Viola sororia

Family:VIOLACEAE
Species:Viola sororia Willdenow
Common Name:Common Blue Violet; Hooded Blue Violet; Confederate Violet
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:VISO
Plant Notes:Common Blue Violet is a native herbaceous perennial in the Violet family (Violaceae). It can be found throughout the state. Common Blue Violet occurs in a wide variety of habitats from mesic deciduous forests, along streams and rivers, in floodplain forests, in low pine woods, in lawns, and on roadsides. It is a perennial with a creeping fleshy rhizome. Leaves are basal. The leaves are petiolate, glabrous, ovate to triangular in outline, with serrate margins. The leaf base is cordate. Flowers are solitary and scapose. Flowers have 5 petals. Flowers range in color from blue through purple to white. The upper two petals are reflexed and entirely of one color. The lower three petals are basally white with purple lines. The two lateral petals are bearded. The fruit is a capsule. Common Blue Violet is a highly variable species. It has been treated as a variety of the Palmate Leaf Violet (Viola palmata Linnaeus var. sororia (Willdenow) Pollard), with which it shares many characteristics. One commonly cultivated variety is the Confederate Violet (Viola sororia forma priceana), which has grayish-white petals with purple veins. Other species lumped with Common Blue Violet but considered distinct by some include Viola floridana Brainerd; Viola papilionaceae Pursh; and Viola priceana Pollard. In addition, Related Violet (Viola affinis LeConte) is sometimes treated as a variety of Common Blue Violet (Viola sororia Willdenow var. affinis (Leconte) L.E. McKinney). Common Blue Violet is often available from wildflower nurseries. It is easily cultivated under a wide range of conditions. It often becomes “weedy” and spreads to areas where it is not wanted.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACW (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyVIOLACEAE - Violet family
Genus Viola
Species Viola sororia Willdenow - Common Blue Violet; Hooded Blue Violet; Confederate Violet

Citation

Citation VIOLA SORORIA Willdenow, Enum. Pl. 72. 1809.
Basionym: **
Type: Without data (holotype: B-W).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Viola affinis var. langloisii Viola affinis LeConte, var. langloisii (Greene) Griscom, Rhodora 38: 49. 1936.Viola langloisii Greene 1896. 
Viola alachuana Viola alachuana Murrill, Quart. J. Florida Acad. Sci. 12: 61. 1950. FLORIDA: Alachua Co.: Gainesville, 30 Apr 1940, Murrill s.n. (lectotype: NY; isotype: FLAS). Lectotypified by L. E. McKinney, Sida Misc. 7: 36. 1992
Viola asarifolia Viola asarifolia Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 732. 1814. "Virginia to Carolina",
Viola candidula Viola candidula Nieuwland, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 3: 85, pl. 2-3. 1913. MICHIGAN: Berrien Co.: Benton Harbor, May 1913, Nieuwland 11111 (holotype: ND).
Viola champlainensis Viola champlainensis House, New York State Mus. Bull. 254: 504. 1924, pro hybr. NEW YORK
Viola columbiana Viola columbiana House, New York State Mus. Bull. 254: 504. 1924, pro hybr. DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA:
Viola communis Viola communis Pollard, Bot. Gaz. 26: 336. 1898.  
Viola consobrina Viola consobrina House, New York State Mus. Bull. 254: 503. 1924, pro hybr. PENNSYLVANIA
Viola consona Viola consona House, New York State Mus. Bull. 254: 504. 1924, pro hybr. NEW YORK
Viola cordifolia Viola cordifolia (Nuttall) Schweinitz, Amer. J. Sci. Arts 5: 62. 1822.Viola villosa Walter, var. cordifolia Nuttall 1818. 
Viola crenulata Viola crenulata Greene, Pittonia 4: 295. 1901. NEW YORK: Onandaga Co.: Near Syracuse,
Viola cucullata var. sororia Viola cucullata Aiton, var. sororia (Willdenow) Torrey & A. Gray, Fl. N. Amer. 1: 137. 1838.Viola sororia Willdenow 1809 
Viola cuspidata Viola cuspidata Greene, Pittonia 3: 314. 1898. WISCONSIN: Rock Co.:
Viola dicksonii Viola dicksonii Greene, Pittonia 4: 65. 1899. CANADA
Viola domestica Viola domestica E. P. Bicknell, in Britton & A. Brown, Ill. Fl. N. U.S. 3: 519. 1898. NEW YORK: Manhattan Island, near High Bridge, 11 Jun 1893, Maring s.n. (lectotype: NY). Lectotypified by L. E. McKinney, Sida Misc. 7: 36. 1992.
Viola dowelliana Viola dowelliana House, New York State Mus. Bull. 266: 25. 1925, pro hybr. NEW YORK:
Viola filecetorum Viola filecetorum Greene, Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 215. 1906.  
Viola fletcheri Viola fletcheri Greene, Pittonia 4: 296. 1901. CANADA: Ontario:
Viola floridana Viola floridana Brainerd, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 35: 524. 1910. FLORIDA: Duval Co.: Jacksonville, 13-22 Mar 1907, Brainerd s.n. (holotype: NY; isotypes: GH, PH).
Viola hirsutula Viola hirsutula Brainerd, Rhodora 9: 98. 1907.  
Viola illinoensis Viola illinoensis Greene, Pittonia 4: 293. 1901. ILLINOIS: Piatt Co.: Along the Sangamon River near Monticello,
Viola langloisii Viola langloisii Greene, Pittonia 3: 87. 1896. LOUISIANA
Viola latiuscula Viola latiuscula Greene, Pittonia 5: 93. 1902. VERMONT: Rutland Co.: West Rutland, Twin Mountain, 24 May 1902, Eggleston 2648 (holotype: NY; isotypes: CM, GH, NY, PH)
Viola lucidifolia Viola lucidifolia Newbro, Stud. Nat. Hist. Iowa Univ. 17: 56, pl. 4(3), pl. 8(24-25). 1936. IOWA
Viola macounii Viola macounii Greene, Pittonia 3: 335. 1898. CANADA: Ontario: Ottawa,
Viola missouriensis Viola missouriensis Greene, Pittonia 4: 141. 1900. MISSOURI: Jackson Co.: Courtney, 30 Apr 1899, Bush 70 (holotype: NY; isotype: NY).
Viola montivaga Viola montivaga House, New York State Mus. Bull. 254: 503. 1924, pro hybr. VERMONT
Viola nesiotica Viola nesiotica Greene, Pittonia 5: 102. 1902. CANADA: Prince Edward Island:
Viola nodosa Viola nodosa Greene, Pittonia 4: 296. 1901. NEW YORK: Onandaga Co.: Syracuse, 12 May 1901, House s.n. (holotype: ?)
Viola novae-angliae Viola novae-angliae House, Rhodora 6: 226, pl. 59. 1904. MAINE: Aroostook Co.: Valley of the St. Johns River, sandy shore of Fort Kent, 15 Jun 1898, Fernald 2245 (holotype: US; isotype: NY).
Viola obliqua var. crenulata Viola obliqua Aiton, var. crenulata (Greene) Farwell, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 68. 1930.Viola crenulata Greene 1901. 
Viola palmata subsp. sororia Viola palmata Linnaeus, subsp. sororia (Willdenow) W. Stone, Pl. S. New Jersey 567. 1912 ("1911").Viola sororia Willdenow 1809. 
Viola palmata var. asarifolia Viola palmata Linnaeus, var. asarifolia (Pursh) House, Torreya 2: 68. 1902.Viola asarifolia Pursh 1814. 
Viola papilionacea var. domestica Viola papilionacea Pursh, var. domestica (E. P. Bicknell) Pollard, in Britton, Man. Fl. N. States 636. 1901.Viola domestica E. P. Bicknell 1898. 
Viola pratincola Viola pratincola Greene, Pittonia 4: 64. 1899. MINNESOTA: Cottonwood Co.: Near Windom, 1 Jul 1898, Greene s.n. (holotype: NDG).
Viola septentrionalis Viola septentrionalis Greene, Pittonia 3: 334. 1898. CANADA: Ontario: Ottawa, Billings Bush, 30 May 1898, Macoun 18761 (holotype: NDG).
Viola septentrionalis var. grisea Viola septentrionalis Greene, var. grisea Fernald, Rhodora 37: 301, t. 375. 1935. MICHIGAN: Schoolcraft Co.: Near Driggs, 2 Jul 1934, Fernald & Pease 3430 (holotype: GH).
Viola sororia var. grisea Viola sororia Willdenow, var. grisea (Fernald) L. E. McKinney, in R. J. Little & L. E. McKinney, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 4: 226. 2010.Viola septentrionalis Greene, var. grisea Fernald 1935. 
Viola sororia var. missouriensis Viola sororia Willdenow, var. missouriensis (Greene) L. E. McKinney, Sida Misc. 7: 42. 1992.Viola missouriensis Greene 1900. 
Viola sororia var. novae-angliae Viola sororia Willdenow, var. novae-angliae (House) L. E. McKinney, Sida Misc. 7: 44. 1992.Viola novae-angliae House 1904. 
Viola subjuncta Viola subjuncta Greene, Pittonia 5: 31. 1902. WASHINGTON
Viola subviscosa Viola subviscosa Greene, Pittonia 4: 293. 1901. CANADA
Viola thompsoniae Viola thompsoniae Chapman, Fl. South. U.S., ed. 3. 34. 1897. GEORGIA: Lee Co.: Smithville, s.d., Thompson s.n. (holotype: NY).
Viola vagula Viola vagula Greene, Pittonia 4: 67. 1899. CANADA: Ontario: Ottawa district,
Viola venustula Viola venustula Greene, Pittonia 3: 335. 1898. CANADA: Ontario: Ottawa
Viola villosa var. cordifolia Viola villosa Walter, var. cordifolia Nuttall, Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 1: 147. 1818. PENNSYLVANIA
Viola palmata var. sororia Viola palmata Linnaeus, var. sororia (Willdenow) Pollard, in Britton, Man. Fl. N. States 635. 1901.Viola sororia Willdenow 1809. 
Viola papilionacea Viola papilionacea Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 173. 1814. PENNSYLVANIA: Philadelphia Co.: Near Philadelphia,
Viola priceana Viola priceana Pollard, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 16: 127. 1903. KENTUCKY
Viola rosacea Viola rosacea Brainerd, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 37: 525. 1910. MISSISSIPPI: Harrison Co.: Biloxi, 19 Mar 1910, Brainerd s.n. (lectotype: NY; isotype: PH). Lectotypified by L. E. McKinney, Sida Misc. 7: 36. 1992.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Chambers, Cherokee, Chilton, Choctaw, Clarke, Clay, Cleburne, Coffee, Colbert, Conecuh, Coosa, Covington, Crenshaw, Cullman, Dale, Dallas, DeKalb, Elmore, Escambia, Etowah, Fayette, Franklin, Greene, Hale, Henry, Jackson, Jefferson, Lamar, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Lowndes, Macon, Madison, Marengo, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Pickens, Pike, Randolph, Shelby, St. Clair, Sumter, Talladega, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Walker, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 2012 - 2012

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU137882 Cleburne 08 Mar 1984 C. F. Nixon
560
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
UNA00034141 Lauderdale 9 Apr 1988 Robert R. Haynes
9361
UNA
Viola floridana Brainerd
UWAL0004465 Marengo 1 May 1993 J.W. Harris
s.n.
UWAL
Viola sororia Willd.
48554 Coffee 18 MAR 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4240
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
JSU137897 Etowah 20 Mar 1994 L. M. Hodge
773
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
JSU137903 Franklin 03 Apr 1976 R. D. Whetstone
8148
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
UNA00061265 Colbert 18 Apr 2003 D. D. Spaulding
11734
UNA
Viola sororia Willd. subsp. sororia
20621 Lee 30 MAR 1969 MOORE, HAROLD D.
030-69
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
28613 Tallapoosa 1 APR 1976 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
1907
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
27287 Chambers 8 APR 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
110
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
JSU137735 Bibb 01 Apr 1999 K. R. Brodeur
1628
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
UNA00053768 Blount 22 Mar 1997 Brian R. Keener
69
UNA
Viola sororia Willd.
3483 Lee 25 MAR 1925 ANONYMOUS
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
JSU137934 St. Clair 12 Mar 1984 Donna Beavers
s.n.
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
JSU137937 Talladega J. M. Ballard
92
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
UNA00066745 Wilcox 18 Mar 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16176
UNA
Viola sororia Willd.
49172 Henry 26 MAR 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4299
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
53260 Crenshaw 7 MAR 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7250
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
JSU144423 Cleburne 31 Jul 1992 F. Hutchinson
690
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
JSU137912 Jefferson 28 Mar 1954 Lewis Leath
s.n.
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
JSU137883 Cleburne 08 Mar 1984 R. D. Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
UNA00067158 Choctaw 23 Mar 2007 Elizabeth A. Harrell
110
UNA
Viola sororia Willd.
22347 Montgomery 4 APR 1970 MURCHISON, GROVER R.
003
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
28427 Tallapoosa 1 APR 1976 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
1935
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
27330 Chambers 8 APR 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
156
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
JSU137871 Calhoun 27 Mar 1978 Anita W. Bynum
105
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
JSU137900 Etowah 22 Mar 1984 C. F. Nixon
619
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
UNA00011377 Lauderdale 5 May 1980 Russell A. Meigs
387
UNA
Viola papilionacea Pursh var. priceana (Pollard) Alexander
53012 Crenshaw 1 APR 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4354
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
44222 Butler 19 MAR 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2152
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
JSU137736 Bibb 15 Mar 1998 K. R. Brodeur
390
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
UNA00068773 Cullman 24 Mar 2008 Brian R. Keener
4082
UNA
Viola sororia Willd.
45414 Chambers 1 APR 1979 CARTER, G. A.
007
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
JSU137928 Marshall 15 Mar 1982 Donna K. Minor
s.n.
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
JSU137865 Calhoun 01 Mar 1992 J. M. Ballard
46
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
UNA00034191 Dallas 9 Apr 1982 S. C. Gunn
415
UNA
Viola sororia Willd.
44932 Conecuh 28 NOV 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
1920
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
48075 Madison 15 APR 1978 DROST, CHARLES A.
66
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
JSU137869 Calhoun 09 Mar 1992 Alison Fuller
12
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
JSU137737 Bibb 13 May 1983 C. F. Nixon
343
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
UNA00011310 Morgan 12 Apr 1980 Russell A. Meigs
322
UNA
Viola palmata L. var. sororia (Willd.) Pollard
3480 Lee 10 APR 1949 CUNNINGHAM, HUGH B.
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
48563 Covington 18 MAR 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4250
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
JSU137739 Calhoun 27 Mar 1993 L. Weninegar
40
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
JSU137935 Shelby 04 Apr 1993 R. D. Whetstone
16362
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
UNA00011313 Montgomery 5 Mar 1977 Denise Harvey
76
UNA
Viola papilionacea Pursh
20326 Lee 31 MAR 1969 MOORE, HAROLD D.
024-69
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
28606 Tallapoosa 1 APR 1976 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
1917
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
27325 Chambers 8 APR 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
154
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
JSU137929 Morgan 02 Apr 1998 K. R. Brodeur
519
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
UNA00064724 Jackson 23 Mar 2006 Brian R. Keener
2691
UNA
Viola sororia Willd.
72795 Jackson 17 MAR 2009 BARGER, T. WAYNE
HC-64
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
JSU137922 Marshall 15 Mar 1982 Donna K. Minor
s.n.
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
JSU139150 Etowah 01 Apr 1992 J. M. Ballard
58
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
UNA00064379 Dale 21 Mar 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15002
UNA
Viola sororia Willd.
48617 Bullock 27 MAR 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4307
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
53255 Crenshaw 7 MAR 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7250
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
JSU137886 Coosa 09 Mar 1982 M. G. Bussey
s.n.
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
JSU137878 Clay 10 Mar 1981 R. D. Whetstone
10437
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
UWAL0004746 St. Clair 29 Mar 2006 Brian R. Keener
2720
UWAL
Viola sororia Willd.
37000 Clarke 17 MAR 1981 O'HALLORAN, K.
002
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
28536 Tallapoosa 1 APR 1976 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
1942
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
27199 Chambers 8 APR 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
164
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
JSU137862 Calhoun 01 Apr 2013 Barbara Shirley
s.n.
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
TROY000038327 Bullock 28 Mar 2013 Bailee Dykes
1544
TROY
Viola sororia Willdenow
USAM000015249 04 Apr 1976 Lynn G. Putnam
s.n.
USAM
Viola papilionacea Pursh
44211 Wilcox 1 MAR 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2072
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
41535 Conecuh 2 MAR 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
182
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
JSU137906 Jackson 30 Mar 1998 K. R. Brodeur
479
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
SAMF0002963 DeKalb 04 Apr 2015 L. J. Davenport
5713
SAMF
Viola sororia Willdenow
10771 Lee 26 APR 1963 COATS, EUEL
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
JSU140392 Calhoun 02 Apr 1970 Doug Heathcock
s.n.
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
JSU137876 Clay 02 Apr 1993 J. M. Ballard
1299
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
UNA00027422 Pickens 8 Apr 1960 Sidney McDaniel
1595
UNA
Viola sororia Willd.
44220 Butler 4 APR 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2238
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
39669 Jefferson 25 NOV 1972 EADS, BETH
143
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
JSU137898 Franklin 18 Mar 1994 R. D. Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
JSU137931 Morgan 27 Mar 1976 R. D. Whetstone
7708
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
UNA00011315 Walker 22 Apr 1979 L. J. Davenport
1038
UNA
Viola palmata L. var. sororia (Willd.) Pollard
14751 Lee 28 MAR 1969 HALL, WILLIAM G.
022
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
15615 Tallapoosa 20 MAR 1966 KOELLING, ALFRED C.
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
JSU138700 Shelby 11 Oct 1997 D. D. Spaulding
10170
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
UNA00011379 Etowah 28 Apr 1979 John H. Wiersema
611
UNA
Viola palmata L. var. sororia (Willd.) Pollard
UWAL0004464 Marengo 17 May 1993 J.W. Harris
s.n.
UWAL
Viola sororia Willd.
JSU137908 Jackson 10 Mar 1974 R. David Whetstone
2224
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
JSU137875 Cherokee 01 Apr 1976 T. A. Atkinson
999
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
JSU137916 Limestone 01 Mar 1997 T. L. Hofmann
00238
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
UNA00023545 Tuscaloosa 10 Mar 1994 Robert R. Haynes
9439
UNA
Viola floridana Brainerd
UNA00011372 Covington 21 Mar 1987 Robert R. Haynes
8847
UNA
Viola papilionacea Pursh
UWAL0004470 Sumter 15 Mar 2006 Angie Skinner
28
UWAL
Viola sororia Willd.
TROY000038556 Bullock 18 Apr 2013 Bailee Dykes
1598
TROY
Viola sororia Willdenow
SAMF0002621 Jefferson 22 Mar 1959 H. A. McCullough
s.n.
SAMF
Viola sororia Willdenow
TROY000043610 Marengo 08 Mar 2012 J. Kevin England
3241
TROY
Viola sororia Willdenow
JSU137930 Morgan 29 Mar 1997 R. D. Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
UNA00011368 Hale 20 Mar 1966 Norris H. Williams
183
UNA
Viola papilionacea Pursh
69430 Barbour 27 FEB 2009 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
3621
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
55884 Madison 13 APR 1973 KRAL, ROBERT
49503
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
JSU137925 Marshall 13 Mar 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1154
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
UNA00011397 Dale 30 Mar 1980 John H. Wiersema
1454
UNA
Viola papilionacea Pursh
66106 Jefferson 1 MAY 2005 SPAULDING, DANIEL D.
12258
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
JSU137927 Marshall 28 Mar 1973 R. David Whetstone
RDW-1500
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
JSU137911 Jefferson 02 Apr 1976 T. A. Atkinson
1059
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
TROY000033207 Montgomery 28 Mar 2010 Alvin R. Diamond
21211
TROY
Viola sororia Willdenow
UNA00041871 Etowah 14 Apr 1998 Robert R. Haynes
9663
UNA
Viola sororia Willd.
UNA00011309 Crenshaw 21 Mar 1987 Robert R. Haynes
8859
UNA
Viola papilionacea Pursh
UWAL0004472 Wilcox 13 Mar 2008 Brian R. Keener
4052
UWAL
Viola sororia Willd.
TROY000029394 Lamar 20 Mar 2009 Brian R. Keener
5105
TROY
Viola sororia Willdenow
SAMF0002624 Jefferson 25 Mar 1959 H. A. McCullough
s.n.
SAMF
Viola sororia Willdenow
JSU137887 Coosa 31 Mar 1983 R. D. Whetstone
12939
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
UWAL0004468 Lamar 20 Mar 2009 Brian R. Keener
5105
UWAL
Viola sororia Willd.
52959 Lauderdale 9 APR 1958 HAYNES, ROBERT R.
9361
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
35461 Montgomery 30 MAR 1974 LANCASTER, D. S.
161
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
JSU137868 Calhoun 11 Mar 1986 C. L. Lawler
097
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
UNA00011319 Tuscaloosa 4 Mar 1955 Joe A. Farmer
s.n.
UNA
Viola papilionacea Pursh
SAMF0002617 Shelby 22 Mar 2003 Mary Anne Garner
33
SAMF
Viola sororia Willdenow
45673 Tallapoosa 7 APR 1971 TATUM, E. M.
037
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
JSU137917 Lowndes 07 Apr 1982 S. C. Gunn
364
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
JSU137921 Madison 06 Apr 1976 T. A. Atkinson
1231
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
UNA00011314 Tuscaloosa 9 Mar 1952 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Viola papilionacea Pursh
UNA00055455 Fayette 17 Mar 2002 Robert R. Haynes
10224
UNA
Viola floridana Brainerd
UNA00011285 Clay 30 Apr 1987 Robert R. Haynes
9016
UNA
Viola floridana Brainerd
UWAL0014555 Marengo 08 Mar 2012 J. Kevin England
3241
UWAL
Viola sororia Willdenow
SAMF0002619 Jefferson 16 Mar 1953 C. Kennedy
s.n.
SAMF
Viola sororia Willdenow
SAMF0002615 Jackson 02 Apr 2010 L. J. Davenport
4172
SAMF
Viola sororia Willdenow
JSU137867 Calhoun 12 Mar 1955 Martha Knowles
s.n.
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
JSU137884 Colbert 12 Mar 1974 R. D. Whetstone
2292
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
UWAL0009239 Lee 26 Apr 1963 Euel Coats
115
UWAL
Viola sororia Willd.
37049 Monroe 8 APR 1981 O'HALLORAN, K.
057
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
28702 Tallapoosa 1 APR 1976 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
1971
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
27201 Chambers 8 APR 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
177
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
JSU137896 Escambia 31 Mar 1979 Becky Owen
s.n.
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
TROY000037460 Franklin 10 Mar 2012 Brian R. Keener
6901
TROY
Viola sororia Willdenow
USAM000015244 Mobile 02 Apr 1968 Michael G. Lelong
4253
USAM
Viola floridana Brainerd
48602 Bullock 13 MAR 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4201
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
44260 Wilcox 20 MAR 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
54
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
TROY000024444 Covington 09 Mar 2002 Robert Kral
90130
TROY
Viola sororia Willdenow
UWAL0003025 Greene 19 Mar 2011 Brian R. Keener
6349
UWAL
Viola sororia Willd.
38449 Lee 13 APR 1972 COX, J. E.
035
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
JSU137939 Tallapoosa 08 Mar 1992 F. W. Clearman
044
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
JSU137936 Talladega 03 Apr 1993 J. M. Ballard
1351
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
SAMF0002626 Jefferson 10 Apr 1969 Betsy Grover
s.n.
SAMF
Viola sororia Willdenow
44221 Monroe 5 APR 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2258
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
62281 Barbour 23 MAR 2002 GIL, GLENDA
(2001-80)
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
JSU137879 Clay 20 Mar 1981 R. D. Whetstone
10449
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
JSU137894 Elmore 31 Mar 1983 R. D. Whetstone
12969
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
UWAL0005446 Lee 26 Apr 1963 Euel Coats
s.n.
UWAL
Viola sororia Willd.
3496 Lee 20 MAR 1921 JOHNSTONE, GEORGE R.
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
10785 Lee 3 APR 1962 LANDERS, KENNETH E.
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
JSU137880 Cleburne 13 Apr 1996 C. P. Rogers
029
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
UNA00011388 Tuscaloosa 4 Mar 1955 Joe A. Farmer
s.n.
UNA
Viola papilionacea Pursh
SAMF0002616 Shelby 22 Mar 2003 Mary Anne Garner
34
SAMF
Viola sororia Willdenow
15519 Lee 28 MAR 1969 WHATLEY, JAMES L.
059
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
JSU137891 Dallas 09 Apr 1982 S. C. Gunn
400
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
JSU137920 Madison 06 Apr 1976 T. A. Atkinson
1267
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
UNA00011383 Tuscaloosa 9 Mar 1952 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Viola papilionacea Pursh
UNA00041837 Talladega 2 Apr 1998 Robert R. Haynes
9634
UNA
Viola floridana Brainerd
UNA00011353 Jefferson 4 Apr 1987 Robert R. Haynes
8887
UNA
Viola papilionacea Pursh
UWAL0016716 Conecuh 05 Apr 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
24930
UWAL
Viola sororia Willdenow
JSU137890 Dallas 26 Feb 2010 T. Wayne Barger
OC-4
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
SAMF0002623 Jefferson 07 Apr 1959 H. A. McCullough
s.n.
SAMF
Viola sororia Willdenow
UWAL0002169 Chilton 13 Apr 2008 Daniel D. Spaulding
12829
UWAL
Viola sororia Willd.
JSU137932 Randolph 01 Mar 1986 C. F. Nixon
2077
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
UNA00028728 Colbert 9 Apr 1988 Robert R. Haynes
9316
UNA
Viola floridana Brainerd
UWAL0004467 Choctaw 23 Mar 2007 Elizabeth A. Harrell
110
UWAL
Viola sororia Willd.
42016 Conecuh 17 MAR 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2118
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
JSU137872 Cherokee 27 Mar 1967 N. Harris
s.n.
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
UNA00065827 Jefferson 1 May 2005 D. D. Spaulding
12258
UNA
Viola sororia Willd.
20298 Lee 29 MAR 1969 MOORE, HAROLD D.
009-69
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
27200 Chambers 1 APR 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
033
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
27484 Randolph 13 APR 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
274
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
JSU137863 Calhoun 22 Mar 1971 John Essingler
s.n.
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
UNA00058496 Tuscaloosa 21 Mar 2003 Brian R. Keener
2479
UNA
Viola sororia Willd.
UWAL0010471 Limestone 28 Mar 2012 Brian R. Keener
7016
UWAL
Viola sororia Willd.
JSU144428 Calhoun 10 Apr 1993 F. Hutchinson
1305
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
JSU137870 Calhoun 04 Apr 1992 D. S. Bailey
37
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
JSU137885 Coosa 01 Apr 1979 Gary Knight
006
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
JSU137888 Crenshaw 29 Mar 1993 J. M. Ballard
1267
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
UWAL0014976 Bullock 28 Mar 2013 Bailee Dykes
1544
UWAL
Viola sororia Willdenow
48519 Pike 7 MAR 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4155
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
UWAL0031414 Colbert 30 Mar 2016 England, J. Kevin
6050
UWAL
Viola sororia Willdenow
JSU137864 Calhoun 19 Mar 1955 Martha Knowles
s.n.
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
TROY000039307 Conecuh 05 Apr 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
24930
TROY
Viola sororia Willdenow
64222 Tuscaloosa 13 MAR 1994 MANN, CARROLL J.
36
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
60752 Etowah 26 MAR 1968 O'NEAL, JUDY
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
27202 Randolph 12 APR 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
196
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
33506 Shelby 4 APR 1977 SESSLER, ANN H.
847
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
JSU137918 Madison 14 Mar 1973 Bob Gurley
s.n.
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
UNA00011290 Cullman 4 Apr 1987 Robert R. Haynes
8926
UNA
Viola floridana Brainerd
UWAL0004471 Tuscaloosa 19 Mar 2008 Brian R. Keener
4063
UWAL
Viola sororia Willd.
48545 Pike 15 MAR 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4207
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
44259 Conecuh 21 MAR 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
74
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
JSU137914 Jefferson 11 Mar 1985 J. P. Barber
1305
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
UNA00053705 Blount 14 Mar 1997 Brian R. Keener
27
UNA
Viola sororia Willd.
UWAL0004463 Lauderdale 24 Mar 2008 Brian R. Keener
4102
UWAL
Viola sororia Willd.
61347 Choctaw 3 MAR 1995 CROUCH, VIRGINIA E.
1305
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
JSU137893 DeKalb 17 Mar 1992 F. W. Clearman
065
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
JSU137877 Clay 04 Apr 1994 J. M. Ballard
3500
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
USAM000015247 Baldwin 15 Nov 1980 Michael G. Lelong
11901
USAM
Viola papilionacea Pursh
48481 Clarke 5 FEB 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4109
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
39542 Dallas 10 APR 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
446
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
JSU137874 Cherokee 25 Mar 1976 R. D. Whetstone
7587
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
UNA00011373 Jefferson 1 Apr 1978 L. J. Davenport
286
UNA
Viola papilionacea Pursh
3494 Lee 7 APR 1956 HALL, C. W.
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
15496 Tallapoosa 18 MAR 1966 KOELLING, ALFRED C.
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
JSU137926 Marshall 08 Mar 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1141
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
UNA00011378 Cherokee 28 Apr 1979 John H. Wiersema
600
UNA
Viola papilionacea Pursh
UWAL0004461 Blount 28 Mar 1981 R. Kral
66766
UWAL
Viola sororia Willd.
JSU137910 Jackson 10 Mar 1974 R. David Whetstone
2219
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
JSU137913 Jefferson 28 Mar 1954 Shirley Dunn
s.n.
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
JSU137905 Jackson 30 Mar 1974 T. A. Atkinson
TAA61
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
UNA00034122 Fayette 1 Apr 1989 Robert Burckhalter
1560
UNA
Viola papilionacea Pursh
UNA00011358 Conecuh 21 Mar 1987 Robert R. Haynes
8831
UNA
Viola papilionacea Pursh
UWAL0004469 Sumter 15 Mar 2006 Angie Skinner
37
UWAL
Viola sororia Willd.
JSU137881 Cleburne 11 Mar 1971 Woodrow Carpenter
s.n.
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
SAMF0002622 Jefferson 19 Mar 1957 H. A. McCullough
s.n.
SAMF
Viola sororia Willdenow
UWAL0017198 Lawrence 26 Mar 2006 J. Kevin England
458
UWAL
Viola sororia Willdenow
JSU137901 Etowah 22 Mar 1984 R. D. Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
JSU137895 Elmore 31 Mar 1983 R. D. Whetstone
12984
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
UWAL0014349 Morgan 04 Apr 2009 J. Kevin England
1842
UWAL
Viola sororia Willdenow
39670 Covington 23 NOV 1972 KELLEY, B. L.
163
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
41520 Jefferson 2 APR 1972 LOCHAMY, JAMES S.
002
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
JSU137924 Marshall 05 Apr 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1303
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
UNA00011393 Tuscaloosa 4 Mar 1955 Joe A. Farmer
s.n.
UNA
Viola papilionacea Pursh
SAMF0002627 Jefferson 15 Mar 1957 Peggy Helms
s.n.
SAMF
Viola sororia Willdenow
JSU142868 Cleburne 09 Apr 1995 S. E. Hruska
602
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
JSU137909 Jackson 01 May 1975 S. D. Durham
348
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
JSU137861 Calhoun 16 Apr 1974 T. A. Atkinson
135
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
UNA00011328 Mobile 21 Mar 1964 Rebecca Deramus
D1
UNA
Viola papilionacea Pursh
UNA00011410 Elmore 20 Mar 1987 Robert R. Haynes
8809
UNA
Viola papilionacea Pursh
UNA00011295 Walker 4 Apr 1987 Robert R. Haynes
8907
UNA
Viola floridana Brainerd
JSU137892 Dallas 26 Feb 2010 T. Wayne Barger
OC-4
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
SAMF0002620 Jefferson 11 Apr 1958 H. A. McCullough
s.n.
SAMF
Viola sororia Willdenow
UWAL0004460 Barbour 27 Feb 2009 C.J. Hansen
3621
UWAL
Viola sororia Willd.
JSU137902 Etowah 26 Mar 1968 Martha Stuart
s.n.
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
UNA00011303 Bibb 9 Mar 1981 Charles N. Horn
181
UNA
Viola papilionacea Pursh
19542 Lee 11 APR 1969 MOORE, HAROLD D.
069
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
60771 Calhoun 6 APR 1968 O'NEAL, JUDY
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
27371 Randolph 12 APR 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
253
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
22241 Lee 9 APR 1970 SHEHANE, RONNIE
007
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
JSU137933 Randolph 01 Apr 1984 C. F. Nixon
656
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
UNA00034103 Franklin 8 Apr 1988 Robert R. Haynes
9293
UNA
Viola floridana Brainerd
UWAL0004462 Cullman 24 Mar 2008 Brian R. Keener
4082
UWAL
Viola sororia Willd.
42005 Conecuh 16 DEC 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
1958
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
JSU137740 Calhoun 06 Apr 1983 Jane Reedy
031
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
UNA00058770 Walker 20 Mar 2003 Brian R. Keener
2467
UNA
Viola sororia Willd.
UWAL0014499 Marengo 28 Jun 2011 J. Kevin England
2654
UWAL
Viola sororia Willdenow
TROY000042397 Chilton 13 Apr 2008 Daniel D. Spaulding
12829
TROY
Viola sororia Willdenow
JSU137899 Etowah 30 Mar 1983 D. H. Wilborn
s.n.
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
JSU137915 Lawrence 21 Mar 1992 F. W. Clearman
049
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
JSU137938 Talladega 10 Apr 1992 J. M. Ballard
59
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
UWAL0004473 Wilcox 18 Mar 2006 A.R. Diamond
16176
UWAL
Viola sororia Willd.
39830 Monroe 6 APR 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
298
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
53462 Jackson 10 APR 1991 GUNN, SCOTT C.
1917
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
JSU137904 Jackson 23 May 1975 R. D. Whetstone
3791
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
UNA00065251 Lawrence 8 Apr 2003 Kevin England
357
UNA
Viola papilionacea Pursh
41519 Cherokee 1 APR 1972 HALE, A. R.
001
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
16761 Macon 11 APR 1966 KOELLING, ALFRED C.
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
UWAL0032314 Jackson 8 Apr 2016 England, J. Kevin
6105
UWAL
Viola sororia Willdenow
JSU137923 Marshall 05 Apr 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1305
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
UNA00011318 Walker 2 Apr 1977 John H. Wiersema
43
UNA
Viola papilionacea Pursh
USAM000015248 Mobile 06 Apr 1969 Michael G. Lelong
10760
USAM
Viola papilionacea Pursh
JSU137919 Madison 24 Apr 1996 S. J. Threlkeld
197
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
JSU137907 Jackson 28 Mar 1976 T. A. Atkinson
959
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
UNA00011323 Mobile 8 Apr 1966 Rebecca Deramus
D865
UNA
Viola papilionacea Pursh
UNA00011308 Conecuh 21 Mar 1987 Robert R. Haynes
8823
UNA
Viola papilionacea Pursh
UWAL0002206 Montgomery 28 Mar 2010 A.R. Diamond
21211
UWAL
Viola sororia Willd.
JSU137866 Calhoun 05 Mar 1970 W. E. Boone
s.n.
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
SAMF0002625 Jefferson 16 Apr 1958 H. A. McCullough
s.n.
SAMF
Viola sororia Willdenow
UWAL0004466 Choctaw 23 Mar 2007 Elizabeth A. Harrell
92
UWAL
Viola sororia Willd.
JSU137738 Bibb 13 May 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13552
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
JSU137889 Cullman 31 Mar 1976 R. D. Whetstone
7905
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
SAMF0002603 Covington 21 Mar 1981 L. J. Davenport
2129
SAMF
Viola sororia Willdenow
67658 Covington 29 FEB 2008 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
3254
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD. var. SORORIA
25690 Franklin 16 APR 1965 KRAL, ROBERT
23575
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD.
TROY000009672 Pike 10 Apr 1991 Carolann Taylor
6
TROY
Viola sororia Willdenow
UNA00011384 Calhoun 7 May 1979 John H. Wiersema
655
UNA
Viola palmata L. var. sororia (Willd.) Pollard
64465 Colbert 2 APR 2004 SPAULDING, DANIEL D.
12065
AUA
VIOLA SORORIA WILLD. var. SORORIA
JSU137873 Cherokee 20 Mar 1980 S. Allred
024
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
JSU137940 Tuscaloosa 02 Apr 1976 T. A. Atkinson
1140
JSU
Viola sororia Willdenow
UNA00011343 Tuscaloosa 26 Mar 1955 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Viola papilionacea Pursh
UNA00027119 Butler 14 Mar 1988 Robert R. Haynes
9280
UNA
Viola floridana Brainerd
UNA00011280 Randolph 30 Apr 1987 Robert R. Haynes
8996
UNA
Viola floridana Brainerd
UWAL0010467 Franklin 10 Mar 2012 Brian R. Keener
6901
UWAL
Viola sororia Willd.
TROY000034153 St. Clair 29 Mar 2006 Brian R. Keener
2720
TROY
Viola sororia Willdenow
SAMF0002618 Jefferson 10 Mar 2001 Janet F. White
1
SAMF
Viola sororia Willdenow
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