Arnoglossum ovatum

Family:ASTERACEAE
Species:Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H.E. Robinson
Common Name:Broadleaf Indian Plantain; Egg Leaf Indian Plantain
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:**
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Broadleaf Indian Plantain is a native herbaceous perennial in the Sunflower family (Asteraceae). It can be found in the southern half of the state. Broadleaf Indian Plantain occurs in bogs, seeps, low woodlands, and wet roadside ditches. It is a perennial from a short rhizome. Leaves are basal and cauline. The basal leaves are ovate to lanceolate in outline, glabrous, somewhat glaucous, with entire or dentate margins. Flowering stems are 3-6 feet in height, round in cross section, and glabrous. The stem leaves are petiolate towards the base of the stem and sessile towards the apex. The leaves decrease in size up the stem. The stem leaves are ovate to lanceolate in outline, glabrous, glaucous, with entire or dentate margins. The flowers are produced in heads. The heads are arranged in corymbiform arrays. The phyllaries (bracts subtending the head) are white or purple tinged and not winged. The heads contain 5-9 disc flowers. The flowers are greenish-white, often with a pinkish interior. The fruit is an achene. Broadleaf Indian Plantain is probably the most common species in the genus in Alabama. It is also the most variable. Broadleaf Indian Plantain is not usually available commercially. It is sometimes grown for wetland restoration projects. It grows best in a wet, sandy loam soil in full sun. It can be used in bog gardens or along ponds or streams.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FAC (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyASTERACEAE - Aster family
Genus Arnoglossum
Species Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H.E. Robinson - Broadleaf Indian Plantain; Egg Leaf Indian Plantain

Citation

Citation ARNOGLOSSUM OVATUM (Walter) H.E. Robinson, Phytologia 28: 294. 1974.
Basionym: Cacalia ovata Walter 1788.
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Jasper Co.: Along SC 162, 3.3 mi. SE of I-30, SE of Ridgeland, 11 Sep 1982, Boufford 23094 (neotype: GH). Neotypified by D. B. Ward, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 1: 1098. 2007.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Arnoglossum ovatum var. lanceolatum Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H. Robinson, var. lanceolatum (Nuttall) D. B. Ward, Novon 14: 367. 2004.Cacalia lanceolata Nuttall 1818. 
Cacalia elliottii Cacalia elliottii (R. M. Harper) Shinners, Field & Lab. 18: 80. 1950.Mesadenia elliottii R. M. Harper 1905. 
Cacalia lanceolata var. virescens Cacalia lanceolata Nuttall, var. virescens (R. M. Harper) Shinners, Field & Lab. 18: 80. 1950.Mesadenia lanceolata (Nuttall) Rafinesque, var. virescens R. M. Harper 1905. 
Conophora ovata Conophora ovata (Walter) Nieuwland, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 3: 193. 1914.Cacalia ovata Walter 1788. 
Mesadenia angustifolia Mesadenia angustifolia Rydberg, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 51: 378. 1924. FLORIDA: Miami-Dade Co.: Everglades, Fort Lauderdale to Miami, Feb 1911, Small et al. 3318 (holotype: NY).
Mesadenia lanceolata var. virescens Mesadenia lanceolata (Nuttall) Rafinesque, var. virescens R. M. Harper, Torreya 5: 185. 1905. GEORGIA
Senecio ovatus Senecio ovatus (Walter) MacMillan, Metasp. Minnesota Valley 555. 1892, non Willdenow 1803.Cacalia ovata Walter 1788. 
Cacalia lanceolata Cacalia lanceolata Nuttall, Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 2: 138. 1818. FLORIDA: Without data, Baldwin s.n. (lectotype: PH). Lectotypified by D. B. Ward, Novon 14: 367. 2004.
Cacalia lanceolata var. elliottii Cacalia lanceolata Nuttall, var. elliottii (R. M. Harper) Kral & R. K. Godfrey, Quart. J. Florida Acad. Sci. 21: 205. 1958.Mesadenia elliottii R. M. Harper 1905. 
Cacalia ovata Cacalia ovata Walter, Fl. Carol. 196. 1788. SOUTH CAROLINA: Jasper Co.: Along SC 162, 3.3 mi. SE of I-30, SE of Ridgeland, 11 Sep 1982, Boufford 23094 (neotype: GH). Neotypified by D. B. Ward, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 1: 1098. 2007.
Mesadenia elliottii Mesadenia elliottii R. M. Harper, Torreya 5: 184. 1905. SYNTYPE: FLORIDA
Mesadenia lanceolata Mesadenia lanceolata (Nuttall) Rafinesque, New Fl. 4: 79. 1838 ("1836").Cacalia lanceolata Nuttall 1818. 
Mesadenia maxima    
Mesadenia ovata Mesadenia ovata (Walter) Rafinesque, New Fl. 4: 79. 1838 ("1836").Cacalia ovata Walter 1788. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Barbour, Bullock, Butler, Choctaw, Clarke, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Dallas, Elmore, Geneva, Lee, Lowndes, Marengo, Mobile, Montgomery, Pickens, Pike, Sumter, Tuscaloosa, Washington, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 2012 - 2012

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
AMAL00013283 Mobile 13 Aug 2005 Daniel D. Spaulding
12322a
AMAL
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H. Robinson
TROY000001400 Pike 01 Apr 1999 Brian H. Martin
117
TROY
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H. Robinson
AUA000001582 Mobile 31 AUG 1960 JONES, JR., SAMUEL B.
262
AUA
ARNOGLOSSUM OVATUM (WALT.) H.E. ROBINS.
TROY000043917 Pike 19 Aug 2016 Alvin R. Diamond
27636
TROY
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H.E. Robinson
USAM000001955 Baldwin 04 Sep 1980 Michel G. Lelong
11441
USAM
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H.E. Robinson
TROY000001398 Crenshaw 08 Sep 2001 Alvin R. Diamond
12645
TROY
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H. Robinson
AMAL00002638 Crenshaw 08 Sep 2001 A. R. Diamond
12645
AMAL
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H. Robinson
TROY000046091 Washington 22 Jul 2012 Brian R. Keener
7411
TROY
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H.E. Robinson||||||||||||||||||||||||
AUA000001583 Mobile 3 SEP 1970 KRAL, ROBERT
41054
AUA
ARNOGLOSSUM OVATUM (WALT.) H.E. ROBINS.
AUA000001580 Lee 27 SEP 1975 MILLS, F.
003
AUA
ARNOGLOSSUM OVATUM (WALT.) H.E. ROBINS.
UWAL0009560 Marengo 01 Oct 2011 England, J. Kevin
3172
UWAL
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H. Robinson
AUA000001573 Crenshaw 23 AUG 1996 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
10499
AUA
ARNOGLOSSUM OVATUM (WALT.) H.E. ROBINS.
UWAL0017417 Marengo 19 Jul 2013 England, J. Kevin
4423
UWAL
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H.E. Robinson
AMAL00015182 Choctaw 24 Jul 2003 R. Kral
94259
AMAL
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H. Robinson
TROY000014931 Choctaw 24 Jul 2003 Robert Kral
94259
TROY
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H. Robinson
TROY000028324 Washington 19 Oct 2008 Brian R. Keener
4931
TROY
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H. Robinson
JSU103759 Butler 30 Apr 1970 R. Kral
4089
JSU
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H. Robinson
TROY000014932 Sumter 20 Jun 2006 Brian R. Keener
3000
TROY
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H. Robinson
AUA000001568 Covington 1 SEP 1970 KRAL, ROBERT
41001
AUA
ARNOGLOSSUM OVATUM (WALT.) H.E. ROBINS.
AUA000001563 Clarke 7 JUL 1964 KRAL, ROBERT
20586
AUA
ARNOGLOSSUM OVATUM (WALT.) H.E. ROBINS.
UNA00045446 Elmore 29 Aug 1970 R. Kral
40019
UNA
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walt.) H.E. Robins.
AUA000001578 Geneva 17 OCT 1992 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8487
AUA
ARNOGLOSSUM OVATUM (WALT.) H.E. ROBINS.
UNA00058374 Crenshaw 8 Sep 2001 Alvin R. Diamond
12645
UNA
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walt.) H.E. Robins.
UNA00045458 Lee 27 Sep 1896 F. S. Earle
s.n.
UNA
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walt.) H.E. Robins.
AMAL00017202 Washington 19 Oct 2008 Brian R. Keener
4931
AMAL
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H. Robinson
TROY000043448 Washington 27 Jul 2012 J. Kevin England
3798
TROY
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H.E. Robinson
USAM000001948 Mobile 03 Sep 1972 Michel G. Lelong
6804
USAM
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H.E. Robinson
AUA000029386 Covington 22 OCT 2009 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4509
AUA
ARNOGLOSSUM OVATUM (WALT.) H.E. ROBINS. var. LANCEOLATUM (NUTT.) D.B. WARD
AUA000001575 Dallas 30 AUG 1997 SCHOTZ, ALFRED
1545
AUA
ARNOGLOSSUM OVATUM (WALT.) H.E. ROBINS.
UWAL0000448 Sumter 20 Jul 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3000
UWAL
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walt.) H.E. Robins.
AUA000001577 Dale 12 AUG 1973 KRAL, ROBERT
51177
AUA
ARNOGLOSSUM OVATUM (WALT.) H.E. ROBINS.
AUA000001570 Covington 21 OCT 1982 KUHNS, MICHAEL R.
78
AUA
ARNOGLOSSUM OVATUM (WALT.) H.E. ROBINS.
UNA00048206 Tuscaloosa 1 Sep 1951 Roland M. Harper
4185
UNA
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walt.) H.E. Robins.
AUA000001579 Geneva 21 SEP 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7132
AUA
ARNOGLOSSUM OVATUM (WALT.) H.E. ROBINS.
UWAL0011835 Washington 22 Jul 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7411
UWAL
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H. Robinson
USAM000001949 Mobile 25 Oct 1966 Michel G. Lelong
4053
USAM
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H.E. Robinson
JSU103761 Choctaw 13 Sep 1997 J. W. Higginbotham
318
JSU
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H. Robinson
USAM000001946 Mobile 04 Nov 1974 Michel G. Lelong
8232.2
USAM
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H.E. Robinson
AMAL00011728 Sumter 20 Jul 2006 Brian R. Keener
3000
AMAL
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H. Robinson
TROY000001396 Butler 29 Sep 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13671
TROY
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H. Robinson
AUA000029387 Covington 22 OCT 2009 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4509
AUA
ARNOGLOSSUM OVATUM (WALT.) H.E. ROBINS. var. LANCEOLATUM (NUTT.) D.B. WARD
UNA00045457 _ Jul 1878 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walt.) H.E. Robins.
UWAL0011202 Butler 29 Jul 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23214
UWAL
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H. Robinson
AUA000001576 Dale 12 AUG 1973 KRAL, ROBERT
51177
AUA
ARNOGLOSSUM OVATUM (WALT.) H.E. ROBINS.
AUA000001607 Pike 1999 MARTIN, BRIAN
117
AUA
ARNOGLOSSUM OVATUM (WALT.) H.E. ROBINS.
TROY000001399 Dale 18 Sep 1997 Hannelore Rundell
530
TROY
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H. Robinson
AUA000001567 Conecuh 22 AUG 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3537
AUA
ARNOGLOSSUM OVATUM (WALT.) H.E. ROBINS.
UWAL0035719 Mobile 23 Sep 2016 Horne, Howard E.
3527
UWAL
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H.E. Robinson var. lanceolatum (Nuttall) D.B. Ward
AUA000024880 Covington 14 AUG 2008 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
3447
AUA
ARNOGLOSSUM OVATUM (WALT.) H.E. ROBINS.
AMAL00015180 Choctaw 24 Jul 2003 R. Kral
94259
AMAL
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H. Robinson
UWAL0031650 Marengo 01 Oct 2011 England, J. Kevin
3172
UWAL
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H.Robinson
JSU103760 Butler 30 Aug 1970 R. Kral
4089
JSU
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H. Robinson
UWAL0000449 Washington 19 Oct 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4931
UWAL
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walt.) H.E. Robins.
AUA000001569 Covington 1 SEP 1970 KRAL, ROBERT
41001
AUA
ARNOGLOSSUM OVATUM (WALT.) H.E. ROBINS.
AUA000001564 Clarke 7 JUL 1964 KRAL, ROBERT
20586
AUA
ARNOGLOSSUM OVATUM (WALT.) H.E. ROBINS.
UNA00045445 Elmore 29 Aug 1970 R. Kral
40019
UNA
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walt.) H.E. Robins.
AUA000001574 Crenshaw 20 AUG 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6285
AUA
ARNOGLOSSUM OVATUM (WALT.) H.E. ROBINS.
UNA00064804 Sumter 20 Jul 2006 Brian R. Keener
3000
UNA
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walt.) H.E. Robins.
TROY000040309 Lowndes 09 Sep 2011 Brian R. Keener
6680
TROY
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H. E. Robinson
AMAL00022184 Marengo 01 Oct 2011 J. Kevin England
3172
AMAL
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H. Robinson
AUA000001572 Crenshaw 29 JUL 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6086
AUA
ARNOGLOSSUM OVATUM (WALT.) H.E. ROBINS.
USAM000001956 Baldwin 04 Sep 1980 Michel G. Lelong
11441
USAM
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H.E. Robinson
AMAL00007589 Lee 05 Aug 1978 R. Kral
62386
AMAL
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H. Robinson
TROY000001397 Coffee 08 Aug 2000 Brian H. Martin
832
TROY
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H. Robinson
UWAL0005692 Dallas 22 Sep 1982 Kral, R.
68994
UWAL
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walt.) H.E. Robins.
AMAL00002636 Butler 29 Sep 2002 A. R. Diamond
13671
AMAL
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H. Robinson
UWAL0015896 Crenshaw 02 Sep 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23293
UWAL
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H. Robinson
AUA000001562 Butler 30 AUG 1970 KRAL, ROBERT
40879
AUA
ARNOGLOSSUM OVATUM (WALT.) H.E. ROBINS.
AUA000001581 Marengo 18 JUL 1969 MOORE, HAROLD D.
305-6918
AUA
ARNOGLOSSUM OVATUM (WALT.) H.E. ROBINS.
UWAL0009561 Marengo 01 Oct 2011 England, J. Kevin
3172
UWAL
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H. Robinson
AUA000001561 Butler 23 SEP 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7139
AUA
ARNOGLOSSUM OVATUM (WALT.) H.E. ROBINS.
JSU103762 Covington 01 Sep 1970 R. Kral
41001
JSU
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H. Robinson
TROY000014569 Lowndes 22 Aug 2004 Robert Kral
95559
TROY
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H. Robinson
USAM000001950 Mobile 06 Sep 1978 Michel G. Lelong
10500
USAM
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H.E. Robinson
UWAL0012938 Washington 27 Jul 2012 England, J. Kevin
3798
UWAL
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H.E. Robinson
AMAL00002780 23 Aug 2000 R. Kral
90203
AMAL
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H. Robinson
UWAL0030582 Covington 15 Oct 1996 Kral, R.
86915
UWAL
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walt.) HE Robins
TROY000041841 Covington 26 Sep 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25568
TROY
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H.E. Robinson
TROY000001395 Bullock 20 Aug 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13605
TROY
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H. Robinson
AUA000001565 Conecuh 1 SEP 1970 KRAL, ROBERT
40952
AUA
ARNOGLOSSUM OVATUM (WALT.) H.E. ROBINS.
AUA000001587 Wilcox 5 SEP 1970 KRAL, ROBERT
41099
AUA
ARNOGLOSSUM OVATUM (WALT.) H.E. ROBINS.
UNA00065938 Choctaw 24 Jul 2003 R. Kral
94259
UNA
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walt.) H.E. Robins.
USAM000001947 Mobile 03 Oct 1974 Michel G. Lelong & Lloyd Scott
8198
USAM
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H.E. Robinson
AUA000001566 Conecuh 15 AUG 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5351
AUA
ARNOGLOSSUM OVATUM (WALT.) H.E. ROBINS.
UNA00059538 Butler 29 Sep 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13671
UNA
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walt.) H.E. Robins.
AUA000001571 Covington 21 OCT 1982 WILBURN, JOHN C.
91
AUA
ARNOGLOSSUM OVATUM (WALT.) H.E. ROBINS.
AMAL00022185 Marengo 01 Oct 2011 J. Kevin England
3172
AMAL
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H. Robinson
AUA000001560 Barbour 7 AUG 1971 FOLSOM, JAMES P.
181
AUA
ARNOGLOSSUM OVATUM (WALT.) H.E. ROBINS.
USAM000001957 Baldwin 04 Sep 1980 Michel G. Lelong
11441
USAM
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H.E. Robinson
AMAL00007588 Lee 05 Aug 1978 R. Kral
62386
AMAL
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H. Robinson
UWAL0019307 Pickens 09 Aug 1989 Kral, R.
76930
UWAL
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walt.) H.E.Robins
UWAL0012241 Lowndes 09 Sep 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6680
UWAL
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H.E. Robinson
AMAL00020555 Lowndes 09 Sep 2011 Brian R. Keener
6680
AMAL
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H. Robinson
AUA000001586 Wilcox 5 SEP 1970 KRAL, ROBERT
41099
AUA
ARNOGLOSSUM OVATUM (WALT.) H.E. ROBINS.
AUA000001585 Washington 9 SEP 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
1020
AUA
ARNOGLOSSUM OVATUM (WALT.) H.E. ROBINS.
UWAL0017993 Covington 26 Sep 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25568
UWAL
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H.E. Robinson
JSU103763 Mobile 26 Jul 1998 D. D. Spaulding
10367
JSU
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H. Robinson
TROY000044191 Montgomery 11 Sep 2016 Alvin R. Diamond
27668
TROY
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H.E. Robinson
JSU103764 Wilcox 05 Sep 1970 R. Kral
41099
JSU
Arnoglossum ovatum (Walter) H. Robinson
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