillium Decipiens J. D. Freeman
TROY000036314 Clarke 02 Mar 2012 Keener, Brian R.
6872
TROY
Trillium decipiens J. D. Freeman
AUA000000203 Russell 2 Mar 1969 Freeman, John D.
631
AUA
Trillium Decipiens J. D. Freeman
AUA000000207 Wilcox 8 Apr 1963 Kral, Robert
16599
AUA
Trillium Decipiens J. D. Freeman
AMAL00013363 Butler 18 Mar 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
17320
AMAL
Trillium decipiens J. D. Freeman
AUA000000197 Pike 23 Feb 1990 Diamond, Alvin R.
6669
AUA
Trillium Decipiens J. D. Freeman
AUA000000201 Pike 26 Mar 1989 Diamond, Alvin R.
5760
AUA
Trillium Decipiens J. D. Freeman
AUA000000210 Wilcox 6 Apr 1985 Diamond, Alvin R.
318
AUA
Trillium Decipiens J. D. Freeman
AUA000000198 Pike 19 Mar 1991 Diamond, Alvin R.
7297
AUA
Trillium Decipiens J. D. Freeman
TROY000029487 Butler 04 Apr 2009 Diamond, Alvin R.
20557
TROY
Trillium decipiens J. D. Freeman
AUA000000180 Crenshaw 14 Mar 1990 Diamond, Alvin R.
6717
AUA
Trillium Decipiens J. D. Freeman
AUA000000209 Wilcox 6 Apr 1985 Diamond, Alvin R.
342
AUA
Trillium Decipiens J. D. Freeman
UWAL0005438 Lowndes 08 Apr 1972 Freeman, J.D.
0754
UWAL
Trillium decipiens Freeman
AUA000000191 Montgomery 10 Mar 1967 Freeman, John D.
513
AUA
Trillium Decipiens J. D. Freeman
AUA000000190 Montgomery 2 Apr 1966 Kral, Robert
26098
AUA
Trillium Decipiens J. D. Freeman
UWAL0050329 Lowndes 01 Mar 2020 Diamond, Alvin R.
29180
UWAL
Trillium decipiens J.D. Freeman
TROY000011281 Barbour 06 Apr 2004 Kral, Robert
94890
TROY
Trillium decipiens J. D. Freeman
ALNHS00001605 Butler 01 Mar 2012 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#867
ALNHS
Trillium decipiens J.D. Freeman
TROY000026154 Butler 24 Mar 2009 Diamond, Alvin R.
20550
TROY
Trillium decipiens J. D. Freeman
UNA00066652 Butler 18 Mar 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
17320
UNA
Trillium decipiens J.D. Freeman
AUA000000177 Crenshaw 2 Mar 1991 Diamond, Alvin R.
7230
AUA
Trillium Decipiens J. D. Freeman
TROY000011277 Henry 07 Apr 1997 MacDonald, John R.
10126
TROY
Trillium decipiens J. D. Freeman
AUA000000194 Montgomery 15 Mar 1991 Diamond, Alvin R.
7287
AUA
Trillium Decipiens J. D. Freeman
UWAL0015503 Lowndes 16 Apr 2014 Keener, Brian R.
8325
UWAL
Trillium decipiens J.D. Freeman
AUA000000184 Houston 6 Feb 1991 Diamond, Alvin R.
7214
AUA
Trillium Decipiens J. D. Freeman
TROY000051643 Lowndes 12 Mar 2020 Diamond, Alvin R.
29196
TROY
Trillium decipiens J.D. Freeman
AUA000000202 Russell 2 Mar 1969 Freeman, John D.
631
AUA
Trillium Decipiens J. D. Freeman
AUA000000192 Montgomery 2 Apr 1967 Kral, Robert
28195
AUA
Trillium Decipiens J. D. Freeman
TROY000030828 Wilcox 03 Apr 1966 Samejima, J. & K.
1050
TROY
Trillium decipiens J. D. Freeman
AUA000000189 Montgomery 22 Mar 1991 Diamond, Alvin R.
7304
AUA
Trillium Decipiens J. D. Freeman
AMAL00014155 Wilcox 31 Mar 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4152
AMAL
Trillium decipiens J. D. Freeman
UWAL0002445 Butler 18 Mar 2007 Diamond, A.R.
17320
UWAL
Trillium decipiens J.D. Freeman
UWAL0005360 Pike 29 Mar 2011 Diamond, A.R.
21839
UWAL
Trillium decipiens J.D. Freeman
AUA000000176 Crenshaw 2 Mar 1991 Diamond, Alvin R.
7233
AUA
Trillium Decipiens J. D. Freeman
AMAL00002938 Russell 18 Mar 2014 Barger, T. Wayne
1310
AMAL
Trillium decipiens J.D. Freeman
UNA00048587 Houston 08 Mar 1993 MacDonald, John R.
5888
UNA
Trillium decipiens J.D. Freeman
TROY000011278 Pike 06 Mar 1997 Diamond, Alvin R.
10885
TROY
Trillium decipiens J. D. Freeman
AUA000000195 Montgomery 6 Mar 1990 Diamond, Alvin R.
6695
AUA
Trillium Decipiens J. D. Freeman
AMAL00012769 Barbour 6 Apr 2004 Kral, Robert
94890
AMAL
Trillium decipiens J. D. Freeman
AUA000000205 Russell 26 Mar 1972 Freeman, John D.
743
AUA
Trillium Decipiens J. D. Freeman
AUA000000200 Pike 23 Mar 1990 Diamond, Alvin R.
6757
AUA
Trillium Decipiens J. D. Freeman
AUA000000173 Crenshaw 26 Mar 1989 Diamond, Alvin R.
5770
AUA
Trillium Decipiens J. D. Freeman
TROY000030003 Crenshaw 16 Mar 1990 Diamond, Alvin R.
6721
TROY
Trillium decipiens J. D. Freeman
AUA000000186 Lowndes 19 Apr 1987 Diamond, Alvin R.
3144
AUA
Trillium Decipiens J. D. Freeman
AUA000000208 Wilcox 20 Mar 1985 Diamond, Alvin R.
49
AUA
Trillium Decipiens J. D. Freeman
ALNHS00006448 Russell 03 Apr 2019 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#4306
ALNHS
Trillium decipiens J.D. Freeman
TROY000035031 Bullock 12 Mar 2012 Dykes, Bailee
337
TROY
Trillium decipiens J. D. Freeman
AUA000000179 Crenshaw 7 Mar 1991 Diamond, Alvin R.
7253
AUA
Trillium Decipiens J. D. Freeman
AUA_ACC_62280 Barbour 23 Mar 2002 Gil, Glenda
(2001-84)
AUA
Trillium Decipiens J. D. Freeman
AUA000000165 Butler 8 Apr 1972 Freeman, John D.
751
AUA
Trillium Decipiens J. D. Freeman
UWAL0018531 Lowndes 06 Apr 1993 Kral, R.
81982
UWAL
Trillium decipiens Freeman
AUA000000169 Bullock 25 Mar 1986 Diamond, Alvin R.
2225
AUA
Trillium Decipiens J. D. Freeman
UWAL0048139 Bullock 10 Mar 2017 Horne, Howard E.
3715
UWAL
Trillium decipiens J.D. Freeman
AUA000000182 Henry 27 Feb 1991 Diamond, Alvin R.
7229
AUA
Trillium Decipiens J. D. Freeman
AUA000000181 Dale 3 Jul 1990 Diamond, Alvin R.
6995
AUA
Trillium Decipiens J. D. Freeman
AUA000000171 Butler 19 Mar 1986 Diamond, Alvin R.
2135
AUA
Trillium Decipiens J. D. Freeman
AUA000000172 Conecuh 20 Mar 1985 Diamond, Alvin R.
61
AUA
Trillium Decipiens J. D. Freeman
ALNHS00006447 Russell 26 Mar 2019 Barger, T. Wayne
UFW#1
ALNHS
Trillium decipiens J.D. Freeman
TROY000049405 Lowndes 01 Mar 2020 Diamond, Alvin R.
29180
TROY
Trillium decipiens J.D. Freeman
UNA00068790 Wilcox 31 Mar 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4152
UNA
Trillium decipiens J.D. Freeman
AUA000000168 Barbour 3 Mar 1975 Folsom, James P.
316
AUA
Trillium Decipiens J. D. Freeman
AUA000000170 Butler 8 Apr 1972 Freeman, John D.
751
AUA
Trillium Decipiens J. D. Freeman
UWAL0018468 Houston 08 Mar 1991 Kral, R.
78367
UWAL
Trillium decipiens Freeman
UWAL0047937 Russell 6 Mar 2020 England, J. Kevin
10729
UWAL
Trillium decipiens J.D. Freeman
AUA000024576 Tallapoosa 11 Mar 2006 Marable, M.K.
7
AUA
Trillium Decipiens J. D. Freeman
TROY000011275 Butler 18 Mar 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
17320
TROY
Trillium decipiens J. D. Freeman
AUA000030360 Covington 23 Mar 2011 Hansen, Curtis J.
4988
AUA
Trillium Decipiens J. D. Freeman
UWAL0002889 Montgomery 20 Mar 2011 Diamond, A.R.
21789
UWAL
Trillium decipiens J.D. Freeman
TROY000030827 Russell 05 Mar 1975 Folsom, James P.
350
TROY
Trillium decipiens J. D. Freeman
AUA000000188 Montgomery 2 Mar 1991 Diamond, Alvin R.
7238
AUA
Trillium Decipiens J. D. Freeman
AMAL00016269 Butler 26 Mar 2009 Barger, T. Wayne
39
AMAL
Trillium decipiens J. D. Freeman
TROY000028125 Crenshaw 31 May 2009 Diamond, Alvin R.
20742
TROY
Trillium decipiens J. D. Freeman
AUA000000199 Pike 6 Mar 1997 Diamond, Alvin R.
10885
AUA
Trillium Decipiens J. D. Freeman
AMAL00020056 Bullock 20 Mar 2013 Soehren, Eric C.
122
AMAL
Trillium decipiens J.D. Freeman
AUA000000206 Russell 26 Mar 1972 Freeman, John D.
743
AUA
Trillium Decipiens J. D. Freeman
AUA000000196 Pike 25 Mar 1986 Diamond, Alvin R.
2223
AUA
Trillium Decipiens J. D. Freeman
UWAL0002446 Dallas 19 Apr 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5199
UWAL
Trillium decipiens J.D. Freeman
AUA000000174 Crenshaw 26 Mar 1989 Diamond, Alvin R.
5772
AUA
Trillium Decipiens J. D. Freeman
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